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Henri Parinaud (1844-1905) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.

Contents

Early life

Henri Parinaud was born into a lower class family in 1844. His father died when Henri was only 19. He went on to study medicine at Limoges, and then in Paris in 1869. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out in 1870, Henri went to serve as a doctor with the Red Cross, where he earned a medal for Unusual Bravery.[1]

Medical career

After the war, Henri returned to Paris to continue his studies. His thesis for medical school was on optic neuritis in acute meningitis in children, which earned him respect and recognition in the field. His other fields of work included multiple sclerosis, ophthalmoplegic migraine, hysteria, supranuclear lesions, and concomitant squint; all in the realm of neurology. Henri also worked in the physiology of vision, where he worked on role of the visual receptors, the light sense, night-blindness, and color vision.[1]

Associated terms

Henri is well known for the medical term Parinaud's syndrome, which is, "A dorsal midbrain lesion such as pinealoma which results in vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation".[1] Another medical term that applies to his name is Parinaud oculoglandular syndrom (fever, papillar conjuntivitis and lymfadenopathy), a rare manifistation of cat scratch disease, caused by the bacteria Bartonella that he first described.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Ophthalmologist and eponyms - Parinaud

Henri Parinaud (1844–1905) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.

Contents

Early life

Henri Parinaud was born into a lower class family in 1844. His father died when Henri was only 19. He went on to study medicine at Limoges, and then in Paris in 1869. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out in 1870, Henri went to serve as a doctor with the Red Cross, where he earned a medal for Unusual Bravery.[1]

Medical career

After the war, Henri returned to Paris to continue his studies. His thesis for medical school was on optic neuritis in acute meningitis in children, which earned him respect and recognition in the field. His other fields of work included multiple sclerosis, ophthalmoplegic migraine, hysteria, supranuclear lesions, and concomitant squint; all in the realm of neurology. Henri also worked in the physiology of vision, where he worked on role of the visual receptors, the light sense, night-blindness, and color vision.[1]

Associated terms

Henri is well known for the medical term Parinaud's syndrome, which is, "A dorsal midbrain lesion such as pinealoma which results in vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation".[1] Another medical term that applies to his name is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifistation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), that he first described.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Ophthalmologist and eponyms - Parinaud

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