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The variety of appearances for cannabis. Only C. sativa (left) is suited for industrial hemp, but it also has medicinal varieties.
.Hemp (from Old English hænep) is the name of the soft, durable fiber that is cultivated from plants of the Cannabis genus, cultivated for industrial and commercial (non-drug) use.^ Sinsemilla: Refers to non-pollinated female cannabis plants.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A. "Marijuana" refers to the dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant [1], which contain the non-narcotic chemical THC at various potencies.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Archeologists report that cannabis was possibly the first plant cultivated by humans - about 8000 B.C. - and was used for linen, paper, and garments.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In modern times, industrial hemp has been used for industrial purposes including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, and fuel, and medical purposes.^ By characterizing onset as timing of first use, we may be lapping a separate construct.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Cannabis plant or ‘hemp’ as it is called in the textile industry is a very strong material and will withstand large amounts of stress applied to it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The same plant, known as hemp, has an estimated 50,000 non-drug commercial uses including paper, textiles, fuels, food and sealants, but these uses are also banned by existing laws.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] with modest commercial success.[2][3] .In the past three years, commercial success of hemp food products has grown considerably.^ Bangladesh has experienced one of the highest urban population growth rates (around 7% per year) over the past three decades.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

[4][5]
.Hemp is one of the faster growing biomasses known,[6] producing up to 25 tonnes of dry matter per hectare per year,[7] and one of the earliest domesticated plants known.^ "They started out with a very low-grade plant, rolled it up with stems and seeds, and then freeze-dried it so that they probably ruined any of the THC crystals.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Then one day you notice that the plant is not growing much taller anymore.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ INDOOR VEGETATIVE GROWTH During your plants vegetative cycle it will begin to grow quickly and produce more leaves and new branches.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] For a crop, hemp is relatively environmentally friendly as it requires few pesticides[9] and no herbicides.[10]
Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa var. sativa is the variety grown for industrial use in Europe, Canada, and elsewhere, while C. sativa subsp. .indica generally has poor fiber quality and is primarily used for production of recreational and medicinal drugs.^ Since it is not possible to obtain a patent on marijuana for use as a prescription medicine, an Orphan Drug Designation makes marijuana available for research and development into a prescription medicine.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In contrast, vaporizers do eliminate combustion products and address the Institute of Medicine’s 1999 recommendation for the development of non-smoking delivery systems for the medicinal use of marijuana.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Marijuana, or cannabis, is now listed as a Schedule I drug -- with no medicinal use -- under the Controlled Substances Act.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.The major difference between the two types of plants is the appearance and the amount of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) secreted in a resinous mixture by epidermal hairs called glandular trichomes, although they can also be distinguished genetically.^ That is why we have different types of cannabis plants.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just an example to show the different phenotypes seen in two different Pea plant strains.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These resin glands are correctly called Trichomes.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Strains of Cannabis approved for industrial hemp production produce only minute amounts of this psychoactive drug, not enough for any physical or psychological effects.^ Only add small amounts each time and then the next day use the pH meter to study the effects.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cannabis plant or ‘hemp’ as it is called in the textile industry is a very strong material and will withstand large amounts of stress applied to it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These plants have been genetically engineered (GM) to produce very low levels of THC and are mainly used by farmers in some countries who have permission to grow cannabis for hemp production ONLY. It is best to keep away from these seeds and strains.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Typically, hemp contains below 0.3% THC, while Cannabis grown for marijuana can contain anywhere from 6 or 7 % to 20% or even more.^ Chapter 16 STRAIN INDEX This section contains a list of cannabis strains that you will more than likely come across if you shop around.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some bud may only contain 20% THC, with a THC level of 5.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A. "Marijuana" refers to the dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant [1], which contain the non-narcotic chemical THC at various potencies.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.Industrial hemp is produced in many countries around the world.^ Many atheists think quite highly of themselves, humanity, and the world around them out of belief that "this is it."
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

[13] Major producers include Canada, France, and China. .While more hemp is exported to the United States than to any other country, the United States Government does not consistently distinguish between marijuana and the non-psychoactive Cannabis used for industrial and commercial purposes.^ The use of marijuana as a medication has been a politically charged topic in the United States for more than three decades.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some strains have male plants that produce more THC than other males of a different strain.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The homogeneity test of variance showed consistent protective effects of religiosity on four types of substance use, namely, alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, and other illicit drugs.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

[12]

Contents

Uses

.Hemp is used for a wide variety of purposes, including the manufacture of cordage of varying tensile strength, clothing, and nutritional products.^ Pharmacological preparations of cannabinoid compounds have a variety of therapeutic uses in medicine, including different pain syndromes, but have not been previously reported as beneficial for cluster headache.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ "The use of controlled substances for legitimate research purposes is well-established, and has yielded a number of miracle medicines widely available to patients and doctors," Norquist wrote.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The use of controlled substances for legitimate research purposes is well-established, and has yielded a number of miracle medicines widely available to patients and doctors.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.The bast fibers can be used in 100% hemp products, but are commonly blended with other organic fibers such as flax, cotton or silk, for apparel and furnishings, most commonly at a 55%/45% hemp/cotton blend.^ We will not discuss other methods used for mass production by some eastern countries as these are somewhat substandard to the home methods mentioned below.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Background/Objectives: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance, yet among the least studied in medication development research.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ On self-report, participants receiving buspirone reported not using marijuana 45.2% of days and participants receiving placebo reported not using 51.4% of days (p=0.55).
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

.The inner two fibers of hemp are more woody, and are more often used in non-woven items and other industrial applications, such as mulch, animal bedding and litter.^ To a superstitious animal, that is more than enough to continue doing something which requires such little effort.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Activation of the orbitofrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens was also positively correlated with problems related to marijuana use, such that greater BOLD activation was associated with greater number of items on a marijuana problem scale.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Often other interrelated social features, such as untreated mental illness, trauma history, and domestic violence, affect these families.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

.The oil from the fruits ("seeds") oxidizes (commonly, though inaccurately, called "drying") to become solid on exposure to air (similar to linseed oil) and is sometimes used in the manufacture of oil-based paints, in creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and in plastics.^ They can use the cured plant as it is and smoke it dry or they can produce hash or oils from the curing process.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hemp seeds have been used in bird seed mix.[14] Hempseed is also widely used as a fishing bait.

Food

Shelled hemp seeds
.Hemp seeds contain all the essential amino acids and essential fatty acids necessary to maintain healthy human life.^ Christ sacrificed himself so that all humanity might be redeemed from sin and have life everlasting.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But since all the seeds where solid, then he knew that Pea Plant#1 contained the dominant genotype for seed shape and that Pea Plant#2 contained the recessive genotype for wrinkled seeds.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15] The seeds can be eaten raw, ground into a meal, sprouted, made into hemp milk (akin to soy milk), prepared as tea, and used in baking. The fresh leaves can also be eaten in salads. Products range from cereals to frozen waffles, hemp tofu to nut butters. .A few companies produce value added hemp seed items that include the seed oils, whole hemp grain (which is sterilized by law), hulled hemp seed (the whole seed without the mineral rich outer shell), hemp flour, hemp cake (a by-product of pressing the seed for oil) and hemp protein powder.^ Now the seeds are scuffed and their outer shell should be easier to pop open.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This information can be obtained from the larger seed production companies in Holland.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SELFING Selfing is the ability for a plant to produce seeds without the aid of another plant.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hemp is also used in some organic cereals, for non-dairy milk[16] somewhat similar to soy and nut milks, and for non-dairy hemp "ice cream."[17]
Within the UK, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has treated hemp as purely a non-food crop. .Seed appears on the UK market as a legal food product, and cultivation licenses are available for this purpose.^ Soon the grower may find himself or herself entering competitions or even producing some of the finest seeds available on the market.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In North America, hemp seed food products are sold, typically in health food stores or through mail order.^ Most strains that are sold by reputable breeders through seed-banks are very uniform in growth.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The USDA estimates that "the market potential for hemp seed as a food ingredient is unknown. .However, it probably will remain a small market, like those for sesame and poppy seeds."^ However we would like to point out that we used a very small pool in the above example.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you have spent $50/£50 on seeds then why not spend the extra $20/£20 on getting a small kit together like this.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]

Nutrition

Hemp is illegal in the US. About 30–35% of the weight of hempseed is hempseed oil or hemp oil, an edible oil that contains about 80% essential fatty acids (EFAs); i.e., linoleic acid, omega-6 (LA, 55%), alpha-linolenic acid, omega-3 (ALA, 22%), in addition to gamma-linolenic acid, omega-6 (GLA, 1–4%) and stearidonic acid, omega-3 (SDA, 0–2%). Whole hempseed also contains about 25% of a highly-digestible protein, where 1/3 is edestin and 2/3 are albumins. Its amino acid profile is close to "complete" when compared to more common sources of proteins such as meat, milk, eggs and soy.[20] .The proportions of linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid in one tablespoon (15 ml) per day of hemp oil easily provides human daily requirements for EFAs.^ Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three conditions, 1) receive 2 grams per day of placebo, 2) 6% THC or 3) 12% THC cannabis.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Page 15 there was only one stratum of humanity that they thought worth consideration or preservation, i.e.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Some larger plants will require a minimum of a gallon of water per day.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unlike flaxseed oil, hemp oil can be used continuously without developing a deficiency or other imbalance of EFAs.^ He felt a continuous desire for the drug and kept on using it despite the development of persistent cognitive impairment.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

[21] This has been demonstrated in a clinical study, where the daily ingestion of flaxseed oil decreased the endogenous production of GLA.[21]
Hempseed is an adequate source of calcium and iron. .Whole hempseeds are also a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, copper and manganese.^ Iron, boron, chlorine, manganese, copper, zinc, and molybdenum.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are as follows: iron, boron, chlorine, manganese, copper, zinc, and molybdenum.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hempseed contains no gluten and therefore would not trigger symptoms of celiac disease.^ If he wanted to make them pay he would have to go to law with them, and that no one of the class that the Pastorini belonged to would ever dare to do, knowing the remedy to be worse than the disease.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

Storage

Hemp oil is a highly unsaturated oil. As a highly unsaturated oil, it has a relatively low smoke point and is not suitable for frying. .It is primarily used as a food oil and dietary supplement, and has been shown to relieve the symptoms of eczema (atopic dermatitis).^ DAWN estimates that 741,425 ED visits involved nonmedical use of prescription or over-the-counter medication or dietary supplements.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

.Hemp oil can spontaneously oxidize and turn rancid within a short period of time if not stored properly; it is best stored in a dark glass bottle, in a refrigerator or freezer (its freezing point is -20C).^ Hemp fabric products will last longer than cotton fabric products thus the buyer buys less over longer periods of time.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you want to use the 286 seeds in more than 2 years time store them in a freezer.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Preservatives (antioxidants) are not necessary for high quality oils that are stored properly.

Dietary supplement

Hemp oil has been shown to relieve the symptoms of eczema (atopic dermatitis).[22]
.Hemp Seed contains a large dietary supplement of omega-3, higher even than walnuts which contain 6.3% of n-3. These oils are known to improve memory and strengthen brain cells.^ Yes, higher than even the Netherlands.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You can help these seeds to grow by using a method known as Scuffing.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of these non-food plant fertilizers contain other ingredients than just the standard primary, secondary and micronutrients.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Medicine

Hemp oil has anti-inflammatory properties.[23]

Fiber

Hemp stem showing fibers.
.The fiber is one of the most valuable parts of the hemp plant.^ One day, we can perhaps look forward to NIDA’s coming to understand the value of growing female plants that aren’t permitted to go to seed.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In most cases the cola is going to produce the most bud so why not try to get that part of the plant to grow really big.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mould looks like a rust or fluff on the leaves and will most of the time spread to other parts of the plant.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is commonly called bast, which refers to the fibers that grow on the outside of the woody interior of the plant's stalk, and under the outer most part (the bark).^ Gene Migration When we deal with a population of plants we refer to a group of plants that breed within themselves without any interference from an outside population.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This seems to be something of a problem because we grow plants under lights and we may have a system that has to be sitting near the light so the plants can grow properly.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You may have seen some of the outside plants in your grow area bending towards the light to try and get their share.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bast fibers give the plants strength. Hemp fibers can be between approximately 0.91 m (3 ft) and 4.6 m (15 ft) long, running the length of the plant. .Depending on the processing used to remove the fiber from the stem, the hemp may naturally be creamy white, brown, gray, black or green.^ All strains are different but in general it is a white to red or a white to brown color change (It is best to use the breeder’s recommended flowering times for harvest guidelines though).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MONITORING RECYCLE SYSTEMS Depending on what set-up you are using, you may find that your solution goes through a system that uses the nutrients in the reservoir over and over.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The use of hemp for fiber production has declined sharply over the last two centuries, but before the industrial revolution, hemp was a popular fiber because it is strong and grows quickly; it produces 10% more fiber than cotton and 10% more fiber than flax when grown on the same land.^ Perennial: Living for more than two years or growing seasons.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The use of marijuana as a medication has been a politically charged topic in the United States for more than three decades.
  • CORK Bibliography: Marijuana 6 February 2010 12:21 UTC www.projectcork.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some strains have male plants that produce more THC than other males of a different strain.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.September 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Hemp has been used to make paper.^ This is okay, but make sure that you use the white side and not the shiny side.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fill up the spaces with new soil and use a stick to prop up your plant if needed.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was often used to make sail canvas, and the word canvas derives from cannabis.^ HOWCANNABIS IS USED Whenever we hear the word Cannabis we think of the famous leaf shape like the one on this book’s cover.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24][25] .Abaca, or "Manila hemp", a relative of the banana plant, replaced its use for rope.^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Burlap, made from jute, took over the sacking market. The paper industry began using wood pulp. The carpet industry switched over to wool, sisal, and jute, then nylon. Netting and webbing applications were taken over by cotton and synthetics.

Building material

Concrete block made with hemp in France
.In Europe and China, hemp fibers have been used in prototype quantities to strengthen concrete, and in other composite materials for many construction and manufacturing applications.^ The Cannabis plant was used for many things other than the extraction of THC (to be discussed later).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our ancestors, up until the late 1800’s early 1900’s, used the Cannabis plant to create clothing and other materials.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Doblin said there are potentially many other medicinal uses of marijuana, including the treatment of multiple sclerosis and AIDS-related neuropathy.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

[26] See Hempcrete.

Composite materials

.A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used since 2002 to make composite panels for automobiles.^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since it is not possible to obtain a patent on marijuana for use as a prescription medicine, an Orphan Drug Designation makes marijuana available for research and development into a prescription medicine.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The other thing to look out for when using germination fertilizers is to make sure that your mixture is correct.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4][27] The choice of which bast fiber to use is primarily based on cost and availability.

Paper

There is a niche market for hemp paper. .World hemp paper pulp production was believed to be around 120,000 tons per year in 1991 which was about 0.05% of the world's annual pulp production volume.^ Those atheists, always going around with their *knock knock* "Hello sir, may I talk to you about not believing in God?"
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This book is about cannabis and how it is grown around the world.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since I couldn't replicate the Big Bang with my bare hands, I now believe that the Earth is about 6000 years old and was created by God.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .The cost of hemp pulp is approximately six times that of wood pulp,[2] mostly due to the small size and outdated equipment of the few hemp processing plants in the Western world and hemp is harvested once a year (during August) and needs to be stored to feed the mill the whole year through.^ There is also a preparation process that you must go through with your dried plants before you attempt any of the methods outlined below.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ T-Rav - August 16th, 2009 at 3:08 am Why do you feel the need to go around bashing Jesus all the time, for that matter?
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Laws against marijuana were passed a year after the invention of a machine to harvest and process hemp so it could compete commercially against businesses owned by Hearst, the DuPonts and other powerful families.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This storage requires a lot of (mostly manual) handling of the bulky stalk bundles, which accounts for a high raw material cost. Hemp pulp is bleached with hydrogen peroxide, which can also be used for wood pulp.
In 1916, US Department of Agriculture chief scientists Lyster H. Dewe, and Jason L. Merrill created paper made from hemp pulp, which they concluded was "favorable in comparison with those used with pulp wood."[28][29]
.The decision of the United States Congress to pass the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act was based in part on testimony derived from articles in newspapers owned by William Randolph Hearst, who, some authors stress, had significant financial interests in the forest industry, which manufactured his newsprint.^ She murmured some unintelligible words, coloured hotly, and ran towards her own door, her little yellow dog Raggi, who had been in the church with her, scampering in front.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ February 6, 2009: ASA gets 16 Members of the United States Congress to Sign a Letter to the Attorney General .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In some cases where the cannabis industry is booming, rippers are professionals and this is their main source of financial income.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
From 1880 to 1933 the hemp grown in the United States had declined from 15,000 to 1,200 acres (4.9 km2), and that the price of line hemp had dropped from $12.50 per pound in 1914 to $9.00 per pound in 1933.[30][31] In 1935, however, hemp would make a significant rebound.[31] .Hearst began a campaign against hemp, and published stories in his newspapers associating hemp with marijuana[32] and attacking marijuana usage.^ But the notorious yellow journalist William Randolph Hearst fabricated and published horror stories about marijuana that were eventually investigated and shown to be lies, but not until long after the marijuana prohibition was enacted in 1938.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laws against marijuana were passed a year after the invention of a machine to harvest and process hemp so it could compete commercially against businesses owned by Hearst, the DuPonts and other powerful families.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]

Fabric

A sack made from hemp fiber
A modest hemp fabric industry exists. Recent developments in processing have made it possible to soften coarse fibers to a wearable level. Characteristics of hemp fiber are its superior strength and durability, resistance to ultraviolet light and mold, comfort and good absorbency (8%).[citation needed]

Cordage

Hemp rope used at the Dallas, Texas, USA World Aquarium
Hemp rope was used in the age of sailing ships, though the rope had to be protected by tarring, due to hemp rope propensity for breaking due to rot, as the capillary effect of the rope-woven fibers tended to hold liquid at the interior, while seeming dry from the outside.[34] .Tarring was a labor-intensive process, and earned sailors the nickname "Jack Tar". Hemp rope was phased out when Manila, which does not require tarring, became widely available.^ You may find other curing processes out there, but canning does work wonders and is cheap to do.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Manila is sometimes referred to as Manila hemp, but is not related to hemp; it is Abacá, a species of banana.

Animal bedding

Hemp shives are the core of the stem. In EU, they are used for bedding (horse bedding for instance), or for horticultural mulch.[35] .Industrial hemp is much more profitable if both fibers and shives (or even seeds) can be used.^ By the time you have finished your thinning you will have an even grow area with some clones that you can use to grow more bud.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Serious Seeds has registered all of its names and even fought in court over the use of those names, but for the buyer the situation can be confusing.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You may have to use a wide selection of plants to achieve the goal, but never the less it is still achievable and much more so than nonselective breeding in the wild.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water and soil purification

.Hemp can be used as a "mop crop" to clear impurities out of wastewater, such as sewage effluent, excessive phosphorus from chicken litter, or other unwanted substances or chemicals.^ A pen made from chicken wire will prevent any unwanted predators such as deer or rodents from eating your plants.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before you use a pot make sure that you clean it thoroughly before use to get rid of any unwanted chemicals or dust that may have gathered in the shop or factory.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This could be caused by the absence of nutrients (a deficiency) or by a chemical reaction in the medium/solution that causes a toxic substance to block the roots, or causes a chemical reaction that creates another substance that changes the chemical properties of the other nutrients.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Eco-technologist Dr. Keith Bolton from Southern Cross University in Lismore, New South Wales, Australia, is a leading researcher in this area. Hemp is being used to clean contaminants at Chernobyl nuclear disaster site.[36]

Weed control

Biodiesel sample
.Hemp, because of its height, dense foliage and its high planting density as a crop, is a very effective and long used method of killing tough weeds in farming (by minimizing the pool of weed seeds of the soil).^ "They started out with a very low-grade plant, rolled it up with stems and seeds, and then freeze-dried it so that they probably ruined any of the THC crystals.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is more than possible, with the right strain, to have a single plant cover an entire desk using this method.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The way to solve this is by using predator urine (Also see Deer) or by building a very small mesh fence around the bottom of your outdoor plants.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .Using hemp this way can help farmers avoid the use of herbicides, to help gain organic certification and to gain the benefits of crop rotation per se.^ We hope that this book has helped you in some way and that you will use it for future reference.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can help these seeds to grow by using a method known as Scuffing.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fuel

.Biofuels such as biodiesel and alcohol fuel can be made from the oils in hemp seeds and stalks, and the fermentation of the plant as a whole, respectively.^ Hemp: This is the stalk and stems produced from the cannabis plant that are used to make fabrics.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Biodiesel produced from hemp is sometimes known as hempoline[38].
Henry Ford grew industrial hemp on his estate after 1937,[39] possibly to prove the cheapness of methanol production at Iron Mountain. He made plastic cars (the so-called Hemp Car) with wheat straw, hemp and sisal. (Popular Mechanics, Dec. 1941, "Pinch Hitters for Defense.") Filtered hemp oil can be used directly to power diesels. In 1892, Rudolph Diesel invented the diesel engine, which he intended to fuel "by a variety of fuels, especially vegetable and seed oils."[40][41][42][43]

Cultivation

Hemp being harvested
Climate zones well suited for the cultivation of hemp
.Millennia of selective breeding have resulted in varieties that look quite different.^ This is because cross breeding produces so many different results that it is hard to keep track on what is happening.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, breeding since circa 1930 has focused quite specifically on producing strains which would perform very poorly as sources of drug material.^ When she is fully mature she should produce a very pleasing high depending on the grow method, the strain of plant and when it is harvested.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He said this would matter quite a bit to FDA and could require replication of some clinical studies which are very expensive.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This is incredibly damning since time delays in pharmaceutical drug development are very expensive and substantially impede the process.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Hemp grown for fibre is planted closely, resulting in tall, slender plants with long fibers. .Ideally, according to Britain's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the herb should be harvested before it flowers.^ Fertilizer: A plant food, which when complete should contains all three of the primary elements -N.P.K. Floret: A Small flower.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the seed-bank says, Skunk#1 Flowering time: 7-9 weeks then you should be able to know roughly when your plant will be ready for harvest (in this case it will 7 - 9 weeks from the time your plant starts to flower).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is towards the last days of flowering that you should begin your harvest.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This early cropping is done because fibre quality declines if flowering is allowed and, incidentally, this cropping also pre-empts the herb's maturity as a potential source of drug material.^ But researchers who want marijuana have only one legal source: a crop grown in Mississippi and dispensed by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These plants are not flowering yet because it is too early.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WHEN TO FLOWER? Pre-flowering is a sign that your plant is mature enough to start flowering.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in these strains of industrial hemp the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content would have been very low regardless.^ If a regiment of the blind, the infirm, and the very aged would have been any use to the Minister of War, he could have had a large one from these nettings of Messer Nellemane.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cannabis plant or ‘hemp’ as it is called in the textile industry is a very strong material and will withstand large amounts of stress applied to it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These plants have been genetically engineered (GM) to produce very low levels of THC and are mainly used by farmers in some countries who have permission to grow cannabis for hemp production ONLY. It is best to keep away from these seeds and strains.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name Cannabis is the genus and was the name favored by the 19th century medical practitioners who helped to introduce the herb's drug potential to modern English-speaking consciousness.^ People who add other drugs to cannabis are not doing the cannabis community a favor.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are requesting that MAPS supporters actively help us recruit subjects for Dr. Abrams National Institute on Drug Abuse -funded study of vaporized marijuana in patients who are already using opioid medications for pain.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Were requesting that MAPS supporters actively help us recruit subjects for Dr. Abrams National Institute on Drug Abuse -funded study of vaporized marijuana in patients who are already using opioid medications for pain.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Cannabis for non-drug purposes (especially ropes and textiles) was then already well known as hemp.
.The name "marijuana" is Spanish in origin and associated almost exclusively with the herb's drug potential.^ It is the climax of a decades-long effort to expand research into marijuana and controlled drugs and of Craker's almost five-year effort to become a competing marijuana grower.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Historical cultivation

Hemp has been grown for millennia in Asia and the Middle East for its fibre. Commercial production of hemp in the West took off in the eighteenth century, but was grown in the sixteenth century in eastern England.[44] Due to colonial and naval expansion of the era, economies needed large quantities of hemp for rope and oakum.

Harvesting

Industrial hempseed harvesting machine in France.
Thick stands of fiber hemp compete well with weeds.
Smallholder plots are usually harvested by hand. .The plants are cut at 2 to 3 cm above the soil and left on the ground to dry.^ Take your plant and use a knife to cut around the edge of the soil as close to the rim of the pot as possible.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Quickly take your plant to a warm dry area and wait for the soil to dry out.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The soil also goes through dry periods when you do not water your plant or when the plant has absorbed most of the water.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mechanical harvesting is now common, using specially adapted cutter-binders or simpler cutters.^ It is now common practice that most countries who still have prohibition on cannabis plants set up special task squads to track down growers.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The cut hemp is laid in swathes to dry for up to four days. This was traditionally followed by retting, either water retting (the bundled hemp floats in water) or dew retting (the hemp remains on the ground and is affected by the moisture in dew moisture, and by molds and bacterial action). Modern processes use steam and machinery to separate the fiber, a process known as thermo-mechanical pulping.

Varieties

There are broadly three groups of Cannabis varieties being cultivated today:
  • Varieties primarily cultivated for their fiber, characterized by long stems and little branching, extreme red, yellow, blue or purple coloration, or thickness of stem and solid core, such as hemp cannabis oglalas, and more generally called industrial hemp.
  • Varieties grown for seed from which hemp oil is extracted or which can be dehulled.
  • Varieties grown for medicinal, spiritual development or recreational purposes.
.A nominal if not legal distinction is often made between hemp, with concentrations of the psychoactive chemical THC far too low to be useful as a drug, and Cannabis used for medical, recreational, or spiritual purposes.^ A. "Marijuana" refers to the dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant [1], which contain the non-narcotic chemical THC at various potencies.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medical doctors are not informed clearly about the use and abuse of cannabis.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View Dr. Russo’s powerpoint presentation, "Chronic Cannabis Use in the Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program: An Examination of the Benefits and Adverse Effects of Legal Clinical Cannabis" (IE4+ required to view this presentation) Read about the struggle to begin medical marijuana research in the 90’s.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Diseases

Hemp plants can be vulnerable to various pathogens including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, viruses and other miscellaneous pathogens. .Such diseases often lead to reduced fiber quality, stunted growth, and death of the plant.^ A big blob of dust on a pistil will only stunt its growth, not to mention reduce the overall effect that the bud has when you sample it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If your plant is in flowering and you have stunted growth, yellow leaves and it looks to be dying then you need more Nitrogen.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During winter you may want to reduce the time you leave the windows open as the cold may stunt growth.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These diseases rarely affect the yield of a hemp field, so hemp production is not traditionally dependent on the use of pesticides.^ We will not discuss other methods used for mass production by some eastern countries as these are somewhat substandard to the home methods mentioned below.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATTENTION - READ THIS Only use repellents and pesticides that are clearly marked for FOOD PRODUCTS USE on the label.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

Yangshao culture (ca. 4800 BCE) amphora with hemp cord design
, the Mandarin word for hemp. In China, the use of hemp has been shown to go back at least 10,000 years.
.Hemp use dates back to the Stone Age, with hemp fibre imprints found in pottery shards in China and Taiwan[45] over 7,000 years old.^ The exhaustive Indian Hemp "Raj" Commission report (1986) by British authorities found no reason to restrict its use.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You get 45 year olds who are not believers.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were also later used to make clothes, shoes, ropes, and an early form of paper.^ Our ancestors, up until the late 1800’s early 1900’s, used the Cannabis plant to create clothing and other materials.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You will not end up with hash, but you will end up with different grades of skuff that can be used to make hash later.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .Contrary to the traditional view that Cai Lun invented paper in around 105 AD, specimens of hemp paper were found in the Great Wall of China dating back 200 years earlier.^ Modern Christians would be executed for their heretical beliefs if they found themselves back 1000 years ago.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
The classical Greek historian Herodotus (ca. .480 BC) reported that the inhabitants of Scythia would often inhale the vapours of hemp smoke, both as ritual and for their own pleasurable recreation (Hist. 4:73-75).^ We love to smoke and basically try to develop new and 373 interesting plants to grow and smoke for our own pleasure as well as for our clients.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This report has been submitted to FDA as part of Dr. Donald Abrams’ IND application to study subjective effects and cannabinoid blood levels in subjects who both smoke marijuana and then at a later time inhale marijuana vapors.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

In late medieval Germany and Italy, hemp was employed in cooked dishes, as filling in pies and tortes, or boiled in a soup.[46]
.Hemp in later Europe was mainly cultivated for its fibers, and was used for ropes on many ships, including those of Christopher Columbus.^ The Cannabis plant was used for many things other than the extraction of THC (to be discussed later).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of America's greatest leaders and Founding Fathers (including George Washington) were hemp farmers.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Doblin said there are potentially many other medicinal uses of marijuana, including the treatment of multiple sclerosis and AIDS-related neuropathy.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.The use of hemp as a cloth was centered largely in the countryside, with higher quality textiles being available in the towns.^ The Cannabis plant or ‘hemp’ as it is called in the textile industry is a very strong material and will withstand large amounts of stress applied to it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Spaniards brought hemp to the Western Hemisphere and cultivated it in Chile starting about 1545.[47] However, in May 1607, "hempe" was among the crops Gabriel Archer observed being cultivated by the natives at the main Powhatan village, where Richmond, Virginia is now situated;[48] and in 1613, Samuell Argall reported wild hemp "better than that in England" growing along the shores of the upper Potomac.^ I used to be a "jerky agnostic" (I was never an atheist), until I realized that it was no better for me to make jerky comments about religion than it was for others to make jerky comments about my agnosticism.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Archeologists report that cannabis was possibly the first plant cultivated by humans - about 8000 B.C. - and was used for linen, paper, and garments.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First Early Sexing Method: If you have been growing the same strain and all the seeds at the same time, then you may notice that some plants are taller than others.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As early as 1619, the first Virginia House of Burgesses passed an Act requiring all planters in Virginia to sow "both English and Indian" hemp on their plantations.^ First Early Sexing Method: If you have been growing the same strain and all the seeds at the same time, then you may notice that some plants are taller than others.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] The Puritans are first known to have cultivated hemp in New England in 1645.[47]
U.S. 'Marihuana' production permit. .In the USA, hemp cultivation is legally prohibited, but during World War II farmers were encouraged to grow hemp for cordage, to replace Manila hemp previously obtained from Japanese-controlled areas.^ GUERRILLA GROWING SECURITY Tracks left behind from your ventures too and from your grow area are the worst give-away for any guerrilla farmer.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, human intervention has caused the Cannabis plant to grow under more controlled conditions and in areas where the plant would not have had a previous history.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The US government produced a film explaining the uses of hemp called Hemp for Victory.
.George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both cultivated hemp on their farms.^ Many of America's greatest leaders and Founding Fathers (including George Washington) were hemp farmers.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Benjamin Franklin started the first American paper mill, which made paper exclusively from hemp, and the Declaration of Independence was drafted on paper made from hemp fibers.^ In 1994 an effort was made to start a seed company with some American pot refugees.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50]
.Hemp was used extensively by the United States during WWII.^ While we have recently been hindered by United States government agencies in our attempts to conduct clinical trials using medical marijuana - we will ultimately achieve our goal.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.Uniforms, canvas, and rope were among the main textiles created from the hemp plant at this time.^ If you want to concentrate on creating more seeds so that they ONLY go in one direction (creating uniform plants) then you need to read more in this chapter.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cannabis plant or ‘hemp’ as it is called in the textile industry is a very strong material and will withstand large amounts of stress applied to it.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The problem is that we do not know which male from the bunch is the one that WON this female over, but it is quicker and less time consuming in creating a strain that is somewhat uniform for a specific trait.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Much of the hemp used was cultivated in Kentucky and the Midwest.
Historically, hemp production had made up a significant portion of antebellum Kentucky's economy. Before the American Civil War, many slaves worked on plantations producing hemp.[51]
During WWII, the U.S. made a short 1942 film, Hemp for Victory, promoting hemp as a necessary crop to win the war.
By the early twentieth century, the advent of the steam engine and the diesel engine ended the reign of the sailing ship. The production of iron and steel for cable and ships' hulls further eliminated natural fibers in marine use. Hemp had long since fallen out of favor in the sailing industry in preference to Manila hemp.

Countries that produce hemp

Over 30 countries produce industrial hemp including Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Great Britain, France, Russia and Spain.[52]
From the 1950s to the 1980s the Soviet Union was the world's largest producer (3,000 km² in 1970). The main production areas were in Ukraine,[53] the Kursk and Orel regions of Russia, and near the Polish border. .Since its inception in 1931, the Hemp Breeding Department at the Institute of Bast Crops (Russian: Научно-исследовательский институт лубяных культур) in Hlukhiv (Glukhov), Ukraine, has been one of the world's largest centers for developing new hemp varieties, focusing on improving fiber quality, per-hectare yields, and low THC content.^ But researchers who want marijuana have only one legal source: a crop grown in Mississippi and dispensed by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I mean the U.S. has the world's largest prison population, cannabis is still the largest cash crop in the United States (at ~36billion dollars per year) and about half of Americans born before 1960 have tried marijuana.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

[54][55]
Other important producing countries were China, North Korea, Hungary, the former Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, France and Italy.
Typical Japanese Shinto shrine with paper streamers & rope made out of unprocessed hemp fibre.
.In Japan, hemp was historically used as paper and a fiber crop; it was restricted as a narcotic drug in 1948. The ban on marijuana imposed by the US authorities was alien to Japanese culture, as the drug had never been widely used in Japan before.^ The WHO reports that the US has the highest per capita use of marijuana.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The DEA has also indicated that granting such a license might conflict with US international treaty obligations, specifically the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ An article from Salon.com marks the The Return of Reefer Madness , as the US Drug Czar's marketing implies a connection between marijuana and insanity.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.There is archaeological evidence that cannabis was used for clothing and the seeds were eaten in Japan right back to the Jōmon period (10,000 to 300 BCE).^ As of yet there is no on the spot breathalyzer test for cannabis use, but there are tests to determine if someone has used cannabis recently, in the last few hours, in the last few days, weeks or months.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In recent years there has been an explosion in the Cannabis seed business.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cannabis user does not have to go through the detoxification period because there simply is none.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many Kimono designs portray hemp, or "Asa" (Japanese: ), as a beautiful plant.
Uruguay has also approved a project of hemp production as of the second half of 2010.
France is Europe's biggest producer, with 8,000 hectares cultivated. Canada (9,725 ha in 2004),[56] the United Kingdom, and Germany all resumed commercial production in the 1990s. .British production is mostly used as bedding for horses; other uses are under development.^ We will not discuss other methods used for mass production by some eastern countries as these are somewhat substandard to the home methods mentioned below.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast, vaporizers do eliminate combustion products and address the Institute of Medicine’s 1999 recommendation for the development of non-smoking delivery systems for the medicinal use of marijuana.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ To understand which feeding products are better to use than others requires a degree of experimentation on your part, but experimentation is what growing is all about.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The largest outlet for German fibre is composite automotive panels. .Companies in Canada, UK, US and Germany among many others process hemp seed into a growing range of food products and cosmetics; many traditional growing countries still continue to produce textile grade fibre.^ If he had still had the mule he would have sold that, but three months had gone by since the offence had been committed, and the mule had now gone to other masters, and the price of him and the baroccino had brought food for the many mouths round the mill-house table.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ First Early Sexing Method: If you have been growing the same strain and all the seeds at the same time, then you may notice that some plants are taller than others.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It will continue to grow upwards producing new leaves as it moves along (Figure 2.13).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hemp is not legal to grow in the U.S. under federal law due to its relation to marijuana, and any imported hemp products must meet a zero tolerance level.^ ElSohly also claimed that if marijuana were to be approved by FDA using marijuana provided by NIDA, that we would have no trouble just switching to another product with similar THC levels.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Currently, the only process that could result in marijuana becoming legal as a medicine under federal law is for privately-funded sponsors to conduct scientific research with the aim of obtaining FDA approval for its use as a prescription medicine.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Washington Post reports on today’s Supreme Court decision supporting Federal power over State’s rights in medical marijuana law: A Defeat For Users Of Medical Marijuana .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.It is considered a controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act (P.L. 91-513; 21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.^ As a result, MAPS is now considering a lawsuit against HHS/NIDA claiming "unreasonable delay" under the Administrative Procedures Act.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Court declared the Controlled Substances Act unconstitutional for violating rights under the Commerce Clause if the marijuana isn’t sold, transported across state lines or used for non-medicinal purposes.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In declaring under 21 U.S.C. 823(a) that controlled substances should be supplied under "adequate competitive conditions" for lawful purposes, the U.S. Congress was following a four-century legal tradition.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

). .Some states have defied federal law and made the cultivation of industrial hemp legal.^ The Washington Post reports on today’s Supreme Court decision supporting Federal power over State’s rights in medical marijuana law: A Defeat For Users Of Medical Marijuana .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This should give you some clues as to why the fabrics industry wanted to put a stop to the cultivation of marijuana in the late 1800’s.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Washington Post reports on today's Supreme Court decision supporting Federal power over State's rights in medical marijuana law: A Defeat For Users Of Medical Marijuana .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.These states — North Dakota, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Montana, West Virginia, Vermont, and Oregon — have not yet begun to grow hemp due to resistance from the federal Drug Enforcement Administration.^ The story, "Massachusetts Considers Medical Marijuana," is by Rachel Gotbaum and begins by stating, "Governor Mitt Romney is expected to decide later this month whether he will join Senators Kennedy and Kerry and urge the federal drug enforcement administration to allow a Massachusetts professor to grow marijuana for medical research."
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ November 22, 2005 DEA Administrator Karen P. Tandy Drug Enforcement Administration Mailstop: AXS 2401 Jefferson Davis Highway Alexandria, VA 22301 .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lawyers for MAPS and Professor Lyle Craker filed a motion of reconsideration in response to the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) final ruling .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

[57]

Industrial growth under license

Industrial hemp production in France
Licenses for hemp cultivation are issued in the European Union, Canada, in three states of Australia, and nine states in the United States.[58]
.In the United Kingdom, these licenses are issued by the Home Office under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.^ MAPS is working with the Americans for Safe Access and other drug policy reform organizations seeking to persuade the Obama Administration to issue Prof. Craker his license.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Marijuana, or cannabis, is now listed as a Schedule I drug -- with no medicinal use -- under the Controlled Substances Act.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.When grown for non-drug purposes hemp is referred to as industrial hemp, and a common product is fiber for use in a wide variety of products, as well as the seed for nutritional aspects as well as for the oil.^ At present, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has an unjustifiable monopoly on the production of marijuana for legitimate medical and research purposes in the United States, grown under contract to NIDA at the University of Mississippi.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These investors are gambling that they can make money providing marijuana extracts to the pharmaceutical industry, since they can grow marijuana for this purpose as well as for free distribution to patients.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In countries like Holland, Switzerland and Belgium seed production is already well underway.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Feral hemp or ditch weed is usually a naturalized fiber or oilseed strain of Cannabis that has escaped from cultivation and is self-seeding.^ Chronic: A strain of cannabis or a high-quality cannabis weed.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Australia the states of Victoria, Queensland and most recently New South Wales issue licenses to grow hemp for industrial use.^ The three most common new types of indoor growing are SOG, ScrOG and Cabinet growing.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When using a window grow try to place your plant near a window that gets the most sunlight.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This press release discusses the North Dakota Supreme Court’s rejection of the 8 year bid of North Dakota farmers to grow industrial hemp as well as the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between North Dakota State University (NDSU) and the ND Supreme Court.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

.Victoria was an early adopter in 1998, and has reissued the regulation in 2008.[59] Queensland has allowed industrial production under license since 2002[60] where the issuance is controlled under the Drugs Misuse Act 1986.[61] Most recently New South Wales now issues licenses[62] under a law that came into effect as at 6 November 2008, the Hemp Industry Regulations Act 2008 (No 58).^ August 15th, 2009 at 7:14 pm No offense, but if that's your belief, you don't really understand the laws under which the universe operates.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ California NORML , has been working since 1993 to sponsor scientific research into the effects of vaporizers and water-pipes in filtering the constituents of inhaled marijuana.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lyle Craker is quoted discussing his lawsuit against the DEA for refusing to issue him a license for a marijuana production facility.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

[63]
Vermont and North Dakota have passed laws enabling hemp licensure. .Both states are waiting for permission to grow hemp from the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).^ November 22, 2005 DEA Administrator Karen P. Tandy Drug Enforcement Administration Mailstop: AXS 2401 Jefferson Davis Highway Alexandria, VA 22301 .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lawyers for MAPS and Professor Lyle Craker filed a motion of reconsideration in response to the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) final ruling .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Over four years ago, Prof. Lyle Craker, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, sought permission from DEA to grow cannabis for privately-funded medicinal research.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Currently, North Dakota representatives are pursuing legal measures to force DEA approval.[64] Oregon has licensed industrial hemp as of August, 2009.[65]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ecofibre Industries Limited - Facts About Hemp". http://www.ecofibre.com.au/facts.html. 
  2. ^ a b c Van Roekel, Gerjan J. (1994). "Hemp Pulp and Paper Production". Journal of the International Hemp Association. http://www.druglibrary.org/olsen/hemp/IHA/iha01105.html. 
  3. ^ Atkinson, Gail (2008). "Industrial Hemp Production in Alberta". Government of Alberta, Agriculture and Rural Development. http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/econ9631. 
  4. ^ a b "CNBC Special Report". http://www.cnbc.com/id/30685661/. 
  5. ^ "Wall Street Journal: Edible, Affordable Indulgences for 2009". http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123069062782044697.html. 
  6. ^ "The yield of hemp fiber varies from 400 to 2,500 pounds per acre, averaging 1,000 pounds under favorable conditions." Dewey & Merrrill, Hemp Hurds As Papermaking Material, U.S.D.A. Bulletin No.404, 1916, page 3.
  7. ^ Agronomy of fibre hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Europe
  8. ^ "Information paper on industrial hemp (industrial cannabis)". www2.dpi.qld.gov.au. http://www2.dpi.qld.gov.au/hemp/16241.html. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  9. ^ "HIA: Resources: Education: FAQs & Facts: Facts". www.thehia.org. http://www.thehia.org/facts.html. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  10. ^ "HIA: Resources: Education: FAQs & Facts: FAQs: Answers". www.thehia.org. http://www.thehia.org/faq7.html. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  11. ^ Datwyler SL, Weiblen GD. Genetic Variation in Hemp and Marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) According to Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2006; 51(2):371-375. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00061.x
  12. ^ a b Hemp and Marijuana: Myths & Realities written by David P. West, Ph.D. for the North American Industrial Hemp Council
  13. ^ National Non-Food Crops Centre. "Hemp", Retrieved on 2009-03-26.
  14. ^ "Erowid Cannabis Vault : Culture #2". www.erowid.org. http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_culture2.shtml. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  15. ^ http://www.ratical.org/renewables/hempseed1.html
  16. ^ "Living Harvest - The Official Website & Online Store - Hemp Seed Nutrition - Unearthing the Benefits of Hemp Seed". www.worldpantry.com. http://www.worldpantry.com/cgi-bin/ncommerce/ExecMacro/livingharvest/home.d2w/report. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  17. ^ Welcome To The Cool Hemp Company
  18. ^ http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ages001E/ages001Eh.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.wcranchohemp.com/info.php
  20. ^ Callaway JC (2004). Hempseed as a nutritional resource: an overview. Euphytica 140:65-72.
  21. ^ a b Schwab U, Callaway J, Erkkilä A, Gynther J, Uusitupa M, Järvinen T (2006). Effects of hempseed and flaxseed oils on the profile of serum lipids, serum total and lipoprotein lipid concentrations and haemostatic. European Journal of Nutrition 45(8):470-7.
  22. ^ Callaway, JC, Schwab U, Harvimaa I, Halonen P, Mykkänen O, Hyvönen P & Järvinen T (2005). Efficacy of dietary hempseed oil in patients with atopic dermatitis. Journal of Dermatological Treatment 16: 87-94.
  23. ^ Hemp seed oil as an anti-inflammatory
  24. ^ CRRH, Archaeologists agree that cannabis was among the first crops cultivated by human beings at least over 6,000 years ago, and perhaps more than 12,000 years ago
  25. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  26. ^ NNFCC. "Hemp Lime Construction Factsheet", "National Non-Food Crops Centre", Retrieved on 17 March 2009
  27. ^ Thermoformable Composite Panels. Composites World. 2006. http://www.flexformtech.com/pdf/2006/Composites%20World%20%20%27%20Thermoformable%20Composite%20Panels%27.pdf. 
  28. ^ Dewey and Merrill, U.S.D.A. Bulletin No. 404, Washington, D.C., October 14, 1916. Page 25
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ H.T. NUGENT:COMMERCIALIZED HEMP (1934-35 CROP) in the STATE OF MINNESOTA
  31. ^ a b "Additional Statement of H.J. Anslinger, Commissioner of Narcotics". http://www.druglibrary.org/SCHAFFER/hemp/taxact/t10a.htm. Retrieved 2006-03-25. 
  32. ^ Search Results - The Huffington Post
  33. ^ Marijuana Timeline
  34. ^ Schubert, Pit. "Our ropes are much stronger than we believe". Union Internationale Des Associations D'Alpinisme. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20070927193022/http://www.uiaa.ch/article.aspx?c=231&a=147. 
  35. ^ NNFCC. "Crop Factsheet: Hemp", National Non-Food Crops Centre, 2008-06-09. Retrieved on 2009-05-06
  36. ^ Phytoremediation: Using Plants to Clean Soil
  37. ^ Hemp is considered a prohibited noxious weed. "HEMP AS WEED CONTROL". www.gametec.com. http://www.gametec.com/hemp/WEED.CTRL.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  38. ^ "COOLFUEL Episode: Sugarcane and Hempoline". http://planetgreen.discovery.com/tv/cool-fuel/episode-sugarcane-hempoline.html. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  39. ^ "The Truth Seeker - The Marijuana Trick". www.thetruthseeker.co.uk. http://www.thetruthseeker.co.uk/print.asp?ID=3774. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  40. ^ Hemp 4 Fuel - Clean Energy Solutions
  41. ^ Hempcar.org-Pollution: Petrol vs. Hemp
  42. ^ Hempcar.org-Biofuels Facts
  43. ^ Jack Herer - Chapter 9
  44. ^ New Fossil Evidence for the Past Cultivation and Processing of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Eastern England Author(s): R. H. W. Bradshaw, P. Coxon, J. R. A. Greig, A. R. Hall Source: New Phytologist, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Nov., 1981), pp. 503-510 Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust Accessed: 06/07/2009
  45. ^ a b Stafford, Peter. 1992. Psychedelics Encyclopedia. Berkeley, California, Ronin Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-914171-51-8
  46. ^ Regional Cuisines of Medieval Europe: A Book of Essays (2002), edited by Melitta Weiss Adamson ISBN 0-415-92994-6 pg. 98, 166
  47. ^ a b "Feasibility of Industrial Hemp Production in the United States Pacific Northwest, SB681". extension.oregonstate.edu. http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/html/sb/sb681/. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  48. ^ Gabriel Archer, A Relatyon of the Discoverie of Our River..., printed in Archaeologia Americana 1860, p. 44.
  49. ^ Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly, 1619, cf. the 1633 Act: Hening's Statutes at Large, p. 218
  50. ^ "Hemp Info". altahemp.com. http://altahemp.com/hempinfo.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  51. ^ James F. Hopkins, "Slavery in the Hemp Industry", Drug Library
  52. ^ "Hemp vs. Marijuana". azhemp.org. http://azhemp.org/Archive/Package/Legal/legal.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  53. ^ Hemp research and growing in Ukraine
  54. ^ Hemp will help Ukraine to grow wealthy (Russian)
  55. ^ Interview with Dr. V. G. Virovets, the head of the Hemp Breeding Department at the Institute of Bast Crops (1998) (English)
  56. ^ [2]
  57. ^ Hemp, hemp, hooray: Bill aims to aid farmers with new but controversial crop
  58. ^ "Oregon Passes Hemp Bill". http://news.findlaw.com/prnewswire/20090629/29jun20091931.html. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  59. ^ "Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances (Industrial Hemp) Regulations 2008" (PDF). www.dms.dpc.vic.gov.au. http://www.dms.dpc.vic.gov.au/Domino/Web_Notes/LDMS/PubLawToday.nsf/b12e276826f7c27fca256de50022686b/69FF479D20FC0F06CA2574EC0012EDDF/$FILE/08-98sr001.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  60. ^ "Guidelines for engaging in the commercial production of industrial hemp in Queensland". dpi.qld.gov.au. http://www2.dpi.qld.gov.au/hemp/16239.html. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  61. ^ "Drugs Misuse Act 1986" (PDF). www.legislation.qld.gov.au. http://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/D/DrugsMisuseA86.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  62. ^ "Opportunities to engage in commercial low THC hemp fiber and seed production in NSW". www.dpi.nsw.gov.au. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/field/field-crops/fibres/hemp/commercial-production. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  63. ^ "Hemp Industry Regulation 2008". legislation.nsw.gov.a. http://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/viewtop/inforce/subordleg+475+2008+FIRST+0+N/. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  64. ^ North Dakota Case
  65. ^ 75th OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2009 Regular Session Senate Bill 676

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