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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For geographic details see Geography and environment or Hawaiian Islands.
State of Hawaii
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Flag of Hawaii State seal of Hawaii
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Aloha State
Motto(s): Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
(“The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness”)
Anthem: Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī
(“Hawaii’s Own True Sons”)
before statehood, known as
the Territory of Hawaii
Map of the United States with Hawaii highlighted
Official language(s) English, Hawaiian
Demonym Hawaiian (see notes)[1]
Capital Honolulu
Largest city Honolulu
Area  Ranked 43rd in the US
 - Total 10,931 sq mi
(28,311 km2)
 - Width n/a miles (n/a km)
 - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)
 - % water 41.2
 - Latitude 18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N
 - Longitude 154° 48′ W to 178° 22′ W
Population  Ranked 42nd in the US
 - Total 1,288,198 (2008 est.)[2]
1,211,537 (2000)
 - Density 188.6/sq mi  (72.83/km2)
Ranked 13th in the US
 - Median income  $63,746 (5th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mauna Kea[3]
13,796 ft  (4,205 m)
 - Mean 3,035 ft  (925 m)
 - Lowest point Pacific Ocean[3]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  August 21, 1959 (50th)
Governor Linda Lingle (R)
Lieutenant Governor James Aiona (R)
U.S. Senators Daniel Inouye (D)
Daniel Akaka (D)
U.S. House delegation 1: Vacant
2: Mazie Hirono (D) (list)
Time zone Hawaii: UTC-10
(no daylight saving time)
Abbreviations HI US-HI
Website http://www.hawaii.gov
Hawaii State Symbols
Animate insignia
Bird(s) Hawaiian Goose
Fish Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa
Flower(s) Hawaiian hibiscus
Mammal(s) Humpback whale
Reptile Gold dust day gecko
Tree Kukui nut tree

Inanimate insignia
Food Coconut muffin
Gemstone Black coral
Slogan(s) The Islands of Aloha
Soil Hilo
Song(s) Hawaiʻi Ponoʻi
Sport Surfing, Outrigger canoeing
Tartan Hawaii State Tartan

Route marker(s)
Hawaii Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Hawaii
Released in 2008

Lists of United States state insignia
World map with Hawaiian islands in the middle
Hawaii located in the Pacific Ocean
.Hawaii (Listeni /həˈw./ or /həˈwʔiː/ in English; Hawaiian: Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi) is the newest of the 50 U.S. states (August 21, 1959), and is the only state made up entirely of islands.^ Homes sales on the Big Island and Kauai were up in December, following a similar trend on Oahu, according to data released yesterday by Hawaii Information Service.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He has more than 35 years of government service including 21 years with the County and 14 years with the State of Hawai‘i.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.It occupies most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia.^ Experience the friendly service and best value in Waikiki at the Continental Surf with comfortable guestrooms‚ a fitness room and stunning views of the Pacific Ocean and Honolulu skyline.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii's natural beauty, warm tropical climate, inviting waters and waves, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists alike. Due to its mid-Pacific location, Hawaii has many North American and Asian influences along with a vibrant native culture. .Hawaii has over a million permanent residents along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel.^ Whale watching can be a fun and relaxing past time whether you are a resident or visitor to Hawaii’s Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.
The state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. The last is by far the largest and is often called "The Big Island" to avoid confusion with the state as a whole. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.
In standard American English, Hawaii is generally Pronunciation: /həˈw.iː/. In the Hawaiian language, it is generally pronounced [həˈwɐiʔi] or [həˈvɐiʔi]. .Hawaii has produced one U.S. President, Barack Obama.^ Between dealing with terrorism threats and crises abroad, President Obama is unwinding in Hawaii with his family this week.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ President Barack Obama bade goodbye to Hawaii last night after an 11-day getaway filled with basketball, golf, family time and tourist attractions.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ President Barack Obama's 10-day vacation in the isle has dominated local headlines and the evening news.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Etymology

.The Hawaiian language word Hawaiʻi derives from Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki, with the reconstructed meaning "homeland";[4] cognate words are found in other Polynesian languages, including Māori (Hawaiki), Rarotongan (ʻAvaiki), and Samoan (Savaiʻi).^ In the Hawaiian language the word ali'i means royal or high born.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

(See also Hawaiki).
According to Pukui and Elbert,[5] "Elsewhere in Polynesia, Hawaiʻi or a cognate is the name of the underworld or of the ancestral home, but in Hawaiʻi the name has no meaning."[6]

Geography and environment

The main Hawaiian Islands are:
Island Nickname Location Area Area
Rank
Highest Point Elevation Population
(as of 2000)
Density
Hawaiʻi[7] The Big Island 19°34′N 155°30′W / 19.567°N 155.5°W / 19.567; -155.5 1 4,028.0 sq mi (10,432.5 km2) 1st Mauna Kea 1 13,796 ft (4,205 m) 148,677 4 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Maui[8] The Valley Isle 20°48′N 156°20′W / 20.8°N 156.333°W / 20.8; -156.333 2 727.2 sq mi (1,883.4 km2) 2nd Haleakalā 2 10,023 ft (3,055 m) 117,644 2 162/sq mi (62/km²)
Kahoʻolawe[9] The Target Isle 20°33′N 156°36′W / 20.55°N 156.6°W / 20.55; -156.6 8 44.6 sq mi (115.5 km2) 8th Puʻu Moaulanui 7 1,483 ft (452 m) 0 8 0
Lānaʻi[10] The Pineapple Isle 20°50′N 156°56′W / 20.833°N 156.933°W / 20.833; -156.933 6 140.5 sq mi (363.9 km2) 6th Lānaʻihale 6 3,366 ft (1,026 m) 3,193 6 23/sq. mi. (9/km²)
Molokaʻi[11] The Friendly Isle 21°08′N 157°02′W / 21.133°N 157.033°W / 21.133; -157.033 5 260.0 sq mi (673.4 km2) 5th Kamakou 4 4,961 ft (1,512 m) 7,404 5 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Oʻahu[12] The Gathering Place 21°28′N 157°59′W / 21.467°N 157.983°W / 21.467; -157.983 3 596.7 sq mi (1,545.4 km2) 3rd Mount Kaʻala 5 4,003 ft (1,220 m) 876,151 1 1,468/sq mi (567/km²)
Kauaʻi[13] The Garden Isle 22°05′N 159°30′W / 22.083°N 159.5°W / 22.083; -159.5 4 552.3 sq mi (1,430.5 km2) 4th Kawaikini 3 5,243 ft (1,598 m) 58,303 3 106/sq mi (41/km²)
Niʻihau[14] The Forbidden Isle 21°54′N 160°10′W / 21.9°N 160.167°W / 21.9; -160.167 7 69.5 sq mi (180.0 km2) 7th Mount Pānīʻau 8 1,250 ft (381 m) 160 7 2/sq mi (1/km²)

Topography

Pāhoehoe and ʻAʻā lava flows side by side at the Big Island of Hawaii in September, 2007
An archipelago situated some 2,000 mi (3,200 km) southwest of the North American mainland,[15] Hawaii is the southernmost state of the United States and the second westernmost state after Alaska. Only Hawaii and Alaska do not share a border with another U.S. state.
Hawaii is the only state of the United States that:
  • is not geographically located in North America
  • grows coffee
  • is completely surrounded by water
  • is entirely an archipelago
  • has a royal palace
  • does not have a straight line in its state boundary
Map of Hawaii
Nā Pali coast, Kauaʻi
.Hawaii's tallest mountain, Mauna Kea stands at 13,796 ft (4,205 m)[16] but is taller than Mount Everest if followed to the base of the mountain—from the floor of the Pacific Ocean, rising about 33,500 ft (10,200 m).^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A 3rd Circuit judge has ruled in favor of the University of Hawaii in dismissing a challenge to the Mauna Kea Comprehensive Management Plan.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[17]
The eight main islands, Hawaiʻi, Maui, Oʻahu, Kahoʻolawe, Lanaʻi, Molokaʻi, Kauaʻi and Niʻihau are accompanied by many others. Kaʻala is a small island near Niʻihau that is often overlooked. .The Northwest Hawaiian Islands are a series of 9 small, older masses northwest of Kauaʻi that extend from Nihoa to Kure that are remnants of once much larger volcanic mountains.^ The traditional pattern for technology companies in the islands is launch small, grow to a larger size then leave.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Once your ship arrives into the Hawaiian Islands becomes a floating hotel in Europe a different island almost everyday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.There are also something more than 100 small rocks and islets such as Molokini that are either volcanic, marine sedimentary or erosional in origin, totaling 130 or so across the archipelago.^ Chances are if you blink, there's something probably that you wish you could have seen but isn't there any more.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are doing this gluten free, use 100% chestnut flour, but your pasta will be a little more difficult to handle than if you do a 50/50 blend… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ When there is a lot of sand patches like that Pipe can be more like a beach break than the reef break we are all accustomed to.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[18]

Geology

.All Hawaiian islands were formed by volcanoes erupting from a sea floor magma source called a hotspot.^ Throughout the school year, the students have learned about how the hot spot under the Pacific Plate formed underwater volcanoes that eventually became our Hawaiian island chain.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.As the tectonic plate beneath much of the Pacific Ocean moves northwesterly, the hot spot remains stationary, slowly creating new volcanoes.^ Throughout the school year, the students have learned about how the hot spot under the Pacific Plate formed underwater volcanoes that eventually became our Hawaiian island chain.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.This explains why only volcanoes on the southern half of the Big Island, and Hawaii's newest volcano, ʻihi Seamount deep below the waters off its southern coast, are presently active.^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I live at 3,500 feet elevation on the island of Hawai'i, atop an active volcano, Kilauea.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The last volcanic eruption outside the Big Island occurred at Haleakalā on Maui before the late 18th century, though it could have been hundreds of years earlier.[19] In 1790, Kīlauea exploded with the deadliest eruption (of the modern era) known to have occurred in what is now the United States.[20] As many as 5,405 warriors and their families marching on Kīlauea were killed that eruption.[21]
Volcanic activity and subsequent erosion have created impressive geological features. The Big Island has the second highest point among the world's islands.[citation needed]
Slope instability of the volcanoes has generated damaging earthquakes with related tsunamis, particularly in 1868 and 1975.[22]

Flora and Fauna

.Because the islands' are so far from other land habitats, life before human activity is said to have arrived by the "3 W's": wind (carried through the air), waves (brought by ocean currents), and wings (birds, insects, and whatever they brought with them).^ Watching the ocean, the birds, the mountain – they all did their part which makes the whale watching adventure so worth it.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The first quarter's theme will be raising community awareness of the ocean habitats surrounding Hawai`i, the health and human aspects of our oceans.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.This isolation, and the wide range of environments (extreme altitude, tropical climate) produced a vast array of endemic flora and fauna (see Endemism in the Hawaiian Islands).^ As I look out the window today I wish I could see a tropical island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it's a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii has more endangered species and has lost a higher percentage of its endemic species than any other US state.^ Compare this to several other similar hotels in the area starting at more than… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A viewer enclosed a check with her letter and shared that early last year, she lost her job of more than two decades.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State House leaders have suggested ending the 60-day session a week early, compressing the calendar in the hopes lawmakers will focus more on the state budget than on other bills.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[23]

Protected areas

white rectangular memorial building with US flag flying above
The USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor
.Several areas in Hawaii are under the protection of the National Park Service.^ January is Volcano Awareness Month at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[24] .Hawaii has two national parks: Haleakala National Park near Kula, on Maui, includes Haleakalā, the dormant volcano that formed east Maui; and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park in the southeast region of the island of Hawaii, which includes the active volcano Kīlauea and its various rift zones.^ I live at 3,500 feet elevation on the island of Hawai'i, atop an active volcano, Kilauea.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ This gallery includes a few images from the island of Oahu in Hawaii.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.There are three national historical parks: Kalaupapa National Historical Park in Kalaupapa, Molokaʻi, the site of a former Hansen's disease colony; Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park in Kailua-Kona on the island of Hawaiʻi; and Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park, an ancient place of refuge.^ KONA FIRES NEWS RELEASE County of Hawai‘i firefighters continue to battle three brush fires burning in remote areas of mauka Kona.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ County of Hawai‘i firefighters continue to battle three brush fires burning in remote areas of mauka Kona.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Other areas under the control of the National Park Service include Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail on the island of ʻand the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor on Oʻahu.^ Pearl Harbor’s Battleship Missouri Memorial to return from repairs .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Now the list includes other web services, some desktop software and even a few gadgets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument was proclaimed by President George W. Bush on June 15, 2006. The monument covers roughly 140,000 square miles (360,000 km2) of reefs, atolls and shallow and deep sea out to 50 miles (80 km) offshore in the Pacific Ocean, larger than all of America's National Parks combined.^ When there is a lot of sand patches like that Pipe can be more like a beach break than the reef break we are all accustomed to.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Many of my co-workers saw his helicopter buzzing around and we think he has been flying the chopper from his house behind our office out to his yacht which has been parked in the bay less than a 1/2 mile from his house.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In all, over 175,000 islanders have lung disease — that’s more than the combined populations of Maui and Kauai.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[25]

Climate

Photo of sunset
Sunset in Kona. The colors of the sunset are partly due to vog
Hawaii's climate is typical for the tropics, although temperatures and humidity tend to be a bit less extreme due to near-constant trade winds from the east. .Summer highs are usually in the upper 80s °F, (around 31°C) during the day and mid 70s, (around 24 °C) at night.^ I usually spend the day after Christmas, rushing around looking for photos from the previous year to assemble into a one-year view calendar.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Winter day temperatures are usually in the low to mid 80s, (around 28 °C) and (at low elevation) seldom dipping below the mid 60s (18 °C) at night.^ I usually spend the day after Christmas, rushing around looking for photos from the previous year to assemble into a one-year view calendar.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Snow, not usually associated with tropics, falls at 4,205 metres (13,796 ft) on Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa on the Big Island in some winter months.^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ On the HuntWe took a trip up Mauna Kea Saturday to do some bird hunting.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ COME JOIN US! Big Island Legislators Have Been Invited to Attend a Waimea Community Association community meeting to discuss issues of great importance to residents here on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Snow rarely falls on Haleakala. Mount Waiʻaleʻale, on Kauaʻi, has the second highest average annual rainfall on Earth, about 460 inches (11.7 m). .Most of Hawaii has only two seasons: the dry season from May to October, and the wet season from October to April.^ The ladies kicked off fight number two with a back and forth war, proving once again that the men aren’t the only… MMA Hawaii Forum .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[26]
Local climates vary considerably on each island, grossly divisible into windward (Koʻolau) and leeward (Kona) areas based upon location relative to the higher mountains. Windward sides face cloud cover. Hawaii therefore concentrates resorts on sunny leeward coasts.
Monthly normal low and high temperatures for various Hawaiian cities[27]
City Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Hilo 64°F 17.8°C 64°F 17.8°C 65°F 18.3°C 66°F 18.9°C 67°F 19.4°C 68°F 20.0°C 69°F 20.6°C 69°F 20.6°C 69°F 20.6°C 68°F 20.0°C 67°F 19.4°C 65°F 18.3°C
79°F 26.1°C 79°F 26.1°C 79°F 26.1°C 79°F 26.1°C 81°F 27.2°C 82°F 27.8°C 82°F 27.8°C 83°F 28.3°C 83°F 28.3°C 83°F 28.3°C 81°F 27.2°C 80°F 26.7°C
Honolulu 66°F 18.9°C 65°F 18.3°C 67°F 19.4°C 68°F 20.0°C 70°F 21.1°C 72°F 22.2°C 74°F 23.3°C 75°F 23.9°C 74°F 23.3°C 73°F 22.8°C 71°F 21.7°C 68°F 20.0°C
80°F 26.7°C 81°F 27.2°C 82°F 27.8°C 83°F 28.3°C 85°F 29.4°C 87°F 30.6°C 88°F 31.1°C 89°F 31.7°C 89°F 31.7°C 87°F 30.6°C 84°F 28.9°C 82°F 27.8°C
Kahului 63°F 17.2°C 63°F 17.2°C 65°F 18.3°C 66°F 18.9°C 67°F 19.4°C 69°F 20.6°C 71°F 21.7°C 71°F 21.7°C 70°F 21.1°C 69°F 20.6°C 68°F 20.0°C 65°F 18.3°C
80°F 26.7°C 81°F 27.2°C 82°F 27.8°C 82°F 27.8°C 84°F 28.9°C 86°F 30.0°C 87°F 30.6°C 88°F 31.1°C 88°F 31.1°C 87°F 30.6°C 84°F 28.9°C 82°F 27.8°C
Lihuʻe 65°F 18.3°C 66°F 18.9°C 67°F 19.4°C 69°F 20.6°C 70°F 21.1°C 73°F 22.8°C 74°F 23.3°C 74°F 23.3°C 74°F 23.3°C 73°F 22.8°C 71°F 21.7°C 68°F 20.0°C
78°F 25.6°C 78°F 26.6°C 78°F 26.6°C 79°F 26.1°C 81°F 27.2°C 83°F 28.3°C 84°F 28.9°C 85°F 29.4°C 85°F 29.4°C 84°F 28.9°C 81°F 27.2°C 79°F 26.1°C

History

Flag of Hawaii.svg
History of Hawaii
Ancient times
Monarchy
Provisional Government
Republic
Territory
  State  
.Hawaii is one of four states that were independent prior to becoming part of the United States, along with the Vermont Republic (1791), the Republic of Texas (1845), and the California Republic (1846), and one of two (Texas was the other) with formal diplomatic recognition internationally.^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[28] .The Kingdom of Hawaii was sovereign from 1810 until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown by resident American (and some European) businessmen.^ Until then, I wanted to share some holiday posts from a few of my favorite Hawaii bloggers.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

It was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, when it was annexed by the United States as a territory, becoming a state in 1959.[29]
.Hawaii was the target of a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Imperial Japan on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor and other military and naval installations on Oʻahu, carried out by aircraft and by midget submarines brought the United States into World War II.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ QUESTION: What happened to the two Pearl Harbor sailors assigned to the nuclear attack submarine USS Greeneville who were arrested for allegedly beating up civilians while the ship was being repaired on the East Coast.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Pre-European contact — Ancient Hawaii (800-1778)

The earliest habitation supported by archaeological evidence dates to as early as 300 BCE, probably by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas, followed by a second wave of migration from Raiatea and Bora Bora in the 11th century. The first recorded European contact with the islands was in 1778 by British explorer James Cook.
.Polynesians from the Marquesas and possibly the Society Islands may have first populated the Hawaiian Islands between 300 and 500 CE. There is a great deal of debate regarding these dates.^ For 2010 there will be a cruise lines coming to the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it's a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[30]
Some archaeologists and historians believe that an early settlement from the Marquesas and a later wave of immigrants from Tahiti, circa 1000 introduced a new line of high chiefs, the Kapu system, the practice of human sacrifice and the building of heiaus. This later immigration is detailed in folk tales about Paʻao. Other authors argue that there is no archaeological or linguistic evidence for a later influx of Tahitian settlers, and that Paʻao must be regarded as a myth.
Drawing of single-masted sailboat with one spinnaker-shaped sail, carrying dozens of men
Kalaniʻōpuʻu, King of Hawaii bringing presents to Captain Cook. Illustrated by John Webber, artist aboard Cook's ship.
Regardless of the question of Paʻao, historians agree that the history of the islands was marked by a slow but steady growth in population and the size of the chiefdoms, which grew to encompass whole islands. .Local chiefs, called aliʻi, ruled their settlements and launched wars to extend their sway and defend their communities from predatory rivals.^ Kealakekua Bay was once a major Hawaiian settlement where many ali’i (chiefs) lived.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

James Cook — European arrival and the Kingdom of Hawaii (1778-1893)

The 1778 arrival of British explorer James Cook was Hawaii's first documented contact with European explorers. Cook named the islands the "Sandwich Islands" in honor of his sponsor John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. He published the islands' location and reported the native name as Owyhee. This spelling lives on in Owyhee County, Idaho, after three Hawaiian members of a trapping party killed in that area.
Cook visited the islands twice. .During his second visit in 1779, he attempted to abduct the King of the Big Island of Hawaii, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, and hold him as ransom for the return of a ship's boat that was taken by a minor chief and his men, a tactic that had worked for Cook in Tahiti and other islands.^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The vog has returned with a vengeance to Big Island’s east side and looks to hang around through Wednesday of next week.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[31] Kalaniʻōpuʻu and his supporters fought back and Cook and four Marines were killed as Cook's party retreated to the beach and launched their boats.
.After Cook's visit and the publication of several books relating his voyages, the Hawaiian islands received many European visitors: explorers, traders, and eventually whalers who found the islands a convenient harbor and source of supplies.^ This is a serious public safety issue that affects the health and well-being of many of the state's citizens, especially on the island of Oahu.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’re a “LOST” fan who has been contemplating a visit to “The Island” in January to celebrate the sixth and final season of the show, now is the time to take the leap.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Early British influence can be seen in the design of the Flag of Hawaii which has the British Union Flag in the corner.
These visitors introduced diseases to the once-isolated islands and the Hawaiian population plunged precipitously[32] because native Hawaiians had no resistance to influenza, smallpox, and measles, among others. During the 1850s, measles killed a fifth of Hawaii's people.[33]

House of Kamehameha

During the 1780s and 1790s chiefs were often fighting for power. .After a series of battles that ended in 1795 and forced cession of the island of Kauaʻi in 1810, all inhabited islands were subjugated under a single ruler who became known as King Kamehameha the Great.^ You really want to honor the president by having him jump the claim of all those well-known pols who actually are Tiger alums?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

He established the House of Kamehameha, a dynasty that ruled the kingdom until 1872.
After Kamehameha II inherited the throne in 1819, missionaries to Hawaii converted many Hawaiians to Christianity. Their influence ended many ancient practices, and Kamehameha III was the first Christian king. Missionary leaders included Protestant Hiram Bingham I and Joseph F. Smith of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Father Damien, a Catholic priest, was canonized for his work in the isolated leper colony of Kalaupapa on the island of Molokaʻi. Other missionaries and their descendants such as Henry Perrine Baldwin became active in commercial and political affairs, leading to future conflicts.
The death of the bachelor King Kamehameha V—who did not name an heir—resulted in the popular election of Lunalilo over Kalākaua. Lunalilo died the next year, also without naming an heir. Perhaps "the People's King" (Lunalilo) wanted the people to choose his successor as they had chosen him. 1874 featured a contested election by the legislature between Kalākaua and Emma. This led to riots and the landing of U.S. and British troops, and governance passed to the House of Kalākaua.

1887 Constitution

In 1887, Kalākaua was forced to sign the 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii, which stripped the king of much of his authority. There was a property qualification for voting, which disenfranchised many poorer Hawaiians and favored the wealthier white community. Resident whites were allowed to vote, but resident Asians were excluded. Because the 1887 Constitution was signed under threat of violence, it is known as the "Bayonet Constitution". King Kalākaua, reduced to a figurehead, reigned until his death in 1891. His sister, Liliʻuokalani, succeeded him on the throne.
row of men with rifles
Ship's landing force at the time of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893.
In 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani announced plans for a new constitution. On January 14, 1893, a group of mostly Euro-American business leaders and residents formed a Committee of Safety to overthrow the Kingdom and seek annexation by the United States. United States Government Minister John L. Stevens, responding to a request from the Committee of Safety, summoned a company of uniformed U.S. Marines. As one historian noted, the presence of these troops effectively made it impossible for the monarchy to protect itself.[34]

Revolution of 1893 — the Republic of Hawaii (1894–1898)

In January 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani was overthrown and replaced by a Provisional Government composed of members of the Committee of Safety. Controversy filled the following years as the queen tried to re-establish her throne. The administration of President Grover Cleveland commissioned the Blount Report, which concluded that the removal of Liliʻuokalani was illegal. The U.S. Government first demanded that Queen Liliʻuokalani be reinstated, but the Provisional Government refused. Congress followed with another investigation, and submitted the Morgan Report on February 26, 1894, which found all parties (including Minister Stevens) with the exception of the queen "not guilty" from any responsibility for the overthrow.[35] The accuracy and impartiality of both the Blount and Morgan reports has been questioned by partisans on both sides of the debate over the events of 1893.[34][36][37][38]
In 1993, a joint Apology Resolution regarding the overthrow was passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton, apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom.[38] .It is the first time in American history that the United States government has apologized for overthrowing the legitimate government of a sovereign nation.^ For the first time in a long time, there was good news to come out of an economic meeting at the State Capitol.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In its strongest language yet, Yemen's government declared Thursday that there are limits to its military cooperation with the United States, warning that any direct U.S. action in this impoverished Middle East nation could bolster the popularity of .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

ʻIolani Palace in Honolulu, formerly the residence of the Hawaiian monarch, was the capitol of the Republic of Hawaii.
The Provisional Government of Hawaii ended on July 4, 1894, replaced by the Republic of Hawaii.

Annexation — the Territory of Hawaii (1898-1959)

After William McKinley won the presidential election in 1896, Hawaii's annexation to the U.S. was again discussed. The previous president, Grover Cleveland, was a friend of Queen Liliʻuokalani. McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaii. He met with annexationists from Hawaii Lorrin Thurston, Francis Hatch and William Kinney. .After negotiations, in June 1897, McKinley agreed to a treaty of annexation with these representatives of the Republic of Hawaii.^ The University of Hawaii and the union representing 3,200 of its faculty members have agreed to resume negotiations on a new labor contract.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[39] The president then submitted the treaty to the U.S. Senate for approval.
The Newlands Resolution in Congress annexed the Republic to the United States and it became the Territory of Hawaii. Despite some opposition in the islands, the Newlands Resolution was passed by the House June 15, 1898, by a vote of 209 to 91, and by the Senate on July 6, 1898, by a vote of 42 to 21. .Its legality continues to be questioned because it was a United States Government resolution, not a treaty of cession or conquest as is required by international law.^ A new law that takes effect in January will require all new homes to have solar power water heaters (making Hawaii the first in the United States to do so), and plans for “smart meters” to help encourage energy conservation and a push toward biofuels continue to be part of the renewable energy conversation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I've been asked by the American Bar Association's Section on State and Local Government Law to moderate a continuing legal education teleconference on the McDonald v.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
In 1900, Hawaii was granted self-governance and retained ʻIolani Palace as the territorial capitol building. .Despite several attempts to become a state, Hawaii remained a territory for sixty years.^ The clip begins by saying, “The News Magazine visits Hawaii, the U.S. territory at the crossroads of the Pacific, which may become the 49th State.” Though the history is a bit polarized, it’s still very interesting to see and hear this perspective of Hawaii just seven years before the territory became the 50th State.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Plantation owners and key capitalists, who maintained control through financial institutions, or "factors," known as the Big Five, found territorial status convenient, enabling them to continue importing cheap foreign labor; such immigration was prohibited in various states.^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The following is a guest blog from Big Island On The Cheap and the original article can be found here.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Revolution of 1954 — the State of Hawaii (1959-present)

Photocopy of ballot and referendum results
All representative districts voted at least 93% in favor of Admission acts. Ballot (inset) and referendum results for the Admission Act of 1959
In the 1950s the power of the plantation owners was finally broken in a non-violent revolution by descendants of immigrant laborers. Because they were born in a U.S. territory, they were legal U.S. citizens. The Hawaii Republican Party, strongly supported by plantation owners, was voted out of office. .The Democratic Party of Hawaii dominated politics for 40 years.^ The left wing of the Democratic Party generally broke for the Hawaii-born Obama when the presidential primary campaign narrowed to Obama and then-U.S. Sen.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Expecting to gain full voting rights, Hawaii's residents actively campaigned for statehood.
In March 1959, Congress passed the Hawaii Admission Act and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed it into law. .(The act excluded Palmyra Atoll, part of the Kingdom and Territory of Hawaii, from the new state.^ A number of companies and hotels will offer pyrotechnics shows around the state on New Year's Eve as part of celebrations.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ For Hawaii to counter its growing shortage of workers in the years ahead, the state will need to adopt and implement bold new workforce development policies and practices.
  • Research Into Practice 2004 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.prel.org [Source type: News]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

) On June 27 of that year, a referendum asked residents of Hawaii to vote on the statehood bill. Hawaii voted 17 to 1 to accept. .There has been criticism, however, of the Statehood plebiscite because the only choices were to accept the Act or to remain a territory, without the option of independence or addressing the legality of the overthrow.^ There are activities for kids earlier in the evening, then plenty of options for those without kids, or those lucky enough to find a babysitter, later in the evening.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[40][41][42] Despite the criticism, the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization later removed Hawaii from the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
After statehood, Hawaii quickly modernized via construction and rapidly growing tourism economy. Later, state programs promoted Hawaiian culture. .The Hawaii State Constitutional Convention of 1978 incorporated programs such as the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to promote indigenous language and culture.^ A year-old school strives to keep the Samoan language and culture alive for youngsters born in Hawaii Honolulu Advertiser: Editorial Blog .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Linda Lingle is nominating the head of the state Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs to be a judge on the Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Office of Hawaiian Affairs Airs Akaka Bill Promotion Tonight on KITV Television .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Cities and towns

downtown Honolulu showing a cluster of 10-30 story buildings
Honolulu is the largest city and capital of Hawaii.
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 154,001
1910 191,874 24.6%
1920 255,881 33.4%
1930 368,300 43.9%
1940 422,770 14.8%
1950 499,794 18.2%
1960 632,772 26.6%
1970 769,913 21.7%
1980 964,691 25.3%
1990 1,108,229 14.9%
2000 1,211,537 9.3%
Est. 2008[2] 1,288,198 6.3%
Population density
The movement of the Hawaiian royal family from the Big Island to Maui, and subsequently to Oʻahu, explains why population centers exist where they do today. .Kamehameha III chose the largest city, Honolulu, as his capital because of its natural harbor, the present-day Honolulu Harbor.^ The Clerk rejected the petition for a special initiative election because the City and County Charter did not allow initiative special elections within 180 days of a general election.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Now the state capital, Honolulu is located along the southeast coast of Oʻahu. The previous capital was Lahaina, Maui. Some major towns are Hilo, Kāneʻohe, Kailua, Pearl City, Waipahu, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kīhei, and Līhuʻe.

Demographics

Population

As of 2005, Hawaii has an estimated population of 1,275,194, an increase of 13,070, or 1.0%, from the prior year and an increase of 63,657, or 5.3%, since 2000. This includes a natural increase of 48,111 people (that is 96,028 births minus 47,917 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 16,956 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 30,068 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 13,112 people. The center of population of Hawaii is located between the two islands of Oʻahu and Molokaʻi.[43]
Hawaii has a de facto population of over 1.3 million due to large military and tourist populations. Oʻahu, nicknamed "The Gathering Place", is the most populous island (and has the highest population density), with a resident population of just under one million in 597 square miles (1,546 km2), about 1,650 people per square mile (for comparison, New Jersey, which has 8,717,925 people in 7,417 square miles (19,210 km2) is the most-densely populated state with 1,134 people per square mile.)[44] .Hawaii's 1,275,194 people, spread over 6,423 square miles (16,640 km2) (including many unpopulated islands) results in an average population density of 188.6 persons per square mile,[45] which makes Hawaii less densely populated than states like Ohio and Illinois.^ This is a serious public safety issue that affects the health and well-being of many of the state's citizens, especially on the island of Oahu.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ They claim if the counties had this authority it would make them less reliant on the state for funding.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Many of my co-workers saw his helicopter buzzing around and we think he has been flying the chopper from his house behind our office out to his yacht which has been parked in the bay less than a 1/2 mile from his house.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[46]
.The average projected lifespan of those born in Hawaii in 2000 was 79.8 years (77.1 years if male, 82.5 if female), longer than any other state.^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A year-old school strives to keep the Samoan language and culture alive for youngsters born in Hawaii Honolulu Advertiser: Editorial Blog .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[47]
.U.S. military personnel make up approximately 1.3% of the population in the islands.^ She's gearing up to do mid-scale vermicomposting using cafeteria waste, making this the first school on the island to… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Race and ethnicity

.According to the 2008 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 27.1% of Hawaii's population; 24.8% were non-Hispanic whites.^ Homes sales on the Big Island and Kauai were up in December, following a similar trend on Oahu, according to data released yesterday by Hawaii Information Service.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Blacks or African Americans made up 2.4% (2.3% non-Hispanic). American Indians made up 0.2% ( 0.1% non-Hispanic). Asian Americans made up 38.5% (37.6% non-Hispanic). Pacific Islander Americans made up 9.0% (8.6% non-Hispanic). .Individuals from some other race made up 1.4% (0.1% non-Hispanic).^ Surftech has some great gear in store for SUP. I’m anxiously awaiting the arrival of the new 12′6″ racers from Joe Bark and other SUP racing shapers.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Multiracial Americans made up 21.4% (17.8% non-Hispanic). Hispanics and Latinos made up 8.7%.[48]
Hawaii has the highest percentage of Asian Americans, mainly 175,000 Filipino Americans and 161,000 Japanese Americans. In addition, there are roughly 53,000 Chinese Americans and 40,000 Korean Americans. Indigenous Hawaiians number 70,000 (or 5.5%). Over 110,000 Hispanic and Latino Americans make Hawaii their home. Mexicans number 37,000; Puerto Ricans number 35,000. Also, Hawaii has the multiracial highest percentage, roughly 21%. Eurasian Americans are a prominent mixed-race group; there are roughly 61,000 Eurasian Americans in Hawaii.[48]
The five largest European ancestries in Hawaii are German (7.4%), Irish (5.2%), English (4.6%), Portuguese (4.3%), and Italian (2.7%).
.82.2% of Hawaii's residents were born in the United States.^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Roughly 75.0% of the foreign-born residents hail from Asia.[48]
Hawaii is a majority-minority state. Non-Hispanic whites do not form a majority. .Hawaii was the second majority-minority state.^ Hawaii is the second happiest U.S. state, according to a study published yesterday in the journal Science.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Lung cancer is the number one killer of adults in Hawaii, and the Aloha State is ranked second in the nation for youth asthma.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Both Hawaii and New Mexico have been majority-minority since the early 20th century.^ Hawaii survived its ninth consecutive New Year's Eve without deaths or major injuries from personal fireworks, but the reverberations continue.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Ancestry groups

Population Of Hawaii[48]
Ancestry Percentage Main article:
Filipino 13.6% See Filipino American
Japanese 12.6% See Japanese American
Polynesian 9.0% See Native Hawaiians
German 7.4% See German American
Irish 5.2% See Irish American
English 4.6% See English American
Portuguese 4.3% See Portuguese American
Chinese 4.1% See Chinese American
Korean 3.1% See Korean American
Mexican 2.9% See Mexican American
Puerto Rican 2.8% See Puerto Rican
African 2.4% See African American
Italian 2.7% See Italian American
French 1.7% See French American
Scottish 1.2% See Scottish American
The largest ancestry groups in Hawaii as of 2008 are in the table at right. The third group of foreigners to arrive upon Hawaii's shores, after those from Polynesia and Europe, was from Han China. .Chinese workers on Western trading ships settled in Hawaii starting in 1789. In 1820 the first American missionaries came to preach Christianity and teach the Hawaiians Western ways.^ The Presidential dog, Bo, stayed behind when the first family came to Hawaii for the holidays.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

They were instrumental in convincing the Hawaiian Chiefs to end human sacrifice.
A large proportion of Hawaii's population is now of Asian ancestry (especially Chinese, Japanese and Filipino.) Many are descendants of those immigrants brought to work on the sugar plantations in the 1850s and after. .The first 153 Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii on June 19, 1868. They were not "legally" approved by the Japanese government because the contract was between a broker and the Tokugawa shogunate, by then replaced by the Meiji Restoration.^ Imagine that you are a first generation Japanese plantation worker in Hawaii, and the year is 1885.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The first Japanese government-approved immigrants arrived on February 9, 1885 after Kalākaua's petition to Emperor Meiji when Kalākaua visited Japan in 1881.
Almost 13,000 Portuguese had come by 1899. They too worked on the sugar plantations. By October 17, 1901, 5,000 Puerto Ricans had made new homes on the four islands.

Languages

.The State of Hawaii has two official languages recognized in its 1978 constitution: English and Hawaiian.^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s Monday, the official end of a long weekend that followed a previous long weekend, and for some state workers, the culmination of a two-week furlough.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Article XV, Section 4, specifies that "Hawaiian shall be required for public acts and transactions only as provided by law" [italic added].^ The clerks of the respective courts shall provide public access to the dockets and documents of… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii Creole English (locally referred to as 'Pidgin') is the native dialect of many born-and-raised residents and is a second dialect for many other residents.^ Hawaii's other resident president .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

English

.As of the 2000 Census, 73.44% of Hawaii residents age 5 and older speak only English at home.^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[49]
.According to the 2008 American Community Survey, 74.6% of Hawaii's residents over the age of five speak only English at home.^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[48]

Minority languages

In addition, 2.6% of the state's residents speak Spanish; 1.6% speak other Indo-European languages; 21.0% speak an Asian language; and 0.2% speak a different language at home.[48]
After English, other popular languages are Tagalog (most are bilingual in Filipino language), Japanese, and Ilokano. Significant European immigrants and descendants also speak their native languages; the most numerous are Spanish, German, Portuguese and French.
Tagalog speakers make up 5.37% (which includes non-native speakers of Filipino language, the national co-official Tagalog-based language), followed by Japanese at 4.96%, Ilokano at 4.05%, Chinese at 1.92%, Hawaiian at 1.68%, Spanish at 1.66%, Korean at 1.61%, and Samoan at 1.01%.[49]

Hawaiian

The Hawaiian language is a member of the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family. It began to develop around 1000 A.D., when Marquesans or Tahitians colonized Hawaii. .Those Polynesians remained in the islands, thereby becoming the Hawaiian people.^ Once your ship arrives into the Hawaiian Islands becomes a floating hotel in Europe a different island almost everyday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Their language developed into the Hawaiian language. .Before the arrival of Captain James Cook, the Hawaiian language had no written form.^ On my upcoming trip to the Big Island, I’ve planned to visit Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park, This park is significant for three main reasons – It’s the site of the first extensive interaction between Hawaiians and Westerners with the arrival of Captain James Cook.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

That form was developed mainly by American Protestant missionaries during 1820–1826. They assigned letters from the Latin alphabet that corresponded to the Hawaiian sounds.
Interest in Hawaiian increased significantly in the late 20th century. With the help of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, specially designated immersion schools were established where all subjects would be taught in Hawaiian. .Also, the University of Hawaii developed a Hawaiian language graduate studies program.^ The second class to complete the Outrigger ‘s new Management Fundamentals training program graduated after a lot of hard work and intense studying.
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Municipal codes were altered to favor Hawaiian place and street names for new civic developments.
Hawaiian distinguishes between long and short vowels. In modern practice, vowel length is indicated with a macron (kahakō). Also, Hawaiian uses the glottal stop as a consonant (ʻokina). It is written as a symbol similar to the apostrophe or opening single quote.
.Hawaiian-language newspapers published from 1834–1948 and traditional native speakers of Hawaiian generally omit the marks in their own writing.^ We decided to go to our friend Mark’s house for a traditional “pre-Western contact” Hawaiian dinner and then to the Marine Corps Base in Kaneohe for dessert.
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The ʻokina and kahakō are intended to help non-native speakers.

Hawaiian Pidgin

.Some locals speak Hawaii Creole English (HCE), often called "pidgin". The lexicon of HCE derives mainly from English but also has words from Hawaiian, Chinese, Japanese, Ilocano and Tagalog from the Philippines and Portuguese.^ I don't think locals would have called any of the days good Pipe, but there were some sick barrells especially at Backdoor.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

During the 19th century, the increase in immigration (mainly from China, Japan, Portugal—and especially from the Azores archipelago—and Spain), caused a variant of English to develop. By the early 20th century pidgin speakers had children who acquired the pidgin as their first language. HCE speakers use some Hawaiian words without those words being considered archaic. .Most place names are retained from Hawaiian, as are some names for plants or animals.^ Some species of animal and plant life are so isolated in their Maui habitat they exist only in their own little valley and nowhere else in the world.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.For example, tuna fish are often called ahi.^ Poke is most often made of ahi (tuna) with various seasonings, although tako (octopus) is also popular.
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HCE speakers have modified the meanings of certain English words. For example, "aunty" and "uncle" refer to any adult who is a friend, or to show respect for an elder. Simplified grammar is used. .For example, instead of "It is hot today, isn't it?", an HCE speaker would say simply "stay hot, eh?"^ Coming Wednesday: State House Speaker Calvin Say on live video-streamed Hot Seat .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Get your questions ready: Joining us for our monthly live video-streamed version of the Hot Seat will be House Speaker Calvin Say.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

When a word does not come to mind quickly, the term "da kine" refers to any word you can't think of. .Through the surfing boom in Hawaii, HCE has influenced surfer slang.^ (Hawaii time) to discuss her film, surfing career, recent surfing at Jaws on Maui, and her film Soul Surfer which is now in pre production at the Turtle Bay Resort [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Some HCE expressions, such as brah and da kine, have found their way to other places.^ He sent the letter to its intended recipient at the White House as well as some other places, including The Advertiser.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Spelling of state name

A somewhat divisive political issue arose when the constitution of the State of Hawaii added Hawaiian as a second official state language: the exact spelling of the state's name. In the Hawaii Admission Act that granted Hawaiian statehood, the federal government recognized Hawaii to be the official state name. .Official government publications,[citation needed] as well as department and office titles,[citation needed] use the traditional Hawaiian spelling, with no symbols for glottal stops or vowel length.^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

In contrast, some private entities, including a local newspaper, do use such symbols.
.The title of the state constitution is "The Constitution of the State of Hawaii". In Article XV, Section 1 uses "The State of Hawaii", Section 2 "the island of Oahu", Section 3 "The Hawaiian flag", and Section 5 specifies the state motto as "Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono". Since these documents predate the modern use of the ʻokina and the kahakō in Hawaiian orthography, the diacritics were not used.^ Hawaii Cruises for 2010 - cruising the Hawaiian Islands .
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^ This is a serious public safety issue that affects the health and well-being of many of the state's citizens, especially on the island of Oahu.
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^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The nuances in the Hawaiian language debate are often not obvious or well-appreciated among English speakers outside Hawaii[citation needed].^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The issue has often been a source of friction in situations where correct naming conventions are mandated[citation needed], as people frequently disagree over which spelling is correct or incorrect, and where it is correctly or incorrectly applied.

Religion

Religion in Hawaii as of 2000 was distributed as follows:[50][51][52]
"Other" includes Bahá'í Faith, Confucianism, Daoism, the Hawaiian religion, Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Shintoism, Scientology, Wicca, Zoroastrianism, and other religions.
This data was provided by religious establishments, so “Unaffiliated” includes agnostics, atheists, humanists, the Irreligious, and Secularists (non-practicing).
A 2009 Gallup poll found religion was distributed this way, excluding those of other non-Christian religions and those who had "no opinion":[53]
A special case is Hoʻoponopono, an ancient Hawaiian practice of reconciliation and forgiveness, combined with prayer. It is both philosophy and way of life. Traditionally hoʻoponopono is practiced by healing priests or kahuna lapaʻau among family members of a person who is physically ill.

Economy

.The history of Hawaii can be traced through a succession of dominant industries: sandalwood,[54] whaling,[55] sugarcane (see Sugar plantations in Hawaii), pineapple, military, tourism, and education.^ Review of the top stories of the year affecting Hawaii Tourism industry .
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^ Read more about Hawaii’s Waipahu Sugar Mill and Dole Plantation.
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Since statehood in 1959, tourism has been the largest industry, contributing 24.3% of the Gross State Product (GSP) in 1997, despite efforts to diversify. The gross output for the state in 2003 was US$47 billion; per capita income for Hawaii residents was US$30,441.
Hawaiian exports include food and apparel. .These industries play a small role in the Hawaiian economy, however, due to the considerable shipping distance to viable markets, such as the West Coast of the United States.^ Due to the state of the economy, there won't be the usual opening day festivities with lots of food and entertainment, a longtime tradition in state government.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Food exports include coffee (see coffee production in Hawaii), macadamia nuts, pineapple, livestock, and sugarcane. .Agricultural sales for 2002, according to the Hawaii Agricultural Statistics Service, were US$370.9 million from diversified agriculture, US$100.6 million from pineapple, and US$64.3 million from sugarcane.^ Homes sales on the Big Island and Kauai were up in December, following a similar trend on Oahu, according to data released yesterday by Hawaii Information Service.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii has a relatively high state tax burden.^ The State Of Hawaii Needs To Start Living Within Its Means Instead Of Imposing Additional Taxes .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 2003, Hawaii residents had the highest state tax per capita at US$2,838. This is partly because education, health care and social services are all provided directly by the state, as opposed to local government in all other states.^ Hawaii's other resident president .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Millions of tourists contribute to the tax take by paying the general excise tax and hotel room tax; thus not all taxes come directly from residents.^ This would be on top of the current 4.17% general excise tax imposed by the state.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Larry Geller Mayors have objected to the state taking away the hotel room tax from the counties (see: Honolulu Advertiser, Lawmakers urge Hawaii counties to impose new sales taxes, 1/7/2010).
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A new proposal under consideration could force customers to pay a sales tax to help take care of… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Business leaders, however, consider the state's tax burden too high, contributing to both higher prices and the perception of an unfriendly business climate.[56] .See the list of businesses in Hawaii for more on commerce.^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
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^ Hiking in Hawaii is a great way to see even more of the beautiful scenery.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it's a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii was one of the few states to control gasoline prices through a Gas Cap Law. Since oil company profits in Hawaii compared to the mainland U.S. were under scrutiny, the law tied local gasoline prices to those of the mainland. It took effect in September 2005 amid price fluctuations caused by Hurricane Katrina, but was suspended in April 2006.

Culture

Aerial harbor photo
Part of Pearl Harbor, with the Aloha Bowl, the USS Arizona, USS Bowfin (submarine), museums, Admiral Clarey Bridge, and naval yards visible
The aboriginal culture of Hawaii is Polynesian. Hawaii represents the northernmost extension of the vast Polynesian triangle of the south and central Pacific Ocean. .While traditional Hawaiian culture remains only as vestiges in modern Hawaiian society, there are reenactments of the ceremonies and traditions throughout the islands.^ For 2010 there will be a cruise lines coming to the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Considering that we are a business that caters to the Hawaiian image of..Hawaii, it would only seem appropriate to have an authentic Hawaiian Blessing ceremony.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Some of these cultural influences are strong enough to affect the United States at large, including the popularity (in greatly modified form) of luaus and hula.^ But state lawmakers and their staff will be back tackling some of the most challenging issues confronting the state, including the support of social services.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii is home to numerous cultural events. The annual Merrie Monarch Festival is an international Hula competition.[57] .The state is also home to the Hawaii International Film Festival, the premier film festival for pacific rim cinema.^ I had the opportunity to attend the press conference for the Hawaii International Film Festival (HIFF) on Thursday at RumFire at the Sheraton Waikiki.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ HIFF is dedicated to “advancing understanding and cultural exchange among the peoples of Asia, the Pacific Rim, and North America through the medium of film”.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[58] Honolulu is also home to the state's long running GLBT film festival, the Rainbow Film Festival.[59][60]

Health

.Hawaii's health care system insures 92%(2009) of residents.^ Caring for Hawaii's Elders 25 Dec 2009 .
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^ Caring for Hawaii's Elders 29 Dec 2009 .
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^ Caring for Hawaii's Elders 31 Dec 2009 .
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.Under the state's plan, businesses are required to provide insurance to employees who work more than twenty hours per week.^ Like I imagine many managers are, I have been immersed in strategic planning these past few weeks, drawing up detailed plans for what my 2010 business strategies will be.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State House leaders have suggested ending the 60-day session a week early, compressing the calendar in the hopes lawmakers will focus more on the state budget than on other bills.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Heavy regulation of insurance companies helps keep the cost to employers down. .Due in part to heavy emphasis on preventive care, Hawaiians require hospital treatment less frequently than the rest of the United States, while total health care expenses (measured as a percentage of state GDP) are substantially lower.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Given these achievements, proponents of universal health care elsewhere in the U.S. sometimes use Hawaii as a model for proposed federal and state health care plans.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Political mastermind Yoshinaga cheers Obama's health care plan .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Critics, however, claim that Hawaii's success is due at least in part to its mild climate and to its isolated status and an economy based on tourism: businesses unhappy with paying the plan's premiums find it difficult to relocate elsewhere.^ Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) reports the average per-person, per-day [...
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[61]

Education

Public schools

Hawaii has the U.S.' only school system that is unified statewide. Policy decisions are made by the fourteen-member state Board of Education. .The Board sets policy and hires the superintendent of schools, who oversees the state Department of Education.^ The Lingle administration again rejected a $35 million proposal by the teachers union and state Board of Education to increase instruction time at public schools by seven days ending in June.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ From education to social services to public health and safety, state lawmakers will be forced to set clear priorities this session as the demand for shrinking revenue continues.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The first big story of 2010 was huge — Pat Hamamoto's sudden retirement as Department of Education superintendent, effective immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The Department of Education is divided into seven districts, four on Oʻahu and one for each of the three other counties.
The main rationale for centralization is to combat inequalities between highly populated Oʻahu and the more rural Neighbor Islands, and between lower-income and more affluent areas. In most of the United States, schools are funded from local property taxes. .Republican Governor Linda Lingle proposed replacing the statewide board with seven elected district boards.^ HONOLULU – Governor Linda Lingle today nominated Lawrence M. Reifurth to serve as a judge on the Hawai‘i Intermediate Court of Appeals.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Lingle administration again rejected a $35 million proposal by the teachers union and state Board of Education to increase instruction time at public schools by seven days ending in June.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I was not aware that the revisions to the bill being discussed between Senator Akaka’s office and President Obama’s administration were not shared with Governor Linda Lingle.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The Democratic-controlled state legislature rejected her proposal, favoring expansion of decision-making power to the schools and giving them discretion over budgeting.^ The Lingle administration again rejected a $35 million proposal by the teachers union and state Board of Education to increase instruction time at public schools by seven days ending in June.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ While Hamamoto said politics were not part of her decision to resign, she spoke out yesterday against a state constitutional amendment proposed by Lingle to make the DOE superintendent a Cabinet-level position, under the governor's control.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Yup, you heard right - because of the budget shortfall as of January 2010, da State no can afford to pay for bus transportation to and from school.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Educators struggle with children of non-native-English-speaking immigrants, whose cultures are different from those of the mainland (where most course materials and testing standards originate).
.Public elementary, middle, and high school test scores in Hawaii are below national averages on tests mandated under the No Child Left Behind Act.^ As the holidays approach, there may be a gift looming for Hawaii’s public school students.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Some of the gap has been attributed to the Hawaii Board of Education's requirement that all eligible students take these tests and report all student test scores.^ Hawaii time is slowing down, taking a breath, and doing things at your own pace, all in good time.
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^ Board of Education members take aim at chairman .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Other states, for example, Texas and Michigan do not. Results reported in August, 2005, indicate that of 282 schools across the state, 185 (2/3) failed to reach federal minimum performance standards in math and reading.[62]
On the other hand, the ACT college placement tests show that in 2005, seniors scored slightly above the national average (21.9 compared with 20.9).[63] In the widely accepted SAT examinations, Hawaii's college-bound seniors tend to score below the national average in all categories except mathematics.

Other Schools

.Hawaii educates more students in independent institutions of secondary education than any other state in the United States.^ Compare this to several other similar hotels in the area starting at more than… .
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^ State House leaders have suggested ending the 60-day session a week early, compressing the calendar in the hopes lawmakers will focus more on the state budget than on other bills.
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^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

It has four of the largest independent schools: ʻIolani School, Kamehameha Schools, Mid-Pacific Institute, and Punahou School. .The second Buddhist high school in the United States, and first Buddhist high school in Hawaii, Pacific Buddhist Academy, was founded in 2003. The first native controlled public charter school was the Kanu O Ka Aina New Century Charter School.^ For the first time in a long time, there was good news to come out of an economic meeting at the State Capitol.
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^ A new law that takes effect in January will require all new homes to have solar power water heaters (making Hawaii the first in the United States to do so), and plans for “smart meters” to help encourage energy conservation and a push toward biofuels continue to be part of the renewable energy conversation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Add to that a new law that takes effect in January requiring all new homes to have solar power water heaters (making Hawaii the first in the United States to do so); plans for “smart meters” to help encourage energy conservation; and the push toward biofuels.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Independent and charter schools can select their students, while the regular public schools must take all students in their district.^ As the holidays approach, there may be a gift looming for Hawaii’s public school students.
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.The Kamehameha Schools are the only schools in the United States that openly grant admission to students based on ancestry, and the wealthiest schools in the United States, if not the world, having over nine billion US dollars in estate assets.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
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In 2005, Kamehameha enrolled 5,398 students, 8.4% of the Native Hawaiian children in the state.[64]

Colleges and universities

Graduates of secondary schools in Hawaii often enter directly into the work force. .Some attend colleges and universities on the mainland or other countries, and the rest attend an institution of higher learning in Hawaii.^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
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The largest is the University of Hawaii System. It consists of: the research university at Mānoa; two comprehensive campuses Hilo and West Oʻahu; and seven Community Colleges. .Private universities include Brigham Young University–Hawaii, Chaminade University of Honolulu, Hawaii Pacific University, or University of the Nations.^ MRpb-3q5pzM Football University (FBU), the nation’s foremost football training experience, will be coming to Hawaii January 22-24!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The Saint Stephen Diocesan Center is a seminary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

Law and government

.The state government of Hawaii is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from the kingdom era of Hawaiian history.^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
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^ Humpbacks are an endangered species protected by U.S. federal and Hawaii state law.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ This Hawaii state park brochure provides a great overview of the history and significance of Kealakekua Bay.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

As codified in the Constitution of Hawaii, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial.
The executive branch is led by the Governor of Hawaii assisted by the Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, both elected on the same ticket. The governor, in residence at the grounds of Washington Place, is the only public official elected for the state government in a statewide race; all others are appointed by the governor. The lieutenant governor acts as the Secretary of State. The governor and lieutenant governor oversee twenty agencies and departments from offices in the State Capitol.
The legislative branch consists of the Hawaii State Legislature—twenty-five members of the Hawaii Senate led by the President of the Senate and fifty-one members of the Hawaii House of Representatives led by the Speaker of the House. They also govern from the State Capitol. The judicial branch is led by the highest state court, the Hawaii State Supreme Court, which uses Aliʻiōlani Hale as its chambers. .Lower courts are organized as the Hawaii State Judiciary.^ Linda Lingle is nominating the head of the state Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs to be a judge on the Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals.
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Unique to Hawaii is the lack of municipal governments. .There are no incorporated cities in the state.^ There's no doubt that Vegas is ever changing and even more so now with the new hugemangeous City Center up.
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.All local governments are administered at the county level.^ After all, Neil has well over 30 years of political experience at the county, state, and federal levels.
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Honolulu County governs the entire island of Oahu. .County executives are the Mayor of Hawaii, Mayor of Honolulu, Mayor of Kauaʻi and Mayor of Maui, all elected in nonpartisan races.^ Six leaders - including two former mayors, executives at private development companies and a Kamehameha Schools trustee - discuss development in Hawaii .
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^ Larry Geller Mayors have objected to the state taking away the hotel room tax from the counties (see: Honolulu Advertiser, Lawmakers urge Hawaii counties to impose new sales taxes, 1/7/2010).
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The State of Hawaii acquired the property and later passed it on to the City & County of Honolulu.It is 30 acres of open space… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Federal Government

The state is represented in the United States Congress by a delegation of four members. .They are the senior and junior United States Senators, and the representative of the 1st and 2nd congressional districts.^ Hanabusa, D-21st (Nanakuli, Makaha), had wanted to have Inouye and Akaka with her in August when she was scheduled to announce her run for Congress in urban Honolulu's 1st Congressional District.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.All federal officers in Hawaii administer their duties from the Prince Kūhiō Federal Building near the Aloha Tower and Honolulu Harbor, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Internal Revenue Service and the United States Secret Service.^ Warning signs are posted at Maili Beach Park after a Honolulu police officer told lifeguards he had spotted a 10-foot shark in near-shore waters.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ From education to social services to public health and safety, state lawmakers will be forced to set clear priorities this session as the demand for shrinking revenue continues.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ But state lawmakers and their staff will be back tackling some of the most challenging issues confronting the state, including the support of social services.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The building is the site of the federal courts and the offices of the United States Attorney for the District of Hawaii, principal police officer of the Department of Justice in the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Linda Lingle is nominating the head of the state Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs to be a judge on the Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Building on a franchise from the state Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs, it's expanded to have a near-monopoly lock on Oahu's television sets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii residents have been appointed to administer other agencies and departments of the federal government by the President of the United States.^ Hawaii's other resident president .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The other big news is that President Obama may choose to give his State of the Union speech on Feb.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

National Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 26.58% 120,446 71.85% 325,588
2004 45.26% 194,191 54.01% 231,708
2000 37.46% 137,845 55.79% 205,286
1996 31.64% 113,943 56.93% 205,012
1992 36.70% 136,822 48.09% 179,310
1988 44.75% 158,625 54.27% 192,364
1984 55.10% 185,050 43.82% 147,154
1980 42.90% 130,112 44.80% 135,879
1976 48.06% 140,003 50.59% 147,375
1972 62.48% 168,865 37.52% 101,409
1968 38.70% 91,425 59.83% 141,324
1964 21.24% 44,022 78.76% 163,249
1960 49.97% 92,295 50.03% 92,410
.Hawaii supported Democrats in 10 of the last 12 presidential elections.^ The left wing of the Democratic Party generally broke for the Hawaii-born Obama when the presidential primary campaign narrowed to Obama and then-U.S. Sen.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The exceptions were 1972 and 1984. In 2004, John Kerry won the state's 4 electoral votes by a margin of 9 percentage points with 54% of the vote. Every county supported the Democratic candidate. In 1964, favorite son candidate, Senator Hiram Fong of Hawaii sought the Republican presidential nomination while Patsy Mink ran in the Oregon primary in 1972.
.Honolulu native Barack Obama, serving as United States Senator from Illinois, was elected President of the United States on November 4, 2008. Obama had won the Hawaiian Democratic Caucus on February 19, 2008 with 76% of the vote.^ The other big news is that President Obama may choose to give his State of the Union speech on Feb.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I was not aware that the revisions to the bill being discussed between Senator Akaka’s office and President Obama’s administration were not shared with Governor Linda Lingle.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ President Barack Obama bade goodbye to Hawaii last night after an 11-day getaway filled with basketball, golf, family time and tourist attractions.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.He was the third Hawaii-born candidate to seek the nomination of a major party and the first presidential nominee from Hawaii.^ The left wing of the Democratic Party generally broke for the Hawaii-born Obama when the presidential primary campaign narrowed to Obama and then-U.S. Sen.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Presidential dog, Bo, stayed behind when the first family came to Hawaii for the holidays.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ But I don't miss him enough to join with state and county politicians seeking to all but rename the archipelago after the first Hawai'i-born president.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Transportation

A system of state highways encircles each main island. Only Oʻahu has federal highways, and is the only area outside the contiguous 48 states to have signed Interstate freeways. Travel can be slow due to narrow winding roads, and congested in cities. Each major island has a public bus system.
.Commercial airlines provide most mainland and inter-island travel.^ Here’s a recent video find from a 1952 news clip that was most likely mainlanders first introduction to the islands of Aloha.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaiian Airlines, Mokulele Airlines, and go! use jets between the larger airports in Honolulu, Līhuʻe, Kahului, Kona, and Hilo, while Island Air and Pacific Wings serve smaller airports. .These airlines also provide air freight service between the islands.^ Mesa owns or leases 178 aircraft, which are used to provide regional air services for partners such as United Airlines, Delta Air Lines Inc.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don’t have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that’s associated with air travel between the islets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don't have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that's associated with air travel between the islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Norwegian Cruise Lines provides passenger cruise service between the islands. .The Hawaii Superferry planned to operate between Oʻahu and other major islands.^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Planning to Explore Kealakekua Bay on Hawaii’s Big Island .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Legal issues over environmental impact statements and protests temporarily delayed it.^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Service to Maui started in December 2007, but shut down in March 2009.[65]

See also

References

  1. ^ Local usage generally reserves Hawaiian as an ethnonym referring to Native Hawaiians. Hawaii resident or islander is the preferred form to refer to state residents. The Associated Press Stylebook, 42nd ed. (2007), also prescribes this usage under its entry for Hawaii (p. 112).
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved November 3, 2006. 
  4. ^ Pollex—a reconstruction of the Proto-Polynesian lexicon, Biggs and Clark, 1994. The asterisk preceding the word signifies that it is a reconstructed word form.
  5. ^ Pukui and Elbert 1986, p. 62.
  6. ^ See also: Pukui, Elbert, and Mookini 1974.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Island of Hawaiʻi
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Maui Island
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Kahoʻolawe Island
  10. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Lānaʻi Island
  11. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Molokaʻi Island
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Oʻahu Island
  13. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Kauaʻi Island
  14. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Niʻihau Island
  15. ^ "What constitutes the United States, what are the official definitions?". United States Geological Survey. http://interactive2.er.usgs.gov/faq/list_faq_by_category/get_answer.asp?id=795. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  16. ^ Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii.
  17. ^ Unke, Beata (2001). "Height of the Tallest Mountain on Earth". The Physics Factbook. http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2001/BeataUnke.shtml. 
  18. ^ Rubin, Ken. "General Information about Hawaiian Shield Volcanoes". http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/HCV/haw_volc.html. Retrieved December 2009. 
  19. ^ "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790". United States Geological Survey. September 9, 1999. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/1999/99_09_09.html. Retrieved 1999-10-04. 
  20. ^ Living on Active Volcanoes—The Island of Hawaii, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 074-97.
  21. ^ Human Footprints in Relation to the 1790 Eruption of Kīlauea, Swanson, D. A.; Rausch, J., American Geophysical Union.
  22. ^ Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (2009-11-12). "Tsunami Safety & Preparedness in Hawai`i". http://www.prh.noaa.gov/ptwc/hawaii.php. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  23. ^ Howard Youth. "Hawaii's Forest Birds Sing the Blues". http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Publications/ZooGoer/1995/1/hawaiisforestbirds.cfm. Retrieved October 31, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Hawaii". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/state/HI. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  25. ^ Joshua Reichert and Theodore Roosevelt IV. "Treasure Islands". http://www.pewtrusts.org/ideas/ideas_item.cfm?content_item_id=3417&content_type_id=15&page=15&issue=16&issue_name=Protecting%20ocean%20life&name=Op-eds%20(Pew). Retrieved June 15, 2006. 
  26. ^ Climate of Hawaii.
  27. ^ Hawaii Weather|Hawaii Weather Forecast|Hawaii Climate.
  28. ^ US CODE: Title 20,7512. Findings.
  29. ^ Hawaii State Government.
  30. ^ The Evolution of the Polynesian Chiefdoms. Cambridge University Press. 1989. pp. 77–79. ISBN 0521273161. 
  31. ^ Kuykendall, "The Hawaiian Kingdom Volume I: Foundation and Transformation", p18 "Cook's plan was to get the king on board the Resolution and keep him there until the stolen boat was returned — a plan that had been effective under similar circumstances in the south Pacific".
  32. ^ Hawaii (state, United States). Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  33. ^ Migration and Disease. Digital History.
  34. ^ a b Russ, William Adam (1992). The Hawaiian Revolution (1893-94). Associated University Presses. p. 350. ISBN 0945636431. 
  35. ^ Kuykendall, R.S. (1967) The Hawaiian Kingdom, 1874-1893. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 648.
  36. ^ Kinzer, Stephen (2006). Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change From Hawaii to Iraq. Times Books. ISBN 0805078614. 
  37. ^ "Limbaugh repeated false claim that U.S. was "strictly neutral" in overthrow of Hawaiian queen". Media Matters. http://mediamatters.org/items/200508220002. 
  38. ^ a b Hawaii Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand by Bruce Fein.
  39. ^ 1897 Hawaii Annexation Treaty.
  40. ^ Human Rights differs from Equal Rights.
  41. ^ Support For The Hawaiian Sovereignty Elections Council.
  42. ^ Hawaii Reporter: Hawaii Reporter.
  43. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State - 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  44. ^ New Jersey Quickfacts.
  45. ^ Hawaii Quickfacts.
  46. ^ Top 12 states in population density.
  47. ^ Average life expectancy at birth by state.
  48. ^ a b c d e f http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G00_DP5&-ds_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G00_&-tree_id=308&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=04000US15&-format=&-_lang=en
  49. ^ a b Language Map Data Center.
  50. ^ State of Hawaii Data Book 2000, Section 1 Population, Table 1.47.
  51. ^ Glenmary Research Center.
  52. ^ Honolulu Advertiser.
  53. ^ Gallup Poll Daily tracking.
  54. ^ Hawaii sandalwood trade.
  55. ^ Whaling in Hawaii.
  56. ^ Honolulu Star-Bulletin Hawaii News.
  57. ^ http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/current/il/merriemonarch05
  58. ^ http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2009902200326
  59. ^ http://www.hnlnow.com/events/index.php?com=detail&eID=10075&year=2008&month=5
  60. ^ http://archives.starbulletin.com/2001/05/29/features/index.html
  61. ^ ""Hawaii Health Care Is Called a Model for U.S."". New York Times. 1993-05-19. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7DD123BF93AA25756C0A965958260. 
  62. ^ Two-Thirds Of Hawaii Schools Do Not Meet Requirements - Education News Story - KITV Honolulu
  63. ^ Honolulu Advertiser, August 17, 2005, p. B1
  64. ^ Ishibasha, Koren (November 2005). "Official Enrollment". http://www.ksbe.edu/pase/pdf/Reports/K-12/05_06_8.pdf. Retrieved December 2009. 
  65. ^ "Aloha, Superferry Alakai leaves Hawaii to find job". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. March 29, 2009. http://www.starbulletin.com/news/20090329_Aloha_Superferry.html. 

Further reading

  • The Constitution of the State of Hawaii. Article XV.
  • Bushnell, O. A. 1993. The Gifts of Civilization: Germs and Genocide in Hawaii. ISBN 0824814576. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press
  • Kinzer, Stephen 2007, Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq. ISBN 0805082409. Times Books
  • Lyovin, Anatole V. (1997). An Introduction to the Languages of the World. .New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.^ Larry Geller The Federal Reserve Bank of New York, then led by Timothy Geithner, told American International Group Inc.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0-19-508116-1.
     
  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Samuel H. Elbert (1986). Hawaiian Dictionary. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-0703-0. 
  • Schamel, Wynell and Charles E. Schamel. "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii." .Social Education 63, 7 (November/December 1999): 402-408.
  • Stokes, John F.G. 1932. "Spaniard and the Sweet Potato in Hawaii and Hawaiian-American Contacts."^ To me the Okinawan aka Hawaiian purple sweet potatoes are definitely royal!
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    American Anthropologist, New Series, v, 34, n, 4, pp. 594–600.

External links

Preceded by
Alaska
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on August 21, 1959 (50th)
Most recent

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Waikiki Beach, Honolulu
Waikiki Beach, Honolulu
.Hawaii [1] (sometimes pronounced ha-VAI-ee by locals) is the 50th state of the United States of America.^ Hawaii became the 50th U.S. state in 1959.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Situated nearly at the center of the north Pacific Ocean, Hawaii marks the northeast corner of Polynesia. While it was once a major hub for the whaling, sugar and pineapple industries, it is now economically dependent on tourism and the U.S. military. .The natural beauty of the islands continues to be one of Hawaii's greatest assets.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the very best spas on the island can be found in the beautiful Olinda region of Maui at the Maui Spa Retreat.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The islands' lush vegetation, beautiful scenery and world-class beaches make it a natural destination choice for travelers.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Honolulu is the state's capital, largest city, and cultural hub.^ The State of Hawaii acquired the property and later passed it on to the City & County of Honolulu.It is 30 acres of open space… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Map of Hawaii
Map of Hawaii
.Hawai'i is an archipelago of over nineteen distinct volcanic islands located over a geological "hot spot" in the Central Pacific.^ Throughout the school year, the students have learned about how the hot spot under the Pacific Plate formed underwater volcanoes that eventually became our Hawaiian island chain.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The event was hosted by Island Pacific Academy, a private college-preparatory academy located in Kapolei.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In the central North Pacific, the Trade winds represent the outflow of air from the great region of high pressure, the Pacific Anticyclone, typically located well north and east of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.The Pacific plate on which the islands ride moves to the northwest, so in general the islands are older and smaller (due to erosion) as you move from southeast to northwest.^ The storms may be associated with the passage of a cold front – the leading edge of a mass of relatively cool air that is moving from west to east or from northwest to southeast.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.There are eight major islands, six of which are open to tourism.^ During this period, there may be as many as six or seven major storm events in a year.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Hawaii, the "Big Island," is the largest of the islands.
  • Oahu, nicknamed "the Gathering Place," is the most populous and developed island.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
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    ^ The island has experienced rapid population growth in recent years (e.g., 4.6% in 2001/2002) with Kīhei one of the most rapidly growing towns in the U.S. (see chart, below).
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .Its southern shore is home to the city of Honolulu; four out of every five Hawaii residents call it home.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The State of Hawaii acquired the property and later passed it on to the City & County of Honolulu.It is 30 acres of open space… .
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .It is the governmental and commercial center of the state, and Waikiki Beach is arguably the best known tourist destination in Hawaii.^ By Kathy Hansberry Waikiki Beach Walk continues to showcase Hawaii’s best island talent through free concerts and entertainment, including some very exciting upcoming holiday shows.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Maui is well known to have some of the very best luaus in the State of Hawaii.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .Outside the city are pineapple fields, and the North Shore of Oahu, which is known each winter as the home of some of the largest waves in the world.^ Straight from the north shore of Oahu, there is a new line of denim for women.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ World famous Surfing, Windsurfing and Kitesurfing can be found off Maui's North Shore.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hookipa beach is home to some of the world's best windsurfers.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .The USS Arizona National Memorial at Pearl Harbor is also very popular visitor destination.
  • Maui is the second largest island in the chain and is home to 10,023 foot (3,055 m) tall volcanic mountain crater of Haleakala.^ While the Island of Oahu is most popular with Japanese tourists, the Island of Maui tends to appeal to visitors mostly from the U.S. mainland and Canada: in 2005, there were 2,003,492 domestic (i.e., U.S. nationals) arrivals on the island, compared to 260,184 international arrivals.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Maui's most popular helicopter tours are probably the 45 minute trips the include a visit to both the crater of Haleakala and Hana but some of the most comprehensive helicopter tours include the full island of Maui and those that fly over Maui's West Maui Mountains and then over Molokai's fantastic northern coastline and Father Damien's leper colony.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Another popular dive is off the shoreline of Maui's island neighbor, Lanai.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .It is nicknamed "the Valley Isle" for the narrow plain between Haleakala and the West Maui mountains.^ The view of the Lahaina Roadstead, the harbor and the boats at anchor, the West Maui Mountains and cane fields, the clouds above and the ocean below..
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The island of Maui is known as the " Valley Isle " because of the huge valley between its two volcanoes.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Helicopter Tours on Maui - View isolated valleys, hidden waterfalls, secluded ridges, triple-canopy rainforests, and mountain summits.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .On the west side of the island are the resort areas of Lahaina, Kaanapali and Kapalua, While the south side is home to Kihei, and Wailea.^ The main tourist hotel and condo areas are West Maui (Kaanapali, Lahaina, Honokowai, Kahana, Napili, Kapalua), and South Maui (Kihei, Wailea).
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A wide variety of Luaus are found in the Lahaina and Kaanapali areas as well as South Maui.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Sugar Cane Train travels back and forth between Lahaina and the Kaanapali area many times daily providing ample opportunity to hitch a ride.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .On the east side is the tiny village of Hana, reached by one of the most winding and beautiful roads in the world.
  • Kauai, the "Garden Isle," is home to several natural wonders, such as the Wailua River, Waimea Canyon, and the Na Pali Coast.^ Haleakala National Park is home to one of the most beautiful sunrises in the world.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The islands' lush vegetation, beautiful scenery and world-class beaches make it a natural destination choice for travelers.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .Mount Waialeale is known as one of the rainiest spots in the world.
  • Molokai, the "Friendly Isle," is one of the least developed islands in the chain.^ For many years the "Molokai Ferry" has been our connection to the "Friendly Isle" of Molokai.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Those that have been following the developments at Kapalua know that here, in one of the most spectacular locales on Maui (and the entire island chain), things have been evolving for the better part of two years.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ At one time in the not too distant past, sugar cane cultivation used over 80% of the island's water supply (The Water Development Plan of Maui, 1992 – Present).
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .It is home to Kalaupapa, the leper colony on Molokai's north shore that was the home of Father Damien.
  • Lanai was at one time completely owned by Dole Foods and was the largest pineapple plantation in the world; it is now home to several exclusive resorts.
  • Niihau is a privately owned island with an entirely Native Hawaiian population.^ The National Weather Service has issued a high-surf warning for north- and west-facing shores of Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai and Maui and west-facing shores of the Big Island.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The smallest of the major Hawaiian Islands, and the least populated, Lanai has a mystique that continues to attract visitors.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Maui's most popular helicopter tours are probably the 45 minute trips the include a visit to both the crater of Haleakala and Hana but some of the most comprehensive helicopter tours include the full island of Maui and those that fly over Maui's West Maui Mountains and then over Molokai's fantastic northern coastline and Father Damien's leper colony.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    .Until very recently, the island was off limits to all but family members and invited guests of the owners.^ Your life clock started ticking once you saw and headed towards the "light" and all we can do after that is wait until the alarm goes off...
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Richard Ha writes:We are so lucky to be living here, on the Big Island, among friends and family.Best wishes to all for a hopeful and wonderful New Year.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Tourism to the island is limited to Helicopter, ATV, and hunting excursions originating on Kauai.
  • Kahoolawe, which was once a former US Navy bombing range, remains uninhabited. Efforts are being made to rehabilitate the island, but cleanup efforts continue.

Cities

These are some of the bigger cities in Hawaii.
The name game
.The reef triggerfish (Rhinecanthus rectangulus), the state fish of Hawaii, is known in the Hawaiian language as the humu­humu­nuku­nuku­āpuaʻa, which means "triggerfish with a snout like a pig". It is not the longest Hawaiian fish name, as is often thought; that distinction instead goes to the lauwiliwilinukunukuʻoiʻoi ("long-snouted fish shaped like a wiliwili leaf"), the butterflyfish (Forcipiger longirostris).^ In the Hawaiian language the word ali'i means royal or high born.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Maui is well known to have some of the very best luaus in the State of Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The State Of Hawaii Needs To Start Living Within Its Means Instead Of Imposing Additional Taxes .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Where tourism is concerned, Hawaii has something for everyone. .The island of Oahu, the most populous and home to the state capital and largest city of Honolulu, is great for people who wish to experience the islands and still keep the conveniences of a large city.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to hotels and resorts, Kauai vacation rentals are another great option for those who want to enjoy all the comforts of home while they’re on vacation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ For those who like to keep tabs on the whereabouts of their friends and family and be followed in return, Foursquare has opened in Honolulu.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Rainforests and hiking trails are located just minutes from Waikiki Beach, one of the world's best tourist destinations.^ The islands' lush vegetation, beautiful scenery and world-class beaches make it a natural destination choice for travelers.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookipa beach is home to some of the world's best windsurfers.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.In the winter, large waves on Oahu's north shore turn the normally sleepy area into the surfing capital of the world.^ The National Weather Service has issued a high-surf warning for north- and west-facing shores of Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai and Maui and west-facing shores of the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Straight from the north shore of Oahu, there is a new line of denim for women.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ World famous Surfing, Windsurfing and Kitesurfing can be found off Maui's North Shore.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.On the other hand, those who wish to experience Hawaii at a slower pace would do well to visit one of the Neighbor Islands (the other, less populated islands around Oahu).^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Several of the volcanoes were close enough to each other that lava flows on their flanks overlapped one another, causing several volcanoes to merge into a single island.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ On board the catamaran was a handful of other folks who, like us, were in the mood for adventure.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

All the neighbor islands offer opportunities to relax and enjoy the sun and scenery. .Many of the natural wonders of the Islands are located on the Neighbor Islands, from Waimea Canyon on Kauai, to Haleakala on Maui, to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island of Hawaii.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Hiking Tours on Maui - Maui has more hiking trails per square miles than most National Parks.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The National Weather Service has issued a high-surf warning for north- and west-facing shores of Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai and Maui and west-facing shores of the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Numerous waterfalls and rainforests evoke memories of what the islands might have looked like before major corporations set their sights on Hawaii.^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The road to Hana is one of the most scenic on Maui, as you manipulate many turns overlooking the Eastern coast of the island.^ With that said, there is one island that I find to be the most relaxing.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Those that have been following the developments at Kapalua know that here, in one of the most spectacular locales on Maui (and the entire island chain), things have been evolving for the better part of two years.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It said they had found a new tomato virus on Maui -- one that is considered the most devastating tomato virus worldwide.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.It leads you over bridges and past beautiful waterfalls.^ Tours are available to visit the crater floor of Haleakala which will take a full day or less strenuous tours will take you to beautiful waterfalls throughout the island.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Ultimately, you can end up at the Seven Sacred Pools, where the hiking is quite the experience.^ All will want to know your level of experience so you can be matched up with a horse that will be appropriate.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Blowhole / Jade Pools Hike - Hawaiian Ultimate Adventures .
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Hana Loop "Ultimate Pools" Rainforest Full Day Hike - Hawaiian Ultimate Adventures .
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Father Damien
On October 11, 2009, Father Damien de Veuster (1840-1889), a Belgian priest who came to the island of Molokai in 1864 to treat victims of leprosy - and eventually succumbed to the disease - was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI.
.Polynesians migrated to, and established communities on, the islands of Hawaii before the arrival of Captain James Cook in 1778, who is widely credited as the first European visitor to the islands.^ On November 26, 1778, Captain James Cook became the first European explorer to see Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Whale watching can be a fun and relaxing past time whether you are a resident or visitor to Hawaii’s Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ On my upcoming trip to the Big Island, I’ve planned to visit Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park, This park is significant for three main reasons – It’s the site of the first extensive interaction between Hawaiians and Westerners with the arrival of Captain James Cook.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

At that time, each island was a separate kingdom. With the support of western advisors and weapons, Kamehameha I of the island of Hawaii conquered all the islands except Kauai, which acquiesced to his rule in 1810.
After Kamehameha II abolished the kapu (taboo) system, American missionaries came to the islands to spread Christianity. Their children would later become successful businessmen in the Islands. .Pineapple and sugar cane plantations were established, and workers from other countries (in particular Japan, the Philippines, China, and Korea) were imported as contract laborers.^ You and your fellow laborers—from the Philippines, China, Portugal and beyond—stop to unpack and enjoy lunch; rice with perhaps some left over meat from the night… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Later, their descendants would also become established as successful professionals.
.The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown in 1893 by a group of American businessmen.^ They were followed by rulers from another ancient family of chiefs, including Queen Liliuokalani who ruled in 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

While the U.S. administration at the time refused to annex the former sovereign nation, in 1898 the United States did annex the islands, which became a territory in 1900, and a state of the United States in 1959.
.Hawaii also became an important outpost for the U.S. military through the 20th century, and Pearl Harbor was the site of the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941, that forced the U.S. into World War II. Today, the military maintains its presence here, with several major military bases on the island of Oahu alone; Pearl Harbor remains the headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ WEARABLE ART IN THE GALLERY AT WARD CENTRE Wearable artist Elizabeth Kent presents her new collection, “Passport to a Floating World,” today through January 24 at the Gallery at Ward Centre.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Maui was centrally involved in the Pacific Theatre of World War II as a staging center, training base, and for rest and relaxation.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Over the years, many major retail chains have expanded their presence in Hawaii, making the Islands look more and more like the continental United States, often at the expense of local businesses.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ If the islands of the State of Hawaii did not exist, the average annual rainfall on the same patch of water would be about 25 inches.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Nevertheless, Hawaii remains culturally vibrant. .Its population, descended from the Native Hawaiians, the original plantation workers, and more recent arrivals, and in which no one group has a majority, is often cited as an example of multiculturalism at its best.^ The smallest of the major Hawaiian Islands, and the least populated, Lanai has a mystique that continues to attract visitors.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ More often, however, there are one or two such storms a year; sometimes there are four or five.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The island has experienced rapid population growth in recent years (e.g., 4.6% in 2001/2002) with Kīhei one of the most rapidly growing towns in the U.S. (see chart, below).
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.There is a strong commitment to perpetuating native Hawaiian cultural traditions, as well as the cultural heritage of Hawaii's many immigrant communities from the Pacific, Asia and Europe.^ There are many solid reasons to watch this presentation at last week’s Hawaii Conservation Alliance conference, especially including where Ramsey Taum ends up after a marvelous romp through native insights on sustainability.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ HIFF is dedicated to “advancing understanding and cultural exchange among the peoples of Asia, the Pacific Rim, and North America through the medium of film”.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

And certainly the environment is conducive to longevity...Hawaii has the longest predicted life expectancies of any U.S. state.

Weather

.Depending on where you're located in Hawaii, the weather can be very different over even short distances.^ We’re going to do our very best to make UU even awesomer in 2010, so if you got the… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you're interested, call Rich Miano at 956-4516 or e-mail: miano@hawaii.edu.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ So even though I was supposed to join the rest of y'all on holiday hiatus, I thought I'd entertain the few of you who are still checking in with this Christmasy-themed Where In Hawaii.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.On the same day, on Oahu you might find sun over the beaches in Waikiki and rain only a few miles away in Manoa Valley.^ The real drought years are the ones where the winter rains fail, when there are only a few (or even no) significant rainstorms.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The sun has disappeared behind the clouds, which are releasing a smattering of rain.I wish I had something to perk you up.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Well, only on O&E will you find just the help you need...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Although the islands receive abundant amounts of both sunshine and rain, rain is more likely on the north and east sides of the islands, which face the prevailing northeasterly tradewinds (the "windward" side of the island), as well as the mountain peaks and valleys.^ Leaders at the Aquarium are partnering with experts in the field at both UH Manoa as well as NOAA. read more An Island Life .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The vog has returned with a vengeance to Big Island’s east side and looks to hang around through Wednesday of next week.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ On the windward coast, it is common to have as many as 10 brief showers in a single day, not one of which is heavy enough to produce more than one-hundredth of an inch of rain.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.The moist tropical air carried by the tradewinds is forced upward by the mountains, resulting in clouds and rain.^ These towering clouds form along the mountains where the incoming trade wind air converges as it moves up a valley and is forced up and over the mountains to heights of several thousand feet.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ This complex three-dimensional flow of air results in striking differences from place to place in wind speed, cloud formation, and rainfall.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Rain is less likely on the coastal areas of the "leeward" sides (the south and west sides) of the islands.^ In leeward areas well screened from the trade winds (such as the west coast of Maui), skies are clear 30 to 60 percent of the time.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ At one extreme, the annual rainfall averages 17 to 20 inches or less in leeward coastal areas, such as the shoreline from Maalaea Bay to Kaupo, and near the summit of Haleakala.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The main tourist hotel and condo areas are West Maui (Kaanapali, Lahaina, Honokowai, Kahana, Napili, Kapalua), and South Maui (Kihei, Wailea).
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Although there are no true "seasons" in the islands in the same sense as the rest of the U.S., the climate does go through annual cycles based on rainfall.^ If the islands of the State of Hawaii did not exist, the average annual rainfall on the same patch of water would be about 25 inches.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ I’m going to play it the way we’ve done it with everyone else: there are no instructions, but there are correct answers.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are wondering if there is going to be a Wailuku First Friday for the month of January, the answer is “NO”.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The "wet" season in Hawaii (cooler temperatures and more rainfall) runs roughly from October to March, and the "dry" season (warmer temperatures and less rainfall) from April to September.^ The surface waters of the open ocean around Hawaii have an average temperature that ranges from 73° to 74°F between late February and early April, to a maximum of 79° to 80°F in late September or early October.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.There is therefore a higher probability of rain if you visit during the peak of tourist season in late December or January.^ Chances are if you blink, there's something probably that you wish you could have seen but isn't there any more.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Slow Going You can probably tell that the updates and posts here at our blog have been pretty scarce lately.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’re a “LOST” fan who has been contemplating a visit to “The Island” in January to celebrate the sixth and final season of the show, now is the time to take the leap.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hurricane season in the islands runs from June to November. .Although Hawaii's relative isolation means that it is affected only rarely by tropical cyclones, a destructive storm will occasionally hit the Islands, such as Hurricanes Iwa and Iniki hitting Kauai in 1982 and 1992 respectively.^ Unlike cold fronts and Kona storms, hurricanes and tropical storms are not limited to the winter season.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Despite relatively flat statewide occupancy rates and a respectable 4.1 percentage point gain in Waikiki hotel occupancy, Hawaii hoteliers continued to struggle in November.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Overall, Hawaii is warm and balmy - when you step out of the plane you'll immediately notice that the air is soft and humid - and during the summer months the tradewinds provide a pleasant breeze.^ E-mail me at sstsai@hawaii.edu and we'll figure out how to get you the prize.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ All you feel is the rush of the warm Hawaiian air against your skin.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Dear Go Visit Hawaii Subscribers: I want to let you know that during the month of January, I will not be able to post as frequently as normal.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Daytime temperatures generally range from the low-80s (27°C) in "winter" to the high 80s (31°C) in "summer". Very rarely does the air temperature exceed 90°F (32°C) even in the hottest part of summer; however, the humidity will make it feel as if it were a few degrees hotter.^ One of the most distinctive features of Hawaii’s climate is the small annual variation in air temperature range.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ With air temperatures this mild for hundreds of miles around, the air that reaches Hawaii is neither very hot nor very cold.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Its been pretty junk lately, but it seems like the crazy holiday crowds have left at least for the most part and we are starting to feel like we can breath again out here even… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Ocean temperatures range between 77° (25°C) degrees in the winter to 82° (28°) in the summer.^ The surface waters of the open ocean around Hawaii have an average temperature that ranges from 73° to 74°F between late February and early April, to a maximum of 79° to 80°F in late September or early October.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.There is usually no more than a 20-degree Fahrenheit (12°C) difference between daytime high and nighttime low temperatures.^ Personally, there is no better way for me to spend the BIG night than with family and friends!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The rainfall in a well-developed Kona storm is more widespread and more prolonged than in the usual cold-front storm.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ There's no doubt that Vegas is ever changing and even more so now with the new hugemangeous City Center up.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Consequently, besides your driver's license, credit card, camera, binoculars, and other essentials, it's best to keep your clothes to a minimum... a jacket, sweater, one or two pair of washable slacks/shorts, walking shoes, sandals and swim gear. Sunscreen is essential since Hawaii's close proximity to the Equator translates into very strong sun radiation. The suitcase space you save can be used to fill up on island purchases.

Get in

.Foreign travelers entering Hawaii directly from another country are subject to the same entry requirements as for the United States in general.^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

See the Get in section of the United States article.
.As Hawaii is one of the 50 United States, flights to Hawaii from the U.S. Mainland are considered domestic flights.^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Lung cancer is the number one killer of adults in Hawaii, and the Aloha State is ranked second in the nation for youth asthma.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Therefore, it is not necessary for U.S. citizens or legal immigrants to show a passport (or any documentation of U.S. citizenship or immigration status) when entering Hawaii from the U.S. Mainland. It is also not necessary for foreign visitors arriving from the U.S. Mainland to show passports or visas (U.S. entry formalities are done at the port of entry).
You will, however, be asked to fill out a written agricultural declaration while aboard your flight to Hawaii. This declaration is required by the U.S. and Hawaii state departments of agriculture to prevent harmful plant pests and diseases from coming into Hawaii. Any fresh fruits, vegetables, flowers, and the like need to be declared and inspected by Department of Agriculture personnel at your port of arrival; some items may be prohibited from entering Hawaii at all. Penalties for non-compliance are stiff. .Avoid bringing such items with you if at all possible. It's not worth the hassle.^ With the cruise you don’t have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that’s associated with air travel between the islets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don't have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that's associated with air travel between the islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

(On the reverse side of this declaration is a Hawaii Tourism Authority questionnaire that asks for information about your stay. You are encouraged but not required to complete this questionnaire.)
When leaving Hawaii for the U.S. Mainland, all baggage must be inspected by U.S. Department of Agriculture inspectors at the airport. Be advised that fresh fruits (with the exception of pineapples and treated papayas) are prohibited from leaving the islands to prevent the spread of fruit flies. Consult the U.S. Department of Agriculture for more details. .Bags are inspected by X-ray, so depending on the airport you leave from and the airline, be prepared to submit to as many as three checkpoints on the way to your Mainland flight: having your checked bags X-rayed in the ticket lobby, the TSA security checkpoint, and perhaps a separate agricultural inspection for your carry-on bags on the way to your gate.^ You leave your shakin’ link 3.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you leave your vehicle with your purchases inside, you’d come back to a burglarized car.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It's that time together that you will carry with you in your heart...not the gift that sits under the… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii does not observe Daylight Saving Time. For reference, Hawaii is two time zones behind the US West Coast, thereby accounting for a three hour time difference during DST. Arizona, which also does not observe DST save for the Navajo Reservation, is always three hours ahead of Hawaii year-round.^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
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^ In leeward areas well screened from the trade winds (such as the west coast of Maui), skies are clear 30 to 60 percent of the time.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Dolphin Excursions on Maui - Unlike Maui's famous Humpback whales, dolphins are year-round residents of Hawaii and can be seen off all the Hawaiian islands during virtually every month of the year.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

By plane

.Most flights from the mainland US and almost all international flights land in Honolulu on the island of Oahu.^ While the Island of Oahu is most popular with Japanese tourists, the Island of Maui tends to appeal to visitors mostly from the U.S. mainland and Canada: in 2005, there were 2,003,492 domestic (i.e., U.S. nationals) arrivals on the island, compared to 260,184 international arrivals.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.From here, passengers destined for a Neighbor Island will connect to an interisland flight (see By Plane in Get Around below).^ The island has experienced rapid population growth in recent years (e.g., 4.6% in 2001/2002) with Kīhei one of the most rapidly growing towns in the U.S. (see chart, below).
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Direct service from the mainland is also available to Kahului on Maui, Kona on the Big Island, and Lihue on Kauai as well.^ The National Weather Service has issued a high-surf warning for north- and west-facing shores of Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai and Maui and west-facing shores of the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Informant: Male/ 65/ Portuguese ancestry Location: Lihue, KauaiThe old county jail on Kauai, when it existed, was known by everyone on the island to be haunted.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Homes sales on the Big Island and Kauai were up in December, following a similar trend on Oahu, according to data released yesterday by Hawaii Information Service.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Depending on the airline, nonstop flights to Honolulu leave from most major gateway airports on the West Coast (as well as some smaller ones), as well as many major airports in the Midwest and East Coast.^ In leeward areas well screened from the trade winds (such as the west coast of Maui), skies are clear 30 to 60 percent of the time.
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^ On the windward coast, it is common to have as many as 10 brief showers in a single day, not one of which is heavy enough to produce more than one-hundredth of an inch of rain.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The flight from Los Angeles or San Francisco takes about 5 hours, comparable to a flight between the West and East Coasts. Thus, a flight from New York can take about 10.5 hours.
Jetstar [2] is a budget Australian airline that recently started connecting Honolulu to several cities in Australia at very reasonable prices.

By boat

.While the days where everyone arrived in Hawaii by boat are long gone, there are limited numbers of trans-Pacific cruises to Hawaii that leave from ports on the West Coast.^ There are no all inclusive resorts in Hawaii so a cruise is he next best thing because all of you… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The days of haphazard holiday shopping are long gone.
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^ The Internet hosing and technology services company had decided to leave Canada for a number of reasons bu the move was a surprise to many in Hawaii.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.However, one fascinating way to experience Hawaii is by taking a cruise ship between the islands (see Get around: By boat).^ Hawaii Cruises for 2010 - cruising the Hawaiian Islands .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ QUESTION: Whatever happened to the former Hawaii-based cruise ship the SS Independence?
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^ Ex-Hawaii cruise ship Independence now moored off India .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.There are limited freighter services [3], but if you are an American citizen embarking in the USA and wishing to travel to Hawaii then you cannot travel this way.^ Chances are if you blink, there's something probably that you wish you could have seen but isn't there any more.
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^ (You made me the way I am, cannot help lidat) My wife: You will probably never see her picture in my blog.
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^ There are no all inclusive resorts in Hawaii so a cruise is he next best thing because all of you… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Get around

By plane

.Because Hawaii is an archipelago, air travel is, for the most part, compulsory for traveling within the state.^ The State Of Hawaii Needs To Start Living Within Its Means Instead Of Imposing Additional Taxes .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Six inter-island airlines, Hawaiian Airlines [4],MarJet Hawaii [5], Mokulele Airlines [6], Island Air [7], Pacific Wings [8], and go! [9] (a subsidiary of Mesa Air) provide virtually all flights between the islands.^ Hawaii Cruises for 2010 - cruising the Hawaiian Islands .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Mesa owns or leases 178 aircraft, which are used to provide regional air services for partners such as United Airlines, Delta Air Lines Inc.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don’t have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that’s associated with air travel between the islets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Go! started service in June 2006, positioning itself as a discount carrier. .Consequently, as of summer 2006, there is a fare war underway between the four carriers; round-trip fares can be as low as about US$60 roundtrip, about half of what the going fare was in 2005. Travelers can save money and time by planning "triangle routes" that arrive in Hawaii on one island and leave on another.^ After the headlines Natalie McKinney from the Kokua Hawaii Foundation tell us about how they teamed up with Kanu Hawaii to Simplify the Holidays.
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^ One of the “hazards” of writing about Hawaii travel is that so often I stop to daydream about doing the very things I’ve just written.
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^ With that said, there is one island that I find to be the most relaxing.
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.Flight times run anywhere from 20 to 45 minutes.^ West Maui, Molokai 45 minute flight - Air Maui .
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^ They were very accommodating, easily being able to move our reservation back 20 minutes when I called to let them know we were running late.Of course,… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Flights can usually be purchased a day or two before departure, although this may increase the cost of traveling.

By boat

.Charter boats sail and motor between some islands, especially the Maui-Molokai-Lanai area.^ Maui is a leading whale-watching center in the Hawaiian Islands due to Humpback whales wintering in the sheltered Auau Channel between the islands of Maui county.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Aloha Friday A cloud covered Molokai as seen from a private area of the Sheraton Maui Resort.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Three other islands, Lanai , Kahoolawe, and Molokai belong to Maui County.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.But, crossing the channels between islands can be extremely rough going.^ Maui is a leading whale-watching center in the Hawaiian Islands due to Humpback whales wintering in the sheltered Auau Channel between the islands of Maui county.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Because of this, a few charter companies specialize in having boats delivered inter island and can meet you at your destination.^ Sightseeing Boat Tours on Maui - Perhaps your're interested in just taking a sightseeing boar tour off the coastline of the island without going snorkeling.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Here are a few things you can do today to improve your digestion by Peggy Hall: 1.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ These fishing charters come in 4 hour, 6 hour or 8 hour tours and can be either "share boats" where you go out will other anglers or "private charters" in which you rent the entire boat for just yourself or your family and friends.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Norwegian Cruise Lines operates both U.S.-flagged and foreign flagged cruise ships between the islands.^ For 2010 there will be a cruise lines coming to the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don’t have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that’s associated with air travel between the islets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don't have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that's associated with air travel between the islands.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.By February 2007 Maui departures are being eliminated, leaving Honolulu Harbor as the sole originating port.^ Another sad departure is the original Maui Hands, with locations now in Paia, Lahaina and Kaanapali.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Sunset Sails and Cruises on Maui - Many vessels on Maui can take you on a sunset cruise, most leaving from Lahaina harbor.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

The ship is called Pride of America.

By bus

On Oahu there is an excellent public transportation system TheBus [10]. .You can buy a booklet called "TheBus" at local ABC Stores [11] giving route information on how to get around the island.^ You don't have to go out and buy them actual "fireworks"...give them a gift of sparklers or a bunch of the novelty fireworks that everyone enjoys watching.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I share about the changes of seasons that occur on the islands, yes we have them you just need to know how to recognize them.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ So if you see something that you absolutely have to try, the restaurant information is right there with the photo (called a "sighting").
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Route Schedules [12] are also available on The Bus Website [13]. Public transportation systems are less developed on the Neighbor Islands.

By car

.If you want to take your car to Hawaii, it will either need to be amphibious or freighted by ship, making this infeasible unless you plan a long-term stay in Hawaii.^ Cheap ($7 per and stay as long as you want).
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you leave your vehicle with your purchases inside, you’d come back to a burglarized car.
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^ "Knowing what you want" is a terrible way to begin setting your Life's Goals.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.However, Hawaii is the only state that honors all other US state vehicle licenses until they expire, provided you apply for a permit within 10 days of the car's arrival.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ We all check each other’s links out And you’ve got yourself a Hula Shake Around the Blogosphere!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.(Incidentally, Hawaii also is the only state that does not require intended residents to exchange their out-of-state driver's licenses.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

)
Car rentals should be booked as soon as possible as the price charged is based on a supply/demand basis. .The exception is Waikiki where you will not need a car on a permanent basis so just rent a car the day before you want one.^ Main Street when she rear-ended one car and clipped another before going through the rock wall.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Well, only on O&E will you find just the help you need...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I share about the changes of seasons that occur on the islands, yes we have them you just need to know how to recognize them.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Collision insurance coverage is very expensive through car rental companies (it can easily double your daily rate or more).^ To be sure, the past 24 month have seen seen local bankruptcies and the statewide unemployment rate more than double.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Consider using a credit card with collision coverage. All U.S.-issued consumer Visa credit (but not debit) cards, many MasterCard cards and some American Express cards include secondary collision coverage; some American Express, Visa business and Diners Club cards offer primary coverage. Alternatively or additionally, prior to your trip, verify that both collision and liability (also called third-party) coverage from your own auto insurance company extends to rental cars. Car rental rates for 5 or 6 day periods are often the same as 7 day rentals. .Use a credit card that includes medical and trip cancellation insurance benefits; if you cannot, consider buying trip insurance from your flight travel agent.^ Why using a travel agent is important for Hawaii Hawaii Vacation Q and A .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Username or Email password lookup Password cancel Once you've logged in, look for the + icon throughout your favorite Alltop topics.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I used the tag during my trip to Hawaii for Thanksgiving towards the end of 2009.It's hard to review a product when its purpose is to help you relocate your lost luggage!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

View more on Hawaii car rental insurance [14]. .Also be aware some hotels may charge you for car parking, check with your hotel for parking fee before you book your car.^ May 2010 be prosperous for you and yours.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether you're celebrating a new love, building your family or cherishing a rich family history, may the new year be filled with good health and happiness.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you leave your vehicle with your purchases inside, you’d come back to a burglarized car.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

International tourists with non US credit cards are not covered by the above. By clicking on your country of origin when obtaining a quote from the car rental company's website, often an inclusive quote with loss damage waiver and supplemental libability insurance is provided. .Otherwise using a travel agent website within your country eg your local Expedia website or local car hire broker will often also include insurance in their quote.^ Why using a travel agent is important for Hawaii Hawaii Vacation Q and A .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Why using a travel agent is important for Hawaii .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Episode #355 Why using a travel agent is important for Hawaii .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Gasoline, while nowhere near the prices charged in Europe, is significantly more expensive in Hawaii than on the U.S. Mainland. .Expect to pay about 10% more than the prevailing rate on the Mainland for gasoline in Honolulu.^ On the windward coast, it is common to have as many as 10 brief showers in a single day, not one of which is heavy enough to produce more than one-hundredth of an inch of rain.
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Neighbor Island prices can be as much as 10-15% above that.
Scooters are also an excellent alternative to getting around the islands. Rental rates are fairly cheap (about $50/day). The scooters are also fun to ride and are cheap on gas!

Talk

English is the main spoken language. There are some subtle differences in usage (see below), but standard English is universally understood in Hawaii. Hawaiian "pidgin" English, spoken by many locals, incorporates bits of Hawaiian, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Portuguese and many other languages, in addition to its own unique idioms. .As Japan is the most important international tourist market in Hawaii, many tourist destinations offer information in Japanese and have personnel who can speak Japanese.^ While the Island of Oahu is most popular with Japanese tourists, the Island of Maui tends to appeal to visitors mostly from the U.S. mainland and Canada: in 2005, there were 2,003,492 domestic (i.e., U.S. nationals) arrivals on the island, compared to 260,184 international arrivals.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.There are also many ethnic communities that speak languages such as Mandarin, Cantonese, Tagalog, Ilocano, Vietnamese, Korean, Samoan and the native Hawaiian language.^ I can't help but notice there are so many people in the community who spend time with older adults who need support, or older adults who give of their time to help others.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Learning a few words of Hawaiian can be fun and useful. Some signs in Hawaii use Hawaiian words, and most street signs use Hawaiian names. The following is a brief primer on Hawaiian pronunciation:
a as in father
e as in red
i as in machine
o as in phone
u as in fruit
ai, ae roughly like the igh in high
au, ao roughly like the ow in cow
ei roughly the ay in hay
ou roughly like the o sound in boat.
.The Hawaiian alphabet consists of 13 characters: all 5 vowels plus 8 consonants (h, k, l, m, n, p, w, and the apostrophe) which are generally pronounced in Hawaiian as they are in English, except that w can also take on the sound of v in certain words and the apostrophe is a glottal stop (which has the speaker curtailing the flow of air and resuming as though speaking two separate words).^ To Embed: click above We use words all day everyday yet rarely stop to feel the energy they pack.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The valley-like Isthmus of Maui that separates the two volcanic masses was formed by recent lava flows and erosion of material from the steep slopes of the volcanoes.
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^ Though the trade winds are fairly constant in speed and duration, their relatively uniform air flow is distorted and disrupted by mountains, hills, and valleys.
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Each vowel or diphthong is pronounced separately. For instance, the highway connecting Honolulu and Kaneohe on Oahu is called the Likelike Highway, and is pronounced LEE-keh-LEE-keh, NOT like-like.
You will often see an apostrophe-like symbol in some words. This symbol, called the 'okina, means that the following vowel is pronounced with a catch in the throat, much like the sounds in "uh-oh" are separated. A line above a vowel means that the vowel is extended and stressed.
Some useful words include:
Hello. 
Aloha. (ah-LOH-hah)
Goodbye. 
Aloha. (ah-LOH-hah)
love 
aloha (ah-LOH-hah) (So you indirectly refer to "love" when you first see someone and when they have to go)
Thank you. 
Mahalo. (mah-HAH-loh). (Although this word is found on fast food trash receptacles around the islands, it does not mean "trash".)
finished, done 
Pau. (pa-oo)
help 
kokua (koh-KOO-ah)
woman 
wahine (wah-HEE-ne)
man 
kane (kah-ne)
child 
keiki (KAY-kee)
local resident 
kama'aina (kah-mah-EYE-nah)
toward the mountains 
mauka (ma-OO-kah)
toward the ocean 
makai (mah-KIGH)

Avoiding misunderstandings

.As mentioned above, standard English is understood in Hawaii, and Hawaii residents are generally very friendly.^ As I mentioned in a previous post, the unconference format, especially for the Hawaii community (and perhaps for yours) will be very important for 2010.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

However, there are some subtle differences in word usage. When talking with Hawaii residents, be aware of the following differences in word usage to avoid miscommunications. Also see Respect below.
  • Always refer to the continental United States as "the Mainland" rather than "the States." For instance, say "Back on the Mainland..." instead of "Back in the States..." .Hawaii has been one of "the States" since 1959, and the Hawaiian sovereignty movement notwithstanding (see Respect below), most Hawaii residents are proud to be part of the United States.^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The hotel, formerly known as the Princeville Resort, boasts one of the most desirable pieces of real estate in Hawaii.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .Using the term "the States" (implying that Hawaii is somehow foreign) may be seen as naive at best and condescending at worst.^ Hawaii ranks among the best states when it comes to consumers managing credit and insurance risk.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .However, don't be surprised if some local people are condescending towards you because you are from the mainland.^ I don't think locals would have called any of the days good Pipe, but there were some sick barrells especially at Backdoor.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I am furious with some of the people local organizations sent from Hawai`i to Copenhagen.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you want to catch some local kids doing something right, then the upcoming Bboy in Paradise break dance competition is just the ticket.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    The "local" vs. "mainland" difference is something local people are only too happy to point out.
  • Residents of Hawaii do not necessarily consider themselves "Hawaiian." For instance, when asking a Hawaii resident, "Are you a native Hawaiian?" don't be surprised if his reply is "No, I'm Japanese." On the Mainland, for example, a Californian means any person who lives in (or has ties to) California. .However, in Hawaii, the terms "Hawaiian" or "native Hawaiian" are reserved to mean someone who is descended from the aboriginal people of Hawaii.^ The list is an insult to the local community and native people who have had to suffer the growing ills of climate change for generations.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    This definition even appears in state laws. .Because Hawaii is made of people of various ethnicities, someone whose family may have lived in Hawaii for generations may still not be Hawaiian by the above definition.^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    To avoid misunderstanding, it is best to refer to Hawaii residents as such, or as Islanders, "locals", or kama'aina (as above), unless you know for a fact that they are of native Hawaiian descent.

Buy

As in the rest of the United States, U.S. dollars are the local currency. .There are plenty of banks, ATMs, and money change offices in all cities.^ All of this has changed in recent years with the city government not allowing the streets to be closed down for the big party.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ There's no doubt that Vegas is ever changing and even more so now with the new hugemangeous City Center up.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.ATMs are scarcer on the North Shore of Oahu and other rural areas.^ Straight from the north shore of Oahu, there is a new line of denim for women.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Note that because Hawaii is an island and transporting goods to Hawaii is more difficult, the prices for most goods (with the exception of Macadamia nuts and pineapples) are more expensive.^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it's a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ We answer.Good news for Dog faithful, the affable bounty hunter will soon return to Hawaii for more Island adventures.The reality show—which chronicles the operations of Duane “Dog” Chapman and his family of bounty hunters at… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii has a 4% general excise tax statewide on the gross income of all businesses, which is generally passed on the consumer as a de facto 4.166% "sales tax."^ This would be on top of the current 4.17% general excise tax imposed by the state.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

(The slight increase because they're taxed for collecting this "tax"!) As of January 1, 2007, the City and County of Honolulu adds an additional half-percent on the excise tax rate, making the "sales tax" rate on Oahu 4.712%.

Clothing

.Other than the stereotypical grass skirt (which is not generally worn in Hawaii except by hula dancers), no pieces of clothing are more associated with the Islands than the aloha shirt and the muumuu.^ Compare this to several other similar hotels in the area starting at more than… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I shared from my heart, over on the So Much More Hawaii blog a brief history of the origins of hula [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The ever-present aloha shirt comes in a wide variety of designs. .On one end, there are the brightly colored, tourist-oriented, polyester aloha shirts that many stores throughout the Islands carry.^ With that said, there is one island that I find to be the most relaxing.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ On the one hand, deals abound as stores scramble to clear the racks for the next season, but then there’s the impulse to wait and see what spring will bring.
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^ No one's sure how many there are - or how much is in them .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.On the other end of the spectrum are the type of collared aloha shirts that have become standard business attire among career professionals in Hawaii, in the same way that the business suit is on the mainland.^ We assume others think words feel the same way but they often don't!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Travel, work, and other commitments have really kept me busy, so I haven’t had time to write up end-of-year wrap-up posts like I did in 2008 (like this, or this, and this).
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

These aloha shirts are usually cotton-polyester blend and are "reverse print." Reverse print means that the design is printed on the inside of the shirt, resulting in a more muted, businesslike look.
For females, the muumuu is a long Hawaiian dress, usually made of cotton, that hangs loosely from the shoulder.
.A special note on shoes: The item commonly referred to on the US mainland as a "sandal" or "flip-flop" (or more limited "thong") are called on the islands a "slipper" or "slippa". Using a mainland term for the shoe will get you a quizzical look from locals.^ But if you want to claim bias, it might make more sense to look half an inch to the left, at the headline.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Are you more fascinated or grossed out by strange-looking creatures?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Call them by their island name and they will instantly know what you are talking about.^ It's been called both sexist and sexy (true fans of the movie "Spinal Tap" know what that's all about) and biased.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ With the cruise you don’t have to worry about flying between the islands so you avoid all of the travel time that’s associated with air travel between the islets.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ When Bill Cosby calls, he talks and you mostly listen .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Made in Hawaii

.One of the most popular souvenirs to buy in Hawaii are locally made Hawaiian bath & body products.^ The hotel, formerly known as the Princeville Resort, boasts one of the most desirable pieces of real estate in Hawaii.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Poke is most often made of ahi (tuna) with various seasonings, although tako (octopus) is also popular.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The islands of Hawaii feature some of the most unique and refreshing fragrances in the world which you can easily find in Hawaiian shampoos, body lotions, soaps, oils, incense, floating candles, and much more.

Do

.The Hawaiian islands offer a vast number of activities.^ An interactive marine life attraction, Sea Life Park offers a number of shows and activities for families.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hiking and eco tours are popular on most islands, with opportunities for horseback riding, ATV, helicopter tours, and other methods of exploring the landscape.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Museums and historical sites such as Pearl Harbor are also to be found throughout the islands.^ The Missouri closed for repairs last October, traveling over two miles to the Drydock 4 site across Pearl Harbor.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard Returns Historic “Mighty Mo” to Battleship Row .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Cultural activities such as the Polynesian Cultural Center on Oahu also make for interesting day-long activities.^ Polynesian Cultural Center's front entrance.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kam family had the pleasure of seeing the Polynesian Cultural Center’s new show “Ha: Breath of Life” a few weeks ago as a guest of the center and really enjoyed it.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The work is grueling and you need every ounce of energy you can get in order to make it through the long, sweltering-hot days.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii is best known for its beaches and water activities. Surfing is practically a religion in Hawaii, and scuba diving and snorkeling opportunities exist nearly everywhere. In addition, jet skiing, parasailing and kayaking are available in tourist areas.

Learn

.Tourists who want to get a taste of Hawaiian culture can sign up for classes in hula, surfing and lei-making at most tourist destinations.^ Hula Shake Featuring MySentimentExactLee.com Who: Lee over at MySentimentExactLee.com What: Lee is going to be chatting up with the [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaiian Culture: Hula .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Guess we should hurr’up and make the most of what’s left [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.There also a number of cultural and historical centers on Oahu well worth your time, such as the Bishop Museum and Iolani Palace.^ It'll be worth your time".
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Which of your stories have you probably told the greatest number of times to the most people?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.If you have the money, the time and the inclination, the Polynesian Cultural Center provides a window into Polynesian culture.^ Polynesian Cultural Center's front entrance.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kam family had the pleasure of seeing the Polynesian Cultural Center’s new show “Ha: Breath of Life” a few weeks ago as a guest of the center and really enjoyed it.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I had been reflecting at the time anyway, and if you have known me for more than a year, you also know that--if I may say so, myself--I provided you with a lesson in rebound & reinvention.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.As its name implies, the Polynesian Cultural Center covers not just Hawaii but also the cultures of Tahiti, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Easter Island and the Maori people of New Zealand.^ Polynesian Cultural Center's front entrance.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Most people have heard that the new City Center recently opened on the Las Vegas Strip.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kam family had the pleasure of seeing the Polynesian Cultural Center’s new show “Ha: Breath of Life” a few weeks ago as a guest of the center and really enjoyed it.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The outer islands also have destinations such as Maui Center for Culture and the Arts and the Big Island has the Hilo Art Museum.^ We recently had the pleasure of attending a dance performanceat Hilo’s UHH Performing Arts Center.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The dancers are from all around the Big Island, many from Hilo and Puna.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

the .Lyman House Museum and the Pacific Tsunami Museum as well as the University of Hawaii's 'Imiloa Astronomy Center.^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Work

.Given the current economic situation, the unemployment rate in Hawaii is at its highest point in many years, but is still below the average unemployment rate for the country as a whole.^ Despite relatively flat statewide occupancy rates and a respectable 4.1 percentage point gain in Waikiki hotel occupancy, Hawaii hoteliers continued to struggle in November.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii is not an easy place to legally find casual work for non-US work permit holders. .To apply for a local government job, by law you must be a Hawaii resident.^ Whale watching can be a fun and relaxing past time whether you are a resident or visitor to Hawaii’s Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I've been asked by the American Bar Association's Section on State and Local Government Law to moderate a continuing legal education teleconference on the McDonald v.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

This is changing though. Currently, police officer applicants do not have to be residents.

Eat

.Contemporary food in Hawaii, like the language and popular culture, is a medley of traditional Hawaiian, Portugese, American, and Asian Pacific flavors.^ Positive Reinforcement: “The giving of encouragement to a particular behavior with the intended result that it is more likely to be repeated.” I recently wrote a piece on American Culture and Positive Reinforcement.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A year-old school strives to keep the Samoan language and culture alive for youngsters born in Hawaii Honolulu Advertiser: Editorial Blog .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Pacific "fusion" cuisine was largely invented in Hawaii. .Well-known local chefs include Sam Choy, Alan Wong, Russell Siu, Roy Yamaguchi, and George "Chef Mavro" Mavrothalassitis.^ Alan Wong’s, so we ended up at Mavro.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Chef Mavro1969 South King StreetHonolulu, HI 96826(808) 944-4714Restaurant websiteThere are a few restaurants in Hawaii that come to mind when you want to celebrate a special occasion: Roy’s, Hoku’s, Alan Wong’s, and Chef Mavro.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Seafood is, of course, fresh and tasty. .Local beef comes from ranches on Maui and coffee is grown on the Big Island.^ That may sound like a fanciful title for a novel but it describes the latest investment of a Big Island farm pumping out fresh locally produced milk.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ COME JOIN US! Big Island Legislators Have Been Invited to Attend a Waimea Community Association community meeting to discuss issues of great importance to residents here on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I have a friend, I think I mentioned him before – he does Hawaii real estate appraisals on Oahu, Maui, Kauai, or Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Tropical fruits such as pineapple, mango, bananas, guavas, and papaya - as well as fresh sugar cane, can be bought in most corner stores (although you may be surprised to learn that many of those fruits are now imported from distant locales such as The Philippines & Brazil).
.One of the most common ways that local food is served is in the form of plate lunch, usually meat or fish with two scoops of rice and macaroni salad.^ Those that have been following the developments at Kapalua know that here, in one of the most spectacular locales on Maui (and the entire island chain), things have been evolving for the better part of two years.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I have always been a proponent of eating local, but in this New Year, I decided to go a step further and am challenging myself to eat in a healthier and more conscientious way choosing more locally grown and produced foods as propounded by one of the Hawai’i chefs I most admire.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ You and your fellow laborers—from the Philippines, China, Portugal and beyond—stop to unpack and enjoy lunch; rice with perhaps some left over meat from the night… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

It's always a good deal at any lunch wagon, mall, or outside food court. .L&L Drive Inn [15] and Zippy's [16] are probably the most widely distributed chain of plate lunch spots in the Hawaiian islands.^ Throughout the school year, the students have learned about how the hot spot under the Pacific Plate formed underwater volcanoes that eventually became our Hawaiian island chain.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Branches of L&L are in some locations on the Mainland as well (as L&L Hawaiian Barbecue).^ We are lucky enough to be friends with some of the artists who are located in the space as well as friends that own two vacation cottages in Honokaa.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Another way of enjoying local food when roaming around the island is to keep an eye out for the converted trucks/vans that are parked in their regular spots in gas station parking lots, some parks and a variety of places on the island.^ That may sound like a fanciful title for a novel but it describes the latest investment of a Big Island farm pumping out fresh locally produced milk.
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^ As more and more people looking for new ways to enjoy recreational water activities are heading out [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ You even hit up Mark’s Garage during many a First Friday - totally checking out the exhibits while making your way from its parking lot to the bars on Hotel Street.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

They offer the "plate lunches", are popular with the locals and provide great meals (on plastic plates} at very reasonable prices. There is no reason to fear them, they are very common and popular.
Perhaps the best setting for tourists to enjoy traditional Hawaiian food is at a luau, or a traditional Hawaiian feast. Tourists can find luaus at various locations in the Islands, including many of the major resort hotels. At a modern luau traditional Hawaiian favorites are served buffet style, and there is also Hawaiian music, hula, and other Polynesian entertainment. The downside is that they can be pricey and prices can vary widely; expect to pay between USD $50 and $90 per adult and about half that per child.
Dishes that are often found at luaus include:
  • Lomi salmon, salted salmon mixed with tomatoes, onions, & pepper; like an island salsa
  • Kalua pig, pork wrapped in banana leaves and steamed inside an imu (ground boiler); similar to pulled pork
  • Pipi kaula, Hawaiian style beef jerky
  • Poi, ground and boiled taro root paste
  • Laulau, pork & butterfish (black cod) wrapped in ti leaves then steamed
  • Luau, seafood (often squid) prepared in a mixture of boiled taro leaves and coconut milk
  • Haupia, a gelatin-like dessert prepared from thickened coconut milk
Other local dishes include favorites such as the following:
.
  • Ahi, tuna, excellent as sashimi (Japanese style sliced raw fish) or as poke (chopped and seasoned raw fish).
  • Mahi Mahi or dolphin fish, served as a steak, sandwich, or in almost-raw thin strips .
  • Ono, A type of fish also known as wahoo.^ Poke is most often made of ahi (tuna) with various seasonings, although tako (octopus) is also popular.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Not coincidentally, the name resembles the Hawaiian word for "delicious."
  • Shave ice, an island version of snow cones made from finely shaved ice, comes in lots of ono flavors. Order your shave ice with azuki beans and/or a scoop of ice cream.
  • Saimin, Hawaii's version of noodle soup or ramen.
  • Malasada, Fried bread rolled in plenty of sugar, often sold at special events. Portugese origin.
  • Manapua, local name for a popular type of Chinese dim-sum otherwise known as "char-siu-bao". Cured sweet pork wrapped in soft white bread.
  • Spam musubi, an unorthodox variant of Japanese riceballs (musubi), composed of salted rice formed into a rectangular shape and topped with spam, wrapped in seaweed. Popular enough to be sold in every Hawaiian 7-11.
  • Chicken/Pork Adobo, Filipino dish widely offered and appreciated in Hawaii.
If you are roaming the island away from tourist areas, you may find restaurants are scarce. Many of the numerous golf courses have dining rooms open to the public that offer great meals at very good prices. They seem to welcome the non-golfer. .For specific places at which to eat, see the individual island or city articles.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Be sure to check the coupon books that are available at display stands for meal specials.

Drink

Beer: there are a number of excellent local brewpubs in Hawaii. .Mehana, Sam Choy's, Honu, Waimea Brewing Company, Liz's Pub, Keoki's and Kona Brewing Company all brew beer in Hawaii or brew it on the mainland and ship it to the islands.^ PATH is a member of the statewide coalition Hawaii Pedal Power and is the first partner in HPP’s island ride series.The Holiday Ride For Dollars kicks off Monday December 21 with a reception and holiday party hosted by PATH at the Kona Brewing Company at 5 p.m.
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.The largest of the group is Kona Brewing, which has won several national awards and runs two brew pub / restaurants in the islands (one in Kailua Kona, the other in Hawaii Kai on Oahu).^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Homes sales on the Big Island and Kauai were up in December, following a similar trend on Oahu, according to data released yesterday by Hawaii Information Service.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Stay safe

.Theft is a big problem in cities as well as beaches and parks.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
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.If you are camping on a beach, keep bags locked in a car (but don't assume that they are safe in the trunk, especially if you are driving a rental) and keep valuables in a hidden money belt.^ We assume others think words feel the same way but they often don't!
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^ Unlike other food sites that just post pictures of food without telling you where they are from, foodspotting keeps a restaurant database of every photo entered.
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^ You know those lonely luggage bags, the ones left on the baggage claim track, they keep going around and around and around, left unclaimed?
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Although Hawaii is generally considered relatively safe, it does have some violent crime. Consequently, women should not walk alone in unlit areas. .Although Honolulu has one of the lowest violent crime rates of metro areas in the U.S., use your common sense.^ You must use your own discernment as to the need to get your child out of the vog area.
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.Stay smart and act as if you were in your own home city: lock doors, lock cars, and don't leave valuables lying around.^ You leave your shakin’ link 3.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you leave your vehicle with your purchases inside, you’d come back to a burglarized car.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’d like to participate, just post your own question on your blog and leave your link below.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Stay healthy

Hospitals in Hawaii meet U.S. standards for care, and can be found in the urban areas of each island. .The hospitals in Honolulu are larger and have the most advanced equipment; the hospitals on the neighbor islands provide general care.^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

There is currently a shortage of specialists on the Neighbor Islands. .Depending on where you are and how serious your condition is, be advised that you may need to be medically evacuated to Honolulu for treatment.^ May 2010 be prosperous for you and yours.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether you're celebrating a new love, building your family or cherishing a rich family history, may the new year be filled with good health and happiness.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ How you live your life knowing dat is entirely up to you.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The main tourist areas of each island have walk-in urgent care clinics where you can receive non-emergency treatment for whatever ails you. .Some clinics even make hotel room calls.^ I sometimes do what people call “spring cleaning” at the end of a year, when I get a hankering to straighten up the place — to get rid of some of the clutter that inevitably creeps into our house over the months, clean, and make room for a fresh, clean new year and its possibilities.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Check with the local phone book or your hotel.^ Aqua now offers 4 hotels that are pet friendly for you and your pets to choose from: Aqua Waikiki Wave accepts dogs up to 20 pounds Book your room now!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Continental Surf Hotel accepts dogs and cats up 20 pounds Book your room now!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

In Waikiki, try Doctors on Call (808-971-6000). The clinic is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
If you plan to go hiking in the backcountry or go swimming in freshwater pools in Hawaii, be advised of the risk of catching leptospirosis. Leptospirosis generally causes flu-like symptoms; in rare cases it can be fatal; the incubation period can be from 2-30 days after exposure. Do not swim in freshwater pools if you have open sores; see a doctor if you develop flu-like symptoms after hiking or swimming.
Be sure to have travel health insurance. .If you are a U.S. resident with private health insurance, you should consult your insurance carrier to determine what copayments apply and to what extent your insurance is accepted in Hawaii by doctors and hospitals in the event you need health care while on your trip.^ Whether you're celebrating a new love, building your family or cherishing a rich family history, may the new year be filled with good health and happiness.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It's that time together that you will carry with you in your heart...not the gift that sits under the… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I used the tag during my trip to Hawaii for Thanksgiving towards the end of 2009.It's hard to review a product when its purpose is to help you relocate your lost luggage!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.See Stay healthy in United States of America for more information.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The briefs recently filed are: Amicus United States of America's Brief in Support of… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

When going to the beach/swimming always wear suntan lotion or sun guard to protect your skin from burns.

Respect

.In general, American standards of etiquette (see Respect in United States of America) apply in Hawaii.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The briefs recently filed are: Amicus United States of America's Brief in Support of… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii, however, has certain cultural differences, owing to the Native Hawaiians and the large population of Asians and people of Asian descent.
.
  • As is the custom in many Asian countries, always remove your footwear when entering the home of an island resident, if so invited.
  • Hawaiian culture should be respected and travellers should be sensitive to the state's rich cultural heritage and diversity - and the fact that the tourist experience of Hawaiian culture may only scratch the surface.^ Once your ship arrives into the Hawaiian Islands becomes a floating hotel in Europe a different island almost everyday.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ COME JOIN US! Big Island Legislators Have Been Invited to Attend a Waimea Community Association community meeting to discuss issues of great importance to residents here on the Big Island.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    For instance, there are many heiau (temples) in the Islands, where the ancient Hawaiian religion was practiced. .Some of these have become tourist attractions in their own right, but visitors should nevertheless treat these places with the same level of respect one would show at a place of worship.
  • If you visit Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, you will no doubt hear about Pele, the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes.^ Bear in mind that in Lower Puna, there are no vog devices in place to monitor vog levels, therefore, there will be no warnings issued, even in the event of dangerous vog levels.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As you walk down the hill you can hear the cadence, one, three, head kick thud, a bag is banged the noise is rhythmic.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If anybody or any group places only their own interest over everybody else's, then you have the great problems in the world -- of one narrow self-interest eliminating all the others, or advancing their own interests above the common good.That grave misunderstanding of human pupose is the cause of the great catastrophe that is present Hawaii society as well as places with these sectarian violence in… .
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .An urban legend has it that people who have taken volcanic rock from the slopes of Mauna Loa or Kilauea have suffered various misfortunes; it is believed that it is the wrath of Pele.^ The list is an insult to the local community and native people who have had to suffer the growing ills of climate change for generations.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .In any case, it is illegal to take rocks or other material from a national park.
  • Also, the status of Native Hawaiians vis-a-vis the U.S. federal government has become a hot topic in recent years, with some Native Hawaiian groups seeking a degree of sovereignty for the Hawaiian people as redress for the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy and U.S. annexation in the 1890s.^ All of this has changed in recent years with the city government not allowing the streets to be closed down for the big party.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Another year -- another decade -- has come and gone, so it's time to launch our annual summary of the highlights in land use law and other topics covered on the blog.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ After years of Halloween domination, things in Lahaina are fizzling enough that an entire town is now taking over as Maui's Halloween hot-spot.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    (Honolulu is home to the only royal palace on U.S. soil.) .There is currently no consensus among Native Hawaiians on what form this sovereignty should take, with some preferring the status quo of ordinary citizenship, some seeking a status similar to that of Native Americans, and some wanting complete independence and secession from the Union.^ There have been some we just knew would be winners, while other winners of the blog post popularity contest have been complete surprises.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    In addition, private and government programs that benefit Native Hawaiians have been called into question via a series of lawsuits that have received extensive coverage in local media. Discussions of Hawaiian sovereignty and programs can arouse a variety of strong opinions (both in support and in opposition) among Hawaii residents of all ethnicities, and the uninitiated visitor would be wise to avoid bringing up these topics in casual conversation.
Some Native Hawaiians may attribute accidents caused by nature (such as a landslide at Sacred Falls that killed several people) to the Menehune punishing tourists disrespecting the land. .Menehune or not, Hawaii is one of the most beautiful places in the world and its sites deserve our respect.^ The hotel, formerly known as the Princeville Resort, boasts one of the most desirable pieces of real estate in Hawaii.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic Island, the man-made park next to Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu Hawaii, is one of the most popular recreational places in our city.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ During the past decades we have been amazed at how much difference a small move from one place to another can make to our enjoyment of living.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Bottom line: respect the land and the people; there may be more there than meets the eye.^ I can see why people might say this, although predictions about the next big thing on the Web miss more than they land.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ When there is a lot of sand patches like that Pipe can be more like a beach break than the reef break we are all accustomed to.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Come to think of it, there seems to be a lot more visitors for the Honolulu Marathon than there are for the Great Aloha Run.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Contact

Hawaii uses the US postal system. Internet access can be found in most tourist areas and many hotels. General wi-fi access is available only at select hotels and cafes. The public libraries offer Internet access, but only for library cardholders. Visitors may purchase a 3-month library card for $10.00.
Hawaii's area code is 808. When dialing any off-island telephone number, dial 1 + area code + phone number. .You must include the 808 area code when calling another island.^ You must use your own discernment as to the need to get your child out of the vog area.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Get out

Located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean Hawaii has few nearby neighbors.
  • California - The point of departure for many visitors for the continental United States.
  • Oceania - Hawaii can be a stepping off point to explore the many islands of the Pacific as well as the countries of Australia and New Zealand.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Hawaiʻi

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Map of US highlighting Hawaii

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Hawaiian Hawai'i, from Proto-Polynesian *hawaiki.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Hawaii
Plural
-
Hawaii
.
  1. A state of the United States of America.^ "I've been treated to the best health care the world has to offer and that is right here in the United States of America," he said.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The briefs recently filed are: Amicus United States of America's Brief in Support of… .
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    The capital is Honolulu, on the island of Oahu. It is the fiftieth state to join the United States. The nickname is the Aloha State. .It is located from 19° to 23° N latitude, with the eight main islands from 155° to 162° W longitude and including many smaller islands extending westward.
  2. A chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean between North America and Oceania.^ Practitioners of many modalities including massage, aromatherapy, and various forms of body work can be found can be found in different parts of the island.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Value Plus This now entirely "smoke-free" resort is nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the lush West Maui Mountains.
    • Hawaii-Maui Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

    ^ HIFF is dedicated to “advancing understanding and cultural exchange among the peoples of Asia, the Pacific Rim, and North America through the medium of film”.
    • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Also called the Hawaiian Islands and formerly the Sandwich Islands. The larger islands are:
    Kauai (Kaua'i)
    Hawaii (Hawai'i, the Big Island)
    Lanai (Lana'i)
    Maui
    Molokai (Moloka'i)
    Niihau Ni'ihau
    Oahu (O'ahu)
    .
  3. The proper name of the largest of the Hawaiian Islands, also called the Big Island.^ The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles (1883.5 km²) and is the 17th largest island in the United States.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiiloa, the Polynesian navigator attributed with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I am interested in these Hawaiian Islands * Big Island of Hawaii Maui Lanai Molokai Oahu Kauai .
    • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

    The Big Island lies southeast of the other islands.

Usage notes

The standard spelling in the islands is Hawaiʻi, where the ʻ indicates a glottal stop or phonemic glide.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

External links


Catalan

Alternative forms

Proper noun

Hawaii m. 
  1. Hawaii (the largest island of the Hawaiian Islands)
  2. Hawaii (a U.S. state)

Derived terms

  • illes Hawaii (“Hawaiian Islands”)

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

CoordinatesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: 21°18′41″N, 157°47′47″WLatitude: 21°18′41″N
Longitude: 157°47′47″W
State of Hawaii
Mokubb;āina o Hawaibb;i
Flag of Hawaii State seal of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii Seal of Hawaii
Nickname(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: The Aloha State
Motto(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Ua Mau ke Ea o ka Aina i ka Pono
(English translation: The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness)
Map of the United States with Hawaii highlighted
Official language(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif English, Hawaiian
CapitalImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Honolulu
Largest cityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Honolulu
AreaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 43rdImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total 10,931 sq miImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
(29,311 km²Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Width n/a miles (n/a kmImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)
 - % water 41.2
 - Latitude 18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N
 - Longitude 154° 48′ W to 178° 22′ W
PopulationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 42ndImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total (2000Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif) 1,211,537
 - DensityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif 188.6/sq mi 
72.83/km² (13th)
 - Median incomeImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  $53,123 (8th)
ElevationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - Highest point Mauna Kea[1]
13,796 ft  (4,205 m)
 - Mean 3,035 ft  (925 m)
 - Lowest point Pacific Ocean[1]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to UnionImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  August 21, 1959 (50th)
GovernorImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Linda Lingle (R)
U.S. SenatorsImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Daniel Inouye (D)
Daniel Akaka (D)
Congressional DelegationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif ListImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Time zoneImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Hawaii: UTC-10
(no daylight saving time)
Abbreviations HIImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif US-HIImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Web site www.hawaii.gov
The Aloha State
State animal Humpback Whale
State bird Nene (Nēnē) (Branta sandvicensis)
State fish Reef triggerfish (Humu­humu­nuku­nuku­āpuabb;a)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
State flower Yellow Hibiscus - Mabb;o hau hele (Hibiscus brackenridgei), federally listed as endangered
State gem Black Coral
State motto Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono ("The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness")
State song Hawaii Ponoi (Hawaibb;i Ponobb;ī) ("Hawaibb;i's own [people]")
State tree Kukui (Aleurites Moluccana)
.The State of Hawaii (IPA: /həˈwaɪi, həˈwaɪʔi/) (Hawaiian: Mokubb;āina o Hawaibb;i), is an archipelegic U.S. state located in the Central Pacific, south of Alaska, north of Tahiti, and 2,300 miles (3,700 km) from the Continental United States.^ Travel Deals Activities Activities by Destination Experience Finder World > North America > USA > Pacific > Hawaii > Oahu > Honolulu Vacations Honolulu Vacation Packages and Deals .
  • Travelocity : Honolulu Vacations, Honolulu Vacation Packages and Deals 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.travelocity.com [Source type: General]

^ United States Hawaii Oahu Honolulu Welcome .
  • Honolulu Travel, City of Honolulu Tourism: WorldWeb.com 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.honolulu.worldweb.com [Source type: News]

^ Home United States Hawaii Honolulu Hotels .
  • Honolulu Hotels: Deals on Hotel Reservations in Honolulu, HI 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

[2] .Politically, Hawaii is considered to be a part of the North American continent.^ The question: Do you consider Hawaii to be part of the United States ?
  • North Carolina Leery About "State" of Hawaii | NBC Washington 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.nbcwashington.com [Source type: Original source]

.The state encompasses nearly the entirety of the volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which is made up of hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km).^ Bishop Museum The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, designated the Hawaii State Museum of Natural and Cultural History, is a museum of history and science in the historic Kalihi district of Honolulu on the Hawaiian island of Oahu.
  • Honolulu discount hotels, attractions & city guide | Hotelotravel.com 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC hotelotravel.com [Source type: General]

^ Daily Diamond Head State Park Diamond Head is the name given to a tuff cone on the Hawaiian island of O'ahu, known to Hawaiians as...
  • Travelocity : Honolulu Vacations, Honolulu Vacation Packages and Deals 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.travelocity.com [Source type: General]

^ Moving up the food chain, Humpback whales come to warm Hawaiian waters to give birth.
  • conxGuide: Honolulu - Pacific gay lesbian travel vacation paradise 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.conxity.com [Source type: General]

Of these, the eight largest islands are considered the "main islands" and are located at the southeastern end of the archipelago. .In order from the northwest to southeast, they are Nibb;ihauImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Kauabb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Obb;ahuImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Molokabb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Lānabb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Kahobb;olaweImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Maui, and Hawaibb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif.^ In approximately 15 activity packed hours, this charter company flies passengers to one of four neighboring islands (Maui, Hawai'i, Kaua'i or Moloka'i) for a day of sightseeing and exploring.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ The Maui Mana Kai also served as a debarkation point for cattle being moved from Maui to Kaho'olawe.
  • Maui Mana Kai #215 Home Page 408-426-8215 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.mauimanakai.com [Source type: General]

^ The surrounding islands of Moloka'i, Lana'i and Kaho'olawe were formed by a group of six volcanoes and were once a part of Maui, but separated when the sea level rose and flooded the valleys between the land masses.

.The last is by far the largest, and is very often called the "Big Island" or "Big Isle" to avoid confusion with the state.^ Please understand that you are calling the island of Maui which is 3 to 6 hours earlier than the Mainland states.
  • Hawaiian Shirts From Mauishirts.com 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.mauishirts.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaii’s Big Island is home to Kilauea, the largest active volcano in the world.
  • Hawaii Vacations, Hawaii Hotels, Hawaii Resorts, Hawaii Travel, Hawaii Vacation Packages 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.resortvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

^ Get ready for Hawaii – The Big Island – and stay with us at Aloha Vacation Cottages where far away never felt so close to home!
  • Hawaii Vacation Rentals - Aloha Vacation Cottages - VacationRentals Big Island - Kohala Coast - Rent a Cottage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.alohacottages.net [Source type: General]

.The state was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959, making it the 50th state.^ Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959.
  • Honolulu, United States 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its capital is located in its only city, Honolulu on the island of Obb;ahuImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif.^ Honolulu is the capital of Hawaii and the most visited city of the islands.

^ Moreover due the city’s strategic location, its central position has regards time zone it has attracted many private sectors to set up their business in the city of Honolulu.
  • Cheap Honolulu Hotels, Discount Honolulu Hotels Stay, Honolulu Online Hotels Booking 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.hotels2stay.net [Source type: General]

^ Many of its states and capital cities have made a name for themselves in the world map; one of them is Hawaii and its capital city Honolulu.
  • Cheap Honolulu Hotels, Discount Honolulu Hotels Stay, Honolulu Online Hotels Booking 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.hotels2stay.net [Source type: General]

The most recent census puts its population at 1,211,537.
In American English, Hawaii is pronounced in varying approximations to the original. From most to least anglicized, there is IPA: /həˈwaɪiː/, /həˈwaɪʔiː/, /həˈvaɪʔiː/). In the Hawaiian language, /həˈʋəiʔi/, there is also some variation, as Hawaiian IPA /ʋ/ varies from [v] to [w].

Contents

Geography

Main article: Hawaiian Islands

Location, topography, and geology

.Hawaii is the southernmost state of the United States and the second westernmost state after Alaska.^ Street Bikers United Hawaii joined forces with the United States Marine Corps Reserve , just as they do every year.

^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica Hawaii, United States capital and principal port of Hawaii , U.S., seat of Honolulu county.
  • Honolulu (Hawaii, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The years of The Republic of Hawaii lasted from 1893 to 1898 when the United States annexed Hawaii and it became a territory of the United States.
  • Honolulu, United States 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only Hawaii and Alaska are are outside the contiguous United States and do not share a border with any other U.S. state.^ Hawaii is the only state in the Union that is completely surrounded by water, and more than 90% of what we consume arrives by sea through Merchant Mariner companies.

^ The years of The Republic of Hawaii lasted from 1893 to 1898 when the United States annexed Hawaii and it became a territory of the United States.
  • Honolulu, United States 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Waikiki Aquarium is the third oldest public aquarium in the United States, and it features many of Hawaii's most interesting sea animals.

Hawaii is the only state of the United States that
  • is separated from the mainland by water
  • is completely surrounded by water
  • continues to grow in area because of active extrusive lava flows, most notably from Kīlauea.
  • is entirely in the tropics.
Map of Hawaii
Na Pali coast, Kauai
.Except for Easter Island, Hawaii is farther away from land than any other landmass on Earth .^ For less than a third of the cost of the hotels and resorts, you can have your own fully-equipped, comfortable, private Hawaii vacation rental cottage only minutes away to the beauty and adventure this paradise island has to offer.
  • Hawaii Vacation Rentals - Aloha Vacation Cottages - VacationRentals Big Island - Kohala Coast - Rent a Cottage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.alohacottages.net [Source type: General]

^ Your " home away from home " awaits on the Big Island of Hawaii in charming, affordable Hawaii vacation rental cottages in warm and sunny South Kohala.
  • Hawaii Vacation Rentals - Aloha Vacation Cottages - VacationRentals Big Island - Kohala Coast - Rent a Cottage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.alohacottages.net [Source type: General]

^ But as a noncommercial organization and the only public TV station in the islands, PBS Hawaii isn't in competition with other media--and we think we have a story… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii’s tallest mountain, Mauna Kea stands over 13,000 feet (4,000 m) and is taller than Mount Everest if followed to its base at the floor of the Pacific Ocean[3].^ Description: TRUMP WAIKIKI. Spacious and luxurious studio suite, located on the nineteen floor offering mountain, ocean views and brilliant colors .
  • Honolulu Real Estate & Honolulu Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See the breathtaking beauty of the Planets and Stars from the top of Mount Haleakala 10,000 feet above the Pacific and the panoramic geological wonder of Haleakala Volcano National Park and Crater…a location like none other.
  • Maui Activities | Maui Activities and Tours | mauiactivitieslady.com 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC mauiactivitylady.com [Source type: General]

^ Bedrooms • 0 Bathrooms • $30,000 Large, walk-in storage bay on the 5th floor parking level of Moana Pacific West Tower.
  • Honolulu Real Estate - Honolulu Foreclosures Agents MLS Homes for Sale 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.nationalrelocation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All of the Hawaiian Islands were formed by volcanoes arising from the sea floor from a magma source described in geological theory as a hotspot.^ The story of Pele's route through the islands, from the oldest to the newest, shows that the original Hawaiians understood volcano science with a great deal of sophistication.
  • Honolulu, United States 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HE source of news about science and the environment as they relate to the Hawaiian Islands, hosted by veteran science reporter Jan TenBruggencate.

^ Go All Hawaiian Islands Oahu & Honolulu Big Island of Hawaii Maui Kauai my shopping cart There are 0 items in my shopping cart .
  • Maui Tours, Things to Do in Maui, Luaus, & Maui Whale Watching Tours | Viator.com 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.viator.com [Source type: General]

.The theory maintains that as the tectonic plate beneath much of the Pacific Ocean moves in a northwesterly direction, the hot spot remains stationary, slowly creating new volcanoes.^ The hot bulge, measured at about 2,370 degrees Fahrenheit, rose to the Pacific Ocean plate, where it melted the rock and turned to magma, breaking out of the Earth's crust as lava, eventually turning to land.
  • Honolulu, United States 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here you will find several excellent restaurants, a Pacific Whale foundation store, our fascinating Aquarium (the Maui Ocean Center) and much more.
  • South Maui Condos By Owner: Premier Maui Condo Vacation Rental Accommodations: Wailea, Kihei, Maalaea & Makena Holiday Lettings Vacation Condo Rental Network 3300 Wailea Alanui 11E, Wailea, Maui, HI 96753 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC mauiownercondos.com [Source type: General]

^ Throughout the school year, the students have learned about how the hot spot under the Pacific Plate formed underwater volcanoes that eventually became our Hawaiian island chain.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.This explains why only volcanoes on the southern half of the Big Island, and the bb;ihi SeamountImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif deep below the waters off its southern coast, are presently active, with Lōbb;ihi being the newest volcano to form.^ Big Island only.
  • Hawaii’s Lava Rock Curse | Rainbow Moon 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hawaii-aloha.com [Source type: General]

^ Searching the Hawaii Property Listings Maui is an island so full of life and vivacity (perhaps because of the fact that it was formed millions of years ago by the eruption of two volcanoes) as well as being mixed with the enticing calm that you can only experience when you are near the sea...
  • Hawaii Property Sales Guide | Hawaii Realty | Hawaii 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaiipropertysales.com [Source type: News]
  • Hawaii Photos Guide | Hawaii Photography | Hawaii 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaiiphotos.info [Source type: General]

^ The renowned beaches of the Kohala Coast will refresh you, the waterfalls of Hilo will awaken your senses, Kilauea's crater, the world's most active volcano, and the summit of Mauna Kea will humble you with their power and majesty...the Big Island holds the ultimate in experiences for any age.
  • Hawaii Vacation Rentals - Aloha Vacation Cottages - VacationRentals Big Island - Kohala Coast - Rent a Cottage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.alohacottages.net [Source type: General]

.The last volcanic eruption outside the Big Island happened at Haleakalā on Maui in the late 18th century (though recent research suggests that Haleakala's most recent eruptive activity could be hundreds of years older).^ We offer hundreds of Maui vacation activities.
  • Maui's official wholesaler in Maui activities, Maui activity, Maui discounted activities. 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.travelhawaii.com [Source type: General]

^ Maui is also the second most visited island.
  • Maui Real Estate, search all Maui MLS homes & Condos 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.hawaiis.com [Source type: General]

^ From EagleRider of Maui, you can rent a Harley-Davidson® motorcycle, and/or a Scooter to start your adventure to the Valley Isle, the second most visited of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Maui Motorcycle Rental- Harley Davidson & Vespa Scooters in Hawaii 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.eaglerider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
The volcanic activity and subsequent erosion created impressive geological features. The Big Island is notable as the world’s fifth highest island.
.Because of the islands' volcanic formation, native life before human activity is said to have arrived by the "3 W's": wind (carried through the air), waves (brought by ocean currents), and wings (birds, insects, and whatever they brought with them).^ The island of Oahu is 600 square miles boasting activities that include fishing, surfing, wind sailing, snorkeling, hiking, sun bathing, shopping and more.

^ They must have brought their fire legends and fire customs with them when they came to the islands of active volcanoes.
  • Legends of Maui, A Demi-God of Polynesia: V. Maui Finding Fire 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Companies all over the island sponsor bus and trolley excursions through the area, usually winding up at restaurants and bars for celebratory evenings.

.The isolation of the Hawaiian Islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, and the wide range of environments to be found on high islands located in and near the tropic, has resulted in a vast array of endemic flora and fauna.^ Island Pacific Academy has the complete results!
  • Aloha, Swimming In Hawaii ! 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hawaiiswim.org [Source type: General]

^ Most rain occurs on the North coast of Maui, resulting in beautiful waterfalls and plentiful flora and fauna.

^ In studying the Maui myths of the Pacific it is necessary to remember that Polynesians use "t" and "k" without distinguishing them apart, and also as in the Hawaiian Islands an apostrophe (') is often used in place of "t" or "k".
  • Legends of Maui, A Demi-God of Polynesia: V. Maui Finding Fire 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hawaii has more endangered species per square mile and has lost a higher percent of its endemic species than anywhere else on Earth.^ The island of Oahu is 600 square miles boasting activities that include fishing, surfing, wind sailing, snorkeling, hiking, sun bathing, shopping and more.

^ Hawaii is the only state in the Union that is completely surrounded by water, and more than 90% of what we consume arrives by sea through Merchant Mariner companies.

^ Hiking Tours on Maui - Maui has more hiking trails per square miles than most National Parks.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

A NASA satellite composition of the Hawaiian Islands.
Areas under the control and protection of the National Park Service include:

Climate

A sunset in Hawaii
.The climate of Hawaii is typical for a tropical area, although temperatures and humidity tend to be a bit less extreme than other tropical locales due to the constant trade winds blowing from the east.^ It's 5 degrees cooler up there and less humid than the coastal areas.
  • GOLF-MAUI - Maui Golf Course Reviews 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.golf-maui.com [Source type: General]

^ Windward areas tend to be cloudier during he summer, when the trade winds and associated clouds are more prevalent, while leeward areas, which are less affected by cloudy conditions associated with trade wind cloudiness, tend to be cloudier during the winter, when storm fronts pass through more frequently.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Compare this to several other similar hotels in the area starting at more than… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Summer highs are usually in the upper 80s°F, (around 31°C) during the day and mid 70s, (around 24°C) at night.^ On average, there are 276 sunny days per year in Honolulu, HI. The July high is around 80 degrees.
  • Honolulu, Hawaii (HI) - Sperling's BestPlaces 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: News]

^ Daily Variations in Rainfall – In the lowlands, throughout the year, rainfall is most likely to occur during the night or morning hours, and is least likely to occur during mid-afternoon.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Winter temperatures during the day are usually in the low to mid 80s, (around 28°C) and (at low elevation) seldom dipping below the mid 60s (18 °C) at night.^ Dolphin-watching cruises depart each morning and whale-watching cruises happen several times a day during the winter (December 15 through April 30).
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ The usual regime is to have upslope winds by day and downslope winds by night.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ In the leeward areas, temperatures may reach into the low 90’s several days during the year, but temperatures higher than these are unusual.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Snow, although not usually associated with tropics, falls at the higher elevations of Mauna Kea (13,796 feet/ 4,205 meters) and Mauna Loa on the Big Island in some winter months.^ HILO » The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is delaying work on an environmental impact statement for a telescope to be built atop Mauna Kea on the Big Island.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A tropical storm will pass sufficiently close to Hawaii every year or two to affect the weather in some part of the Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ OK – you do have to import real snow if you must dive into some on a warm island day.

Snow only rarely falls on Maui’s Haleakalā. .Mount Waibb;alebb;aleImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, on the island of Kauabb;i, is notable for rainfall, as it has the second highest average annual rainfall on Earth, about 460 inches (38 ft.^ If the islands of the State of Hawaii did not exist, the average annual rainfall on the same patch of water would be about 25 inches.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Annual rainfall totals vary widely on different areas of the island.

^ At one extreme, the annual rainfall averages 17 to 20 inches or less in leeward coastal areas, such as the shoreline from Maalaea Bay to Kaupo, and near the summit of Haleakala.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

4 in., or 11.7 m).
.Local climates vary considerably on each island, grossly divisible into windward (Kobb;olau) and leeward (Kona) areas based upon location relative to the higher mountains.^ Nestled between two mountain ranges—the Waianae and Ko'olau—this 27-acre garden is considered the "tropical jewel" of Honolulu's botanical gardens.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ The Big Island is generally divided into the Hilo side – the east – and the Kona side – the west.

^ Island Colony is the tallest hotel in Waikiki with commanding views of the Pacific Ocean and majestic Koolau Mountains and is located 2 blocks to the beach and near the International Marketplace.
  • Cheap Honolulu, Oahu Hotels | Reserve cheap Honolulu, Oahu HI Hotels 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

.Windward sides face the Northeast Trades and receive much more rainfall; leeward sides are drier and sunnier, with less rain and less cloud cover.^ And the best beaches which I use most are more private, with less chance of wind and rain, some rocky outcroppings along with a few palm trees hanging over the beach.
  • Maui Weddings in Hawaii | Enchanting, Affordable Maui Weddings Coordinator 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC affordablemauiweddings.com [Source type: General]

^ Gross weather patterns are often determined by an area's elevation and whether it faces into or away from the Trade winds (prevailing air flow from the northeast quadrant).
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Windward areas tend to be cloudier during he summer, when the trade winds and associated clouds are more prevalent, while leeward areas, which are less affected by cloudy conditions associated with trade wind cloudiness, tend to be cloudier during the winter, when storm fronts pass through more frequently.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

This fact is utilized by the tourist industry, which concentrates resorts on sunny leeward coasts.
Main article: List of Hawaii hurricanes
.Hurricanes are a rare occurrence in Hawaii, although it is probable that all the islands of Hawaii have been hit by a hurricane in the past.^ Roberts Hawaii All over the islands .
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Died, from a probable brain hemorrhage , in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County , Hawaii, November 5, 1975 .
  • The Political Graveyard: Honolulu County, Hawaii 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: Academic]

The worst hurricane to hit Hawaii was Hurricane Iniki in 1992, which showed that Hawaii was indeed vulnerable to a direct hit from a hurricane.
Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures (°F) for Various Hawaii Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Hilo 79/64 79/64 79/65 79/66 81/67 82/68 82/69 83/69 83/69 83/68 81/67 80/65
Honolulu 80/66 81/65 82/67 83/68 85/70 87/72 88/74 89/75 89/74 87/73 84/71 82/68
Kahului 80/63 81/63 82/65 82/66 84/67 86/69 87/71 88/71 88/70 87/69 84/68 82/65
Lihue 78/65 78/66 78/67 79/69 81/70 83/73 84/74 85/74 85/74 84/73 81/71 79/68
[5]

Important towns

.The movement of the Hawaiian royal family from the island of Hawaibb;i to Maui, and subsequently to Obb;ahu, explains why certain population centers exist where they do today.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Some species of animal and plant life are so isolated in their Maui habitat they exist only in their own little valley and nowhere else in the world.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The smallest of the major Hawaiian Islands, and the least populated, Lanai has a mystique that continues to attract visitors.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.The largest city, Honolulu, was the one chosen by King Kamehameha III as the capital of his kingdom because of the natural harbor there, the present-day Honolulu Harbor.^ King Kamehameha I took up residence (and later made his capital) in Lāhainā after conquering Maui in 1790, during the bloody Battle of Kepaniwai.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ She showed a special land ownership marker from the days of King Kamehameha III to mark land boundries.

^ In those days, there were only two guards on duty at all times, so if one of them took the day off, the rookie cops were sent in to be stand-in guards.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Now the state capital, Honolulu is located along the southeast coast of the island of Obb;ahu.^ Various locations Honolulu, HI 96830 United States +1 808 924 2473 http://www.oahunaturetours.com/ .
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ Located just adjacent to Honolulu International Airport, this service allows visitors to see Honolulu and the island of O'ahu from high above.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ Experience the tranquil side of Waikiki at The Lotus at Diamond Head- a peaceful retreat uniquely located along the exclusive Gold Coast.
  • Cheap Honolulu, Oahu Hotels | Reserve cheap Honolulu, Oahu HI Hotels 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

The previous capital was Lahaina, Maui. .Some major towns are Hilo, Kona Kānebb;oheImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, Kailua, Pearl City, Waipahu, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kīhei, and Līhubb;eImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif.^ Three harbors provide some protection from Kona storms Kahului Harbor (used mostly for commercial vessels), Lahaina and Maalea Harbors used primarily for sailing craft.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Honolulu & Nearby Cities Honolulu Foreclosures Honolulu Open Houses Honolulu New Homes Kaneohe Real Estate Kailua Real Estate Waimanalo Real Estate Aiea Real Estate Pearl City Real Estate Ewa Beach Real Estate Waipahu Real Estate Mililani Real Estate Kaaawa Real Estate Kapolei Real Estate See All Nearby Cities Real Estate .
  • Honolulu Real Estate & Honolulu Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aiea Ewa Beach Haleiwa Hauula Honolulu Kahuku Kailua Kaneohe Kapolei Laie M C B H Kaneohe Bay Mililani Pearl City Wahiawa Waialua Waianae Waimanalo Waipahu .
  • Honolulu Metro Area, Hawaii Attorney Profiles - Honolulu Metro Area, Hawaii Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Notable features

The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Monument was proclaimed by President George W. Bush on June 15, 2006, under the 1906 Antiquities Act. .The monument covers roughly 140,000 square miles (360,000 km²) of reefs, atolls and shallow and deep sea (out to 50 miles (80 km) offshore) in the Pacific Ocean, larger than all of America’s National Parks combined.^ Hiking Tours on Maui - Maui has more hiking trails per square miles than most National Parks.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Outrigger Reef has been re-created, a USD110 million dollar top-to-bottom transformation with a new vision of hospitality, and a deep connection to the sea.
  • Cheap Honolulu, Oahu Hotels | Reserve cheap Honolulu, Oahu HI Hotels 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ An example of this is the call center operated by American Healthways, Inc., out of a 10,000 square foot office in the Kapolei Medical Park.
  • Research Into Practice 2004 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.prel.org [Source type: News]

[6]

History

History of Hawaii
Ancient times
Monarchy
Provisional Government
Republic
Territory
  State  
Main article: History of Hawaii
The earliest habitation supported by archaeologic evidence dates to the 11th century, probably by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas, Raiatea and Bora Bora. .However, as with most archaeology worldwide, this date is ever-changing as new evidence is discovered.^ It said they had found a new tomato virus on Maui -- one that is considered the most devastating tomato virus worldwide.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The first recorded European contact with the islands was in 1778 by British explorer James Cook.^ On November 26, 1778, Captain James Cook became the first European explorer to see Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Substantial evidence (Stokes 1932 for example) exists, however, of earlier Spanish, and possibly Irish, visits to Hawaii. .Hawaii is one of four constituent states of the United States that were independent nations prior to their statehood, along with California, Texas, and Vermont.^ The Challenge could be one of the best ocean front courses in Hawaii, played along ocean cliffs 200 ft.
  • GOLF-MAUI - Maui Golf Course Reviews 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.golf-maui.com [Source type: General]

^ He has appeared and argued motions in Hawaii State Circuit Court and United States District Court.
  • Honolulu Metro Area, Hawaii Attorney Profiles - Honolulu Metro Area, Hawaii Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The Kingdom of Hawaii existed from 1810 until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.^ They were followed by rulers from another ancient family of chiefs, including Queen Liliuokalani who ruled in 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

It was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898. It was annexed by the United States in 1898, became a territory in 1900, and has been a state since 1959.

Hawaiian antiquity

Main articles: Ancient Hawaii, Hawaiian mythology, and Polynesian mythology
.Anthropologists believe that Polynesians from the Marquesas and possibly the Society Islands first populated the Hawaiian Islands at some time between 300 and 1000 AD. There is a great deal of dispute regarding these dates.^ Myths, Legends and Geography The demi-god Maui is a household name from Tonga to the Society Islands, to the Marquesas to Hawaii.
  • Plan Hawaii Vacations to Maui | Best Hawaii Vacation Packages and Deals to Maui 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.hawaii.com [Source type: General]

^ The smallest of the major Hawaiian Islands, and the least populated, Lanai has a mystique that continues to attract visitors.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Polynesians, from Tahiti and the Marquesas, were the original peoples to populate Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Archaeologists and historians also differ as to whether there were one or two waves of colonization.^ In those days, there were only two guards on duty at all times, so if one of them took the day off, the rookie cops were sent in to be stand-in guards.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ More often, however, there are one or two such storms a year; sometimes there are four or five.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ But not just one site, I have a different backup beach which I use (if the first permitted site is too crowded or rainy or there is no parking).
  • Maui Weddings | Maui Wedding Planners | Maui Wedding Packages 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.mauime.com [Source type: General]

It is believed by some authors that there had been an early settlement from the Marquesas and a later wave of immigrants from Tahiti, circa 1300, who were said to have introduced a new line of high chiefs and the practice of human sacrifice. This later immigration is detailed in folk tales about Pabb;aoImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif. .Other authors, however, have argued that there is no archaeological or linguistic evidence whatsoever for a later influx of Tahitian settlers and that Pabb;ao must be regarded as a myth.^ However, there is nowhere to write your name or any other… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Since there are still many supporters of the Pabb;ao narrative, this topic is still hotly disputed.^ There are so many folks out there with half-baked opinions that you might never get to a supportable answer.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I can't help but notice there are so many people in the community who spend time with older adults who need support, or older adults who give of their time to help others.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Leaving aside the question of Pabb;ao and the history of the Royal Hawaiian lineage, historians agree that the history of the islands was marked by a slow but steady growth in population and the size of chiefdoms, which grew to encompass whole islands.^ The island has experienced rapid population growth in recent years (e.g., 4.6% in 2001/2002) with Kīhei one of the most rapidly growing towns in the U.S. (see chart, below).
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Local chiefs, called alibb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, ruled their settlements and fought to extend their sway and defend their communities from predatory rivals.^ Kealakekua Bay was once a major Hawaiian settlement where many ali’i (chiefs) lived.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

This was conducted in a system of alibb;is of various ranks somewhat similar to Feudalism.

European contact

.The 1778 arrival of British explorer Captain James Cook is usually taken to be Hawaii’s first contact with European explorers.^ On November 26, 1778, Captain James Cook became the first European explorer to see Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s a definite possibility that vacationers have been attracted to Hawaii since British explorer James Cook first happened upon the Islands in 1778.
  • Hawaii-Hawaii | Pleasant Hawaiian Holidays, United Vacations, & Insignia Vacations to Hawaii 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hawaii-hawaii.com [Source type: General]

^ On my upcoming trip to the Big Island, I’ve planned to visit Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park, This park is significant for three main reasons – It’s the site of the first extensive interaction between Hawaiians and Westerners with the arrival of Captain James Cook.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Cook plotted and published the geographical coordinates of the Hawaiian Islands, so that they could be found again. .Cook named his discovery the Sandwich Islands in honor of one of his sponsors, John Montagu, and reported the native name as Owyhee.^ Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiiloa, the Polynesian navigator attributed with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.(Cook also gave the Sandwich name to some islands near Argentina, which still retain the name as the British Overseas Territory of the South Sandwich Islands).^ Island Christmas Posts While we have yet to celebrate Christmas and New Years on the Valley Isle, it is still near the top of our list.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ From October through April, the heart of the Trade winds moves south of Hawaii; however, the Trade winds still blow across the islands much of the time.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Some writers have claimed that there were European visitors before Cook, citing Hawaiian legends and references in some Spanish chronicles in support of their argument. While it is possible that there were earlier visitors, this is not accepted as fact by most historians.
.Cook visited the Hawaiian islands twice.^ Kris takes us to the Big Island of Hawaii to visit the Hawaiian Tropical Botanical Garden posted over at Big Island on the Cheap .

.During his second visit - in 1779 - he attempted to abduct a Hawaiian chief and hold him as ransom for return of a ship’s boat that was stolen by a different minor chief;[7] the chief’s supporters fought back, and Cook was killed.^ Not to mention the fact that she sent him back to the island with the full knowledge that she would personally shoot and kill him!
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Once your ship arrives into the Hawaiian Islands becomes a floating hotel in Europe a different island almost everyday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.After Cook’s visit and the publication of several books relating his voyages, the Hawaiian islands received many European visitors: explorers, traders, and eventually whalers who found the islands a convenient harbor and source of fresh food.^ A visit to the islands is the vacation experience of a lifetime.We are expert vacation package planners who have made Hawaii our passion and have been to every Hawaii Hotel listed in our vast inventory.
  • Hawaii Travel, Hawaii Vacation, Hawaii Package, Hawaii Trip 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaiivisitorcenter.com [Source type: General]

^ Established in 1981, this non-profit organization has the sole purpose of spreading the environmental gospel to residents and visitors of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ The growth is occurring because many people, having visited Maui, decide to move or retire to the island.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Early British influence can still be seen from the design of the local Flag of Hawaii which has the British Union Flag in the corner.^ At the end of 2002, Hawaii was still recovering from the initially devastating impact on the local visitor industry of the September 2001 terrorist attacks.
  • Research Into Practice 2004 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.prel.org [Source type: News]

.Visitors introduced diseases to the formerly isolated islands, and the Hawaiian population plunged precipitously.^ Established in 1981, this non-profit organization has the sole purpose of spreading the environmental gospel to residents and visitors of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ The smallest of the major Hawaiian Islands, and the least populated, Lanai has a mystique that continues to attract visitors.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ No Hawaiian island offers so much to the visitor as Maui, the Valley Isle.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

American missionaries arrived in 1820 and eventually converted the chiefs and the remaining population to Protestant Christianity.

Hawaiian kingdom

Main article: Kingdom of Hawaii
During the 1780s and 1790s the chiefs were constantly fighting for power.[8] .After a series of battles that ended in 1795 and forced cession of the island of Kauabb;i in 1810, all of the inhabited islands were subjugated under a single ruler who would become known as King Kamehameha the Great.^ King Kamehameha I took up residence (and later made his capital) in Lāhainā after conquering Maui in 1790, during the bloody Battle of Kepaniwai.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

He established the House of Kamehameha, a dynasty that ruled over the kingdom until 1872.
The death of the bachelor King Kamehameha V—who did not name an heir—resulted in the popular election of King Lunalilo over Kalākaua. After Lunalilo’s death, in a hotly contested and allegedly fraudulent election by the legislature in 1874 between Kalākaua and Emma (which led to riots and the landing of U.S. and British troops to keep the peace), governance was passed on to the House of Kalākaua.
.In 1887, the influence of Walter Murray Gibson, a group of primarily American and European businessmen, including kingdom subjects and members of the Hawaiian government forced King Kalākaua to sign the derisively nicknamed "Bayonet Constitution" which stripped the king of administrative authority, eliminated voting rights for Asians and set minimum income and property requirements for American, European and native Hawaiian voters, essentially limiting the electorate to wealthy elite Americans, Europeans and native Hawaiians.^ A Board of Education member called for the ouster of Chairman Garrett Toguchi today, but acknowledges that there may not be enough votes to force him to step down.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

King Kalākaua reigned until his death in 1891. His sister, Lilibb;uokalaniImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, succeeded him to the throne and ruled until her overthrow in 1893.

Overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy

Ship's landing force on duty at the Arlington Hotel, Honolulu, at the time of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893. Lieutenant Lucien Young, USN, commanded the detachment, and is presumably the officer at right.[9]
Main article: Overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy
.In 1893, Queen Lilibb;uokalani threatened to abrogate the "Bayonet Constitution" and draft a new constitution that would restore power to the monarchy.^ They were followed by rulers from another ancient family of chiefs, including Queen Liliuokalani who ruled in 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Supporters of the Reform Party (primarily of American and European ancestry, but including some native Hawaiians) organized in response to this and took over the government of the Kingdom of Hawaibb;iImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif.^ The Hawai'i chapter of this world-famous environmental organization was formed in response to the environmental threat caused by tourism and urban development throughout the islands.
  • Schmap Honolulu Guided Tours 11 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ I am furious with some of the people local organizations sent from Hawai`i to Copenhagen.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ But state lawmakers and their staff will be back tackling some of the most challenging issues confronting the state, including the support of social services.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

American troops aboard the USS Boston were landed in Honolulu under strict orders of neutrality, to protect the "lives and property of American citizens, and to assist in preserving public order",[10] while a 13 member council of businessmen, attorneys and politicians organized the Honolulu Rifles to depose Queen Lilibb;uokalani.
.The monarchy ended in January 1893, and there was much controversy in the following years as the queen tried to regain her throne.^ They were followed by rulers from another ancient family of chiefs, including Queen Liliuokalani who ruled in 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.After an unsuccessful attempt at armed rebellion in 1895, a weapons cache was found on the palace grounds and Queen Lilibb;uokalani was placed under arrest, tried by a military tribunal of the Republic of Hawaii, convicted of misprision of treason and then imprisoned in her own home.^ One year later, the Republic of Hawaii was founded.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The military’s experience in this ambitious privatization effort may provide helpful guidance in Hawaii’s own investigation of costs and benefits of privatization.
  • Research Into Practice 2004 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.prel.org [Source type: News]

The Queen officially abdicated in 1896.[11] In 1993, a joint Apology Resolution regarding the overthrow was passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton.[12]

Republic of Hawaii

Main article: Republic of Hawaii
bb;Iolani PalaceImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif in Honolulu, formerly the residence of the Hawaiian monarch, was the capitol of the Republic of Hawaii.
The Republic of Hawaii was the formal name of Hawaii from 1894 to 1898 when it was run as a republic. .The republic period occurred between the administration of the Provisional Government of Hawaii which ended on July 4, 1894 and the adoption of the Newlands Resolution in Congress in which the Republic was annexed to the United States and became the Territory of Hawaii on July 7, 1898.^ Hawaii became the 50th U.S. state in 1959.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The island was annexed by the United States in 1898 and made a territory in 1900.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

U.S. territory

Main article: Territory of Hawaii
When William McKinley won the presidential election in November of 1896, the question of Hawaii’s annexation to the U.S. was again opened. The previous president, Grover Cleveland, was a friend of Queen Lilibb;uokalani. .He had remained opposed to annexation until the end of his term, but McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaii.^ The closures will remain in effect until Hawaii County's Ocean Safety Division determines conditions to be safe, said Civil Defense Administrator Quince Mento.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

He agreed to meet with a committee of annexationists from Hawaii, Lorrin Thurston, Francis Hatch and William Kinney. .After negotiations, in June of 1897, McKinley agreed to a treaty of annexation with these representatives of the Republic of Hawaii.^ The University of Hawaii and the union representing 3,200 of its faculty members have agreed to resume negotiations on a new labor contract.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[13] The president then submitted the treaty to the U.S. Senate for approval.
.Despite some opposition in the islands, the Newlands Resolution was passed by the House June 15, 1898, by a vote of 209 to 91, and by the Senate on July 6, 1898, by a vote of 42 to 21, annexing Hawaii as a U.S. territory.^ The island was annexed by the United States in 1898 and made a territory in 1900.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ A tropical storm will pass sufficiently close to Hawaii every year or two to affect the weather in some part of the Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Its legality continues to be questioned because it was a United States Government resolution, not a treaty of cession or conquest as is required by international law.^ A new law that takes effect in January will require all new homes to have solar power water heaters (making Hawaii the first in the United States to do so), and plans for “smart meters” to help encourage energy conservation and a push toward biofuels continue to be part of the renewable energy conversation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I've been asked by the American Bar Association's Section on State and Local Government Law to moderate a continuing legal education teleconference on the McDonald v.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Both houses of the American Congress carried the measure with two-thirds majorities.
In 1900, Hawaii was granted self-governance and retained Iolani Palace as the territorial capitol building. Though several attempts were made to achieve statehood, Hawaii remained a territory for sixty years. Plantation owners, such as the Big Five, found territorial status convenient, enabling them to continue importing cheap foreign labor; such immigration was prohibited in various states of the U.S.
The power of the plantation owners was finally broken by activist descendants of original immigrant laborers. Because they were born in a U.S. territory, they were legal U.S. citizens. Expecting to gain full voting rights, they actively campaigned for statehood for the Hawaiian Islands.

U.S. statehood

All representative districts voted at least 93% in favor of Admission acts. Ballot (inset) and referendum results for the Admission Act of 1959.
In March 1959, both houses of Congress passed the Admission Act and U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signed it into law. .(The act excluded Palmyra Atoll, part of the Kingdom and Territory of Hawaii, from the new state.^ A number of companies and hotels will offer pyrotechnics shows around the state on New Year's Eve as part of celebrations.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ For Hawaii to counter its growing shortage of workers in the years ahead, the state will need to adopt and implement bold new workforce development policies and practices.
  • Research Into Practice 2004 17 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.prel.org [Source type: News]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

) On June 27 of that year, a plebiscite was held asking residents of Hawaii to vote on accepting the statehood bill. Hawaii voted at a ratio of 17 to 1 to accept. There has been criticism, however, of the Statehood plebiscite, because the only choices were to accept the Act or to remain a territory, without addressing the issues of legality surrounding the overthrow[14][15][16]. .Despite the criticism, the United Nations decolonization committee later removed Hawaii from the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.^ HILO -- A Hawaii County Council committee has voted against a resolution seeking to decriminalize marijuana despite a councilman's threat to resign if his measure failed.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.After statehood, Hawaii quickly became a modern state with a construction boom and rapidly growing economy.^ Hawaii became the 50th U.S. state in 1959.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

The Hawaii Republican Party, which was strongly supported by the plantation owners, was voted out of office. .In its place, the Democratic Party of Hawaii dominated state politics for forty years.^ The left wing of the Democratic Party generally broke for the Hawaii-born Obama when the presidential primary campaign narrowed to Obama and then-U.S. Sen.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

In recent decades, the state government has implemented programs to promote Hawaiian culture. .The Hawaii State Constitutional Convention of 1978 incorporated as state constitutional law specific programs such as the creation of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to promote the indigenous Hawaiian language and culture.^ Humpbacks are an endangered species protected by U.S. federal and Hawaii state law.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ A year-old school strives to keep the Samoan language and culture alive for youngsters born in Hawaii Honolulu Advertiser: Editorial Blog .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Plaintiffs sued, claiming that the city violated the state historic preservation law (specifically, HRS § 6E-42(a)) and that such violation rendered Wal-Mart’s grubbing, grading and other permits null and void.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Demographics

.As of 2005, Hawaii has an estimated population of 1,275,194, which is an increase of 13,070, or 1.0%, from the prior year and an increase of 63,657, or 5.3%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 48,111 people (that is 96,028 births minus 47,917 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 16,956 people into the state.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 30,068 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 13,112 people.^ We usually give about 30 minutes for people to play the game, but that results in most people having only half the answers.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The center of population of Hawaii is located directly between the two islands of Obb;ahu and Molokabb;i[17].^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The island of Maui is known as the " Valley Isle " because of the huge valley between its two volcanoes.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Maui is a leading whale-watching center in the Hawaiian Islands due to Humpback whales wintering in the sheltered Auau Channel between the islands of Maui county.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii has a de facto population of over 1.3 million due to military presence and tourists. .Obb;ahuImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif, which is aptly nicknamed "The Gathering Place", is the most populous island (and the one with the highest population density), with a resident population of just under one million in 597 square miles (1,546 km2), about 1,650 people per square mile (for comparison, New Jersey, which has 8,717,925 people in 7,417 square miles (19,210 km2) is the most-densely populated state with 1,134 people per square mile.^ I am just about 'WHOA'd' out after this one.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the “hazards” of writing about Hawaii travel is that so often I stop to daydream about doing the very things I’ve just written.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[18]) .Hawaii’s 1,275,194 people, spread over 6,423 square miles (including many unpopulated islands) results in an average population density of 188.6 persons per square mile,[19] which makes Hawaii less densely populated than states like Ohio and Illinois.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Hiking Tours on Maui - Maui has more hiking trails per square miles than most National Parks.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ If the islands of the State of Hawaii did not exist, the average annual rainfall on the same patch of water would be about 25 inches.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

[20]
Hawaii may be an especially healthy place to live. .The average projected lifespan of those born in Hawaii in the year 2000 is 79.8 years (77.1 years if male, 82.5 if female), longer than the residents of any other state.^ Hawaii's other resident president .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Air temperatures are more uniform (and mild) than those of other regions.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

[21]
.U.S. military personnel makes up approximately 1.3% of the total population in the islands.^ Visit Molokai from Maui - Of the three islands that make up Maui County, Molokai stands out as having the closest link to old Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ She's gearing up to do mid-scale vermicomposting using cafeteria waste, making this the first school on the island to… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Ethnicities

Further information: Europeans in OceaniaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
.Ethnically, Hawaii is one of only four states in which non-Hispanic whites do not form a majority, and has the largest percentage of Asian Americans.^ True hurricanes are very rare in Hawaii, indicated by the fact that only four have affected the islands during a 63-year period.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Wasn't he the one who pushed Hawaii's health care plans through the state Legislature?
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Lung cancer is the number one killer of adults in Hawaii, and the Aloha State is ranked second in the nation for youth asthma.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Hawaii was the second majority-minority state in the United States.^ The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles (1883.5 km²) and is the 17th largest island in the United States.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaii is the second happiest U.S. state, according to a study published yesterday in the journal Science.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bank of Hawaii is the top-performing bank in the United States, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Both Hawaii and New Mexico have been majority-minority regions since the early 20th century, but New Mexico became a state before Hawaii.^ Hawaii became the 50th U.S. state in 1959.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ The clip begins by saying, “The News Magazine visits Hawaii, the U.S. territory at the crossroads of the Pacific, which may become the 49th State.” Though the history is a bit polarized, it’s still very interesting to see and hear this perspective of Hawaii just seven years before the territory became the 50th State.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaii survived its ninth consecutive New Year's Eve without deaths or major injuries from personal fireworks, but the reverberations continue.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii also has the largest percentage of persons of mixed race, who constitute some 20% of the total population.[22] {{US DemogTable|Hawaii|03-15.csv|= | 40.32| 2.83| 2.07| 58.19| 23.39|= | 4.69| 0.33| 0.56| 3.32| 2.48|= | 41.26| 3.33| 2.03| 57.53| 22.10|= | 5.51| 0.39| 0.51| 3.32| 2.36|= | 7.70| 23.70| 3.25| 4.07| -0.56|= | 5.59| 23.93| 6.38| 4.01| -0.64|= | 23.78| 21.96| -5.09| 5.07| 0.04}}

Ancestry Group

The largest ancestry groups in Hawaii are:
Population Of Hawaii
Ancestry Percentage Main article:
Template:Country data Japan Japanese (16.7%) of Total See Japanese American
Template:Country data Hawaii Polynesian (16%) See Native Hawaiians
Template:Country data Philippines Filipino (14.1%) See Filipino American
Template:Country data Germany German (5.8%) See German American
Template:Country data China Chinese (4.7%) See Chinese American
Template:Country data Ireland Irish (4.4%) See Irish American
Template:Country data England English (4.3%) See English American
Template:Country data Portugal Portuguese (4.0%) See Portuguese American
Template:Country data South Korea Korean (1.9%) See Korean American
Flag of the United States African (1.8%) See African American
Template:Country data Italy Italian (1.8%) See Italian American
Flag of France French (1.5%) See French American
Flag of the United States American (1.4%) See British American
Template:Country data Scotland Scottish (1.1%) See Scottish American
Hawaii Population Density Map
The third group of foreigners to arrive upon Hawaii’s shores, after the Polynesians and Europeans, were the Chinese. .Chinese employees serving on Western trading ships disembarked and settled starting in 1789. In 1820 the first American missionaries arrived in Hawaii to preach Christianity and teach the Hawaiians what the missionaries considered "civilized" ways.^ Considering that we are a business that caters to the Hawaiian image of..Hawaii, it would only seem appropriate to have an authentic Hawaiian Blessing ceremony.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The state is right to be proud of the first Hawaii-raised president and first African-American to occuply the Whitehouse in the nation's 233 year history.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.A large proportion of Hawaii’s population has become a people of Asian ancestry (especially Chinese, Japanese and Filipino) many of whom are descendants from those waves of early foreign immigrants brought to the islands in the nineteenth century, beginning in the 1850s, to work on the sugar plantations.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ From Kevin Kawamoto: For those interested in following legislation and policy-making relating to Hawaii's older adult population, remember that the 2010 legislative session begins on Wed., Jan.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more about Hawaii’s Waipahu Sugar Mill and Dole Plantation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The first 153 Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii on June 19, 1868. They were not "legally" approved by the Japanese government established after the Meiji Restoration because the contract was between a broker and the Tokugawa shogunate, by then terminated.^ Imagine that you are a first generation Japanese plantation worker in Hawaii, and the year is 1885.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The first Japanese government-approved immigrants arrived in Hawaii on February 9, 1885 after Kalākaua's petition to Emperor Meiji when Kalakaua visited Japan in 1881.
.Almost 13,000 Portuguese had come to Hawaii by 1899. They worked on the sugar plantations, as many had done previously.^ Read more about Hawaii’s Waipahu Sugar Mill and Dole Plantation.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

By October 17, 1901, 5,000 Puerto Ricans had made their new homes on the four islands. .Currently, there are over 30,000 Puerto Ricans or Hawaiian-Puerto Ricans and almost 50,000 Hawaiian-Portuguese living in Hawaii.^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Religion

Religion/Adherents (Percent of Population)
Christian/351,000 (28.9%)
Buddhist/110,000 (9%)
Jewish/10,000 (0.8%)
Other*/750,000 (61.1%)
Other includes: agnostic or atheist, unaffiliated, Bahá'í, Confucian, Daoist, Druid, Hawaiian, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Shinto, Scientologist, Unitarian, Wiccan, Zoroastrian, etc.
Sources

Languages

Main article: Hawaiian language
.The State of Hawaii has two official languages recognized in its constitution adopted at the 1978 constitutional convention: English and Hawaiian.^ State lawmakers facing a $1.2 billion budget shortfall over the next two years received some good news from Hawaii's top economists on Tuesday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s Monday, the official end of a long weekend that followed a previous long weekend, and for some state workers, the culmination of a two-week furlough.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Article XV, Section 4, specifies that "Hawaiian shall be required for public acts and transactions only as provided by law" [italic added].^ The clerks of the respective courts shall provide public access to the dockets and documents of… .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Hawaii Creole English (locally referred to as 'Pidgin') is the native dialect of many born-and-raised residents and is a second dialect for many other residents. After English, the second- and third-most spoken individual languages are Ilokano (most are bilingual in Wikang Filipino) and Japanese, respectively. Significant European immigrants and descendants also speak their native languages; the most numerous are Spanish, German, Portuguese and French.
.As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 73.44% of Hawaii residents age 5 and older speak only English at home.^ As of 2000, Maui has a resident population of 117,644, which is ranked third within the state behind the islands of Oahu and Hawaii.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Tagalog speakers make up 5.37% (which includes non-native speakers of Wikang Filipino, the national co-official Tagalog-based language), followed by Japanese at 4.96%, Ilokano at 4.05%, Chinese at 1.92%, Hawaiian at 1.68%, Spanish at 1.66%, Korean at 1.61%, and Samoan at 1.01%[23].

Origin of Hawaiian

Hawaiian is a member of the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family. It began to develop around 1000 A.D., when foreign Marquesans or Tahitians of that era colonized Hawaii. .Those originally foreign Polynesians remained in the islands, thereby becoming the Hawaiian people.^ Polynesians, from Tahiti and the Marquesas, were the original peoples to populate Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Once your ship arrives into the Hawaiian Islands becomes a floating hotel in Europe a different island almost everyday.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiiloa, the Polynesian navigator attributed with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Consequently, their originally foreign language developed into the Hawaiian language.
.Before the arrival of Captain James Cook, the Hawaiian language was never written.^ On November 26, 1778, Captain James Cook became the first European explorer to see Maui.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ On my upcoming trip to the Big Island, I’ve planned to visit Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park, This park is significant for three main reasons – It’s the site of the first extensive interaction between Hawaiians and Westerners with the arrival of Captain James Cook.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The written form of Hawaiian was developed mainly by American Protestant missionaries during 1820–1826. They assigned letters from the Latin alphabet that corresponded to the Hawaiian sounds.^ The missionaries taught reading and writing, created the 12-letter Hawaiian alphabet, started a printing press in Lāhainā, and began writing the islands' history, which until then existed only as oral accounts.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Occasionally experience intense local afternoon showers from well-developed clouds that formed due to local heating of the land during the day.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Revival of Hawaiian

As a result of the constitutional provision, interest in the Hawaiian language was revived in the late 20th century. Public and independent schools throughout the state began teaching Hawaiian language standards as part of the regular curricula, beginning with preschool. .With the help of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, also created by the 1978 constitutional convention, specially designated Hawaiian language immersion schools were established where students would be taught in all subjects using Hawaiian.^ Little Fire Ants establish colonies usually in potted plants, trees and lawns, but will also enter all kinds of buildings - including homes, schools and businesses.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Office of Hawaiian Affairs Airs Akaka Bill Promotion Tonight on KITV Television .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Also, the University of Hawaii System developed the only Hawaiian language graduate studies program in the world.^ The second class to complete the Outrigger ‘s new Management Fundamentals training program graduated after a lot of hard work and intense studying.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Considering that we are a business that caters to the Hawaiian image of..Hawaii, it would only seem appropriate to have an authentic Hawaiian Blessing ceremony.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaii is the only place where you can attend truly authentic Hawaiian luaus.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Municipal codes were altered in favor of Hawaiian place and street names for new civic developments.

Note on Hawaiian language and bb;okina usage

Hawaiian distinguishes between long and short vowels. .In modern written Hawaiian and when writing words and names of Hawaiian origin in English, vowel length can be indicated with a macron (kahakō).^ Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiiloa, the Polynesian navigator attributed with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Also, Hawaiian has the glottal stop as a consonant. In writing, it can be indicated with the apostrophe, or with the opening single quote (bb;okinaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif).
In Hawaiian-language newspapers published from 1834–1948, the spelling Hawaii was used. However, in texts written mainly for Hawaiian-language pedagogy, especially since 1950, the modern Hawaiian-language spelling used is Hawaibb;i, with an bb;okina written between the final two vowels. .Although bb;okinas and kahakōs were not used and not needed by native speakers of Hawaiian for over 100 years, their use is appropriate in modern written Hawaiian, and increasingly considered appropriate and educated in modern written English in Hawaii as well.^ Considering that we are a business that caters to the Hawaiian image of..Hawaii, it would only seem appropriate to have an authentic Hawaiian Blessing ceremony.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ As I get ready to head out on my well deserved and much needed vacation, it got me thinking about how Hawaiian people live on their own time - "Hawaii Time".
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

"Pidgin"

.Many residents speak Hawaii Creole English (HCE), often called "pidgin". The lexicon of HCE derives mainly from English but also has words from Hawaiian, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino and Portuguese.^ Now there's a whole store that looks like that, only more so, and it's in what is many of Hawaii residents' second home: Las Vegas.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.During the 19th century, there was a great increase in immigration from foreign countries (mainly China, Japan, Portugal—especially from the Azores archipelago—and Spain), and a pidgin English developed which by the early 20th century became a creole English, as pidgin speakers had children who acquired the pidgin as their own native language.^ There is a great deal of discussion about the meaning of—and the way to achieve—smart development.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

HCE speakers can use some Hawaiian words without those words being considered archaic. .Most place names are retained from Hawaiian, as are some names for plants or animals.^ Some species of animal and plant life are so isolated in their Maui habitat they exist only in their own little valley and nowhere else in the world.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

.For example, tuna fish are often called "bb;ahi". HCE speakers have modified the meanings of certain English words.^ Poke is most often made of ahi (tuna) with various seasonings, although tako (octopus) is also popular.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

For example, the terms "auntie" and "uncle" can be used to refer to any adult who is a friend, or a friend to the family. It is also used as a sign of respect for elders. .Throughout the surfing boom in Hawaii, HCE has influenced surfer slang.^ (Hawaii time) to discuss her film, surfing career, recent surfing at Jaws on Maui, and her film Soul Surfer which is now in pre production at the Turtle Bay Resort [...
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Some HCE expressions, such as brah and da kine, have found their way to other places.^ He sent the letter to its intended recipient at the White House as well as some other places, including The Advertiser.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Certain words can be dropped if their meaning is implicit. .For example, instead of saying "It is hot today, isn't it?", an HCE speaker is likely to say simply "stay hot, eh?"^ Coming Wednesday: State House Speaker Calvin Say on live video-streamed Hot Seat .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Get your questions ready: Joining us for our monthly live video-streamed version of the Hot Seat will be House Speaker Calvin Say.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Debates

.A somewhat divisive political issue that has arisen since The Constitution of the State of Hawaii added Hawaiian as a second official state language is the exact spelling of the state’s name in English.^ The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles (1883.5 km²) and is the 17th largest island in the United States.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

^ Lung cancer is the number one killer of adults in Hawaii, and the Aloha State is ranked second in the nation for youth asthma.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hawaii is the second happiest U.S. state, according to a study published yesterday in the journal Science.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.As prescribed in the Admission of Hawaii Act that granted Hawaiian statehood, the federal government recognizes Hawaii to be the official state name.^ Humpbacks are an endangered species protected by U.S. federal and Hawaii state law.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC www.tombarefoot.com [Source type: General]

Official government publications, as well as department and office titles, use the traditional Hawaiian spelling, that is, with no symbols for glottal stops or vowel length. In contrast, some private entities, including a local newspaper, are using such symbols.
.The title of the state constitution is "The Constitution of the State of Hawaii". In Article XV therein, Section 1 uses "The State of Hawaii", Section 2 "the island of Oahu", Section 3 "The Hawaiian flag", and Section 5 specifies the state motto as "Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono". Note that no bb;okinas nor kahakōs are used in all those cases.^ Hawaii Cruises for 2010 - cruising the Hawaiian Islands .
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ This is a serious public safety issue that affects the health and well-being of many of the state's citizens, especially on the island of Oahu.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Cruising to the Hawaiian Islands is as adventure and it’s a great opportunity to see more of Hawaii in a short period of time.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The nuances in the Hawaiian language debate are often not obvious or well-appreciated among English speakers outside Hawaii. The issue has often been a source of friction in situations where correct naming conventions are mandated, as people frequently disagree over which spelling is correct or incorrect, and where it is correctly or incorrectly applied.
See also: Hawaiian language#Orthography (writing system)

Education

Main article: Hawaii Department of Education
Hawaii is currently the only state in the union with a unified school system statewide. .Policy decisions are made by the fourteen-member state Board of Education, with thirteen members elected for four-year terms and one non-voting student member.^ Board members are about to vote.
  • Alltop - Top Hawaii News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hawaii.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ More often, however, there are one or two such storms a year; sometimes there are four or five.
  • Maui Tours Maui Activities Island of Maui Discount Tour Maui Discount Activity 1 February 2010 3:17 UTC