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Hawaii Territory's At-large congressional district: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Hawaii's congressional districts

The U.S. state of Hawaii is divided into two congressional districts.

History

Before statehood, Hawaii was represented by a non-voting delegate. From statehood until 1963, Hawaii had one representative. From 1963 to the creation of the two districts in 1971, Hawaii was represented in the United States House of Representatives with two representatives elected at-large state-wide.

1st district

Map of the 1st congressional district
Neil Abercrombie

The First congressional district is far smaller in area and has a much denser population than the 2nd district. Covering the southeastern parts of the City & County of Honolulu, including downtown Honolulu, the district has been represented by Neil Abercrombie since 1991. He recently announced he will resign from this office.

2nd district

Map of the 2nd congressional district
Mazie Hirono

The 2nd congressional district is far more spread out than the First district. Including northern and western Oahu, along with the entirety of the state's other islands, the district includes Kauai, Maui, and Hawaii counties, along with part of Honolulu County. The entire district spans 331 miles and comprises small towns with historical roots in the pineapple and sugarcane plantations. It has been represented by Mazie Hirono since 2007.


Hawaii Territory's At-large congressional district was the congressional district for the Territory of Hawaii, which was established by the Newlands Resolution of 1898. On April 30, 1900, the Hawaiian Organic Act gave the Territory of Hawaii the authority to elect a single non-voting Congressional delegate.[1][2]

After Hawaii's admission to the Union as the 50th state by act of Congress on August 21, 1959, this district was replaced by Hawaii's At-large congressional district.

List of delegates

Delegate Party Years District home
Robert W. Wilcox Home Rule December 15, 1900 – March 3, 1903 Honolulu
J. Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Republican March 4, 1903 – January 7, 1922 Waikiki
Henry A. Baldwin Republican April 18, 1922 – March 3, 1923 Paia
William P. Jarrett Democratic March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1927 Honolulu
Victor S. K. Houston Republican March 4, 1927 – March 3, 1933 Honolulu
Lincoln L. McCandless Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 Honolulu
Samuel W. King Republican January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1943 Honolulu
Joseph R. Farrington Republican January 3, 1943 – June 19, 1954 Honolulu
Elizabeth P. Farrington Republican August 4, 1954 – January 3, 1957 Honolulu
John A. Burns Democratic January 3, 1957 – August 21, 1959 Honolulu

References

  1. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  2. ^ "House History". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/index.html. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 

Coordinates: 21°18′41″N 157°47′47″W / 21.31139°N 157.79639°W / 21.31139; -157.79639

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