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Henry II of Navarre: Wikis


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Henri d'Albret by an unknown French painter

Henry II (18 April 1503 ‚Äď 25 May 1555), was the eldest son of John III of Navarre (died 1516) and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre; he was born at Sang√ľesa in April 1503.


King of Navarre

When Catherine died in exile in 1517, Henry was proclaimed king of Navarre. The title was also claimed by Ferdinand II of Aragon, who had invaded the realm in 1512. Under the protection of King François I of France, he assumed the title of King of Navarre and was lavishly crowned in Lescar, despite Ferdinand's claim being continued by his grandson Charles I.

After ineffectual conferences at Noyon in 1516 and at Montpellier in 1518, an active effort was made in 1521 to establish him in de facto sovereignty. The French and Navarrese invaded Spanish Navarre, but were ultimately expelled by Charles I forces after the Battle of Noain (June 1521).

In 1525, Henry was taken prisoner at the Battle of Pavia, but he contrived to escape under a guise and in 1526, married Marguerite, sister of King François I and widow of Charles, Duke of Alençon. By her, he was the father of Jeanne d'Albret, and was consequently the grandfather of Henry IV of France. Henry, who had some strong sympathy with the Huguenots, died at Pau on 25 May 1555.

Coat of arms of Henry II.


Henry in contemporary miniature

In 1526, he married Marguerite de Valois[1] who became known as Marguerite de Navarre (11 April 1492- 21 December 1549) and had issue:

  1. Jeanne III of Navarre (16 November 1528‚Äď9 June 1572)
  2. Jean (7 July 1530- 25 December 1530)


Henry's ancestors in four generations

Jean I of Albret
Alain I of Albret
Catherine de Rohan
John III of Navarre
William of Ch√Ętillon-Limoges
Fran√ßoise of Ch√Ętillon-Limoges
Isabelle de la Tour d'Auvergne
Henry II of Navarre
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
Eleanor of Navarre
Catherine I of Navarre
Charles VII of France
Magdalena of Valois
Marie of Anjou


  1. ^ Not to be confused with the Marguerite de Valois who was the wife of Henry IV of France (Henry of Navarre) and daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.


Henry II of Navarre
Born: April 18 1503 Died: May 25 1555
Preceded by
King of Navarre
1518 ‚Äď May 25, 1555
Succeeded by
Jeanne III
Count of Foix
1518 ‚Äď May 25, 1555


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