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The Right Honourable
 Henry Goulburn 
PC


In office
26 January 1828 – 22 November 1830
Monarch George IV
Prime Minister The Duke of Wellington
Preceded by John Charles Herries
Succeeded by Viscount Althorp
In office
3 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by Francis Baring
Succeeded by Sir Charles Wood, Bt

In office
15 December 1834 – 18 April 1835
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Duke of Wellington
Succeeded by Lord John Russell

Born 19 March 1784 (2010-01-14T09:04:57)
London
Died 12 January 1856 (2010-01-14T09:04:58)
Nationality British
Political party Tory, Peelite
Spouse(s) Hon. Jane Montagu (d. 1857)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Goulburn PC (19 March 1784 – 12 January 1856) was an English Conservative statesman and a member of the Peelite faction after 1846.

Contents

Background and education

Born in London, Goulburn was the eldest son of Munbee Goulburn, of London, by his wife Susannah, eldest daughter of William Chetwynd, 4th Viscount Chetwynd. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career

In 1808, Goulburn became Member of Parliament for Horsham. In 1810, he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs, and two and a half years later, he was made Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. It was in this capacity that James Meehan named Goulburn, New South Wales after him, a naming that was ratified by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. Still retaining office in the Tory government, he became a Privy Counsellor in 1821, and shortly afterwards was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, a position which he held until April 1827. Here, although frequently denounced as an Orangeman, his period of office was on the whole a successful one, and in 1823 he managed to pass the Irish Tithe Composition Bill. In January 1828 he was made Chancellor of the Exchequer under the Duke of Wellington; like his leader he disliked Roman Catholic emancipation, which he voted against in 1828.

In the domain of finance, Goulburn's chief achievements were to reduce the rate of interest on part of the national debt, and to allow anyone to sell beer upon payment of a small annual fee, a complete change of policy with regard to the drink traffic. Leaving office with Wellington in November 1830, Goulburn was Home Secretary under Sir Robert Peel for four months in 1835, and when this statesman returned to office in September 1841 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer for the second time. Although Peel himself did some of the chancellor's work, Goulburn was responsible for a further reduction in the rate of interest on the national debt, and he aided his chief in the struggle which ended in the repeal of the Corn Laws. With his colleagues, he left office in June 1846. After representing Horsham in the House of Commons for over four years, Goulburn was successively member for St Germans, for West Looe, and for the city of Armagh. In May 1831, he was elected for Cambridge University, and he retained this seat until his death.

Family

Goulburn married the Hon. Jane, third daughter of Matthew Montagu, 4th Baron Rokeby, in 1811. They had four children. He died on 12 January 1856, aged 71. His wife died the following year.

Notes

  1. ^ Goulburn, Henry in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Love Jones-Parry and
Sir Samuel Romilly
Member of Parliament for Horsham
1808–1812
With: Joseph Marryat
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Piggott
Robert Hurst
Preceded by
Matthew Montagu
Charles Philip Yorke
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1812–1818
With: William Henry Pringle
Succeeded by
Seymour Bathurst
Charles Arbuthnot
Preceded by
Henry Fitzgerald-de Ros and
Sir Charles Hulse
Member of Parliament for West Looe
1818–1826
With: Sir Charles Hulse
Succeeded by
John Buller
Charles Buller
Preceded by
William Stuart
Member of Parliament for Armagh
1826–1831
Succeeded by
Viscount Ingestre
Preceded by
The Viscount Palmerston
William Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
1831–1856
Succeeded by
Spencer Horatio Walpole
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Jenkinson
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1810-1812
Succeeded by
John Hiley Addington
Preceded by
Robert Peel
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
with Henry Edward Bunbury 1812-1816

1812-1821
Succeeded by
R. W. Horton
Preceded by
Charles Grant
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1821–1827
Succeeded by
William Lamb
Preceded by
John Charles Herries
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1828–1830
Succeeded by
Viscount Althorp
Preceded by
Viscount Duncannon
Home Secretary
1834–1835
Succeeded by
Lord John Russell
Preceded by
Francis Baring
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1841–1846
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Wood, Bt

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HENRY GOULBURN (1784-1856), English statesman, was born in London on the 19th of March 1784 and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1808 he became member of parliament for Horsham; in 1810 he was appointed undersecretary for home affairs and two and a half years later he was made under-secretary for war and the colonies. Still retaining office in the Tory government he became a privy councillor in 1821, and just afterwards was appointed chief secretary to the lord-lieutenant of Ireland, a position which he held until April 1827. Here although frequently denounced as an Orangeman, his period of office was on the whole a successful one, and in 1823 he managed to pass the Irish Tithe Composition Bill. In January 1828 he was made chancellor of the exchequer under the duke of Wellington; like his leader he disliked Roman Catholic emancipation, which he voted against in 1828. In the domain of finance Goulburn's chief achievements were to reduce the rate of interest on part of the national debt, and to allow any one to sell beer upon payment of a small annual fee, a complete change of policy with regard to the drink traffic. Leaving office with Wellington in November 1830, Goulburn was home secretary under Sir Robert Peel for four months in 1835, and when this statesman returned to office in September 1841 he became chancellor of the exchequer for the second time. Although Peel himself did some of the chancellor's work, Goulburn was responsible for a further reduction in the rate of interest on the national debt, and he aided his chief in the struggle which ended in the repeal of the corn laws. With his colleagues he left office in June 1846. After representing Horsham in the House of Commons for over four years Goulburn was successively member for St Germans, for West Looe, and for the city of Armagh. In May 1831 he was elected for Cambridge University, and he retained this seat until his death on the 12th of January 1856 at Betchworth House, Dorking. Goulburn was one of Peel's firmest supporters and most intimate friends. His eldest son, Henry (1813-1843), was senior classic and second wrangler at Cambridge in 1835.

See S. Walpole, History of England (1878-1886).


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