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Helen of Anjou
Hélène d'Anjou and her son king Milutin, a fresco from Gračanica monastery
Queen Consort of Serbia
Tenure around 1245 - 1276
Predecessor Beloslava of Bulgaria
Successor Catherine of Hungary
King Stephen Uroš I
Issue
Stephen Dragutin
Stephen Milutin
Royal house Capetian House of Anjou
House of Nemanjić
Born about 1236
Died 8 February 1314
Shkodër
Burial Gradac monastery
Religion Serbian Orthodox

Helen of Anjou or Hélène d'Anjou (Serbian: Јелена Анжујска / Jelena Anžujska; about 1236[1] - 8 February 1314) was a Serbian queen, wife of Serbian king Stefan Uroš I and mother of kings Dragutin and Milutin.

Helen married Uroš I around 1245[2]. She descended from the side branch of the Byzantine emperor's family and the Hungarian royal house. It is also known that she was a second cousin once removed of Charles I of Naples, who mentioned her as a relative in a letter dated 1273[1].

With Uroš I she had at least four children:

  • Dragutin, Serbian king 1276-1282
  • Milutin, Serbian king 1282-1321
  • Stefan
  • Brnča, daughter

For some time, she was a ruler of Zeta, Travunia, Plav and Poibarje. During that time, Serbia was divided into three parts, and the rulers of the other two parts were Dragutin and Milutin. Helen became a nun at the Church of St. Nicholas in Shkodër, where she died on 8 February 1314[1].

She founded the first girl's school in medieval Serbia. Helen's palace was in modern Kosovo, in the town of Brnjaci, on Mokra Gora mountain (not to be confused with Mokra Gora village), where the school was located. Other than this palace, she possessed the town of Jelač at Rogozna mountain. As did other Nemanjićs, she built monasteries. She built the Gradac monastery, where she was buried, and the Church of St. Nicholas in Shkodër where she died[1].

Helen of Anjou was canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church. Her feast day is 12 November [O.S. 30 October] [3].

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Helen of Anjou at Genealogics
  2. ^ *Vladimir Ćorović "Istorija srpskog naroda": Zapadnjačka orijentacija u Srbiji (Serbian)
  3. ^ see: Srpsko nasleđe: Sveta Jelena Anžujska in #External links

External links

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