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Benin

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Politics and government of
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List of Heads of Government of Benin

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Dahomey Overseas Territory of France
25 May 1957 to 26 July 1958 Sourou-Migan Apithy, Vice President of the Government Council PD  
26 July 1958 to 4 December 1958 Sourou-Migan Apithy, President of the Government Council  
Republic of Dahomey Autonomous
(République de Dahomé)
4 December 1958 to 22 May 1959 Sourou-Migan Apithy, President of the Provisional Government PD  
22 May 1959 to 1 August 1960 Coutoucou Hubert Maga, Prime Minister RDD  
Republic of Dahomey Independence from France
(République de Dahomé)
1 August 1960 to 31 December 1960 Coutoucou Hubert Maga, Prime Minister RDD Thereafter Head of Government performed by Head of State until 25 January 1964
31 December 1960 to 28 October 1963 Coutoucou Hubert Maga, President  
28 October 1963 to 25 January 1964 General Christophe Soglo, Head of the Provisional Government Mil
25 January 1964 to 29 November 1965 Justin Ahomadegbé-Tomêtin, Prime Minister PD  
29 November 1965 to 21 December 1967 General Christophe Soglo, Prime Minister Mil
21 December 1967 to 17 July 1968 Major Iropa Maurice Kouandété, Prime Minister Mil Thereafter Head of Government performed by Head of State until 12 March 1990
17 July 1968 to 10 December 1969 Émile Derlin Henri Zinsou, President Deposed
10 December 1969 to 13 December 1969 Major Iropa Maurice Kouandété, Chief-of-Staff of the Army Mil 2nd Term
13 December 1969 to 7 May 1970 Paul-Émile de Souza, Chairman of the Directory Mil
7 May 1970 to 7 May 1972 Major Coutoucou Hubert Maga, Chairman of the Presidential Council RDD 2nd Term
7 May 1972 to 26 October 1972 Justin Ahomadegbé-Tomêtin, Chairman of the Presidential Council PD 2nd Term; deposed
26 October 1972 to 30 November 1975 General Mathieu Kérékou, President Mil/PRPB 1st Term
People’s Republic of Benin
(République populaire du Benin)
30 November 1975 to 29 September 1980 General Mathieu Kérékou, President Mil/PRPB 1st Term (contd.); changed name to Ahmed Kérékou on conversion to Islam
29 September 1980 to c.1990 General Ahmed Kérékou, President of the Military Revolutionary Government and Head of State 1st Term (contd.); previously named Mathieu Kérékou; shortly thereafter reportedly a Born-again Christian once again using Mathieu Kérékou; sometime Brigadier-General; re-elected 31 July 1984
c.1990 to 1 March 1990 General Mathieu Kérékou, President and Head of the Armed Forces 1st Term (contd.)
Republic of Benin (République du Benin)
1 March 1990 to 12 March 1990 General Ahmed Mathieu Kérékou, President PRB 1st Term (contd.)
12 March 1990 to 4 April 1991 Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo, Prime Minister n-p Becoming President; thereafter Head of Government performed by Head of State until 4 April 1996
4 April 1991 to 4 April 1996 Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo, President PRB Inaugurated 4 April 1991
9 April 1996 to 14 May 1998 Adrien Houngbédji, Prime Minister PRD Thereafter Head of Government performed by Head of State up to present
14 May 1998 to 6 April 2006 General Mathieu Ahmed Kérékou, President FARD 2nd Term
6 April 2006 to present Thomas Yayi Boni, President n-p Inaugurated 6 April 2006

Affiliations


FARD Front d'Action pour le Rénouveau et le Développement
            (Action for Renewal and Development) centrist
PD Parti Démocratique
            (Democratic Party) merger of PRD and UDD 1964
PRB Parti de la renaissance du Bénin
      (Benin Rebirth Party) centrist
UTRD Union pour le Triomphe du Renouvellement Démocratique
            (Union for the Triumph of the Democratic Renewal)
PRD Parti du Rénouveau Démocratique
            (Democratic Renewal Party)
PRPB Parti du Revolutionare Popular du Benin
            (Popular Revolutionary Party of Benin) communist, only legal party 1979-1990
RDD Rassemblement Démocratique du Dahomé
            (Dahomey Democratic Rally)
UDD Union Démocratique du Dahomé
            (Dahomey Democratic Union)
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan
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Sources

  • http://www.rulers.org/rulb1.html#benin
  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/
  • African States and Rulers, John Stewart, McFarland
  • Guinness Book of Kings, Rulers & Statesmen, Clive Carpenter, Guinness Superlatives Ltd
  • Heads of State and Government, 2nd Edition, John V da Graca, MacMillan Press 2000
  • Whitaker's Almanack 1986 to 2004, J. Whitaker and Sons Ltd/A&C Black, London

See also

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