|Born||Henri Jules Charles Petiot
January 19, 1901
|Died||July 27, 1965
|Pen name||Henri Daniel-Rops|
|Literary movement||Ordre Noveau|
|Notable work(s)||Jesus, His Life and Times|
|Notable award(s)||French Academy 1955|
Henri Daniel-Rops (√Čpinal, January 19, 1901 - Aix-les-Bains, July 27, 1965), French writer and historian whose real name was Henri Petiot.
He was the son of a military officer. Daniel-Rops was a student of the Faculty of Law and Literature in Grenoble. He received his Agr√©gation in History in 1922, the youngest in France. He became a professor in Chamb√©ry, Amiens and finally in Paris. In the late 1920s he began his literary career with an essay, Notre inqui√©tude (Our Concern, 1927) and a novel L'√Ęme obscure (The dark soul, 1929) and several articles in various journals, Correspondent, Notre Temps and La Revue des vivants.
Starting in 1931 he wrote mostly about Catholicism, advised by Gabriel Marcel with whom he shared membership in the Ordre Nouveau. He helped disseminate those ideas in books which makes him one of the representatives of the intellectual ferment of non-conformists the years 1930: Le Monde sans √Ęme (The world without a soul), Les ann√©s tournantes, El√©ments de notre destin.
After 1935, his ties with Ordre Nouveau is somewhat loose. He assisted in the weeklies and publishing the Catholics Sept Temps. Until 1940 he published several novels, biographies and essays, at the home of the collection Pr√©sences Plon Edition', from where he published the book La France et son arm√©e (France and his army) of General de Gaulle, whom he would befriend.
From 1941 to 1944, he wrote Le peuple de la Bible (The People of the Bible) and a son J√©sus temps (Jesus and His Times), the beginning of a work of religious history that will continue with a monumental Histoire de l'Eglise du Christ (History of the Church of Christ).
After the liberation of France in 1944, he abandoned teaching to devote himself to work as a Christian historian and writer, directing the magazine Eccl√©sia and editing Je sais, je crois (I know, I think), published in English as The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Catholicism.
At the same time, he worked with various European federalist movements, with some of his former colleagues from Ordre Nouveau. He joined The Federation, and the French Federalist Movement.
From 1957 to 1963 was one of the 50 governors of the European Foundation of Culture founded by Denis de Rougemont. In 1955, he was elected to the French Academy.
Daniel Rops was written novels and works of religious history:
L'√āme obscure L'√Čp√©e de feu J√©sus and His Times Histoire sainte Histoire Sainte Mort, o√Ļ est ta victoire? (Death, where is thy victory?) La nuit des cŇďurs flambants La vie quotidienne en Palestine au temps de J√©sus (The daily life in Palestine at the time of Jesus)
He was also a professor of history at the Lyceum Chamb√©ry from 1922 to 1929.
Daniel-Rops was undoubtedly the most widely read writer in France by post-war Catholics.
This article draws heavily on the fr:Henri Daniel-Rops article in the French-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of April 1, 2008.
√Čdouard Le Roy