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He Kexin
He Kexin.jpg
Personal information
Full name: 何可欣 (He Kexin)
Country Represented:  China
Date of birth: January 1, 1992 (1992-01-01) (age 18) (see also Age question below) [1][2][3]
Place of birth: Beijing, China
Height: 1.46m (4'9")
Discipline: Women's artistic gymnastics
Level: Senior
Years on National Team: 2007, 2008, 2009
Head coach(es): Liu Guicheng, He Hua
This is a Chinese name; the family name is He.

He Kexin (Chinese: 何可欣pinyin: Hé Kěxīn; IPA: /xɤ˧˥ kɤ˨˩ɕin˥/?; born January 1, 1992 in Beijing according to official records) is a Chinese gymnast. At the 2008 Olympics in Beijing she won gold medals on the uneven bars (her specialty) and as a member of the Chinese Artistic Gymnastics team. In 2008, she won two World Cup titles on the uneven bars. On the bars she is one of the few gymnasts in the world to score over 17.00 under the current Code of Points. With an A-score of 7.7, she has one of the highest difficulty scores in the world in the event, along with Yang Yilin, Nastia Liukin and Beth Tweddle.[4][5] As with several of her teammates, her age came under scrutiny in the international press;[5] two investigations have formally cleared her and her teammates of any wrongdoing.[6]

Contents

Gymnastics career

He Kexin trained at the Shichahai Sports School in Beijing.[7] She participated in China's National Games in 2006[8] and Intercity Games in 2007.[9] According to China Daily, He was recruited for the Chinese National Team in 2007, after her uneven bars win at the Intercity Games drew the attention of head coach Huang Yubin.[10][11].

He made her international debut in 2008, participating in several events on the World Cup circuit. At her first meet, the World Cup in Doha, she scored 16.550 on the uneven bars; at her second, the Cottbus Cup, she scored 16.800. The mark was the highest uneven bars score posted at an international event under the current Code of Points,[12] besting Nastia Liukin's mark of 16.65 at the 2008 Pacific Rim Championships.[13] On May 15, 2008 He participated in the Tianjin World Cup, breaking two world records.[11][14][15]

At the 2008 Olympics, He was a member of the gold medal-winning Chinese team. In the uneven bars final, she and American Nastia Liukin both posted final marks of 16.725, and earned identical A and B-panel scores of 7.70 and 9.025, respectively. Because He's individual B-panel marks had a lower variance, she won the gold medal as per the Olympic tiebreaker rules of the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG).[16][17]

[17][18]

He Kexin is currently an event specialist on the uneven bars. She intends to diversify into an all-arounder following the Olympic season. In the 2009 World Championships held in London, she defended her bars title and won a gold medal with a score of 16.000, with a 7.1 D-score.

Age question

During and after the Olympics, He's actual age became the subject of controversy. Her 2008 passport, the Chinese Olympic Committee and FIG list her date of birth as January 1, 1992,[19][20] which would make her &0000000000000016.00000016 years, &0000000000000220.000000220 days old during the 2008 Olympic opening ceremonies and therefore old enough to compete. However, before the 2008 Olympics, He's age was reported by the Chinese press, including the state news service, Xinhua, as 13 in 2007 and 14 in 2008 in news articles[5][10][19][21] that were later taken off-line.[22][23] Her birthdate has also been given on several registration lists of the General Administration of Sport in China, the Chengdu Sports Bureau and other registration sources as "1994-1-1" (January 1, 1994), which would have made her &0000000000000014.00000014 years, &0000000000000220.000000220 days old during the Opening ceremonies, and therefore too young to participate in the 2008 Summer Olympics.[5][19][22][23]

Chinese officials have denied the allegations, stating in August 2008 that Xinhua had not confirmed He's age before filing their news reports[21] and attributed the age confusion to faulty paperwork when He was transferred from Beijing to Hubei.[24] He herself, speaking to reporters after the Olympic team final, said, "my real age is 16. I don't care what other people say".[25][26] In another interview He Kexin stated "I don't get upset because I have answered this question many times, there's no need to explain anymore".[27] On August 2, the International Olympic Committee stated that they would not investigate the discrepancy in He's reported age, stating that the FIG's own verification system would be acceptable proof of eligibility. The FIG, in responding to the situation, stated that they would not ask for additional proof of age beyond the passport already supplied by Chinese officials.[28][29]

However, the matter continued to be a source of controversy among members of the gymnastics community and the media.[22] The Times reported that a computer expert "Stryde" was able to recover one of the now deleted registration list showing the January 1, 1994 birth date through cached pages on the search engine Baidu.[30][31] On August 21, the IOC announced that they had asked the FIG to reopen the investigation into He and her teammates' ages.[32][33] On Friday August 22, 2008, the IOC said they had not uncovered any evidence of wrongdoing "so far" and expressed confidence that the Chinese Federation's documents were correct.[34] However, the FIG held an emergency meeting about the situation on August 23 and requested additional documentation for every gymnast on the Chinese team, with the sole exception of team captain Cheng Fei.[35][36] On August 24, a Chinese official addressed the registration lists found online, stating that the discrepancy was due to an administrative error which took place when He was transferred between teams while participating in the InterCity Games in 2007.[37]

On October 1, 2008, the FIG ended their second investigation and concluded that He and her teammates from the 2008 Olympic games were old enough to compete.[6] Though some American media outlets have voiced doubts about the decision,[38][39][40] the gymnasts have been cleared by the FIG of any wrongdoing.

Skills

  • Uneven bars: Ling Jie (Forward giant in eagle grip with full spin on one arm to end in eagle grip)- Healy (Forward giant in eagle grip with full spin on one arm to end in regular grip) - Li Ya release (Jaeger with a mixed grip half turn)- Straddled Jaegar; Full Pirouette from Eagle Grip- Jaeger in a laid-out position-Pak salto to the low bar; Cast to Handstand with Half Turn- Toe on Shoot up to High Bar; Clear Hip Circle-Higgins Roll (Backward giant with half turn to eagle)- Healy 1/2 (See above)- full twisting double back dismount.
  • Floor Exercise: 2 1/2 twist to front layout 1/1; tucked double arabian; back layout 3/1; double pike back; triple spin; switch 1/2; tour jete 1/2
  • Beam: Round-off to back layout; switch leap to back tuck; front tuck; korbut; leg-up full turn; sheep jump; side aerial; round-off to 2 1/2 twist dismount

Competitive history

Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
2009 World Championships London Uneven Bars 1 16.000 1 15.975
2008 World Cup/Series Cottbus Uneven Bars 1 16.850 1 16.800
Doha Uneven Bars 1 16.550
Olympics Games Beijing Team 1 188.900 1 248.275
Uneven bars 1 16.725 6 15.725
World Cup/Final Madrid Uneven Bars 1 16.250

References

  1. ^ 1992 according to per He Kexin at Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
  2. ^ 1994 according to Longman, Jere (2008-07-27). "Records Say Chinese Gymnasts May Be Under Age". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/27/sports/olympics/27gymnasts.html?hp. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  
  3. ^ "Chinese Gymnasts Declared Old Enough". ITN. 2008-10-02. http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/sports/chinese+gymnast+declared+old+enough/2484522. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  
  4. ^ Wang, Lisa (2008-05-12). ""Chinese Championships End"". International Gymnast. http://www.intlgymnast.com/Online-Features/reports/332.html. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  5. ^ a b c d ""Are Chinese gymnasts too young for Olympics?"". USA Today/Associated Press. 2008-07-27. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/2008-07-27-3655845897_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  6. ^ a b The Associated Press (October 1, 2008). "Ruling Backs Chinese Gymnists". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/02/sports/olympics/02gymnastics.html?_r=1&ref=sports&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2008-10-01.  
  7. ^ Charles Whelan; Martin Parry (2008-08-25). "Success also signals change". Vancouver News for Agence France Presse. http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news/story.html?id=9a939865-267b-4621-ad5e-c14b3a797289. Retrieved 2008-08-25.  
  8. ^ "运动员交流交流协议名单 Exchange list of athletes, Gymnastics". Sports Secretary, State Sports General Administration. 2006-01-27. http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fweb.archive.org%2Fweb%2F20070630205138%2Fhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.sport.gov.cn%2Fshow_info.php%3Fn_id%3D14342&hl=en&ie=UTF8&sl=zh-CN&tl=en. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  9. ^ "He Kexin UB 2007 Intercity Games". Gymnast Tube. 2008-02-17. http://www.gymnasttube.com/view_video.php?viewkey=d0f7ee0a23d6b02d9b0d.  
  10. ^ a b ""Uneven-bars queen the new star in town"". China Daily. May 23, 2008. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/olympics/2008-05/23/content_6707927.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  11. ^ a b "Uneven-bars queen the new star in town (original article; now offline)". China Daily (original); English People's Daily Online (translation/mirror). 2008-05-23. http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90779/90867/6416685.html.  
  12. ^ Turner, Amanda (2008-04-25). ""He Kexin hits new high score"". International Gymnast. http://www.intlgymnast.com/Online-Features/News/303.html. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  13. ^ ""Hamm cruises, Liukin raises bar at Pacific Rim"". USA Today. March 30, 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/2008-03-30-pacific-rim_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-31.  
  14. ^ "Uneven-bars queen the new star in town (original article; now offline)". China Daily. 2008-05-23. http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:A5YfIIsOJjQJ:www.chinadaily.com.cn/olympics/2008-05/23/content_6707927.htm+chinadaily+14-year-old+olympic&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=4&gl=us.  
  15. ^ Turner, Amanda (2008-05-14). ""World Cup Begins in Tiajin"". International Gymnast. http://www.intlgymnast.com/Online-Features/reports/333.html. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  16. ^ "Technical regulations" (PDF). Federation Internationale de Gymnastique. http://www.fedintgym.com/rules/docs/05-technical/technical0801-e.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-03.  
  17. ^ a b "China win as Tweddle misses out". BBC Sport. 2008-08-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics/gymnastics/7568051.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  18. ^ Hairopoulos, Kate (2008-08-18). "Liukin takes silver in uneven bars despite even score". Dallas Morning News. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/spt/columnists/khairopoulos/olympics/stories/081908dnspokatecolumn.4311915.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  
  19. ^ a b c Macur, Juliet (2008-07-27). ""Records Suggest Chinese Gymnasts May Be Under Age"". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/27/sports/olympics/27gymnasts.html?hp. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  
  20. ^ "Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Chinese Sports Delegation Roster: He Kexin". Chinese Olympic Committee. http://2008teamchina.olympic.cn/index.php/personview/personsen/5113. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  
  21. ^ a b ""Age of Chinese gymnasts stirs more talk"". Associated Press. August 14, 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/beijing/gymnastics/2008-08-14-gymnasts-age_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-20.  
  22. ^ a b c Harris, Nick (2008-08-19). "Tweddle the loser as age doubts mar He's triumph". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/olympics/athletics/tweddle-the-loser-as-age-doubts-mar-hes-triumph-901736.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  
  23. ^ a b Xiao, Qiang (August 14, 2008). ""One More Olympic Secret: How Old is He Kexin (何可欣), Really?"". China Digital Times. http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2008/08/another-olympic-secret-how-old-is-he-kexin/. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  
  24. ^ Armour, Nancy (2008-08-24). "Official: Faulty Paperwork Caused Age Confusion". AOL. http://sports.aol.ca/article/official-faulty-paperwork-caused-age-confusion/322533/.  
  25. ^ Scott-Elliott, Robin (2008-08-22). "IOC launch inquiry into 'underage' gymnasts". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/olympics/more-events/ioc-launch-inquiry-into-underage-gymnasts-905552.html. Retrieved 2008-09-02.  
  26. ^ "China's golden gymnasts say they're not underage". Times of India. 2008-08-14. http://olympics.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/3365672.cms. Retrieved 2008-09-02.  
  27. ^ "Chinese Olympic gymnast not upset by age dispute". Bay News 9. 2008-08-29. http://www.baynews9.com/content/40/2008/8/29/377705.html?title=Chinese%20Olympic%20gymnast%20not%20upset%20by%20age%20dispute. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  
  28. ^ Armour, Nancy (2008-08-02). "More questions about Chinese gymnasts' ages". Associated Press. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=gymnastics&id=3517143. Retrieved 2008-09-02.  
  29. ^ Pucin, Diane (2008-08-10). "More age monitoring for women's gymnastics". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/sports/printedition/la-sp-olygymchina10-2008aug10,0,3941558.story. Retrieved 2008-08-16.  
  30. ^ McCartney, Jane (2008-08-21). "Hacker uncovers 'proof' that Chinese gymnast is underage". London Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/olympics/article4578241.ece. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  
  31. ^ "Google Caught Censoring Net, Says Hacker". 2008-08-21. http://en.epochtimes.com/n2/china/google-censorship-gymnast-underage-hacker-china-3148.html. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  
  32. ^ Bryskine, Sonya (2008-08-21). "Investigate Chinese Gymnasts, Says IOC". Epoch Times. http://en.epochtimes.com/n2/world/underage-chinese-gymnasts-ioc-fig-3151.html. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  
  33. ^ Chase, Chris (2008-08-21). "IOC orders investigation into He Kexin's age". Yahoo! Sports. http://sports.yahoo.com/olympics/beijing/blog/fourth_place_medal/post/IOC-orders-investigation-into-He-Kexin-s-age?urn=oly,102564. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  
  34. ^ Wing-Gar Cheng, Li Yanping (August 22, 2008). "IOC Says China Gymnasts Age Probe Indicates `No Problem So Far'". Bloomberg News. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601170&refer=home&sid=aU9JxEe9vvvk. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  35. ^ Sally Jenkins (August 22, 2008; 1:24 PM). "As Gymnastics Cheating Evidence Grows, IOC Shrinks". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/22/AR2008082201782.html?hpid=topnews. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  36. ^ "ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REQUESTED". International Gymnastics Federation official announcement. August 22, 2008. http://209.20.80.25/vsite/vcontent/content/transnews/0,10869,5195-190995-19728-45592-288884-18345-5241-layout190-208218-news-item,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  37. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (August 25, 2008). "China says paperwork error led to cheat claim". Canberra Times. http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/sport/olympics/china-says-paperwork-error-led-to-cheat-claim/1252787.aspx. Retrieved 2008-08-25.  
  38. ^ Brennan, Christine (October 1, 2008). "Maybe now China will quit cheating". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/columnist/brennan/2008-10-01-China_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-22.  
  39. ^ Gillon, Doug (2 October 2008). "China cleared of age concerns but questions left over Sydney squad". The Herald. http://www.theherald.co.uk/sport/other/display.var.2455873.0.china_cleared_of_age_concerns_but_questions_left_over_sydney_squad.php. Retrieved 27 October 2008.  
  40. ^ Dahlberg, Tim (27 September 2008). "Wasting time looking for underage gymnasts". Yahoo! Sports. http://sports.yahoo.com/olympics/news;_ylt=AlwQy2pLP.xXbUe.AXmWdu2de5p4?slug=ap-timdahlberg-092708&prov=ap&type=lgns. Retrieved 21 December 2008.  

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