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Helsingborg

Coat of arms
Helsingborg is located in Sweden
Helsingborg
Coordinates: 56°03′N 12°43′E / 56.05°N 12.717°E / 56.05; 12.717Coordinates: 56°03′N 12°43′E / 56.05°N 12.717°E / 56.05; 12.717
Country Sweden
Province Skåne
County Skåne County
Municipality Helsingborg Municipality
Charter 1085
Area [1]
 - Total 37.63 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 91,457
 - Density 2,431/km2 (6,296.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website helsingborg.se

Helsingborg (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈhɛlsiŋˈbɔrj] is a locality and the seat of Helsingborg Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden with 91,457 inhabitants in 2005.[1] The population of Helsingborg city is increasing by around 1,700 people every year.

Helsingborg is the centre of a region of about 320,000 inhabitants of north-west Skåne.

Helsingborg is Sweden's closest point to Denmark, with the Danish city Elsinore (Helsingør) clearly visible on the other side of the strait of Öresund about 4 km to the west.

Historic Helsingborg, with its many old builings, is a scenic coastal city. The buildings are a blend of old-style stone-built churches and a medieval fortress (Kärnan) in the city centre, which has stood guard in Helsingborg for over 600 years, and more modern commercial buildings. The streets vary from wide avenues to small alley-ways. Kullagatan, the main pedestrian shopping street in the city, was the first pedestrian shopping street in Sweden.

Helsingborg has an elite football (soccer) team, Helsingborgs IF. Their home stadium is Olympia. Henrik Larsson is the most famous of the club's players.

Contents

History

Helsingborg is one of the oldest cities of Sweden. It has been the site of permanent settlement officially since 21 May 1085 [2]. Helsingborg's geographical position at the narrowest part of The Sound made it very important for Denmark, at that time controlling both sides of that strait. From 1429 the Danes introduced the Sound Duty, a levy on all trading vessels passing through the sound between Elsinore and Helsingborg.[3] This was one of the main incomes for the Danish Crown.

Following the Dano-Swedish War (1657-1658) and the Treaty of Roskilde Denmark had to give up all territory on the southern Scandinavian peninsula, and Helsingborg became a Swedish city. King Charles X Gustav of Sweden landed here on the 5th of March 1658 to take possession of the Scanian lands and was met by a delegation led by the bishop of the Diocese of Lund, Peder Winstrup. At that time the town had a population of barely 1,000 people.

The new situation, being a border town, caused problems for the city. The days of conflict were not over. The Danes made many attempts to regain the lost provinces. The last time was in 1710, when 14,000 invaders landed on the shores near Helsingborg. The Battle of Helsingborg was fought on the 28th of February just outside the city, which was badly affected. It took long time to recover and in 1770 the city had 1321 inhabitants and was just slowly growing.

On the 20th of October 1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France and crown prince-elect of Sweden (later king Charles XIV John) took his first step on Swedish soil on his journey from Paris to Stockholm.

From the middle of the 19th century onwards, however, Helsingborg was one of the fastest growing cities of Sweden, increasing its population from 4,000 in 1850 to 20,000 in 1890 and 56,000 in 1930 due to industrialization. From 1892 a train ferry was put in service, connecting Helsingborg with its Danish sister city Helsingør. A tramway network was inaugurated in 1903 and closed down in 1967.

Industry

Helsingborg is a major regional centre of trade, transport and business. In 2001 Campus Helsingborg, a branch of University of Lund, opened in the former Tretorn rubber factory buildings, originally founded by Henry Dunker. Three ferry companies take people and cargo to and from Denmark around the clock. The route is popular with day-trippers going to Elsinore or Copenhagen, or simply enjoying the views from the ferries. IKEA, the retailer of furniture and home interiors, has its international corporate headquarters in Helsingborg. Nicorette the nicotine chewing gum, has a manufacturing plant there. Ramlösa is a mineral water from Ramlösa Brunn, a southern suburb of the city.

Notable natives

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Subdivisions

The City of Helsingborg is subdivided into 32 districts.

The districts of Helsingborg (Classification and census from 9 January 2006)
1 Norr (3600) 12 Centrum (3347) 22 Närlunda (1125) Map of the districts of Helsingborg
2 Mariastaden (2302) 13 Eneborg (3816) 23 Eskilsminne (1835)
3 Ringstorp (2802) 14 Wilson Park (1988) 24 Gustavslund (2772)
4 Berga (1720) 15 Rosengården (4388) 25 Planteringen (2663)
5 Drottninghög (2708) 16 Husensjö (1564) 26 Elineberg (2115)
6 Dalhem (4530) 17 Sofieberg (1606) 27 Ramlösa (4593)
7* Tågaborg (7113) 18 Adolfsberg (4319) 28 Miatorp (2406)
8 Stattena (2549) 19 Söder (3665) 29 Högasten (1034)
9 Fredriksdal (4202) 20 Högaborg (4017) 30 Ättekulla (3274)
10 Slottshöjden (3621) 21 Fältabacken (930) 31 Råå (3021)
11 Olympia (1843)

Sights

See also

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Helsingborg is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Scandinavia : Sweden : Götaland : Scania : Helsingborg
Central Helsingborg, from the castle
Central Helsingborg, from the castle

Helsingborg [1] is in the Scania province of South Sweden.

Understand

Helsingborg is situated at the east side of the Oresund on Sweden's south-west coast. It's Sweden's 9th largest municipality with a population of about 123,000 (2006). Major businesses are service, trade, industry and tourism. In 2000 a branch of the University of Lund opened in the former Tretorn rubber factories a stone's throw from the Denmark ferries. Opposite of the sound in Denmark is Elsinore (Helsingør). Before the Malmö-Copenhagen Øresund bridge was finished, most of the trans-scandinavian traffic (transit and tourist) used the ferries between Helsingborg and Elsinore. There is still heavy traffic across the Sound here because of the high population density on either side of the border. In addition, the ferries are usually somewhat cheaper than the fees for the bridge and they often provide a shorter route compared to the bridge.

Get in

By train

Helsingborg is easily reached by rail from the Copenhagen airport (Kastrup). Helsingborg has good rail connections to Malmö, Lund, and Gothenburg. Stockholm-bound travellers need to change trains in Hässleholm or Lund.

By bus

Swebus Express, Säfflebussen and Eurolines

By car

By E4 from Stockholm in the north, and E6 from Malmö in the south and from Gothenburg/Oslo in the north.

By boat

From Helsingör, Denmark, it's a short 20 minute ferry ride across the sound.

Ferries are operated by HHFerries [2], ScandLines [3], and ACElink [4].

By air

Helsingborg doesn't have it's own airport, though the name Ängelholm-Helsingborg Airport suggests it. The airport is actually ~40KM from Helsingborg (only 7KM from Ängelholm) and has daily flights to Stockholm-Arlanda (SAS) and Stockholm-Bromma (Kullaflyg [5]). Kullaflyg also offers seasonal flights to Mora and Visby.

  • Raus Kyrka, (Bus #1 southbound to Mickelsgården, then 500m walk). One of Sweden's oldest churches built in mid-12th century.  edit
  • Ramlösa Brunnspark (Ramlösa Hälsobrunn), (Bus #2 or #5 southbound). The famous mineral water spring in south Helsingborg, with a beautiful park founded in the 18th century.  edit
  • Helsingborg Castle (or what's left of it) overlooks the harbour, with archways over the steps leading down to the city center. Kärnan, the rectangular-plan tower from the 14th century at the top of the bluff, can be climbed.
  • Sofiero Castle [6] is a 19th century ocean-side royal castle and gardens located 5 km from the city center. The gardens display local and foreign plants. It's famous for its plantations of Rhododendron, blossoming in early summer. The castle has a restaurant and a modern art gallery. Take bus 219 towards Höganäs.
  • Fredriksdal [7] is an ambitious open-air museum with gardens, farm animals, old houses, museums and a theater. The printing museum and several inside exhibits are open year round. To get there, you take bus 1 or 7, both northbound.
  • Sankta Maria kyrka - the city's church, built in the 14th century
  • Rådhuset (Town Hall) - in the New Gothic style
  • Norra Hamnen (Bo99) - the old industrial dock remade as esplanade with plenty of restaurants, coffee bars and marina.

Do

Dunkers Kulturhus (Dunker's Culture House) [8] is much more than a museum. Here you can listen to various concerts and experience art, history and crafts. You can also have lunch at the restaurant on site.

It's relaxing to take a stroll around the harbour.

Tropikariet [9] (Hävertgatan 21, close to Fredriksdal) is a small but interesting zoo. Some of the animals are not enclosed in cages but live among the visitors, creating an intimate feeling. The little bird that walks slowly but intently, step by step, in the same lane where the customers are supposed to walk is a little scary, though.

The Tivoli [10] by the sea offers good concerts with internationally and nationally known bands.

Buy

The main shopping areas are the pedestrian streets Kullagatan, Bruksgatan and Södra Storgatan, as well as the main streets surrounding them in downtown Helsingborg.

Just outside the city there is Väla, one of Scandinavia's largest shopping centers.

The great Danish chocolaterie Peter Beier Chokolade (Södra Storgatan 5) [11] has a store in Helsingborg.

In the south part of the city center Tasty House opened its first store, and is now an example of how foreign and Swedish cultures can meet successfully.

  • Sidewalk Express, Knutpunkten (Railway Station). 29 SEK for 90 minutes (you can't get a ticket for less than 90 minutes).

Eat

Helsingborg is known as somewhat the gastronomical center of Sweden, having some of the greatest chefs in the country.

  • Brooklyn, Södra Kyrkogatan 12, [12]. Serves great meat in a distinguished atmosphere, all in dark-brown and white. Bar menu 69-129 SEK, a la carte 169-349 SEK.
  • Big Buddha, Ålgränden 1, [13]. Serves Thai and Chinese food. Mains 75-135 SEK.
  • Restaurang Papadam, Bruksgatan 10. Has great Indian food in a modern environment. Mains 79-149 SEK.
  • Restaurang Thai Corner, Bruksgatan 32-34, [14]. Mains 109-199 SEK.
  • Haket Kök & Bar, Kullagatan 55. Serves Greek, Italian and American food in a cosy environment. They have somewhat slow service though with limited Swedish skills. Mains 49-139 SEK.
  • Mezo, Storgatan 3. Serves lighter food - meze, pasta, sandwiches etc - in a dark, mysterious environment. Mains 63-99 SEK.
  • Restaurang Teater Katten, Kungsgatan 22, 252 21 Helsingborg (attached to the Stads (City) Theater), 042-12 38 00, [15]. 5pm-11pm. Relaxed yet Fine Dining. Attached to the City Theater and only a 1-2 block walk down to the harbor. Check out the Fillet Buffet on Thursday Evenings. With a selection of 7 or 8 meats, salad bar, potato dishes, and 5 different gravys. A good value if you are hungry!! 140-350 SEK.  edit
  • Restaurang SS Svea, Hamntorget (on the water next to the ferries), 042-131516, [16]. This is a boat moored to the wharf. Has many fish dishes among other high quality choices. (click link for map) 180-380.  edit
  • Brock's Subs, Ålgränden 6, [17]. 0900-1800. Great NY style subs, 1/2 foot for ~30 SEK, and 1/1 foot for ~50-60 SEK. Mon-Fri 9.00-18.00, Sat 09.00-15.00. Closed on Sundays. 30-60:-.  edit

Like so many other Swedish towns there's a great foreign influence which means there's an abundance of foreign fast food and take out places serving pizza, kebab, falafel, chinese, thai, middle eastern and so on.

Drink

Alot of bars can be found downtown, inside or near Kuntpunkten (Train station/Ferry terminal).

  • Villa Talassa, Dag Hammarskjölds väg, [18]. Youth hostel in the northern parts of Helsingborg, about 4-5 km from the central station (Knutpunkten).
  • Helsingborgs Vandrarhem, Järnvägsgatan 39, [19]. Youth hostel in the city centre.
  • Hotel Maria, Mariagatan 8A, [20].
  • Hotell Viking, Fågelsångsgatan 1, [21].
  • Elite Hotel Marina Plaza, Kungstorget 6, A high class hotel located right on the water. Great views out over the sound, and of the ferries coming and going from Helsingor. Very convenient if arriving by train or other public transportation.[22].

Get out

An easy day trip to Kullaberg/Mölle is a must in late Spring/Summer. Kullaberg offers nature trails with great views over Öresund and the surrounding countryside. Helsingör, Humlebæk, Malmö, Lund and Copenhagen all lie nearby and are. For Humlebæk and/or Copenhagen take a ferry to helsingör, then a train. Ticket for the whole trip (one way or return) can be bought at the Ferry ticket window. For Lund and Malmö, take a local train (Öresundståg). It's possible to take a train all the way to Kastrup/Copenhagen via Malmö, which is convenient if you have luggage, but it takes a little longer and costs a little more. Most trains have Malmö as final destination, so make sure yours goes all the way.

Routes through Helsingborg
() Helsingør ← Changes into  W noframe E  Skåneleden (Åstorp) → Stockholm
GöteborgÄngelholm  N noframe S  LandskronaMalmö
CopenhagenLandskrona  W noframe E  ÄngelholmGöteborg
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HELSINGBORG, a seaport of Sweden in the district (ldn) of Malmohus, 35 m. N. by E. of Copenhagen by rail and water. Pop. (woo), 24,670. It is beautifully situated at the narrowest part of Oresund, or the Sound, here only 3 m. wide, opposite Helsingor (Elsinore) in Denmark. Above the town the brick tower of a former castle crowns a hill, commanding a fine view over the Sound. On the outskirts are the Oresund Park, gardens containing iodide and bromide springs, and frequented sea-baths. On the coast to the north is the royal château of Sofiero; to the south, the small spa of Ramlesa. A system of electric trams is maint.ined. North and east of Helsingborg lies the only coalfield in Sweden, extending into the lofty Kullen peninsula, which forms the northern part of the east shore of the Sound. Potter's clay is also found. Helsingborg ranks among the first manufacturing towns of Sweden, having copper works, using ore from Sulitelma in Norway, india-rubber works and breweries. The artificial harbour has a depth of 24 ft., and there are extensive docks. The chief exports are timber, butter and iron. The town is the headquarters of the first army division.

The original site of the town is marked by the tower of the old fortress, which is first mentioned in 1135. In the 14th century it was several times besieged. From 1370 along with other towns in the province of Skane, it was united for fifteen years with the Hanseatic League. The fortress was destroyed by fire in 1418, and about 1425 Eric XIII. built another near the sea, and caused the town to be transported thither, bestowing upon it important privileges. Until 1658 it belonged to Denmark, and it was again occupied by the Danes in 1676 and 1677. In 1684 its fortifications were dismantled. It was taken by Frederick IV. of Denmark in November 1709, but on the 28th of February 1710 the Danes were defeated in the neighbourhood, and the town came finally into the possession of Sweden, though in 1711 it was again bombarded by the Danes. A tablet on the quay commemorates the landing of Bernadotte after his election as successor to the throne in 1810.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Swedish

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Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Helsingborg

Wikipedia sv

Proper noun

Helsingborg

Helsingborg
  1. Helsingborg, a city in southwestern Sweden, located in the province of Skåne. The eighth-largest city in Sweden.

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