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Haemorrhoids
Classification and external resources

Classical appearance of an external hemorrhoid.
ICD-10 I84.
ICD-9 455
DiseasesDB 10036
MedlinePlus 000292
eMedicine med/2821 emerg/242
Hemorrhoids
Classification and external resources

Schematic demonstrating the anatomy of hemorrhoids.
ICD-10 I84.
ICD-9 455
DiseasesDB 10036
MedlinePlus 000292
eMedicine med/2821 emerg/242
.Hemorrhoids (AmE), haemorrhoids (BrE), are swelling and inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus.^ When these veins swell, we call them "hemorrhoids."
  • AGA | Patient Center | Digestive Conditions | Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.org [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.nymedicaldoctor.com [Source type: General]

^ Hemorrhoids are usually caused by increased pressure on the veins of the anus and the rectum.
  • Hemorrhoid Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Natural Remedies and facts – from ecomii 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.ecomii.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A hemorrhoid is an enlarged or twisted vein in the wall of the lower rectum and/or the anus.

.The anatomical term "hemorrhoids" technically refers to "cushions of tissue filled with blood vessels at the junction of the rectum and the anus".[1] However, the term is popularly used to refer to varicosities of the hemorrhoid tissue.^ As a basis, hemorrhoids are caused by swollen blood vessels that are located in the anus or rectum.
  • Natural Hemorrhoids Treatment Safety & Easy Way to Cures Hemorrhoids within 48 Hours with Natural Treatment Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC naturaltreatmenthemorrhoids.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hemorrhoids (medical condition): Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Protruding hemorrhoid - WrongDiagnosis.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Perianal refers to the tissues surrounding the anus.
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment – Hemroid Cure and Relief – Piles Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC thetreatmentofhemorrhoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perianal hematoma are sometimes misdiagnosed and mislabeled as hemorrhoids, when in fact they have different causes and treatments.^ Perianal hematoma are sometimes misdiagnosed and mislabeled as hemorrhoids, when in fact they have different causes and treatments...
  • Hemorrhoids Support Group - iMedix 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.imedix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids cause, symptoms, treatment .
  • Hemorrhoids Causes, Hemorrhoid Symptoms and Hemorrhoid Treatment ! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorsecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids do not cause cancer nor do they become cancerous.
  • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Contents

Classification

.
Direct view of hemorrhoid seen on sigmoidoscopy
  • (I84.3-I84.5) External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside the anal verge (the distal end of the anal canal).^ External hemorrhoids* on the other hand occur outside the anus.

    ^ Types of hemorrhoids Direct view of hemorrhoid seen on sigmoidoscopy * (I84.3-I84.5) External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside the anal verge (the distal end of the anal canal).
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside of the anal opening.
    • Hemorrhoids - The Doctors Lounge(TM) 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorslounge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Specifically they are varicosities of the veins draining the territory of the inferior rectal arteries, which are branches of the internal pudendal artery.^ Specifically they are varicosities of the veins draining the territory of the inferior rectal arteries, which are branches of the pudendal artery.
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids | eHow.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Specifically they are varicosities of veins draining the territory of branches of the superior rectal arteries.
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids | eHow.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are similar to varicose veins of the legs.
    • Vein Institute of Utah - Hemorrhoids - Varicose veins, Salt Lake City, Ogden, Provo, Orem, Farmington, Midvale 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.utahveins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They are sometimes painful, and often accompanied by swelling and irritation.^ They are sometimes painful, and can be accompanied by swelling and irritation that result in painful discomforts.
    • Best Natural Hemorrhoid Treatment and Cure 2010 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.nohemorrhoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They can be painful and can be accompanied by swelling and irritation.

    ^ And they can be quite irritating and painful.
    • hemorrhoidcuretips.com - Best Hemorrhoid Treatment Tips 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidcuretips.com [Source type: General]

    .Itching, although often thought to be a symptom of external hemorrhoids, is more commonly due to skin irritation.^ (Click Hemorrhoid Symptoms for more information.

    ^ External hemorrhoids cause symptoms in 2 ways.
    • Hemorrhoids: eMedicine General Surgery 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ This aggravates the hemorrhoids and irritates the skin.

    .
    • (I84.3) External hemorrhoids are prone to thrombosis: if the vein ruptures and/or a blood clot develops, the hemorrhoid becomes a thrombosed hemorrhoid.^ If the vein ruptures and a blood clot develops, the hemorrhoid becomes a thrombosed hemorrhoid .

      ^ Blood clots - also known as thrombosed hemorrhoids - are more commonly formed in external hemorrhoids.
      • Treatment of Hemorrhoids - Dr. Weil 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.drweil.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ However, if a blood clot (thrombosis) develops in an external hemorrhoid, it becomes a painful, hard lump.
      • ASCRS: Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.fascrs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      [3]
    • .
  • (I84.0-I84.2) Internal hemorrhoids are those that occur inside the rectum.^ Internal hemorrhoid - when they remain inside the rectum.
    • Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Hemorrhoids inside the rectum are called internal hemorrhoids , and those in the anal area external ones.
    • Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options - Hemorrhoidal Disease: 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC disease.holplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Internal hemorrhoids are located in the rectum.
    • Constipation and Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Specifically they are varicosities of veins draining the territory of branches of the superior rectal arteries.^ Specifically they are varicosities of the veins draining the territory of the inferior rectal arteries, which are branches of the pudendal artery.
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Specifically they are varicosities of veins draining the territory of branches of the superior rectal arteries.
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are similar to varicose veins of the legs.
    • Vein Institute of Utah - Hemorrhoids - Varicose veins, Salt Lake City, Ogden, Provo, Orem, Farmington, Midvale 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.utahveins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .As this area lacks pain receptors, internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful and most people are not aware that they have them.^ Internal hemorrhoids pain .

    ^ People usually become aware of hemorrhoids only when they bleed.
    • hemorrhoidcuretips.com - Best Hemorrhoid Treatment Tips 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidcuretips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Many, many people have internal hemorrhoids who are not even aware of them.
    • HEMROIDS / HEMORRHOIDS: Appearance, Signs, Causes, Symptoms, Surgery, Treatment and Cure. 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoidshemroids.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • HEMROIDS / HEMORRHOIDS: Appearance, Signs, Causes, Symptoms, Surgery, Treatment and Cure. 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorrhoidshemroids.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Internal hemorrhoids, however, may bleed when irritated.
  • (I84.1) Untreated internal hemorrhoids can lead to two severe forms of hemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated hemorrhoids:
    • Prolapsed hemorrhoids are internal hemorrhoids that are so distended that they are pushed outside the anus.
    • If the anal sphincter muscle goes into spasm and traps a prolapsed hemorrhoid outside the anal opening, the supply of blood is cut off, and the hemorrhoid becomes a strangulated hemorrhoid.

By degree of prolapse

The most common grading system was developed by Banov:[4][5]
.
  • Grading of Internal Hemorrhoids
    • Grade I: The hemorrhoids do not prolapse.
    • Grade II: The hemorrhoids prolapse upon defecation but spontaneously reduce.
    • Grade III: The hemorrhoids prolapse upon defecation, but must be manually reduced.
    • Grade IV: The hemorrhoids are prolapsed and cannot be manually reduced.^ Degree - Rectal prolapse is manually reducible .
      • Diagnosing Hemorrhoid Type and Rectal Prolapse 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.pphinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Grade III must be manually pushed back inside.
      • gihealth.com - built for patient satisfaction 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
      • More About Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Third degree: Prolapse is manually reducible.
      • Hemorrhoid Surgery - Clark Gerhart, MD, FACS 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.clarkgerhart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      (Sebbe)

Symptoms

.Many anorectal problems, including fissures, fistulae, abscesses, anal melanoma or irritation and itching, also called pruritus ani, have similar symptoms and are incorrectly referred to as hemorrhoids.^ Pregnancy is associated with many anorectal problems.
  • Hemorrhoids: eMedicine General Surgery 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Abscesses Fissures Fistulae Irritation Itching You could even have bleeding hemorrhoids and not know about it!
  • Hemorrhoid Cure & Information on Symptoms, Causes & Treatments 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.colonhealthadvice.com [Source type: General]

^ Some of the problems that can be confused as hemorrhoid symptoms are: .
  • Hemorrhoid Cure & Information on Symptoms, Causes & Treatments 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.colonhealthadvice.com [Source type: General]

.Hemorrhoids are usually not dangerous or life threatening.^ Is hemorrhoid a life threatening disease?
  • hemorrhoidcuretips.com - Best Hemorrhoid Treatment Tips 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidcuretips.com [Source type: General]

^ Hemorrhoids are non life- threatening.
  • Best Natural Hemorrhoid Treatment and Cure 2010 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.nohemorrhoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids usually are not dangerous or life threatening.
  • Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC digestive.niddk.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid.net - What Are Hemorrhoids? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoid.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Welcome to Commonwealth Endoscopy Center 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.comendoscopy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids: A simple guide to learn everything you need to know 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC mamashealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment, Symptoms, Causes 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthnewsflash.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS | What are Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoid Pregnancy| All about hemorrhoids, signs of hemorrhoids treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids, Physicians, gastroenterologists, gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy - Digestive Care Consultants 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.digestivecareconsultants.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • YouTube - Hemorrhoids Video Testimonial by Charley 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.youtube.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.liversociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC tjclarkinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MGC-Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.midwestgastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why do people get hemorrhoids and is there a permanent way to ge rid of it without opting to surgery? - Yahoo! Answers 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.In most cases, hemorrhoidal symptoms will go away within a few days.^ The band cuts off circulation, and the hemorrhoid withers away within a few days.
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AGA | Patient Center | Digestive Conditions | Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.org [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids * Treatments * Palo Alto CA * Dr. David S. Shields Gastroenterologist * Stanford University Palo Alto CA 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment, Symptoms, Causes 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthnewsflash.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.nymedicaldoctor.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS | What are Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoid Pregnancy| All about hemorrhoids, signs of hemorrhoids treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids: Information and Tips on Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.shopinprivate.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids | AloeElite 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aloeelite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.liversociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC tjclarkinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why do people get hemorrhoids and is there a permanent way to ge rid of it without opting to surgery? - Yahoo! Answers 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In most cases the symptoms go away in a few days.
  • Adult Health Advisor 2009.1: Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.med.umich.edu [Source type: General]

^ In most cases, symptoms will go away within several days.

.Although many people have hemorrhoids, and hemorroidial radiation, not all experience symptoms.^ Many people use over-the-counter treatments to relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids.
  • Articles - Hemroids - Zimbio 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.zimbio.com [Source type: General]

^ The majority of people will experience symptoms of or problems from hemorrhoids during their life.
  • Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Herbal Supplements - Buy Hemorrhoids Products 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.herbsmd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people have hemorrhoids at some time.
  • Hemorrhoids - Topic Overview - Yahoo! Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - AOL Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.peacehealth.org [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoidial radiation is bright red blood covering the feces (hematochezia), on toilet paper, and/or in the toilet bowl.^ Blood on toilet paper .
  • hemorrhoidcuretips.com - Best Hemorrhoid Treatment Tips 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidcuretips.com [Source type: General]

^ Painless rectal bleeding on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl is the most common symptom.

^ A common symptom of internal infection is blood, which you can see in your stool in a bright red color or on the toilet paper.
  • Treatment For Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.cdhcc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, an internal hemorrhoid may protrude through the anus outside the body, becoming irritated and painful.^ Hemorrhoids develop when the beans in or outside the anus become swollen.
  • hemorrhoidcuretips.com - Best Hemorrhoid Treatment Tips 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidcuretips.com [Source type: General]

^ Internal hemorrhoids pain .

^ Both types of hemorrhoids may remain in your anus or protrude outside it.
  • How Do You Know if You Have Hemorrhoids... or Something Serious? 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC articles.mercola.com [Source type: General]

.This is known as a protruding hemorrhoid.^ This is known as a protruding hemorrhoid.
  • Hemorrhoid.net - What Are Hemorrhoids? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoid.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment Questions Answered, Hemorrhoids Information 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidquestions.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • WikiAnswers - How do you know if you have a hemorrhoid 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Get Hemorroid Relief 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.get-hemorrhoid-relief.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Welcome to Commonwealth Endoscopy Center 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.comendoscopy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids * Treatments * Palo Alto CA * Dr. David S. Shields Gastroenterologist * Stanford University Palo Alto CA 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment, Symptoms, Causes 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthnewsflash.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS | What are Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoid Pregnancy| All about hemorrhoids, signs of hemorrhoids treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Symptoms of Hemorrhoids - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]
  • YouTube - Hemorrhoids Video Testimonial by Charley 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.youtube.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids | AloeElite 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aloeelite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.liversociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC tjclarkinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MGC-Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.midwestgastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why do people get hemorrhoids and is there a permanent way to ge rid of it without opting to surgery? - Yahoo! Answers 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This is known as a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid .
  • AGA | Patient Center | Digestive Conditions | Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.gastro.org [Source type: General]

^ Others are found protruding around the anus and are known as external hemorrhoids.
  • No Hemorrhoids - Say Goodbye to Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC nohemorrhoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Symptoms of external hemorrhoids may include painful swelling or a hard lump around the anus that results when a blood clot forms.^ Symptoms of hemorrhoids can include the following: .

^ A painful swelling or hard lump forming around the anus would make sitting next to impossible.
  • Best Natural Hemorrhoid Treatment and Cure 2010 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.nohemorrhoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in or around the anus.

.This condition is known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.^ It’s a condition called a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.

^ What treatments are available for thrombosed external hemorrhoids?
  • Hemorrhoidectomy for thrombosed external hemorrhoids. - April 15, 2002 - American Family Physician 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This condition is known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.
  • Hemorrhoid.net - What Are Hemorrhoids? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoid.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • External Hemorrhoid Treatment 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.externalhemorrhoidtreatment.info [Source type: Original source]
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Welcome to Commonwealth Endoscopy Center 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.comendoscopy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids * Treatments * Palo Alto CA * Dr. David S. Shields Gastroenterologist * Stanford University Palo Alto CA 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment, Symptoms, Causes 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthnewsflash.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS | What are Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoid Pregnancy| All about hemorrhoids, signs of hemorrhoids treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Symptoms of Hemorrhoids - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.digitalnaturopath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.liversociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC tjclarkinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MGC-Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.midwestgastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why do people get hemorrhoids and is there a permanent way to ge rid of it without opting to surgery? - Yahoo! Answers 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.In addition, excessive straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus may cause irritation with bleeding and/or itching, which may produce a vicious circle of symptoms.^ Excessive straining, cleaning or rubbing around the anus can also cause symptoms of bleeding and itching, leading to a vicious cycle.

^ In both cases, straining, rubbing, or scrubbing (to clean) around the anus may cause irritation and/or itching.

^ In addition, excessive straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus may cause irritation with bleeding and/or itching, which may produce a vicious cycle of symptoms.
  • Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC digestive.niddk.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid.net - What Are Hemorrhoids? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoid.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - The Doctors Lounge(TM) 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorslounge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Welcome to Commonwealth Endoscopy Center 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.comendoscopy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids * Treatments * Palo Alto CA * Dr. David S. Shields Gastroenterologist * Stanford University Palo Alto CA 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS | What are Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoid Pregnancy| All about hemorrhoids, signs of hemorrhoids treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.hemorest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Symptoms of Hemorrhoids - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.digitalnaturopath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids: Information and Tips on Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.shopinprivate.com [Source type: General]
  • YouTube - Hemorrhoids Video Testimonial by Charley 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.youtube.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids | AloeElite 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aloeelite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.liversociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]
  • MGC-Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.midwestgastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HEMORRHOIDS AND HOMEOPATHY : Homeopathy at DrHomeo.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.drhomeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • About hemorrhoids, its prevention and treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.abicana.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Draining anal mucus, produced by the dentate line may also cause irritation.^ Draining mucus or stool residue may cause itching.
  • AGA | Patient Center | Digestive Conditions | Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.gastro.org [Source type: General]

^ Draining mucus can also cause it to itch.

^ Draining anal mucus, produced by the dentate line may also cause itching.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Causes

.Increased straining during bowel movements caused by constipation or diarrhea may lead to hemorrhoids.^ Straining leads to hemorrhoids.
  • The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.mothernature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This may result in the straining to move bowels.

^ Constipation and the straining to have a bowel movement are often the causes of hemorrhoids.
  • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .It is thus a common condition due to constipation caused by water retention in women experiencing premenstrual syndrome or menstruation.^ It is thus a common condition due to constipation caused by water retention in women experiencing premenstrual syndrome or menstruation.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Constipation represents a common cause for the hemorrhoids.
  • Does Hemorrhoid Miracle Actually Work? An Honest Review... 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoidmiraclex.com [Source type: General]

^ Constipation is another major cause of this condition.

[citation needed]
.Hypertension, particularly portal hypertension, can also cause hemorrhoids because of the connections between the portal vein and the vena cava which occur in the rectal wall—known as portocaval anastomoses.^ Hemorrhoids are caused by repeated or constant pressure on the rectal or anal veins .
  • Hemorrhoids - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - ABQ Journal 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.abqjournal.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hypertension , particularly portal hypertension , can also cause hemorrhoids because of the connections between the portal vein and the vena cava which occur in the rectal wall -- known as portocaval anastomoses .
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most common cause of portal hypertension is ...
  • Information on hemorrhoids including symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatments 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Other factors that can increase the rectal vein pressure resulting in hemorrhoids include obesity, sitting for long periods of time, and anal intercourse.^ Had hemorrhoids for a long time?

^ Hemorrhoids are caused by repeated or constant pressure on the rectal or anal veins .
  • Hemorrhoids - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - ABQ Journal 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.abqjournal.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Physical inactivity, sitting or standing still for long periods puts pressure on the veins.
  • What are Hemroids? What are Hemorrhoids? 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.medicalnewstoday.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .Poor muscle tone or poor posture can result in too much pressure on the rectal veins.^ Poor muscle tone .

^ Poor muscle tone or poor posture can result in too much pressure on the rectal veins.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obesity, which is often accompanied by poor posture and muscle tone, puts an extreme amount of pressure on the rectal veins.

[citation needed]
.During pregnancy, pressure from the fetus on the abdomen and hormonal changes cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge.^ I had serious hemorrhoids during my pregnancies.

^ Pregnancy can also cause hemorrhoidal problems.
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.diet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is caused by the pressure of the fetus combined with the hormonal shifts, and these cause the vessels that cause the condition.
  • Hemorrhoids Pictures | Best Relief for Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC hemorrhoidspictures.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to the the severe pressure during childbirth, these factors contribute to the common occurrence of hemorrhoids among pregnant women.^ These vessels are also placed under severe pressure during childbirth.
  • Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC digestive.niddk.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid.net - What Are Hemorrhoids? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoid.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - The Doctors Lounge(TM) 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorslounge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Get Rid of Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Relief - Treating Hemorrhoids - Bleeding Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoid Symptoms 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC getridofhemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoid Treatment, Symptoms, Causes 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthnewsflash.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.gastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids: Information and Tips on Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.shopinprivate.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids | AloeElite 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aloeelite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.drdahlman.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC tjclarkinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MGC-Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.midwestgastro.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • About hemorrhoids, its prevention and treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.abicana.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is more common in pregnant women.
  • Hemorrhoids Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Bleeding Piles 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.ayurvediccure.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids are relatively common during pregnancy.
  • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy | BabyCenter 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

[6][7][8]
.Insufficient liquid can cause a hard stool, or even chronic constipation, which can lead to hemorrhoidal radiation.^ Collinsonia for chronic, itchy hemorrhoids with constipation .

^ Constipation and even pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids in some people.

^ Constipation is one of the main causes of hemorrhoids.
  • Hemorrhoids Types, Causes and Prevention 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.healthassist.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .Caffeine, alcohol, nuts, and spicy foods may worsen the symptoms.^ These may include nuts, spicy foods, coffee, and alcohol.

^ Alcohol and spicy foods should be removed as much as possible, as evidence indicates that continuous persistence of hemorrhoids when these two elements are present in the diet.
  • Anal Hemorrhoids, Anal Fissures, Hemorrhoid Treatment That Works! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hps-online.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Habitual constipation especially of persons taking spicy foods and alcohol.
  • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Treatment, Natural Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Cures 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.morphemeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]

Prevention

.Prevention of hemorrhoids includes drinking more fluids, eating more dietary fiber (such as fruits, vegetables and cereals high in fiber), exercising, practicing better posture, and reducing bowel movement strain and time.^ Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

^ Drink lots of fruit juices and vegetable juices.

^ Eat a high-fiber diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains.
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC adam.about.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids Medical Information 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]
  • What is Hemorrhoids? 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Hemorrhoids - NY Times Health Information 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Hemorrhoids - NY Times Health Information 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Hemorrhoids - Shands Healthcare 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC shands.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.henryford.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.texashealth.org [Source type: Academic]

.Wearing tight clothing and underwear may also contribute to irritation and poor muscle tone in the region and promote hemorrhoid development.^ Wear cotton underwear to prevent moisture buildup, which can irritate hemorrhoids.

^ Wearing tight clothing and underwear will also contribute to irritation and poor muscle tone in the region and promote hemorrhoid development.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids Information 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.infoforyourhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internal hemorrhoids may bleed when irritated.

[citation needed]
NDDIC states:
.The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep stools soft so they pass easily, thus decreasing pressure and straining, and to empty bowels as soon as possible after the urge occurs.^ Keep the bowels as clear as possible.

^ Prevention The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft, so they pass easily.
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC images.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC quiz.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Preventing the recurrence of hemorrhoids will require relieving the pressure and straining of constipation.
  • Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC digestive.niddk.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Acupuncture.Com - Hemorrhoids - Chinese, Western Medicine and Nutrition 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.acupuncture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids | AloeElite 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aloeelite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]

.Exercise, including walking, and increased fiber in the diet help reduce constipation and straining by producing stools that are softer and easier to pass.^ This will make it easier to pass stools in the morning.
  • Does Hemorrhoid Miracle Actually Work? An Honest Review... 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoidmiraclex.com [Source type: General]

^ Avoid straining to pass stools.
  • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Stool softeners and high-fiber foods help reduce straining.

[10]
.Women who notice they have painful stools around the time of menstruation would be well-advised to begin taking extra dietary fiber and fluids a couple days prior to that time.^ Take up to three times a day.
  • Patient Education | Hemorrhoids 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.ucsfhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women who notice they have painful stools around the time of menstruation would be well-advised to begin taking extra dietary fiber and fluids a couple days prior to that time.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Take a fiber powder to soften the stool.

.Fluids emitted by the intestinal tract may contain irritants that may increase the fissures associated with hemorrhoids.^ Fluids emitted by the intestinal tract may contain irritants that may increase the fissures associated with hemorrhoids.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids Information 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.infoforyourhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symptoms associated with rectal cancer, fissure, anal abscess, fistula, and other diseases may be similar to those produced by hemorrhoids and may be reduced by the topical analgesic methods described above.

^ Washing the anus with cool water and soap, may reduce the swelling and increase blood supply for quicker healing and may remove irritating fluids.

.Washing the anus with cool water and soap may reduce the swelling and increase blood supply for quicker healing and may remove irritating fluid.^ (Then wash hands thoroughly with soap and water).
  • Hemorrhoids: Home Remedy 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.relfe.com [Source type: General]

^ This may greatly reduce the swelling and irritation.

^ Washing the anus with cool water and soap, may reduce the swelling and increase blood supply for quicker healing and may remove irritating fluids.

.Kegel exercises for the pelvic floor may also prove helpful.^ Kegel exercises for the pelvic floor may also prove helpful.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise may help relieve pressure around the anus and rectum and ease the symptoms of hemorrhoids.

^ Exercise can also help you lose excess weight that may be contributing to your hemorrhoids.

.Many people do not get a sufficient supply of dietary fiber (20 to 25 grams daily), and small changes in a person's daily diet can help tremendously in both prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids.^ Many people do not get a sufficient supply of dietary fiber (20 to 25 grams daily) and small changes in a person's daily diet can help tremendously in both prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people have hemorrhoids at some time.
  • Hemorrhoids: External and Internal Hemorrhoids Overview 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.webmd.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids - Topic Overview - Yahoo! Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - AOL Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Change in diet The change in diet is a major natural hemorrhoids treatment that is used for those with hemorrhoids.
  • My Hemorrhoid Symptoms - A Place to Discuss and Cure a Private Issue. 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC myhemorrhoidsymptoms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Use of squat toilets

.Based on their very low incidence in the underdeveloped world, where most people squat for defecation, hemorrhoids have been attributed to the use of the "sitting" toilet.^ Another option few people are aware of is using a squat toilet.
  • How Do You Know if You Have Hemorrhoids... or Something Serious? 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC articles.mercola.com [Source type: General]

^ Use of squat toilets .
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on their very low incidence in the developing world, where people squat for bodily functions, hemorrhoids have been attributed to the use of the unnatural "sitting" toilet.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11][12] Dr. Berko Sikirov published a study in 1987 testing this hypothesis by having hemorrhoid sufferers convert to squat toilets.[13] .Eighteen of the 20 patients were completely relieved of their symptoms (pain and bleeding) with no recurrence, even 30 months after completion of the study.^ After 1 week, most of the patients had symptoms like bleeding and pain.
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The main symptom was bleeding (in 96% of the patients).
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Eighteen of the 20 patients were completely relieved of their symptoms (pain and bleeding) with no recurrence, even 30 months after completion of the study.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This chart summarizes the results.^ This chart summarizes the results.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This study was undertaken in a very small number of people, when compared to the numbers involved in recognized high-quality trials.^ This study was undertaken in a very small number of people, when compared to the numbers involved in recognized high-quality trials.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a 4-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 40 people with hemorrhoids, oral use of bilberry extract significantly reduced hemorrhoid symptoms as compared to placebo.
  • Hemorrhoids Supplement: Avatrol From ProgressiveHealth.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.progressivehealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studies are inconclusive but some have shown a reduced number of colorectal cancers in people who eat a high-fiber diet.
  • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore, the results, while highly suggestive, cannot be assumed to provide a firm conclusion.^ Therefore, the results, while highly suggestive, cannot be assumed to provide a firm conclusion.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study must be interpreted with caution because epidemiologic studies cannot establish cause and effect relationships.

.No follow-up studies have ever been published.^ No follow-up studies have ever been published.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early and 1-year follow-up results of the procedure are presented and compared with those of closed scissors hemorrhoidectomy in a prospective randomized study.
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Studies including data on multiple follow ups (usually after six weeks and three months) showed consistent results over time.
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

.The American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons is silent regarding the therapeutic value of squatting.^ American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons http://www.fascrs.org .
  • Hemorrhoids (Piles) | ThirdAge Articles 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: General]

^ Illustration reprinted with permission from the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons.
  • Acupuncture.Com - Hemorrhoids - Chinese, Western Medicine and Nutrition 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.acupuncture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.tjclark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons is silent regarding the therapeutic value of squatting.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Examination

Endoscopic image of internal hemorrhoids seen on retroflexion of the flexible sigmoidoscope at the ano-rectal junction
.After visual examination of the anus and surrounding area for external or prolapsed hemorrhoids, a doctor may conduct a digital examination.^ A doctor can often diagnose hemorrhoids simply by examining the rectal area.
  • Hemorrhoids - Shands Healthcare 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC shands.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - Scripps Health - San Diego 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scripps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ To diagnose hemorrhoids , the doctor will do a rectal examination.
  • Hemorrhoids - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.healthscout.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internal hemorrhoids can also become enlarged and protrude from the anus (prolapsed), becoming external hemorrhoids.
  • http://www.mdguidelines.com/hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.mdguidelines.com [Source type: Academic]

.In addition to probing for hemorrhoidal bulges, a doctor may also look for indications of rectal tumor or polyp, enlarged prostate and abscesses.^ In addition to probing for hemorrhoidal bulges, a doctor may also look for indications of rectal tumor or polyp, enlarged prostate and abscesses.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To diagnose hemorrhoids , the doctor will do a rectal examination.
  • Hemorrhoids - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.healthscout.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to probing for hemorrhoidal bulges, a doctor would also look for indications of rectal tumor or polyp , enlarged prostate and abscesses .
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visual confirmation of hemorrhoids can be done by doing an anoscopy, using a medical device called an anoscope.^ Visual confirmation of hemorrhoids can be done by doing an anoscopy, using a medical device called an anoscope.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Visual confirmation of hemorrhoids can be done by doing an anoscopy , using a medical device called an anoscope .
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medications can also be used in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
  • hemorrhoid help | Get Rid of Pain and Irritation With Natural Hemorrhoids Treatment! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidhelp911.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC relievehemorrhoids.org [Source type: General]

.This device is basically a hollow tube with a light attached at one end that allows the doctor to see the internal hemorrhoids, as well as polyps in the rectum.^ There are basically two types of hemorrhoids, the internal and external ones.

^ This is crucial for internal as well as for external hemorrhoids.

^ Hemorrhoid is a very internal one?
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy | Bleeding Stool Cure 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC hemorrhoids-cured.com [Source type: General]

.If warranted, more detailed examinations, such as sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy can be performed.^ If warranted, more detailed examinations, such as sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy can be performed.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In sigmoidoscopy, the last 60 cm of the colon and rectum are examined whereas in colonoscopy the entire large bowel (colon) is examined.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Physical exam Digital rectal exam Anoscope exam Sigmoidoscopy Colonoscopy Proctoscopy more tests...» Research More About Hemorrhoids .
  • Symptoms of Hemorrhoids - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]

.In sigmoidoscopy, the last 60 cm of the colon and rectum are examined whereas in colonoscopy the entire large bowel (colon) is examined.^ In sigmoidoscopy, the last 60 cm of the colon and rectum are examined whereas in colonoscopy the entire large bowel (colon) is examined.
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In sigmoidoscopy, the last 60cm of the colon and rectum are examined whereas in colonoscopy the entire bowel is examined.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During diagnosis, we may perform a digital exam as well as a sigmoidoscopy, a visual examination of the lower bowel using a lighted tube connected to an eyepiece.
  • Hemorrhoid Banding Procedure - CRH O'Regan SystemT * Gastroenterologist Dr. David S. Shields * GI Doctor Stanford University Palo Alto CA 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A pathologist will look for dilated vascular spaces which exhibit thrombosis and recanalization.^ A pathologist will look for dilated vascular spaces which exhibit thrombosis and recanalization.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Treatments

.Treatments for hemorrhoids vary in their cost, risk, and effectiveness.^ Treatments for hemorrhoids may vary.

^ This is one of the simple and effective hemorrhoids treatment.
  • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids - Treatment & Cure - Natural Remedy for Hemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids Diet 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC natural-homeremedies.com [Source type: General]

^ This treatment can be effective when treating a hemorrhoid.
  • Treatment For Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.cdhcc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Different cultures and individuals approach treatment differently.^ Different cultures and individuals approach treatment differently.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of the treatments used are listed here in increasing order of intrusiveness and cost.^ Some of the treatments used are listed here in increasing order of intrusiveness and cost.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Listed below are some treatments for hemorrhoids: .

^ Here is a list of foods to avoid in order steering clear of constipation.
  • My Hemorrhoid Symptoms - A Place to Discuss and Cure a Private Issue. 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC myhemorrhoidsymptoms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Home treatments

Temporary relief from symptoms can be provided by:
  • Hydrotherapy with a bathtub, bidet, or extend-able shower head. .Especially in the case of an external hemorrhoids with a visible lump of small size, the condition can be improved with warm bath causing the vessels around the rectal region to be relaxed.^ Hemorrhoids (medical condition): Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels around the anus.
    • Protruding hemorrhoid - WrongDiagnosis.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ External hemorrhoids cause symptoms in 2 ways.
    • Hemorrhoids: eMedicine General Surgery 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ It’s a condition called a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.

    [citation needed]
  • Cold compress..September 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • Topical analgesic (pain reliever), such as cinchocaine or pramocaine.
  • Systemic (pill-form) analgesic (pain reliever).
  • Topical corticosteroid such as hydrocortisone.^ In these cases, warm sitz bath, cold compress, or topical analgesic (such as Preparation H), is sufficient to provide temporary relief.
    • Hemorrhoids - The Doctors Lounge(TM) 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorslounge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Topical application of corticosteroid creams may help reduce pain, itching and swelling.
    • http://www.mdguidelines.com/hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.mdguidelines.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Hemorrhoid creams contain pain relieving and anti-itching properties such as witch hazel, 1% hydrocortisone and other herbs that may alleviate mild hemorrhoids.

    .(May weaken the skin and may contribute to further flare-ups.^ However, creams containing steroid preparations weaken the skin and may contribute to further flare-ups.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Food considered " probiotic ", such as yogurt with active culture, may help keep the gut functioning normally and thus prevent flare-ups.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Conditions that weaken the tissue in the anal area may also contribute to development of hemorrhoids, for example inflammations, allergies or high age.

    ).September 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • Topical vasoconstrictor such as phenylephrine.
  • Topical moisturizer.
  • Topical astringent, such as witch hazel
  • In case of bleeding piles, the use of onion has been found useful.^ In these cases, warm sitz bath, cold compress, or topical analgesic (such as Preparation H), is sufficient to provide temporary relief.
    • Hemorrhoids - The Doctors Lounge(TM) 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorslounge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A number of approaches may be used to compliment the internal treatment, thus: Horse Chestnut tincture - 10 ml Distilled Witch Hazel - 80 ml This combination applied after every motion & as needed.
    • Herbal Medicine: Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.healthy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Some of which are applying witch hazel ointment, taking horse chestnut, or butcher’s broom, which are more commonly found in tea or pill form.

    .About 30 grams of raw onion, after washing with water, mixed with same amount of sugar should be taken twice daily.^ It should be eaten twice daily.
    • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Treatment, Natural Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Cures 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.morphemeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Soak about 50g of onion in water and add1 tsp f sugar.
    • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Treatment, Natural Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Cures 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.morphemeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The onion should be raw for better effects.
    • Piles Home Remedies - Piles Treatment - Natural Remedies & Cure for Piles 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.org [Source type: General]

    [citation needed]
.Topical medicines may be delivered as an ointment or suppository.^ Ointments, creams, and suppositories containing corticosteroids may also ease the symptoms.
  • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See the Medications section of this topic for information on nonprescription ointments, creams, and suppositories.

^ Medications If your hemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, your doctor may suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads.

.Some hemorrhoid-specific medications contain a mixture of multiple ingredients, such as Preparation H, Proctosedyl, and Faktu.^ These medications have also been known to help with some of the other withdrawal symptoms, such as concentration problems and mood swings.
  • Health Eppiclinic 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.eppiclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ointment or suppositories such as Proctosedyl and Faktu can also relieve the symptoms.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemorrhoids otherwise occur due to old age, pregnancy and some other medical condition which is already present.
  • Does Hemorrhoid Miracle Actually Work? An Honest Review... 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoidmiraclex.com [Source type: General]

Surgical and non-medicinal treatments

.
  • Rubber band ligation, sometimes called Baron ligation.^ Rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids.
    • ASCRS: Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fascrs.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Rubber band ligation (RBL) .
    • How effective are the different hemorrhoids treatment methods? 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.healthassist.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What is rubber band ligation?
    • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Elastic bands are applied onto an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply.^ The surgeon wraps special elastic bands around the hemorrhoids, which cuts off their blood supply.
    • Herbal Medicines and Home Remedies For Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.onlineremedies.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The severe pain can indicate that the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is being cut off (strangulated internal hemorrhoid).

    ^ This cuts off the hemorrhoids blood supply killing it.
    • Hemorrhoids Causes, Hemorrhoid Symptoms and Hemorrhoid Treatment ! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.doctorsecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [14] .Within several days, the withered hemorrhoid, is sloughed off during normal bowel movement.
  • Hemorrhoidolysis, desiccation of the hemorrhoid by electrical current.
  • Sclerotherapy, sclerosant or another hardening agent is injected into hemorrhoids.^ The band cuts off circulation, and the hemorrhoid withers away within a few days.
    • Stop Hemorrhoids Now 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.stophemorrhoidsnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids: Information and Tips on Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.shopinprivate.com [Source type: General]
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]
    • FDA.COM Information Portal - ADHD 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.fda.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Alternatively, such hemorrhoids can be injected with a sclerosing (hardening) agent, which has the same effect.
    • Hemorrhoid surgery - Vancouver Washington, WA, Portland Oregon, OR 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.swmedicalcenter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ After about 7-10 days, the hemorrhoid and the rubber band will fall out during a normal bowel movement.
    • Hemorrhoids Hypothetical Consultation At UCSD Medical Center 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC health.ucsd.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This causes the vein walls to collapse and the hemorrhoids to shrivel up.
  • Cryosurgery, a frozen tip of a cryoprobe is used to destroy hemorrhoidal tissues.^ This may cause the hemorrhoid tissues to die.
    • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This destroys the tissue in the hemorrhoid.
    • About hemorrhoids, its prevention and treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.abicana.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This causes the vein walls to collapse and the hemorrhoids to shrivel up.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [15] .Rarely used anymore because of side effects.
  • Hemorrhoidectomy, a surgical excision of the hemorrhoid.^ Rarely used anymore because of side effects.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cure Hemorrhoids | Piles Treatment | Natural Hemorrhoid Remedy 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC secrethemorrhoidmiracle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hemorrhoidectomy is an invasive procedure that uses surgical removal of hemorrhoid.

    ^ The surgical option for hemorrhoids is a hemorrhoidectomy , used mostly for large internal hemorrhoids.
    • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Has possible correlation with incontinence issues later in life; in addition, many patients complain that pain during recovery is severe.^ Patients often complain of a stinging pain during bowel movements.
    • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Has possible correlation with incontinence issues later in life; in addition, many patients complain that pain during recovery is severe.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ None of the patients complained of fecal incontinence, sepsis, or anal stenosis.
    • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

    .For this reason it is often now recommended only for severe (grade IV) hemorrhoids.
  • Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization (THD-HP) is a minimally invasive treatment for hemorrhoids and hemorrhoidal prolapse [16][17][18].^ When I was 16 on October for no reason I have hemorrhoids.
    • For Hemorrhoids, External Hemorrhoids, Thrombosed Hemorrhoids, Piles 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC fonoils.com [Source type: General]
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment from Forces of Nature 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.forces-of-nature.net [Source type: General]

    ^ For this reason is often now recommended only for severe (grade IV) hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Grade IV: The hemorrhoids are prolapsed and cannot be manually reduced.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .THD uses an ultrasound doppler to accurately locate the arterial blood inflow.^ Preoperatively in all patients the three main branches of the artery at three, seven and eleven o'clock could be detected by doppler ultrasound.
    • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ This procedure uses a Doppler ultrasound flowmeter along with a protoscope.

    ^ The identified arteries are ligated in a distance 3 to 4 cm proximal to the Dentate Line through the ligation window of the A.M.I. HAL-Doppler Proctoscope, thus reducing the blood inflow to the inner hemorrhoidal plexus.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .With simple suture, these arteries are “tied off” and the prolapsed tissue is sutured back to anatomical position without excision of tissue.^ This restores the hemorrhoidal tissue back to its original anatomical position.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ These small bands are placed over the hemorrhoid tissue, causing them to slowly strangulate and fall off.
    • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most people assume that hemorrhoids represent abnormally dilated veins, or artery to vein connections with prolapse or slipping down of the connective tissue surrounding these vessels.
    • Hemorrhoids - a knol by Anonymous 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .THD is performed above the nerve bundles, or dentate line.^ The reason that this dentate line is important is because it marks the beginning of a large and sensitive band of nerves that help to control the anal sphincter.

    ^ The dentate line is also significant because there are no nerve ending above the line.

    ^ There are two types of nerves in the anal canal, visceral nerves (above the dentate line) and somatic nerves (below the dentate line.

    .Because of this, there is very little pain.^ There is very little, medication-wise, to do.
    • Berkeley Parents Network: Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nitricum Acidum is indicated for constipation with intense straining when there is with little or no bowel evacuation, and for violent cutting pains after stool passage which continues for hours.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sir i feel like im suffering from piles,, as it becomes very painful while passing the stool,,the swelling is there,,,Is the tablet nux vomica 200 suitable for me?
    • HEMORRHOIDS AND HOMEOPATHY : Homeopathy at DrHomeo.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.drhomeo.com [Source type: Original source]

    .THD is typically performed in an out-patient setting and return to normal activities is within a few days.
  • Stapled hemorrhoidectomy, a resection of a soft tissue proximal to the dentate line, which disrupts the blood flow to the hemorrhoids.^ This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off, typically within a day or so.
    • Hemorrhoid Banding Procedure - CRH O'Regan SystemT * Gastroenterologist Dr. David S. Shields * GI Doctor Stanford University Palo Alto CA 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.gastroenterologistpaloalto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Stapling also disrupts hemorrhoid blood supply.
    • Hemorrhoids - a knol by Anonymous 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Stapled hemorrhoidectomy for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

    .It is generally less painful than complete removal of hemorrhoids and also allows for faster recovery times.^ Less than a week later my hemorrhoids were completely gone!

    ^ This surgery is the complete removal of the hemorrhoidal tissue.

    ^ The itching, burning, pain, swelling and anal bleeding are all horrible symptoms of a larger problem than just hemorrhoids.

    .It's meant for hemorrhoids that fall out or bleed and is not helpful for painful outside conditions.
  • Doppler guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation or better known as THD [Transanal hemorrhoidal Dearterialization] (, which cuts the artery that delivers blood to the hemorrhoid.^ This will help relieve itching and painful hemorrhoids.
    • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Treatment, Natural Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Cures 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.morphemeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This condition is known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Acupuncture.Com - Hemorrhoids - Chinese, Western Medicine and Nutrition 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.acupuncture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Symptoms of Hemorrhoids - WrongDiagnosis.com 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]
    • Hemorrhoids 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.digitalnaturopath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment Natural Hemorrhoids Relief 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

    ^ BACKGROUND AND AIMS. Doppler-guided hemorrhoid artery ligation is a new approach for treating hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

    .It is the best treatment for bleeding piles, as the bleeding stops immediately.^ It is the best treatment for bleeding piles, as the bleeding stops immediately.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tags: hemroids, hemorrhoids, hemorrhoid, thrombosed hemorrhoid, piles, hemorrhoid treatment, hemorrhoid symptoms, bleeding, internal, external, cause, relief, remedies .

    ^ Once you reach the end of this article you will know the best bleeding hemorrhoids treatment.
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment - Cure Your Bleeding Hemorrhoids At Home In 48 Hours! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidmiraclehealing.com [Source type: General]

    [19]

Natural treatments

.
  • Eating fiber-rich diets, as well as drinking lots of water, help to create a softer stool that is easier to pass, to lessen the irritation of existing hemorrhoids.^ Eat a diet high in fiber .
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment - Cure Your Bleeding Hemorrhoids At Home In 48 Hours! 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC hemorrhoidmiraclehealing.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Eat a diet rich in fiber.
    • Hemorrhoids Treatment | Natural Haemorrhoids Cure | Piles, Haemorrhoid Relief | Internal, External, Bleeding Thrombosed Hemorrhoidal Cream 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Drink lots of water and other liquids to avoid straining as well.

    [20]
  • .
  • Using the squatting position for bowel movements.^ This involves the use of squatting position when you have to do.

    ^ Use the squatting position, always.

    ^ Using the squatting position for bowel movements.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [13]
  • .
  • Dietary supplements can help treat and prevent many complications of hemorrhoids, and natural botanicals such as Butchers Broom, Horse-chestnut, Hem-eez and bioflavonoids can be an effective addition to hemorrhoid treatment.^ Horse chestnut is another well-known treatment for thrombosed hemorrhoids.

    ^ This method is effective in treating external hemorrhoids.

    ^ AntihemorrhoidsDrops is an all natural dietary supplement for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoids | Treatment for Hemorrhoids | naturespharma.org 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.naturespharma.org [Source type: Academic]

    [21]
  • .
  • Butcher's Broom extract, or Ruscus aculeatus, contains ruscogenins that have anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects that help tighten and strengthen veins.^ Butcher's Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus) is used to treat varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It has powerful anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects, and can help tighten and strengthen those veins.
    • How Do You Know if You Have Hemorrhoids... or Something Serious? 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC articles.mercola.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Butcher's Broom extract, or Ruscus aculeatus , contains ruscogenins that have anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects that help tighten and strengthen veins.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Butcher's Broom has traditionally been used to treat venous problems including hemorrhoids and varicose veins.^ Butcher's Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus) is used to treat varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Butcher's Broom has traditionally been used to treat venous problems including hemorrhoids and varicose veins.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Also known as knee holly, box holly and sweet broom, Butcher’s broom is used in treating hemorrhoids and varicose veins by improving blood circulation.

    [22][23][24]
  • .
  • Horse-chestnut extract, or Aesculus hippocastanum, contains a saponin known as aescin, that has anti-inflammatory, anti-edema, and venotonic actions.^ Horse chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) extract for 50mg of escin per day.

    ^ Horse-chestnut extract, or Aesculus hippocastanum , contains a saponin known as aescin , that has anti-inflammatory, anti-edema, and venotonic actions.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Butcher's Broom extract, or Ruscus aculeatus , contains ruscogenins that have anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects that help tighten and strengthen veins.
    • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Aescin improves tone in vein walls, thereby strengthening the support structure of the vein.^ Horse Chestnut (Aesculus Hippocastanum) extract standardized for aescin or escin, seems to increase the strength and tone of the veins in particular.
    • Hemorrhoids.net - Hemorrhoids Information, Pictures, Treatments, and Cures 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The botanical extracts in these treatments have been shown to improve microcirculation, capillary flow, and vascular tone, and to strengthen the connective tissue of the perivascular amorphous substrate (rectal tissue).
    • Hemorrhoids | Treatment for Hemorrhoids | naturespharma.org 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.naturespharma.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Black Walnut Hull - Eases bowel movements to prevent hemorrhoid flare-up Butcher's Broom - Improves the strength and tone of veins preventing them from ballooning when strained.

    .Double blind studies have shown that supplementation with horse-chestnut helps relieve the pain and swelling associated with chronic venous insufficiency.^ This will help relieve itching and painful hemorrhoids.
    • Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids Treatment, Natural Remedies for Hemorrhoids, Cures 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.morphemeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It really helps with the swelling and the pain."
    • Hemorrhoids Remedies from the Earth Clinic Community of Natural Cures. 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Horse chestnut is believed to reduce swelling and irritation associated with hemorrhoids.

    [25][26]

Famous cases

.George Brett of the Kansas City Royals famously had to leave game 2 of the 1980 World Series due to extreme pain from hemorrhoids, but returned in game 3 following a procedure to relieve the pain.^ Effectiveness in relieving the following hemorrhoids symptoms: .
  • Natural Hemorrhoid Treatment & Cure, Hemorrhoids Remedy & Relief 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.hemorrhoids-help.com [Source type: General]

^ Pain scores were highest 4 h following the procedure.
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They relieve pain caused by hemorrhoids.
  • Hemorrhoids Home Remedies - Hemorrhoids natural treatment home remedies 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.homemademedicine.com [Source type: General]

In 1981 he missed 2 weeks of spring training having the hemorrhoids removed.[27]

Diseases with similar symptoms

.Symptoms associated with rectal cancer, anal fissure, anal abscess, anal fistula, perianal hematoma, and other diseases may be similar to those produced by hemorrhoids and may be reduced by the topical analgesic methods described above.^ Can anal fissures ever lead to colon cancer ?
  • Hemorrhoids, Anal Fistulas 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.dekalbsurgical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be indication of any other disease.

^ Other symptoms of internal hemorrhoids may include: .
  • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For this reason, it is a good idea to consult with a physician when these symptoms are encountered, particularly for the first time, and periodically should the problem continue.^ For this reason, it is a good idea to consult with a physician when these symptoms are encountered, particularly for the first time, and periodically should the problem continue.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Haemorrhoidal symptoms have been known from time immemorial; they are considered to be a widespread problem, which is progressive if untreated.
  • Hemorrhoids: Free Medical and Health Information on Hemorrhoids Research and Treatment 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.lifestages.com [Source type: Academic]

^ These medications have also been known to help with some of the other withdrawal symptoms, such as concentration problems and mood swings.
  • Health Eppiclinic 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.eppiclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the US, colonoscopy is recommended as a general diagnostic for those over age 50 (40 with family history of bowel cancers).^ In the US, colonoscopy is recommended as a general diagnostic for those over age 50 (40 with family history of bowel cancers); a clear (normal) scope is good for 10 years.
  • Hemorrhoid encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 15 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When hemorrhoids become a repeated problem where the pain becomes unbearable, especially when there is bleeding, it is imperative to consult a doctor, especially if you are over the age of 50 and have a family history of polyps or colon cancer.

^ People who have these symptoms, especially those age 50 or older or those with a family history of colon cancer, should talk to their health professional.
  • Health: Hemorrhoids; Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem ... 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.maimonidesmed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hemorrhoids - Revolution Health 1 February 2010 3:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

References

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  2. ^ Perianal hematoma - Medbroadcast
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  14. ^ Longman RJ, Thomson WH (2006). "A prospective study of outcome from rubber band ligation of piles". Colorectal Dis 8 (2): 145–8. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2005.00873.x. PMID 16412076. 
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  17. ^ N. Sohn, J. S. Aronoff, F. S. Cohen, M. A. Weinstein Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization is an alternative to operative hemorrhoidectomy The American Journal of Surgery, 2001, Vol. 182, issue 5,515-519
  18. ^ P. Giordano, J. Overton, F. Madeddu, S. Zaman, G. Gravante Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization: a systematic review Dis Colon Rectum 2009; 52: 1665-1671
  19. ^ Scheyer M, Antonietti E, Rollinger G, Mall H, Arnold S (2006). "Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation". Am. J. Surg. 191 (1): 89–93. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.10.007. PMID 16399113. 
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  23. ^ Rudofsky G (1989). "[Improving venous tone and capillary sealing. Effect of a combination of Ruscus extract and hesperidine methyl chalcone in healthy probands in heat stress]" (in German). Fortschr. Med. 107 (19): 52, 55–8. PMID 2668140. 
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  25. ^ Pittler MH, Ernst E (1998). "Horse-chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency. A criteria-based systematic review". Arch Dermatol 134 (11): 1356–60. doi:10.1001/archderm.134.11.1356. PMID 9828868. 
  26. ^ Diehm C, Trampisch HJ, Lange S, Schmidt C (1996). "Comparison of leg compression stocking and oral Horse-chestnut seed extract therapy in patients with chronic venous insufficiency". Lancet 347 (8997): 292–4. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(96)90467-5. PMID 8569363. 
  27. ^ "Brett in Hospital for Surgery". The New York Times. March 1, 1981. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0DE2DC1439F932A35750C0A967948260. 

External links


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