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"Lamartine, before the Hôtel de Ville, Paris, rejects the Red Flag," February 25, 1848. By Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884). The red flag represents terror, blood, and a "party's republic," Lamartine told the crowd.

Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815-1884) was a French artist. He was born in Paris, France, studied art at the studio of Leon Cogniet,[1] and first exhibited his work at the Paris Salon of 1833.[1]

One of his most well-known works was a depiction of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War,[2] painted in the form of a cyclorama, a type of large panoramic painting on the inside of a cylindrical platform designed to provide a viewer standing in the middle of the cylinder with a 360° view of the painting. Viewers surrounded by the panoramic image are meant to feel as if they are standing in the midst of a historic event or famous place.

Philippoteaux also produced a large number of works chronicling the rise and successes of Napoleon Bonaparte, including a portrait of Napoleon in his regimental uniform and a group of paintings of French victories in the Napoleonic Wars. Philippoteaux was awarded the Légion d'honneur in 1846.[1][3]

Philippoteaux's son Paul Philippoteaux was also an artist; both were famous for their production of cycloramas. Father and son collaborated on The Defence of the Fort d'Issy in 1871. They also collaborated on a cyclorama of the Battle of Gettysburg that became a celebrated work in the United States:

"One cyclorama, however, halted the slide in popularity, and almost single-handedly revived the public's interest in the medium for another decade...this singular creation was initially painted in 1882-83 by Henry F. Philippoteaux and Paul Philippoteaux, a father and son team of French artists...within a year, half a million people had stood before it."[4]

Father and son enhanced the artistic effect of their cylindrical painting by adding a third dimension, including elements of diorama placed in front of the painting, and by incorporating sections of walls and battlefield objects that blended into the painted parts of the presentation.[5]

He died in 1884 and his obituary in the New York Times appeared on November 10, 1884.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Death of a French Painter". The New York Times. November 10, 1884. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9B07E0DA143FE533A25753C1A9679D94659FD7CF.  
  2. ^ "The Panorama of a battle. The picture of the Siege of Paris". The New York Times. September 17, 1882. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B02EEDD143DE533A25754C1A96F9C94639FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-05-18.  
  3. ^ Viardo, Louis. The Masterpieces of French Art Vol I. Ed. WM. A. ARMSTRONG. PHILADELPHIA: GEBBIE & CO., Publishers. 1883., p. 70. [1]
  4. ^ Sokalski, JA. Pictorial illusionism: the theater of Steele MacKaye. McGill Queens University Press. p. 133. http://books.google.com/books?id=xDKTjMxEgJ0C&pg=PA133&lpg=PA133&dq=critic+of+philippoteaux&source=bl&ots=yiNx2EJuV8&sig=c_TcfBA-f7_l_PhfLHpeVB5I06k&hl=en&ei=hQATSoa0GZHFtgfPp-mXBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5#PPA133,M1.  
  5. ^ Sokalski, p. 134

Partial list of works

  • The Iceberg, Episode of the Wars of America, (1833)
  • The Retreat from Moscow, (1835)
  • The Capture of Ypres. (1837)
  • Death of Turenne
  • The Siege of Antwerp in 1792
  • Colonel Fr. Ponsonby rescued on the battlefield of Waterloo, by a French Officer
  • They are in our House (1880)
  • The Periwinkle
  • The Deception
  • The Blade of Grass
  • The Return from the Dram-shop, (1853)
  • The Battle of the Raab,
  • The Passage of the Tagliamento
  • The Siege of Antwerp in 1832

External links

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