The Full Wiki

Help! (album): Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Help!
Studio album by The Beatles
Released 6 August 1965
Recorded 15–19 February, 13 April, 10 May and 14–17 June 1965,
Abbey Road Studios, London
Genre Rock, rock and roll, pop
Length 34:20
Language English
Label Parlophone
Producer George Martin
Professional reviews
The Beatles chronology
Beatles for Sale
(1964)
Help!
(1965)
Rubber Soul
(1965)
Singles from Help!
  1. "Ticket to Ride"
    Released: 9 April 1965[1]
  2. "Help!"
    Released: 23 July 1965[1]

Help! is the fifth UK and ninth US album by The Beatles, and the soundtrack from their film of the same name. Produced by George Martin for EMI's Parlophone Records, it contains (in its original British form) fourteen songs, of which seven appeared in the film Help!, these taking up the first side of the vinyl album in the same way as had the A Hard Day's Night album and including the singles "Help!" and "Ticket to Ride". The second side contained seven new releases including the very successful "Yesterday".

The American release was a true soundtrack album, mixing the first seven songs with orchestral material from the film. The holding-over of the other songs, several of which were released on the US version of the next Beatles album, Rubber Soul, created an impression of the group's direction that differed strongly in the US from the UK.

In 2003, the album was ranked number 332 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[2]

Contents

Music

The album shows The Beatles' music maturing, with an eclecticism that reached beyond the bounds of "pop" or "beat" music.[citation needed] The album features Paul McCartney's "Yesterday", arranged for guitar and string quartet and recorded without the other group members. John Lennon's "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" indicates the influence of Bob Dylan and includes classical flutes. While several compositions on 1964's Beatles for Sale, as well as "I'll Cry Instead" from A Hard Day's Night, had leaned in a country and western direction, McCartney's "I've Just Seen a Face" was almost pure country, taken at such a fast tempo that it might have been bluegrass if not for the absence of banjo and fiddle.[3]

"Ticket to Ride", also released as a single, was felt by Lennon to be "heavy" in its sound compared to the group's previous output[4] and daring in its reference to a boy and girl living together. McCartney called the arrangement "quite radical".

George Harrison contributed "I Need You" and "You Like Me Too Much", his first compositions to be included on a Beatles album since "Don't Bother Me", from 1963's With The Beatles.

The record contained two cover versions and a few tracks more closely related to the group's previous pop output, yet still marked a decisive step forward towards forthcoming achievements. The record sleeve-note shows Lennon and McCartney made more extensive and prominent use of keyboards, previously played unobtrusively by Martin, which would alter the group's future sound and the way they, particularly McCartney, went about the recording process. Four-track overdubbing technology encouraged this. Lennon, for his part, made much greater use of acoustic guitar, forsaking his famous Rickenbacker. All these developments can be traced on the previous Beatles for Sale, but were less obvious as this had been recorded more hastily, lacked chart hits and contained many old favourite cover versions.

In later years, Lennon said that the title track of the album was a sincere cry for help, as the pressures of The Beatles' fame and his own unhappiness (what he later called his "fat Elvis" period) began to build, and that he regretted turning it from a downbeat song in the style of Roy Orbison's "Only the Lonely" to an upbeat pop song as a result of commercial pressures.[citation needed]

Advertisements

Rejected songs

A few songs that were intended for the film were not used because of The Beatles' suggestions. Lennon and McCartney wrote "If You've Got Trouble" for Ringo Starr to sing, but the song was rejected and Starr sang "Act Naturally" instead.[5] "That Means a Lot" was written for the film, but The Beatles were not satisfied with their performance of the song and they gave it to P.J. Proby who released it as a single.[6] Lennon said "Yes It Is" was "me trying a rewrite of 'This Boy', but it didn't work";[7] it was released as the B-side of "Ticket to Ride". "You Like Me Too Much" and "Tell Me What You See" were rejected for use in the film by its director, Richard Lester, though they did appear on the album.[citation needed]

Much later, in June 1965, the song "Wait" was recorded for the album. However, "Wait" (with some newly added overdubs) ended up on Rubber Soul when another song was needed to complete that album.

Album cover

Semaphore Hotel.svg
H
Semaphore Echo.svg
E
Semaphore Lima.svg
L
Semaphore Papa.svg
P
Semaphore November.svg
N
Semaphore Uniform.svg
U
Semaphore Juliet.svg
J
Semaphore Victor.svg
V

The album cover features the group with their arms positioned to spell out a word in flag semaphore. According to cover photographer Robert Freeman, "I had the idea of semaphore spelling out the letters HELP. But when we came to do the shot the arrangement of the arms with those letters didn't look good. So we decided to improvise and ended up with the best graphic positioning of the arms."[8]

On the British Parlophone release, the letters formed by The Beatles appear to be 'NUJV', whilst the slightly re-arranged US release on Capitol Records appeared to feature the letters 'NVUJ'.

Compact Disc release

There have been three Compact Disc releases of Help!. The first was in 1987, when the Beatles' albums were first made available on CD. In 2009 remastered stereo and mono versions of the album were released.

The first CD release was on 30 April 1987, using the 14-song UK track lineup. Having been available only as an import in the US in the past, the original 14-track UK version replaced the original US version with its release on LP and cassette on 21 July 1987. As with the CD release of the 1965 Rubber Soul album, the Help! CD featured a contemporary stereo digital remix of the album prepared by Martin in 1986. Martin had expressed concern to EMI over the original 1965 stereo remix, claiming it sounded "very woolly, and not at all what I thought should be a good issue". Martin went back to the original four-tracks tapes and remixed them for stereo.[9] One of the most notable changes is the echo added to "Dizzy Miss Lizzy", something that was not evident on the original mix of the LP. A few Canadian-origin CD editions of Rubber Soul and Help! use the original mix of the album, presumably in error.

The 2009 remastered stereo CD was released on 9 September. It was "created from the original stereo digital master tapes from Martin's CD mixes made in 1986"[10]. The disc in the mono box set contains the 1965 mono mix as well as the 1965 stereo mix.

Track listing

All songs written and composed by Lennon/McCartney, except where noted. 

Side one
# Title Lead Vocals Length
1. "Help!"   Lennon 2:18
2. "The Night Before"   McCartney 2:33
3. "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away"   Lennon 2:08
4. "I Need You" (George Harrison) Harrison 2:28
5. "Another Girl"   McCartney 2:05
6. "You're Going to Lose That Girl"   Lennon 2:17
7. "Ticket to Ride"   Lennon 3:10
Side two
# Title Lead Vocals Length
1. "Act Naturally" (Johnny Russell, Voni Morrison) Starr 2:29
2. "It's Only Love"   Lennon 1:54
3. "You Like Me Too Much" (Harrison) Harrison 2:35
4. "Tell Me What You See"   McCartney 2:36
5. "I've Just Seen a Face"   McCartney 2:04
6. "Yesterday"   McCartney 2:03
7. "Dizzy Miss Lizzy" (Larry Williams) Lennon 2:53

United States release

Help! (US version)
Soundtrack by The Beatles and Ken Thorne
Released 13 August 1965[11]
Recorded 15–19 February, 13 April, 10 May and 14–17 June 1965
Abbey Road Studios, London
Genre Rock and roll
Length 28:43
Language English
Label Capitol
Producer George Martin, Dave Dexter, Jr.[12]
Professional reviews
The Beatles American chronology
Beatles VI
(1965)
Help!
(1965)
Rubber Soul
(1965)
Singles from Help!
  1. "Ticket to Ride"
    Released: 19 April 1965
  2. "Help!"
    Released: 19 July 1965[11]

The US version, the band's eighth Capitol Records release and tenth overall, includes the songs in the film plus selections from the orchestral score composed by Ken Thorne and performed by the George Martin Orchestra, which contains one of the first uses of the Indian sitar on a pop album. "Ticket to Ride" is the only song on the US release in duophonic stereo (also known as "fake stereo") reprocessed from the mono mix. This album is available on CD as part of The Capitol Albums, Volume 2 box set, which also includes the mono version of the US release, which is purely a stereo-to-mono fold-down mix, including the "fake stereo" duophonic "Ticket To Ride" folded down to mono, despite Capitol already having the mono mixes for the single releases of both that song and "Help!".

Track listing

All songs written by Lennon/McCartney, except where noted.

Side one
  1. "Help!" (preceded by Ken Thorne's James Bond Theme instrumental arrangement)[12] – 2:39
  2. "The Night Before" – 2:36
  3. "From Me to You Fantasy" (instrumental) (Lennon/McCartney; arranged by Thorne) – 2:08
  4. "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" – 2:12
  5. "I Need You" (Harrison) – 2:31
  6. "In the Tyrol" (instrumental) (Ken Thorne) – 2:26
Side two
  1. "Another Girl" – 2:08
  2. "Another Hard Day's Night" (instrumental) (Lennon/McCartney; arranged by Thorne) – 2:31
  3. "Ticket to Ride" – 3:07
  4. Medley: "The Bitter End" (Ken Thorne)/"You Can't Do That" (instrumental) (Lennon/McCartney; arranged by Thorne) – 2:26
  5. "You're Gonna Lose That Girl" – 2:19
  6. "The Chase" (instrumental) (Ken Thorne) – 2:31

Personnel

According to Mark Lewisohn[13][14] and Alan W. Pollack.[15]

Additional musicians

Surround versions

The songs included in the soundtrack of the film Help! were mixed into 5.1 surround for the film’s 2007 DVD release, that is, tracks 1—7, accounting for half of the original album’s songs.

Release history

Country Date Label Format Catalog
United Kingdom 6 August 1965 Parlophone mono LP PMC 1255
stereo LP PCS 3071
United States 13 August 1965 Capitol mono LP MAS 2386
stereo LP SMAS 2386
Worldwide reissue 15 April 1987 Apple, Parlophone, EMI Compact Disc CDP 7 46439 2
United States 21 July 1987 Capitol stereo LP CLJ 46439
Japan 11 March 1998 Toshiba-EMI CD TOCP 51115
Japan 21 January 2004 Toshiba-EMI Remastered LP TOJP 60135
Worldwide reissue 11 April 2006 Apple/Capitol/EMI CD reissue of US LP CDP 0946 3 57500 2 7
Worldwide reissue 9 September 2009 Apple/Capitol/EMI CD stereo remaster CDP 0946 3 82415 2 2

Notes

References

External links

Preceded by
Out of Our Heads by The Rolling Stones
Billboard 200 number-one album
11 September – 12 November 1965
Succeeded by
The Sound of Music (soundtrack)
by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II
Preceded by
The Sound of Music (soundtrack)
by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
18 September – 19 November 1965
29 January – 4 February 1966
12–18 February 1966
Succeeded by
Rubber Soul by The Beatles

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message