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Henry Dutton (February 12, 1796 – April 12, 1869) was an American politician and the 38th Governor of Connecticut.


Early life

Dutton was born in Plymouth, Connecticut on February 12, 1796. He studied at Yale University and graduated in 1818. He then studied law. In 1823 he was admitted to the bar. He tutored at Yale University from 1821 to 1823. He also was principal at the Fairfield Academy for two years.


Dutton was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1828, 1834, 1838, 1839, and 1850. He also was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1828, 1834, 1838, 1839, and 1850. He moved to New Haven, Connecticut in 1847 and he was appointed Kent Professor of Law at Yale University. He held that position until his death. He was also a member of the Connecticut State Senate in 1849. He was the unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1853 of the Whig Party.
Dutton was elected Governor of Connecticut in 1854. Although finishing in second place to Democrat Samuel Ingham in the April popular vote; because no candidate received a majority Dutton was elected by a vote of 140-93 in the Connecticut General Court (legislature). During his term, the Kansas-Nebraska Bill became law in May 1854, and a prohibition law was also enacted. In 1855, he ran unsuccessfully for re-election and finished in third place behind both Ingham and the victor William T. Minor. He left office on May 2, 1855.

Later years

After completing his term, worked on the bench of the Superior Court and the Supreme Court of Errors from 1861 to 1866. He died on April 12, 1869.


  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988. ISBN 0-313-28093-2


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