Numeral systems by culture  

HinduArabic numerals  
Eastern Arabic Indian family Khmer 
Mongolian Thai Western Arabic 
East Asian numerals  
Chinese Counting rods Japanese 
Korean Suzhou 
Alphabetic numerals  
Abjad Armenian Āryabhaṭa Cyrillic 
Ge'ez Greek (Ionian) Hebrew 
Other systems  
Attic Babylonian Brahmi Egyptian Etruscan Inuit 
Mayan Quipu Roman Urnfield 
List of numeral system topics  
Positional systems by base  
Decimal (10)  
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 12, 16, 20, 60 more…  
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasidecimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
In this system, there is no notation for zero, and the numeric values for individual letters are added together. Each unit (1, 2, ..., 9) is assigned a separate letter, each tens (10, 20, ..., 90) a separate letter, and the first four hundreds (100, 200, 300, 400) a separate letter. The later hundreds (500, 600, 700, 800 and 900) are represented by the sum of two or three letters representing one of the first four hundreds. To represent numbers from 1,000 to 999,999 the same letters are reused to serve as thousands, tens of thousands, and hundreds of thousands. Gematria (Jewish numerology) uses these transformations extensively.
In Israel today, the decimal system of HinduArabic numerals (ex. 0, 1, 2, 3, etc...) is used in almost all cases (money, age, date on the civil calendar). The Hebrew numerals are used only in special cases, like when using the Hebrew calendar, or numbering a list (similar to a, b, c, d, etc...).
Contents 
Decimal  Hebrew  Glyph  Cardinal (ex. one, two, three) 
Ordinal (ex. first, second, third) 


Masculine  Feminine  Masculine  Feminine  
0  N/A  efes (אֶפֶס)  N/A  
1  Aleph  א  echad (אֶחַד) 
achat (אַחַת) 
rishon (רִאשׁוֹן) 
rishonah (רִאשׁוֹנָה) 
2  Bet  ב  shnayim (שְׁנַיִם) 
shtayim (שְׁתַּיִם) 
sheni (שֵׁנִי) 
shniyah (שֵׁנִיָה) 
3  Gimel  ג  shlosha (שְׁלוֹשָׁה) 
shalosh (שָׁלוֹשׁ) 
shlishi (שְׁלִישִׁי) 
shlishit (שְׁלִישִׁית) or shlishiyah (שְׁלִישִׁיָה) 
4  Dalet  ד  arba'a (אַרְבָּעָה) 
arbah (אַרְבַּע) 
revi'i (רְבִיעִי) 
revi'it (רְבִיעִית) 
5  Hei  ה  chamisha (חֲמִשָׁה) 
chamesh (חָמֵשׁ) 
chamishi (חֲמִישִׁי) 
chamishit (חֲמִישִׁית) 
6  Vav  ו  shisha (שִׁשָּׁה) 
shesh (שֵׁשׁ) 
shishi (שִׁשִּׁי) 
shishit (שִׁשִּׁית) 
7  Zayin  ז  shiv'a (שִׁבְעַה) 
sheva (שֶׁבַע) 
shvi'i (שְׁבִיעִי) 
shvi'it (שְׁבִיעִית) 
8  Het  ח  shmonah (שְׁמוֹנָה) 
shmoneh (שְׁמוֹנֶה) 
shmini (שְׁמִינִי) 
shminit (שְׁמִינִית) 
9  Tet  ט  tish'a (תִּשְׁעָה) 
tayshah (תֵּשַׁע) 
tshi'i (תְּשִׁיעִי) 
tshi'it (תְּשִׁיעִית) 
10  Yud  י  assara (עֲשָׂרָה) 
eser (עֶשֶׂר) 
asiri (עֲשִׂירִי) 
asirit (עֲשִׂירִית) 
20  Kaf  כ  esrim (עֶשְׂרִים) 

30  Lamed  ל  shloshim (שְׁלוֹשִׁים) 

40  Mem  מ  arba'im (אַרְבָּעִים) 

50  Nun  נ  chamishim (חֲמִשִּׁים) 

60  Samech  ס  shishim (שִׁשִּׁים) 

70  Ayin  ע  shiv'im (שִׁבְעִים) 

80  Pei  פ  shmonim (שְׁמוֹנִים) 

90  Tsadi  צ  tish'im (תִּשְׁעִים) 

100  Kuf  ק  me'a (מֵאָה) 

200  Resh  ר  matayim (מָאתַיִם) 

300  Shin  ש  shlosh meot (שְׁלוֹשׁ מֵאוֹת) 

400  Tav  ת  arba meot (אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת) 

500  Tav Kuf or Chaf Sofit  ת"ק or ך  chamesh meot (חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת) 

600  Tav Resh or Mem Sofit  ת"ר or ם  shesh meot (שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת) 

700  Tav Shin or Nun Sofit  ת"ש or ן  shva meot (שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת) 

800  Tav Tav or Pei Sofit  ת"ת or ף  shmone meot (שְׁמוֹנֶה מֵאוֹת) 

900  Tav Tav Kuf or Tsadi Sofit  תת"ק or ץ  tsha meot (תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת) 

11:
achad asar/achat esre, 12: shneim asar/shteim esre, 13: shlosha asar/shlosh
esre, 14: arba'a asar/arba esre, 15: chamisha asar/chamesh esre, 16: shisha asar/shesh esre, 17: shiv'a asar/shva esre, 18: shmona asar/shmone esre, 19: tish'a asar/tsha esre 

1000: elef, 2000: alpaim, 10 000: aseret alafim, 100 000: mea
elef, 1 000 000: miliyon, 1 000 000 000: miliyard 
Note: For ordinal numbers greater than 10, cardinal numbers are used instead.
Hebrew has masculine and feminine ways of saying the words. For just counting, feminine is used (except echad). Otherwise, the gender is used (ex. two boys, two girls). Also, objects are either male or female (ex. a book (sefer) is male).The number is written first, then the noun (ex. shlosha yeladim), except for number one where it is reversed (ex. yelad echad). The number two is special, shnayim (m.) and shtayim (f.) becomes shney (m.), and shtey (f.) when describing the number of some noun. Also, mixed groups are always addressed as male, which is the case with all Hebrew. For ordinal numbers (number indicating position), for greater than 10 the cardinal is used.
The Hebrew numeric system operates on the additive principle in which the numeric values of the letters are added together to form the total. For example, 177 is represented as קעז which corresponds to 100 + 70 + 7 = 177.
Mathematically, this type of system requires 27 letters (19, 1090, 100900). In practice the last letter, tav (which has the value 400) is used in combination with itself and/or other letters from kof (100) onwards, to generate numbers from 500 and above. Alternatively, the 22letter Hebrew numeral set is sometimes extended to 27 by using 5 sofeet (final) forms of the Hebrew letters.
By convention, the numbers 15 and 16 are represented as ט״ו (9 + 6) and ט״ז (9 + 7), respectively. This is done in order to refrain from using the twoletter combinations י–ה (10 + 5) and י–ו (10 + 6) (which are alternate written forms for the Name of God) in everyday writing. In the calendar, this manifests every full moon, since all Hebrew months start on a new moon.
Combinations which would spell out words with negative connotations are sometimes avoided by switching the order of the letters. For instance, תשמ״ד (meaning "you/it will be destroyed") might instead be written as תשד״מ.
Gershayim (U+05F4 in Unicode, and resembling a double quote mark) (sometimes erroneously referred to as merkha'ot, which is Hebrew for double quote) are inserted before (to the right of) the last (leftmost) letter to indicate that the sequence of letters represents a number rather than a word. This is used in the case where a number is represented by two or more Hebrew numerals (e.g., 18 → י״ח).
Similarly, a single Geresh (U+05F3 in Unicode, and resembling a single quote mark) is appended after (to the left of) a single letter to indicate that the letter represents a number rather than a (oneletter) word. This is used in the case where a number is represented by a single Hebrew numeral (e.g., 100 → ק׳).
In print, HinduArabic numerals are employed in Modern Hebrew for most purposes. Hebrew numerals are used nowadays primarily for writing the days and years of the Hebrew calendar; for references to traditional Jewish texts (particularly for Biblical chapter and verse and for Talmudic folios); for bulleted or numbered lists (similar to A, B, C, etc., in English); and in numerology (gematria).
Thousands are counted separately, and the thousands count precedes the rest of the number (to the right, since Hebrew is read from right to left). There are no special marks to signify that the “count” is starting over with thousands, which can theoretically lead to ambiguity, although a single quote mark is sometimes used after the letter. When specifying years of the Hebrew calendar in the present millennium, writers usually omit the thousands (which is presently 5 [ה]), but if they don't, this is accepted to mean 5 * 1000, with no ambiguity. The current Israeli coinage includes the thousands.
“Monday, 15 Adar 5764” (where 5764 = 5(×1000) + 400 + 300 + 60 + 4, and 15 = 9 + 6):
“Thursday, 3 Nisan 5767” (where 5767 = 5(×1000) + 400 + 300 + 60 + 7):
To see how today's date in the Hebrew calendar is written, see, for example, the dateline at the top of the Haaretz Online home page.
5769 (2008–09) = תשס״ט
5768 (2007–08) = תשס״ח
5767 (2006–07) = תשס״ז
5766 (2005–06) = תשס״ו
5765 (2004–05) = תשס״ה
The Abjad numerals are equivalent to the Hebrew numerals up to 400. The Greek numerals differ from the Hebrew ones from 90 upwards because in the Greek alphabet there is no equivalent for Tsadi (צ).

Numeral systems by culture  

HinduArabic numerals  
Western Arabic Eastern Arabic Khmer  Indian family Brahmi Thai 
East Asian numerals  
Chinese Suzhou Counting rods  Japanese Korean 
Alphabetic numerals  
Abjad Armenian Cyrillic Ge'ez  Hebrew Greek (Ionian) Āryabhaṭa 
Other systems  
Attic Babylonian Egyptian Etruscan  Mayan Roman Urnfield 
List of numeral system topics  
Positional systems by base  
Decimal (10)  
2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64  
1, 3, 9, 12, 20, 24, 30, 36, 60, more…  
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasidecimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
In this system, zero does not have a place, and the number values for each letter is added together. Each unit (1, 2, ..., 9) is assigned a separate letter, each tens (10, 20, ..., 90) a separate letter, and each hundreds (100, 200, ..., 900) a separate letter.
Hebrew has masculine and feminine ways of saying the words. For just counting, feminine is used. Otherwise, the gender is used (ex. two boys, two girls).
Decimal  Hebrew  Glyph  Name  

Masculine  Feminine  
0  N/A  efes  
1  Aleph  א  echad  achat 
2  Bet  ב  shnayim  shtayim 
3  Gimel  ג  shlosha  shalosh 
4  Dalet  ד  arba'a  arbah 
5  Hei  ה  chamisha  chamesh 
6  Vav  ו  shisha  shesh 
7  Zayin  ז  shiv'a  sheva 
8  Het  ח  shmonah  shmoneh 
9  Tet  ט  tish'a  tayshah 
10  Yud  י  assara  eser 
20  Kaf  כ  esrim  
30  Lamed  ל  shloshim  
40  Mem  מ  arba'im  
50  Nun (letter)  נ  chamishim  
60  Samekh  ס  shishim  
70  Ayin  ע  shiv'im  
80  Pei  פ  shmonim  
90  Tsadi  צ  tish'im  
100  Kuf  ק  me'a  
200  Resh  ר  matayim  
300  Shin  ש  shlosh meot  
400  Tav  ת  arba meot  
500  Tav Kuf or Chaf Sofit  ת"ק or ך  chamesh meot  
600  Tav Resh or Mem Sofit  ת"ר or ם  shesh meot  
700  Tav Shin or Nun Sofit  ת"ש or ן  shva meot  
800  Tav Tav or Pei Sofit  ת"ת or ף  shmone meot  
900  Tav Tav Kuf or Tsadi Sofit  תת"ק or ץ  tsha meot 
