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The 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne.

Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne KG (31 January 1785 – 12 January 1851), styled Earl of Lincoln from 1794 to 1795, was a British nobleman and politician.

Pelham-Clinton was the eldest son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3rd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, and his wife Lady Anna Maria (née Stanhope), and was educated at Eton College. His father died when he was ten years old. In 1803, encouraged by the Peace of Amiens which provided a break in hostilities with France, his mother and stepfather took him on a European Tour. Unfortunately, war broke out once again, and the young duke was detained at Tours in 1803, where he remained until 1806.

He served as Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire from 1809 to 1839 and was also Steward of Sherwood Forest and of Folewood Park. In 1812 he was made a Knight of the Garter. He did not hold any national office but he was extremely active in politics. From 1826 he became one of the leaders of the so-called 'Ultra-Tory' faction, staunchly supporting the traditional establishment of Church, Country and State. He was a vehement opponent of policies such as Catholic Emancipation, and also of electoral reform. This stance led to attacks on his property during the Reform Bill Riots of 1831. Nottingham Castle was burnt to the ground and his residences at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire and Portman Square, London also had to be fortified against the mob.

Pelham-Clinton married Georgiana Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Edward Miller Mundy, in 1807. They had eight sons and six daughters:

  • Lady Anna Maria Pelham-Clinton (1808–1822)
  • Lady Georgiana Pelham-Clinton (1810–1874)
  • Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (1811–1864)
  • Lady Charlotte Pelham-Clinton (1812–1886)
  • Lord Charles Pelham Pelham-Clinton (1813–1894), married Elizabeth Grant in 1848 and had issue
  • Lord Thomas Charles Pelham-Clinton (1813–1882), married Marianne Gritton in 1843, separated in 1865
  • Lord William Pelham-Clinton (1815–1850), died unmarried
  • Lt. Lord Edward Pelham-Clinton (1816–1842), died of illness aboard HMS Harlequin during the First Opium War
  • Lord John Pelham-Clinton (1817)
  • Lady Caroline Augusta Pelham-Clinton (1818–1898), married Sir Cornwallis Ricketts, 2nd Baronet in 1852 and had issue
  • Lady Henrietta Pelham-Clinton (1819–1890), married Admiral Edwin Clayton D'Eyncourt in 1859 and had issue
  • Lord Robert Renebald Pelham-Clinton (1820–1867), died unmarried
  • a stillborn daughter (1822), twin to
  • Lord George Pelham Clinton (1822), died 13 days after birth

The Duchess of Newcastle-under-Lyne died in 1822 in childbirth. Pelham-Clinton never remarried and died in January 1851, aged 65. He was succeeded by his eldest son Henry, who was a prominent politician.

The papers of the 4th Duke, including his very detailed personal diaries for the period 1822-1851, are now held by Manuscripts and Special Collections at the University of Nottingham.

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Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Portland
Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire
1809–1839
Succeeded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Pelham-Clinton
Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
1795–1851
Succeeded by
Henry Pelham-Clinton
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