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The Viscount Hampden 

In office
1872 – 1884
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Evelyn Denison
Succeeded by Sir Arthur Wellesley Peel

Born 24 December 1814 (1814-12-24)
Died 14 March 1892 (1892-03-15)
Pau, France
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Eliza Ellice (1818-1899)

Henry Bouverie William Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden, GCB, PC (24 December 1814–14 March 1892), was a British Liberal politician. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1872 to 1884.


Background and education

Brand was the second son of General Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, son of Thomas Brand and Gertrude Roper, 19th Baroness Dacre. His mother was Pyne, daughter of the Very Reverend the Hon. Maurice Crosbie, Dean of Limerick. He descended, indirectly, from John Hampden, the patriot. He was educated at Eton.

Political career

Brand entered parliament as a Liberal in 1852, and for some time was Chief Whip of his party. He was a Lord of the Treasury during the first Palmerston ministry, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury during the second. In 1872 he was elected speaker, and retained this post till February 1884. It fell to him to deal with the systematic obstruction of the Irish Nationalist Party, and his speakership is memorable for his action on 2 February 1881 in refusing further debate on W. E. Forster's Coercion Bill—a step which led to the formal introduction of the closure into parliamentary procedure. He was appointed a GCB in 1881 and on his retirement he was created Viscount Hampden, of Glynde in the County of Sussex. In 1890 he also succeeded in the barony of Dacre on the death of his brother.


Lord Hampden married Eliza (1818-8 March 1899, Pelham house, Lewes), daughter of General Robert Ellice by his wife Eliza, illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, in 1838. They had five sons and five daughters. His second son the Hon. Thomas Seymour Brand (1847-1916) was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy and inherited Glynde Place, while his third son the Hon. Arthur Brand was also a Liberal politician. Lord Hampden died on the 14th of March 1892, aged 77, and was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son Henry. Lady Hampden died in March 1899.


External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Perfect
Henry Fitzroy
Member of Parliament for Lewes
1852 – 1868
With: Henry Fitzroy to 1860
John George Blencowe 1860–1865
Lord Pelham from 1865
Succeeded by
Lord Pelham
Preceded by
Eliot Thomas Yorke
Richard Young
Lord George John Manners
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
1868 – 1884
With: Lord George John Manners 1863–1874
Viscount Royston 1865–1874
Eliot Constantine Yorke 1874–1879
Benjamin Bridges Hunter Rodwell 1874–1881
Edward Hicks 1879–1884
James Redfoord Bulwer 1881–1884
Succeeded by
Edward Hicks
James Redfoord Bulwer
Arthur John Thornhill
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Jolliffe, Bt
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Thomas Edward Taylor
Preceded by
Sir Evelyn Denison
Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Arthur Wellesley Peel
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Chichester
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Abergavenny
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Hampden
Succeeded by
Henry Robert Brand
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Trevor
Baron Dacre
Succeeded by
Henry Robert Brand


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