Henry, Duke of Cornwall: Wikis

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Henry, Duke of Cornwall was the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Henry in total had six children by Catherine of Aragon; two girls, three boys, and one whose sex is unrecorded. Only one of their children, Princess Mary (later Queen Mary I) survived infancy.

Contents

The first Henry, Duke of Cornwall

Henry
Duke of Cornwall
Father Henry VIII
Mother Catherine of Aragon
Born 1 January 1511
Died 22 February 1511 (aged 1m 21d)

The first Henry, Duke of Cornwall (1 January - 22 February 1511[1]) was the second child, oldest son and Heir Apparent of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon. He was born on 1 January, 1511, eighteen months after his parents' marriage and coronation. His older sister, born 31 January 1510 was three months premature and stillborn.[2]

Henry and his queen planned extravagant celebrations rivalling that of his coronation for the birth of his son and heir, who immediately became Duke of Cornwall and was expected to become Prince of Wales, King of England and third king of the House of Tudor. Henry carried Catherine's favour in a tournament, riding under the banner of "Sir Loyal Heart" the relationship between the royal pair, already one of strong affection, had become even more of a love match because of Catherine's success in providing a male heir. Known as "Little Prince Hal" and "the New Year's Boy", the prince was almost instantly beloved by the entire realm. However on 22 February 1511 the young prince died suddenly. The cause of his death was not recorded.

Contemporary reports state that both parents were distraught at the loss of their second child and expected future king. The deeply religious Catherine spent many hours kneeling on cold stone floors praying, to the worry of courtiers. Henry distracted himself from his grief by unsuccessfully waging war against Louis XII of France with his father-in-law, Ferdinand II of Aragon.

Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Born: 1 January 1511 Died: 11 February 1511
English royalty
Preceded by
Margaret Tudor
Heir to the English Throne
as heir apparent

1 January - 11 February 1511
Succeeded by
Margaret Tudor
Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Henry VIII
Duke of Cornwall
1 January - 11 February, 1511
Vacant
Title next held by
Henry Tudor

The second Henry, Duke of Cornwall

Henry
Duke of Cornwall
Father Henry VIII
Mother Catherine of Aragon
Born December 1514
Died December 1514 (aged <1m)

The second Henry, Duke of Cornwall (December 1514) was the third son and fourth child of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. Little is known about the prince, who died within one month of his birth.

Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Born: December 1514 Died: December 1514
English royalty
Preceded by
Margaret Tudor
Heir to the English Throne
as heir apparent

December 1514
Succeeded by
Margaret Tudor
Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Henry Tudor
Duke of Cornwall
December 1514
Vacant
Title next held by
Edward Tudor

Impact of Henry, Duke of Cornwall's death on history

Historians have speculated as to the course English history might have taken, had either of the two Henrys, Duke of Cornwall, or any other legitimate son survived. Given that Henry's search for a male heir, after Catherine's failure to give birth to any more live sons, was the cited reason which led him to have their marriage annulled, a living male child may have at least forestalled, or even prevented, the marriage to Anne Boleyn and placed England in a different relationship with Roman Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation.

This theme has also been explored in some alternate history science fiction, such as Kingsley Amis' The Alteration (1976), in which another alternate history English Reformation is depicted, even without the succession crisis caused by the absence of a male heir until the birth of Edward VI to Henry and Jane Seymour. However, Amis' book within a book does not specify whether this alternate history Henry IX is any specific son of Henry VIII

References

  • Weir, Alison (1999). Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy. The Bodley Head; London, U.K..   page 152
  • Ashley, Mike (2002). British Kings & Queens. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1104-3.   page 237
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