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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Helvetia on a 25 centime Swiss postage stamp, 1881
Helvetia on a 2 Swiss franc coin
Helvetia looks at the Rhine, in Basel

Helvetia is the female national personification of Switzerland, officially Confœderatio Helvetica, the "Helvetic Confederation".

The allegory is typically pictured in a flowing gown, with a spear and a shield emblazoned with the Swiss flag, and commonly with braided hair, commonly with a wreath as a symbol of confederation. The name is a derivation of the ethnonym Helvetii, the name of the Gaulish tribe inhabiting the Swiss Plateau prior to the Roman conquest.

The Helvetia figure first appears in 1672, in a play by Johann Caspar Weissenbach, as a symbol of unity of the Old Swiss Confederacy in the face of the denominational disputes initiated by the Swiss Reformation. Identification of the Swiss as "Helvetians" (Hélvetiens) becomes common in the 18th century, particularly in the French language, as in François-Joseph-Nicolas d'Alt de Tieffenthal's very patriotic Histoire des Hélvetiens (1749–53) followed by Alexander Ludwig von Wattenwyl's Histoire de la Confédération hélvetique (1754). Helvetia appears in patriotic and political artwork in the context of the construction of a national history and identity in the early 19th century, after the disintegration of the Napoleonic Helvetic Republic, and she appears on official federal coins and stamps from the foundation of Switzerland as a federal state in 1848.

The Swiss Confederation continues to use the name in its Latin form when it is inappropriate or inconvenient to use any or all of its four official languages. Thus, the name appears on postage stamps, coins and other uses; the full name, Confœderatio Helvetica, is abbreviated for uses such as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and vehicle registration code CH, and the ccTLD, .ch.

Notably, translations of the term Helvetia still serve as the name for Switzerland in languages such as Irish, in which the country is known as An Elvéis, Greek, in which it is known as Ελβετία (Elvetia) and Romanian, Elveţia. In Italian Elvezia is seen as archaic, but the demonym noun/adjective elvetico is used commonly as synonym of svizzero.

See also


External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There is more than one place called Helvetia:

This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:






  1. An ancient Celtic country in central Europe,
  2. (poetic) Switzerland

Related terms


Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

Proper noun

Helvētia (genitive Helvētiae); f, first declension

  1. Helvetia, Switzerland


nominative Helvētia
genitive Helvētiae
dative Helvētiae
accusative Helvētiam
ablative Helvētiā
vocative Helvētia
locative Helvētiae

Related terms


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea
Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Heliophaninae
Genus: Helvetia
Species: H. albovittata - H. cancrimana - H. galianoae - H. humillima - H. labiata - H. rinaldiae - H. riojanensis - H. roeweri - H. santarema - H. semialba - H. stridulans


Helvetia Peckham & Peckham, 1894

Type species: Helvetia santarema Peckham & Peckham, 1894


Type species: Deloripa semialba Simon, 1901


  • Peckham, G. W. & E. G. Peckham. 1894: Occ. Pap. nat. Hist. Soc. Wiscons. 2: 85-156. [119]
  • Ruiz, G. R. S. & A. D. Brescovit. 2008. Revision of Helvetia (Araneae: Salticidae: Heliophaninae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 25: 139-147. [1]
  • Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [2]


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