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This article is part of the
Kurdish history and Culture series
Early ancestors
Ancient history
Medieval history
Modern history
Culture

Hazaraspid,(1148-1424), was a local Kurdish dynasty that ruled Zagros mountains region of southwestern Persia, essentially in Lorestān and the adjacent parts of Fārs which flourished in the later Saljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzaffarids, and Timurid periods[1]. The founder of dynasty Abu Tahir bin Muhammad was initially a commander of the Salghurid Atabaks of Fars and was appointed as the governor of Kuhgiluya[2] , but eventually gained independence in Luristan and extended his realm as far as Isfahan and assumed the prestigious title of Atabak[3]. His son, Malek Hazarasp fought a successful campaign against Salghurids and assisted Jalal-al-din Khwarezmshah in his struggle against the Mongols. Another Hazaraspid ruler Takla, accompanied Hulagu on his march to Baghdad, but deserted because of the murder of the last caliph. He was eventually caught and executed on Hulagu's order. Yusuf Shah I received Ilkhan Abaqa's confirmation of his rule and added Khuzestan, Kuhgiluya, Firuzan (near Isfahan) and Golpayegan to his domain. Afrasiab I attempted to extend his control to the coast of Persian Gulf but faced stiff opposition from the Mongols who defeated his army at Kuhrud near Kashan. He was reinstated by Ilkhan Gaykhatu but was executed by Gazan in October 1296[4].

The capital of Hazaraspids was located at Idaj located in present-day northern Khuzestan. Yusuf Shah II annexed the cities of Shushtar, Hoveizeh and Basra in the first half of fourteenth century[5]. During the reign of Shams-al-din Pashang, the dynasty faced attacks from Muzaffarids and the capital Idaj temporarily fell into their hands, until the occupiers had to retreat due to their own internecine fighting. In 1424, the Timurid King Shahrokh deposed the last Hazaraspid ruler Ghias-al-din thereby ended the dynasty.

Rulers

  1. Abu Tahir bin Muhammad (r. 1148-1203)
  2. Malek Hazarasp (r. 1204-1248 )
  3. Emad-al-din (r. 1248-1251)
  4. Nosrat-al-din (r. 1252-1257)
  5. Takla (r. 1258- )
  6. Shams-al-din Alp Arghun
  7. Yusuf Shah I (r. 1274-1288)
  8. Afrasiab I (r. 1288-1296)
  9. Nosrat-al-din Ahmad (r.1296- 1330)
  10. Rokn-al-din Yusuf Shah II (r.1330-1340)
  11. Mozaffar-al-din Afrasiab II (r.1340-1355)
  12. Shams-al-din Pashang (r.1355-1378)
  13. Malek Pir Ahmad (r.1378-1408)
  14. Abu Saeed (r. 1408- 1417)
  15. Shah Hussein (r.1417-1424)
  16. Ghias-al-din (r.1424)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ C. E. Bosworth,[1], Encyclopaedia Iranica
  2. ^ B. Spuller,Atabakan-e Lorestan, Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  3. ^ C. E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, 389 pp., Columbia University Press, 1996, ISBN 0231107145, p.205
  4. ^ ATĀBAKĀN‵E LORESTĀN, rulers of Lorestān, part of the Zagros highlands of southwestern Iran in the later middle ages
  5. ^ S. Lane-Poole, The Mohammedan Dynasties: Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions, 412 pp., Kessinger Publishing, 2004 (originally 1894), ISBN:1417945702, p.174
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Faravahar background

History of Iran

Empires of PersiaTemplate:· Kings of Persia
BC
Prehistory
Proto-Elamite civilization 3200–2800
Elamite dynasties 2800–550
Mitanni 1500–1200
Kassites 10th cent.
Marlik 10th–7th cent.
Kingdom of Mannai 10th–7th cent.
Median Empire 728–550
Achaemenid Empire 550–330
Seleucid Empire 330–150
Parthian Empire 247–BC 226
AD
Sassanid Empire 226–651
Afrighid dynasty  ?–995
Patriarchal Caliphate 637–651
Umayyad Caliphate 661–750
Abbasid Caliphate 750–1258
Tahirid dynasty 821–873
Alavid dynasty 864–928
Sajid dynasty 889/890–929
Saffarid dynasty 861–1003
Samanid dynasty 875–999
Ziyarid dynasty 928–1043
Buyid dynasty 934–1062
Sallarid 942–979
Ma'munids 995-1017
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1187
Ghori dynasty 1149–1212
Seljukid Empire 1037–1194
Khwarezmid dynasty 1077–1231
Ilkhanate 1256–1353
Muzaffarid dynasty 1314–1393
Chupanid dyansty 1337–1357
Jalayerid dynasty 1339–1432
Timurid Empire 1370–1506
Qara Qoyunlu Turcomans 1407–1468
Aq Qoyunlu Turcomans 1378–1508
Safavid dynasty 1501–1722*
Hotaki dynasty 1722–1729
Afsharid dynasty 1736–1750
Zand dynasty 1750–1794
Qajar dynasty 1781–1925
Pahlavi dynasty 1925–1979
Islamic Republic of Iran since 1980
* or 1736
Timeline


edit
This article is part of the
Kurdish history and Culture series
Early ancestors
Ancient history
Medieval history
Modern history
Culture

Hazaraspid,(1148-1424), was a local Kurdish dynasty that ruled Zagros mountains region of southwestern Persia, essentially in Lorestān and the adjacent parts of Fārs which flourished in the later Saljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzaffarids, and Timurid periods[1]. The founder of dynasty Abu Tahir bin Muhammad was initially a commander of the Salghurid Atabaks of Fars and was appointed as the governor of Kuhgiluya[2] , but eventually gained independence in Luristan and extended his realm as far as Isfahan and assumed the prestigious title of Atabak[3]. His son, Malek Hazarasp fought a successful campaign against Salghurids and assisted Jalal-al-din Khwarezmshah in his struggle against the Mongols. Another Hazaraspid ruler Takla, accompanied Hulagu on his march to Baghdad, but deserted because of the murder of the last caliph. He was eventually caught and executed on Hulagu's order. Yusuf Shah I received Ilkhan Abaqa's confirmation of his rule and added Khuzestan, Kuhgiluya, Firuzan (near Isfahan) and Golpayegan to his domain. Afrasiab I attempted to extend his control to the coast of Persian Gulf but faced stiff opposition from the Mongols who defeated his army at Kuhrud near Kashan. He was reinstated by Ilkhan Gaykhatu but was executed by Gazan in October 1296[4].

The capital of Hazaraspids was located at Idaj located in present-day northern Khuzestan. Yusuf Shah II annexed the cities of Shushtar, Hoveizeh and Basra in the first half of fourteenth century[5]. During the reign of Shams-al-din Pashang, the dynasty faced attacks from Muzaffarids and the capital Idaj temporarily fell into their hands, until the occupiers had to retreat due to their own internecine fighting. In 1424, the Timurid King Shahrokh deposed the last Hazaraspid ruler Ghias-al-din thereby ended the dynasty.

Rulers

  1. Abu Tahir bin Muhammad (r. 1148-1203)
  2. Malek Hazarasp (r. 1204-1248 )
  3. Emad-al-din (r. 1248-1251)
  4. Nosrat-al-din (r. 1252-1257)
  5. Takla (r. 1258- )
  6. Shams-al-din Alp Arghun
  7. Yusuf Shah I (r. 1274-1288)
  8. Afrasiab I (r. 1288-1296)
  9. Nosrat-al-din Ahmad (r.1296- 1330)
  10. Rokn-al-din Yusuf Shah II (r.1330-1340)
  11. Mozaffar-al-din Afrasiab II (r.1340-1355)
  12. Shams-al-din Pashang (r.1355-1378)
  13. Malek Pir Ahmad (r.1378-1408)
  14. Abu Saeed (r. 1408- 1417)
  15. Shah Hussein (r.1417-1424)
  16. Ghias-al-din (r.1424)

See also

Shabankara

Notes

  1. C. E. Bosworth,[1], Encyclopaedia Iranica
  2. B. Spuller,Atabakan-e Lorestan, Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  3. C. E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, 389 pp., Columbia University Press, 1996, ISBN 0231107145, p.205
  4. TĀBAKĀNïɨ‵E LORESTĀN, rulers of Lorestān, part of the Zagros highlands of southwestern Iran in the later middle ages
  5. S. Lane-Poole, The Mohammedan Dynasties: Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions, 412 pp., Kessinger Publishing, 2004 (originally 1894), ISBN:1417945702, p.174


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