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Roman snail
Helix pomatia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

informal group Pulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Genus: Helix
Species: H. pomatia
Binomial name
Helix pomatia
Linnaeus, 1758

Helix pomatia, common names the Burgundy snail, Roman snail, edible snail or escargot, is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae.

This species is frequently farmed, and is called by the French name escargot when it is used in cooking.

Contents

Life cycle

A pair of Helix pomatia shortly before mating.

During estivation or hibernation this species creates a calcareous epiphragm in order to seal the opening of the shell.

This species of snail creates and uses love darts.

The size of the egg is 8.6 × 7.2 mm.[1]

Distribution

This species is not listed in IUCN red list, not evaluated (NE)[2] It is mentioned in annex V of Habitats Directive.

It occurs in countries and islands including:

Carpathian Mountains

  • England, southern areas on chalk. It is not native to the British Isles. It was introduced to the British Isles by the Romans during the Roman period (AD 43-410); its common name in the UK is Roman snail. In England only (not the rest of the UK) the Roman snail is a protected species under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, making it illegal to kill, injure, collect or sell Roman snails.[5]

References

  1. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.
  2. ^ 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Cited 2 April 2007.
  3. ^ Dušek J., Hošek M. & Kolářová J. (2007) Hodnotící zpráva o stavu z hlediska ochrany evropsky významných druhů a typů přírodních stanovišť v České republice za rok 2004-2006. - Ochrana přírody, 62(5): appendix 5:I-IV. (in Czech language)
  4. ^ http://www.anemoon.org/anm/voorlopige-kaarten/landmollusken/wetenschappelijk/helix-pomatia
  5. ^ [1]

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Helix pomatia

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Gastropoda
Subclassis: Orthogastropoda
Superordo: Heterobranchia
Ordo: Pulmonata
Subordo: Eupulmonata
Clade: Stylommatophora
Cladus: Orthurethra
Informal group: Sigmurethra
Superfamilia: Helicoidea
Familia: Helicidae
Subfamilia: Helicinae
Genus: Helix
Species: H. pomatia

Name

Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758

References

Vernacular names

Česky: hlemýžď zahradní
Deutsch: Weinbergschnecke
English: Burgundy snail, Roman Snail, Edible Snail
Svenska: Vinbergssnäcka

Simple English

Helix pomatia
File:Helix pomatia
Conservation status
Not evaluated
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Orthogastropoda
Superorder: Heterobranchia
Order: Pulmonata
Family: Helicidae
Genus: Helix
Species: H. pomatia
Binomial name
Helix pomatia
Linnaeus, 1758

Burgundy snail or Roman snail or edible snail (Helix pomatia) is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae.



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