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James Henry Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy PC (24 April 1868–15 July 1935) was a British newspaper proprietor, Liberal politician and supporter of David Lloyd George.

Dalziel was born in Borgue, Kirkcudbrightshire, the son of a shoemaker. He was educated at Borgue Academy, Shrewsbury High School, and King's College, London. Originally a journalist, he became Member of Parliament (MP) for Kirkcaldy Burghs in 1892. He was also an outspoken advocate of home rule for Scotland, Ireland and Wales. After his retirement he joined the National Party of Scotland.

In 1914 he became sole owner of Reynolds's News, in which he had long had a financial interest. He also bought the Pall Mall Gazette in 1917. Lloyd George made him chairman and political director of the Daily Chronicle in 1918. He sold all his newspaper interests in 1922.

He was knighted in 1908, appointed to the Privy Council in 1912, and created a Baronet in 1918 and Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy in the 1921 Birthday Honours.[1] He did not marry until 1928 and had no children, and his titles became extinct upon his death.


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir George Campbell
Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy Burghs
1892 – 1921
Succeeded by
Tom Kennedy
Media offices
Preceded by
William Thompson
Editor of Reynold's News
1907 – 1920
Succeeded by
J. Crawley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy
1921 – 1935


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