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Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Electress of Bavaria
Spouse Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Issue
Maria Anna, Duaphine of France
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Joseph Clemens, Elector-Archbishop of Cologne
Violante, Hereditary Princess of Tuscany
Full name
Henriette Adelaide Marie
Father Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Mother Princess Christine Marie of France
Born 6 November 1636(1636-11-06)
Castello del Valentino, Turin, Savoy, Italy
Died 13 June 1676 (aged 39)
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany

Henriette Adelaide Marie of Savoy, Electress of Bavaria, (Turin, 6 November 1636 - Munich, 13 June 1676), was the wife of the Elector of Bavaria Ferdinand Maria. She had much influence and with her husband did much to improve the Electorate of Bavaria, her adopted country.

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Biography

Born at the Castello del Valentino in Turin she was the older of twins; Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy died in Turin 26 August 1637. On 7 October 1737 she lost her father Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy when she was just one year old. Her mother was Christine Marie of France, daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. After the death of her father, her mother was the Regent of Savoy for two of Henriette Adelaide's brothers Francis Hyacinth (1632-1638) and Charles Emmanuel II (1634-1675). Her uncle's Maurice of Savoy and his younger brother Thomas disputed the power of their sister-in-law, and her French entourage.

When the first heir Francis Hyacinth died in 1638, both brothers started the Piedmontese Civil War, with Spanish support. The two parties were called "principisti" (supporters of the Princes) and "madamisti" (supporters of Madama Reale).

Her maternal uncles were Louis XIII of France, Nicholas Henri, Duke of Orléans and Gaston, Duke of Orléans. Her maternal aunts were Elisabeth of Bourbon and Henrietta Maria of France. Her uncles-by-marriage included Philip IV of Spain through Elisabeth and Charles I of England through Henrietta Maria.

On 8 December 1650 she married Ferdinand Maria, future Elector of Bavaria. The next year Ferdinand Maria became Elector, when his father Maximilian died.

Henriette Adelaide had a strong influence on Bavarian politics, in favor of France. This led to an alliance between France and Bavaria against Austria. The marriage of her eldest daughter Maria Anna and her cousin le Grand Dauphin in 1680 was the outcome of this alliance.

She also had a great part in the building of Nymphenburg Palace and the Theatinerkirche. Many Italian artists were invited to Munich. She also introduced the Italian opera in Bavaria.

She died in Munich and was buried in the Theatine Church, Munich - the church she and her husband built as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel, in 1662.

Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy with her husband Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, as painted by Sebastiano Bombelli (1666).

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Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (6 November 1636 - 13 June 1676) was the wife of the Elector of Bavaria Ferdinand Maria. She had much influence and with her husband did much to improve the Electorate of Bavaria, her adopted country. She was a daughter of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy.

She was the older of twins; Catherine Beatrice of Savoy. Her mother Christine Marie of France, daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici, was regent for her brother Charles Emmanuel II.

On 8 December 1650 she married Ferdinand Maria, future Elector of Bavaria. The next year Ferdinand Maria became Elector, when his father Maximilian died. Henriette Adelaide had a lot of influence on Bavarian politics, in favor of France. This led to her eldest daughter marrying the Grand Dauphin in 1680. She also had a great part in the building of Nymphenburg Palace and the Theatinerkirche.

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