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The Right Honourable
 The Viscount Wolverhampton 

In office
10 March 1894 – 21 June 1895
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by The Earl of Kimberley
Succeeded by Lord George Hamilton

Born 16 May 1830 (1830-05-16)
Died 25 February 1911 (1911-02-26)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal

Henry Hartley Fowler, 1st Viscount Wolverhampton PC (16 May 1830 – 25 February 1911), was a British solicitor and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1880 until 1908 when he was raised to the peerage.


Early life

Fowler was born in Sunderland, the son of Rev, Joseph Fowler. He moved to Wolverhampton and was admitted as a solicitor in 1852. He served as a local councillor and was Mayor of Wolverhampton in 1866. He was chairman of Wolverhampton School Board in 1870, and was a Deputy Lieutenant for Staffordshire and J.P. for Wolverhampton.[1]

Political career

In 1880 Fowler was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton, a seat he held until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 when it was divided. He then represented Wolverhampton East until 1908.[2] He served under William Gladstone as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1884 to 1885, as Financial Secretary to the Treasury in 1886 and as President of the Local Government Board from 1892 to 1894 and under Lord Rosebery as Secretary of State for India from 1894 to 1895. In 1886 he was sworn of the Privy Council.

Fowler later held office under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between 1905 and 1908. The latter year he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Wolverhampton, of Wolverhampton in the County of Stafford, and served under Asquith as Lord President of the Council until 1910. He was widely thought of as a future Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, but his ill health prevented this.

Lord Wolverhampton died in February 1911, aged 80.


Fowler married Ellen Thorneycroft in 1857. Their son Henry succeeded to the viscountcy. Their daughters were the authors the Hon. Ellen Thorneycroft Fowler and the Hon. Edith Henrietta Fowler.


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Charles Pelham Villiers
Thomas Matthias Weguelin
Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton
Constituency divided
With: Hon. Charles Pelham Villiers
Succeeded by
Wolverhampton East constituency
Wolverhampton South constituency
Wolverhampton West constituency
Preceded by
Wolverhampton constituency
Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton East
New constituency
Succeeded by
George Rennie Thorne
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Ritchie
President of the Local Government Board
Succeeded by
George Shaw-Lefevre
Preceded by
The Earl of Kimberley
Secretary of State for India
Succeeded by
Lord George Hamilton
Preceded by
Sir William Walrond, Bt
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Succeeded by
The Lord FitzMaurice
Preceded by
The Lord Tweedmouth
Lord President of the Council
Succeeded by
The Earl Beauchamp
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Viscount Wolverhampton
Succeeded by
Henry Fowler


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