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Henry IV of Castile: Wikis

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Henry IV
King of Castile and León
Reign 1454-1474
Predecessor John II
Successor Isabella I and Ferdinand II
Consort Blanche II of Navarre
Joan of Portugal
Father John II of Castile
Mother Maria of Aragon
Born 5 January 1425
Valladolid, Spain
Died 11 December 1474
Madrid, Spain
Burial Santa María de Guadalupe, La Mancha, Spain

Henry IV (Spanish: Enrique) (5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474), King of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454-1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. During Henry's reign the nobles increased in power and the nation became less centralised. He was born in 1425 and was the son of John II of Castile and Maria of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand I of Aragon.

Henry IV of Castile

Contents

Biography

In 1440, at the age of fifteen, he was married to Blanche II of Navarre. The marriage was never consumated. In 1453, after thirteen years, Henry sought a divorce. An official examination confirmed the virginity of Blanche, and a priest questioned the prostitutes of Segovia, who confirmed that Henry was sexually capable. Blanche was sent home, eight years later became de iure Queen of Navarre and die under strange circumstances.

In 1455, Henry married Joan of Portugal, sister of Afonso V of Portugal. After six years of marriage, in 1462, she gave birth to a daughter, Joan, nicknamed "La Beltraneja". Six years after the birth of the throne's heir, part of the nobility of Castile revolted against the king. The rebels claimed that the princess was not the daughter of the king, but actually the daughter of Beltrán de La Cueva, 1st Duke of Alburquerque. This hypothesis was reinforced when the Queen had another two children with the nephew of a Bishop. Though many contemporary historians and chroniclers assumed Henry was impotent[citation needed], the royal chronicles of his reign were all written or revised during the reign and under the influence of Isabella, whose strong interest in proving Joan illegitimate renders these accounts at least partially suspect. The question of Joan's paternity is therefore not firmly answerable, given the lack of available reliable sources.

The doubt of her legitimacy as an heir, the weakness of the king, the adultery of the queen, and the unruliness of the nobility all set the stage for a struggle for succession after Enrique's death. Henry divorced his wife after her scandalous behavior with Bishop Fonseca's nephew. After a long period of conflict between the rival factions, Henry finally agreed to name Isabella his successor, in Guisando (Avila), provided she allow him to arrange her strategic marriage. Isabella would go on to break this stipulation of the agreement.

In 1474 Henry IV of Castile was entombed at Santa María de Guadalupe, next to his mother.

After the death of the king war started in Castile. Joanna was supported by Portugal, while the eventual winner, his half-sister Isabella I of Castile had the support of Aragon via her husband Ferdinand and, later in the war, France.

Ancestors

Henry's ancestors in three generations
Henry IV of Castile Father:
John II of Castile
Paternal Grandfather:
Henry III of Castile
Paternal Great-grandfather:
John I of Castile
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Eleanor of Aragon
Paternal Grandmother:
Katherine of Lancaster
Paternal Great-grandfather:
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Constance of Castile
Mother:
Maria of Aragon
Maternal Grandfather:
Ferdinand I of Aragon
Maternal Great-grandfather:
John I of Castile
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Eleanor of Aragon
Maternal Grandmother:
Eleanor of Alburquerque
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Sancho of Alburquerque
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Beatrice, Countess of Alburquerque
Castilian and Leonese royalty
House of Trastámara
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png

Henry II
Children include
   John I
   Eleanor, Queen of Navarre
John I
Children include
   Henry III
   Ferdinand I of Aragon, Valencia and Sicily
Henry III and II of Leon
Children include
   John II
   Maria, Queen of Aragon, Valencia, Sicily and Naples
John II
Children include
   Henry IV
   Isabella I
   Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
Henry IV and III of Leon
Children
   Joan, Queen of Portugal
Isabella I with Ferdinand V
Children
   Isabella, Queen of Portugal
   John, Prince of Asturias
   Joanna the Mad
   Maria, Queen of Portugal
   Catherine, Queen of England
Joanna

References

  • Miller, Townsend: The Castles and the Crown. Coward-McCann, New York, (1963).

External links

Henry IV of Castile
Born: 5 January 1425 Died: 11 December 1474
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John II
King of Castile and León
1454-1474
Succeeded by
Isabella I and Ferdinand V
Vacant
Title last held by
Prince John
Prince of Asturias
1425-1454
Vacant
Title next held by
Princess Joanna
Preceded by
John II
Count of Barcelona
1462–1463
Succeeded by
Peter IV the Constable
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