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Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation).
Helsingør
City
Kronborg Castle
Helsingørs våben 1584.png
Coat of arms
Country Denmark
Region Region Hovedstaden
Municipality Helsingør Municipality
Center
 - coordinates 56°02′0″N 12°37′0″E / 56.033333°N 12.616667°E / 56.033333; 12.616667Coordinates: 56°02′0″N 12°37′0″E / 56.033333°N 12.616667°E / 56.033333; 12.616667
Population 46,101 (2009-01-01)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3000
Helsingør (right center) in Denmark
Harbor.
Part of waterfront area.

Helsingør (Danish pronunciation: [hɛlseˈŋøɐ̯ˀ]; in English also known as Elsinore) is a city and the municipal seat of Helsingør municipality on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in eastern Denmark. Helsingør has a population of 46,101 (1 January 2009)[1] including the southern suburbs of Snekkersten and Espergærde. It is known internationally as the setting of William Shakespeare's Hamlet, whence the spelling 'Elsinore' originated.

Contents

History

The name is derived from the word "hals" meaning "neck" or "narrow strait", referring to the narrow strait (Øresund) between what is now Helsingør and Helsingborg, Sweden. The Rerum Danicarum Historica (1631) claims that the history of Helsingør can be traced back to 70 BC, but this information is highly dubious. The people were mentioned as Helsinger (which may mean "the people of the strait"), for the first time in King Valdemar the Victorious's Liber Census Daniæ from 1231, but they should not be confused with the Helsings of Hälsingland in Sweden. Placenames show that the Helsinger may have had their main fort at Hälsingborg and a fortified landing place at Helsingør, to control the ferry route across the strait.

Before the Middle Ages Helsingør was just a marketplace where people sold goods. About 1200 AD the first church, Sct Olai Church, was built.[2] A number of convents once surrounded the church, but now all that remains is the church building, today the cathedral of the Diocese of Helsingør. The oldest parts of the cathedral of Helsingør date back to the 1200s and tell us that the fishermen's village, as Helsingør was then, was a town of a certain importance. At least, there have always been some form of ferryboats crossing between Helsingør and Helsingborg.[2]

Helsingør as we know it today was founded in the 1420s by the Danish king Eric of Pomerania. He established the Sound Dues in 1429 and built the castle 'Krogen', which was expanded in the 1580s and named Kronborg.[2]


Kronborg Castle is a main tourist attraction. The play Hamlet has been performed a number of times in its courtyard.[2]

The Swedish city of Helsingborg lies a short distance across the Øresund from Elsinore. European route E55 traverses the two cities; ferries connect the two sides.

Districts

Centrum

  • North: Grønnehave (Green Gardens), Højstrup and Marienlyst
  • West: Sundparken, Grøningen, Nøjsomheden and Vapnagård
  • South: Skotterup and Snekkersten.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Helsingør is twinned with:

In fiction

  • William Shakespeare's play Hamlet takes place at Kronborg Castle in Helsingør, which Shakespeare spelled "Elsinore".
  • In the 1983 comedy Strange Brew, which is loosely based on Hamlet, the protagonists are given jobs at Elsinore Brewery.
  • In Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey–Maturin series, Helsingør fires mortar shells at the heroes in book seven, The Surgeon's Mate, as they sail past on their way to a rendezvous in the Baltic.
  • In Philip Roth's second Chapter of his novel Our Gang ('71), Trick E. Dixon in a fictive speech tries to claim Helsingør as US-territory and tries to convince the audience to occupy the area
  • In Bret Easton Ellis's novel Lunar Park the street on which the character Bret Easton Ellis lives with his own father-son haunting issues is named Elsinore Lane.
  • Several stories written by the Danish author Karen Blixen (or Isak Dinesen) take place in "Elsinore," including "The Supper at Elsinore" in her first published volume of stories, Seven Gothic Tales.
  • A well-known poem by the Portuguese surrealist poet Mário Cesariny is named "You are welcome to Elsinore".

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Elsinore article)

From Wikitravel

Kronborg castle from the sea
Kronborg castle from the sea

Elsinore (Danish: Helsingør) is in Zealand in Denmark.

Location
Location

Get in

By train

Get the coastal train from Copenhagen Central Station or another station on the Malmö-Elsinore line.

By boat

Take the ferry from Helsingborg. The trip takes about 20 minutes and the ships run at least every hour 24/7. Daytime there is a departure every 20 minutes. There are currently three ferry companies between Elsinore and Helsingborg.

  • Scandlines [1]
  • HH ferries [2]

By car

The motorway E47 E55 from Copenhagen ends in Elsinore.

Get around

Walking is the best way to get around in the city center.

Holger Danske
Holger Danske
  • Kronborg Castle, (Bus 802 or 803, there is a 10 minutes walk from Kongensgade Bus Stop), +45 4921 3078 (), [4]. November-March 11AM-3PM; April, October 11AM-4PM; May-September 10:30AM-5PM. On the UNESCO World Heritage List. The setting for Shakespeare's Hamlet. Within the castle there is access to the royal chambers, the casemates with the statue of Holger Danske, the chapel, an exhibition about Shakespeare, and a nautical museum. A combined ticket is DKK 85.  edit
  • Denmark Technical Museum, Fabriksvej 25 (From Helsingør Station bus 805 to Tekniske Museum, or bus 353, 801, 802 to Fabriksvej), +45 4922 2611 (fax: +45 4922 6211), [5]. Primarily aviation exhibits, excellent collection. Also automobiles, electronics, and engines.  edit
  • Helsingør Bymuseum, Sct. Anna Gade 36, +45 4928 1800, [6]. Tu-F, Su noon-4PM; Sa 10AM-2PM. Adults 20 DKK.  edit
  • The old city center.  edit
  • The old monastery.  edit
  • The harbour.  edit
  • Take a stroll through Downtown Elsinore's (Stengade, Bjergegade, Stjernegade) old cobblestoned streets lined with beautifully historic buildings consisting of both boutiques and living spaces.

Buy

The City of Elsinore proudly boasts with 250 stores, both retail and grocery.

  • The Downtown core of Elsinore, also referred to as the Pedestrian Zone, is home to many fabulous and cozy stores where you can find almost anything for anyone. There are several Bakeries/Conditories, Banks, Beauty Salons, Bookstores, a Butcher's shop, Electronics and Applicance stores, Footwear and Accessories stores, Fresh Produce shops, Home Decor stores, Jewellery stores, quite a few Liquor stores, a Post Office, as well as plenty of boutiques catering to those shopping for Women's, Men's and Children's Apparel.
  • Axel Square (Akseltorv), located on Bjergegade and Sudergade in Elsinore's core, hosts Square/Market Days[7] running from April to November with these opening hours: Wednesdays & Saturdays from 8am to 2pm and Fridays from 11am to 5pm. Here it's possible to buy the freshest fish, cheese, fruits and vegetables from local farmers and fishermen. It also plays host to the Annual Christmas Fair [8] running from late November (in 2008, it started on November 28th) until just before Christmas Eve (in 2008 it will end on December 21st). From its 30 little quaint booths, it has become the popular place to buy homemade Christmas ornaments, quilts, birdhouses, jewellery, clothing, candles & latterns as well as sausages, cheeses, specialty mustards, fresh fruits, nuts, cakes, pastries, pancakes, waffles with ice cream and marmelade and coffee, just to name a few. The Christmas Fair also has an ice rink, pony (and camel) rides, and a nostalgic Parisian Ferris Wheel dating all the way back to 1912. Entry is FREE and there is street parking on all sides of the square.
  • Elsinore City Center [9] in the heart of Elsinore is the city's only indoor shopping center. It is located at Stürups Plads 1, has 30+ stores and ample parking with 550 FREE parking stalls.
  • Elsinore's second shopping center, Prøvestenscentret [10] is located in Elsinore's southern suburbs at Birkedalsvej 1. It has 30+ larger stores and ample FREE parking.
  • Restaurant Tuk Tuk, Hovedvagtstræde 2, +45 4926 2739 (), [11]. M-Sa noon-10PM, Su 4PM-10PM. Thai family restaurant with play area for children.  edit
  • Restaurant Madglad, Sct. Olai gade 22, +45 4975 0300 (), [12]. Tu-Sa 5:30PM-midnight (last order at 9PM). Three course menu 275 DKK.  edit
  • Madam Sprunck, Stengade 48, +45 4926 4849 (), [13]. Restaurant 6PM-midnight; café M-Th 11:30AM-midnight, F 11:30AM-2AM, Sa 10:30AM-2AM, Su 10:30AM-midnight. Restaurant mains 198 DKK; café mains around 100 DKK, coffee from 25 DKK, beer from 28 DKK.  edit
  • Hotel Hamlet, Bramstræde 5, +45 4921 0591. Three star hotel.  edit
  • Hotel Holger D, Rønnebær allé 110H, +45 4921 2212, [14]. Doubles 700 DKK.  edit
  • Hotel Skandia, Bramstræde 1, + 45 49 21 09 02, [15]. Doubles 750 DKK.  edit
  • Hotel Sleep2Night, Industrivej 19, +45 4927 0100, [16]. Three star hotel with rooms with free internet. Doubles 875 DKK.  edit
  • Hotel Villa Brinkly, Strandvejen 258, Snekkersten, +45 4913 2091, [17]. Rooms with free internet. 895 DKK.  edit
  • Hotel & Casino Marienlyst, Ndr. Strandvej 2, +45 4921 4000 (, fax: +45 4921 4900), [18]. Four star hotel with casino. Doubles from 1,150 DKK.  edit
  • Comwell Borupgaard, Nørrevej 80, Snekkersten, +45 4838 0333 (), [19]. Hotel at a former manor house with spa bath and pool at the roof terrace. Rooms with free internet and minibar. Billard, volleyball, golf and other outdoor facilities available. Doubles from 1,595 DKK.  edit

Get out

Helsingborg in Sweden, Copenhagen and Humlebæk all lie nearby.

Routes through Elsinore
END  N noframe S  HumlebækCopenhagen
Helsingborg ← Changes into  N noframe S  HumlebækCopenhagen
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