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Henrietta Wentworth, 6th Baroness Wentworth

Henrietta Maria Wentworth, 6th Baroness Wentworth (11 August 1660 – 23 April 1686) was an English suo jure peeress.

The only child of Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth and his wife, Philadelphia Carey, Henrietta spent her early years at the family home, Toddington Manor, Bedfordshire. In 1667, she inherited the barony of Wentworth from her grandfather, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland (her father having held the title by writ of acceleration and predeceasing his own father).[citation needed]

There is no relationship mentioned between Henrietta and James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth until 1680, when she became involved in scandal: Lady Wentworth was set to marry Richard Tufton, 5th Earl of Thanet but Monmouth proposed himself instead. Although Lady Wentworth's mother swiftly brought her back to Toddington, Monmouth followed her there and moved in with her.[citation needed]

When Monmouth was implicated in the Rye House plot in 1683, he initially resided at Toddington but later went into exile to Holland and Lady Wentworth joined him, being received by the Prince of Orange as Monmouth's mistress. On the accession of his despised uncle, James II in 1685, the duke decided on launching a rebellion but was unable to raise any money. He had to borrow £6000 from a Dutch merchant but only after Lady Wentworth had pledged her jewellery as security.[citation needed]

With enough cash for a few small ships, arms and a few hundred men, Monmouth sailed for South West England but was later defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor (see Monmouth Rebellion). At Monmouth's execution on Tower Hill shortly after, Francis Turner and Thomas Ken (the Bishops of Ely and Bath and Wells, respectively) refused to administer the eucharist to the duke as he refused to acknowledge that his relationship with Lady Wentworth had been sinful.[citation needed]

A month after the execution, Lady Wentworth returned to England but died the following April. She was buried at Toddington church and her mother erected a monument to her in the north transept. Her barony passed to her aunt, Anne Lovelace, 7th Baroness Wentworth.

See also


  • Oxford DNBClifton, Robert - Wentworth, Henrietta Maria, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1660–1686), royal mistress
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Wentworth
Baroness Wentworth
Succeeded by
Anne Lovelace


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