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Helenio Herrera
Herrera.jpg
Personal information
Date of birth 10 April 1910(1910-04-10)
Place of birth    Buenos Aires, Argentina
Date of death    9 November 1997 (aged 87)
Place of death    Venice, Italy
Senior career1
Years Club App (Gls)*
 ?-?
1931-1932
1932-1933
1933-1935
1935-1937
1937-1939
1940-1942
1942-1943
1943-1944
1944-1945
Roches Noires
RC Casablanca
CASG Paris
Stade Français
FCO Charleville
Excelsior AC Roubaix
Red Star Olympique
Stade Français
EF Paris-Capitale
Puteaux
   
Teams managed
1944-1945
1945-1948
1948-1949
1949-1952
1952
1953
1953-1956
1956-1958
1958-1960
1960-1968
1968-1970
1973-1974
1978-1979
1979-1981
Puteaux
Stade Français
Real Valladolid
Atlético Madrid
CD Málaga
Deportivo de La Coruña
Sevilla FC
CF Os Belenenses
Barcelona
F.C. Internazionale
AS Roma
F.C. Internazionale
Rimini
Barcelona

1 Senior club appearances and goals
counted for the domestic league only.
* Appearances (Goals)

Helenio Herrera (10 April 1910 in Buenos Aires – 9 November 1997 in Venice) was a French-Argentine football player and manager.

Although born in Argentina, Herrera's parents were both Spanish, his father being a well-known Spanish anarchist in exile. He emigrated at age four with his parents to Casablanca, Morocco where he adopted French citizenship.

There is a controversy regarding his year of birth, as, in the 50s, he manipulated his birth year changing it from 1910 to 1916.

Contents

Playing career

Playing as a defender, in 1932 he earned a transfer from RC Casablanca to mainland France - CASG Paris. Before World War II, Herrera (or H.H. as he was known) played in Stade Français, FCO Charleville (where he was called up for the national team twice) and Excelsior Roubaix. During the war, he played for five years more in Red Star Paris, Stade Français, EF Paris-Capitale and Puteaux, where he started his managing career in 1944 as a player-manager. He retired in 1945, and while his playing career was very short of notable, his managing career, coinciding with the early beginnings of UEFA competitions, had a marked effect on the game's tactical definitions.

Managing career

After his first season in Puteaux, Herrera rejoined Stade Français for a third time now as manager. After three seasons with no trophies collected, the club's president opted to sell the franchise. Herrera moved to Spain, where he spent the next six years in minor stints with Real Valladolid, Atlético Madrid, CD Málaga, Deportivo de La Coruña and Sevilla FC, before entering a two year tenure with Lisbon side CF Os Belenenses. Later returning to Spain, he managed giants FC Barcelona, but several problems, including disagreements between him and star player Ladislao Kubala obliged him to leave the club in 1960.

He immediately emigrated to Italy and signed with Internazionale, winning two European Champions Cup in his stay with the club, where he modified a 5-3-2 tactic known as the Verrou (door bolt) to include larger flexibility for counter attacks - and the Catenaccio was born[1]. During this time he was also coaching Spain (between 1959 and 1962) and Italy (1966-67).

In 1968, Herrara moved to AS Roma where he became the highest paid manager in the world with a contract worth an estimated £150,000 per year. He won the Coppa Italia in his first season but relations with club president Alvaro Marchini had already soured over the tragic death of his centre-forward Giuliano Taccola in the team dressing room at an away game against Cagliari. The following season, 1969-70, erratic results in the League gave Marchini the excuse to sack him.

He returned to management for a one year stint with Inter for the 1973-74 season. Herrera then suffered a heart attack, did not want to coach full time anymore and retired in Venice where he lived the rest of his life. While inactive between 1974 and 1978, Herrera returned briefly during the end of the decade, managing Rimini Calcio and finally ending his career with a return to FC Barcelona for two half seasons in 1980 and 1981.

Influence

He pioneered the use of psychological motivating skills - his pep-talk phrases are still quoted today, e.g. "who doesn't give it all, gives nothing", "with 10 our team plays better than with 11" (after his team had to face the second half of a game with only 10 players on the field) and "Class + Preparation + Intelligence + Athleticism = Championships. These slogans were often plastered on billboards around the ground and chanted by players during training sessions.

He also enforced a strict discipline code, for the first time forbidding players to drink or smoke and controlling their diet - once in Inter he suspended a player after telling the press "we came to play in Rome" instead of "we came to win in Rome". He also sent club personnel to players homes during the week to perform '"bed-checks". He introduced the ritiro, a pre-match remote country hotel retreat that started with the collection of players on Thursday to prepare for a Sunday game.

He was also one of the first managers to call the support of the "12th player" - the spectators. While indirectly, this led to the appearance of the first Ultras movements in the late 60s. While defensive in nature, his take on the Catenaccio was slightly different than that practiced by other Italian teams and the original Verrou, as he often used the full backs (particularly Giacinto Facchetti) as wingbacks (defensively supported by the libero) to launch faster counter-attacks, a staple of Italian tactics - yet, he never denied the heart of his team relied on defense.

He was also the first manager to collect credit for his teams' performances. Up to that time managers were more marginal figures in a team. All teams were known for their headline-grabbing individual players, exampled by such a star like Di Stéfano's Real Madrid, whereas Inter FC during the 60s is still referred to as Herrera's Inter.

Titles

Altogether Helenio Herrera won 16 major titles in his coaching career. Here is an overview:

Atlético de Madrid 1950 - Championship
1951 - Championship
FC Barcelona 1959 - Championship
1959 - Spanish Cup

1960 - Championship
1960 - Inter City Fairs Cup (UEFA Cup)
1981 - Spanish Cup

Internazionale FC 1963 - Championship
1964 - European Champions Cup
1964 - Intercontinental Cup
1965 - Championship
1965 - European Champions Cup
1965 - Intercontinental Cup
1966 - Championship
AS Roma 1969 - Italian Cup

Helenio Herrera was the first coach that coached three national teams:

1946-1948: France (as coach to the management of Gaston Barreau) 1959-1962: Spain (famously at the 1962 FIFA World Cup) 1966-1967: Italy (together with Ferruccio Valcareggi)

Since then, most prominently Henri Michel, coaching Cameroon, Morocco two times, Tunisia and Ivory Coast, Guus Hiddink, coaching the Netherlands, South Korea, Australia and Russia as well as Bora Milutinović, coaching Mexico, Costa Rica, the United States, Nigeria, China, Honduras and Jamaica have surpassed him, although with the exception of Hiddink's time managing Holland, none of these managed more than one regular in the top ten of the FIFA World Rankings - all of Herrera's international appointments were at major international teams.

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Managerial stats

Nat Team From To Record
G W D L Win % GF GA +/-
France Stade Français 1946 1948 72 34 16 22 47.22% 140 116 +24
Spain Real Valladolid 1948 1949 26 10 2 14 38.46% 38 59 -21
Spain Atlético Madrid 1949 1952 86 48 14 24 55.81% 238 158 +80
Spain CD Málaga 1952 1952 11 5 1 5 45.45% 20 17 +3
Spain Sevilla FC 1953 1956 90 47 8 35 52.22% 206 151 +55
Portugal CF Os Belenenses 1956 1958 52 25 11 16 48.08% 128 92 +36
Spain F.C. Barcelona 1958 1960 60 46 5 9 76.67% 182 54 +128
Italy F.C. Inter 1960 1968 268 153 74 41 57.09% 485 224 +261
Italy AS Roma 1968 1973 150 44 61 45 29.33% 154 155 -1
Italy F.C. Inter 1973 1974 30 12 11 7 40% 47 33 +14
Italy Rimini 1978 1979 38 3 18 17 7.89% 17 39 -22
Spain F.C. Barcelona 1979 1981 25 14 5 6 56% 57 28 +29
Total Career 908 441 226 241 48.57% 1712 1126 +586

Trivia

Helenio Herrera was nicknamed il Mago (the Wizard) and H.H. (from the initials of his name) by Italian sports journalists (who recognized him as one of the finest coaches in Italian football history) because on occasion he would provocatively announce the results of Sunday's games and often his prediction turned out to be correct. He is unrelated with the less famous Heriberto Herrera, another football coach who directed Juventus and Inter in the same years.

Preceded by
Nereo Rocco
European Cup Winning Coach
1963-64 & 1964-65
Succeeded by
Miguel Muñoz

See also

References

External links


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