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Henry II of Navarre: Wikis

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Henri d'Albret by an unknown French painter

Henry II (18 April 1503 ‚Äď 25 May 1555), was the eldest son of John III of Navarre (died 1516) and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre; he was born at Sang√ľesa in April 1503.

Contents

King of Navarre

When Catherine died in exile in 1517, Henry was proclaimed king of Navarre. The title was also claimed by Ferdinand II of Aragon, who had invaded the realm in 1512. Under the protection of King François I of France, he assumed the title of King of Navarre and was lavishly crowned in Lescar, despite Ferdinand's claim being continued by his grandson Charles I.

After ineffectual conferences at Noyon in 1516 and at Montpellier in 1518, an active effort was made in 1521 to establish him in de facto sovereignty. The French and Navarrese invaded Spanish Navarre, but were ultimately expelled by Charles I forces after the Battle of Noain (June 1521).

In 1525, Henry was taken prisoner at the Battle of Pavia, but he contrived to escape under a guise and in 1526, married Marguerite, sister of King François I and widow of Charles, Duke of Alençon. By her, he was the father of Jeanne d'Albret, and was consequently the grandfather of Henry IV of France. Henry, who had some strong sympathy with the Huguenots, died at Pau on 25 May 1555.

Coat of arms of Henry II.

Marriage

Henry in contemporary miniature

In 1526, he married Marguerite de Valois[1] who became known as Marguerite de Navarre (11 April 1492- 21 December 1549) and had issue:

  1. Jeanne III of Navarre (16 November 1528‚Äď9 June 1572)
  2. Jean (7 July 1530- 25 December 1530)

Ancestors

Henry's ancestors in four generations

 
 
 
 
Jean I of Albret
 
 
Alain I of Albret
 
 
 
 
 
 
Catherine de Rohan
 
 
John III of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
William of Ch√Ętillon-Limoges
 
 
Fran√ßoise of Ch√Ętillon-Limoges
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isabelle de la Tour d'Auvergne
 
Henry II of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
 
 
Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleanor of Navarre
 
 
Catherine I of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles VII of France
 
 
Magdalena of Valois
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marie of Anjou
 

Notes

  1. ^ Not to be confused with the Marguerite de Valois who was the wife of Henry IV of France (Henry of Navarre) and daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.

References

Henry II of Navarre
Born: April 18 1503 Died: May 25 1555
Preceded by
Catherine
King of Navarre
1518 ‚Äď May 25, 1555
Succeeded by
Jeanne III
Count of Foix
1518 ‚Äď May 25, 1555
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