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Ethiopia

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Politics and government of
Ethiopia



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Heads of Government

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Ethiopian Empire
1942 to 1 November 1957 Makonnen Endelkachew, Prime Minister n-p
27 November 1957 to 15 December 1960 Abebe Aragai, Prime Minister n-p
12 December 1960 to 15 December 1960 Imru Haile Selassie, Prime Minister n-p In rebellion
15 December 1960 to 17 April 1961 Vacant
17 April 1961 to 1 March 1974 Tsehafi Taezaz Aklilu Habte-Wold, Prime Minister n-p
1 March 1974 to 22 July 1974 Endelkachew Makonnen, Prime Minister n-p
3 August 1974 to 12 September 1974 Mikael Imru, Prime Minister n-p
Government of the Provisional Military Administrative Council (Derg)
12 September 1974 to 10 September 1987 Post abolished
People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
10 September 1987 to 8 November 1989 Fikre Selassie Wogderess, Prime Minister EWP
8 November 1989 to 26 April 1991 Hailu Yimenu, acting Prime Minister EWP
26 April 1991 to 27 May 1991 Tesfaye Dinka, acting Prime Minister EWP
Ethiopia  (Ityop’iya)
27 May 1991 to 6 June 1991 Tesfaye Dinka, acting Prime Minister EWP
6 June 1991 to 22 August 1995 Tamirat Layne, acting Prime Minister EPDM
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia  (Ityop’iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik)
23 August 1995 to present Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister TPLF/EPRDF

Affiliations

AAPO All-Amhara People's Organisation
EPRDF Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
OPDO Oromo People's Democratic Organization    Oromo regionalist
TPLF Tigrayan People's Liberation Front    Tigray regionalist
EPRP Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party    socialist, 1974-1991
EWP Workers' Party of Ethiopia    Communist Party - only legal party 1984-1990, renounced Marxist-Leninism 7 March 1990
MEISON All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement    1976-1991, socialist, only legal party 1976-1978
WSLF Western Somali Liberation Front    Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist 1974-1989
n-p non-partisan

See also








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