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Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston (c.1673 – 10 June 1757) was an Irish nobleman and British politician, the eldest son of Sir John Temple, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons.

On 10 June 1703, Temple married Anne Houblon (1683 - 13 December 1735), the daughter of Abraham Houblon, a governor of the Bank of England. They had two children:

  • Henry Temple, Lord Temple of Mount Temple (d. 18 August 1740)
  • Richard Temple (c.1726 – 8 August 1749)

He was created Viscount Palmerston and Baron Temple of Mount Temple in 1723. He was a Member of Parliament for three English boroughs from 1727 until 1747.

In 1736, he bought Broadlands from Humphrey Sydenham and began to rework the gardens there. On 11 May 1738, he married again, to Isabella Gerard, daughter of Sir Francis Gerard, Bt; the two had no children. Neither of Palmerston's sons survived him, and he was succeeded by his grandson Henry.


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Viscount Shannon
Edward Conyers
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
with The Viscount Shannon

Succeeded by
Earl of Middlesex
Edward Conyers
Preceded by
John Hedges
James Cholmondeley
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
with Townshend Andrews
Peregrine Poulett 1737–1741

Succeeded by
Richard Liddell
Thomas Foster
Preceded by
Sir John Buckworth, Bt
James Cornewall
Member of Parliament for Weobley
with The Lord Carpenter

Succeeded by
Mansell Powell
Savage Mostyn
Peerage of Ireland
New title Viscount Palmerston
Succeeded by
Henry Temple


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