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Henschel Hs 298
Role Rocket-powered air-to-air missile
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Henschel
Designed by Herbert A. Wagner
First flight 22 December 1944

The Henschel Hs 298 was a 1940s German rocket-powered air-to-air missile designed by Professor Herbert Wagner of Henschel. [1]

Design and development

The Hs 298 was designed specifically to attack allied bomber aircraft and was the first missile designed specifically for air-to-air use.[1] It was to be carried on special launch rails by Dornier Do 217s (five missiles) or Focke-Wulf Fw 190s (two missiles) and carried 48kg (106lb) of explosive.[1]

The Hs 298 was a mid-wing monoplane with tapered swept back wings and it had a single horizontal stabiliser with twin vertical fins.[1] It was powered by a Henschel-designed rocket motor built by Schmidding as the 109–543; it had two stages, the first high velocity stage was designed to leave the launch aircraft at 938kmh (585 mph), in the second stage the speed was brought back to 682 kmh (425 mph) to give a maximum range of about one mile.[1] It used a Strassburg-Kehl FuG 203 radio guidance system powered by a propeller-driven (mounted on the nose) electric generator.[1] The missile needed two crew on the launch aircraft to control it, one operator used a reflector-type sight to aim at the target and the other flew the missile using a joystick and another sight paired to the first with a servo system. [1]

The only known test firings were carried out on 22 December 1944 with three missiles carried by a Junkers Ju-88G.[1] Only two missiles left the launch rails with one failing to release, of the two released one exploded prematurely and nose-dived into the ground.[1] It was planned to enter mass production in January 1945 but the project was abandoned in favour of the X-4.[1]

Survivors

One Hs 298 is on display at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford.[1]

Specifications

  • Wing span – 1.24m (41ft 1in)
  • Length – 2.06m (6ft 9in)
  • Launch weight – 120kg (265lb)
  • Launch speed – 938 kmh (585mph)
  • Cruise speed – 682 kmh (425mph)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Royal Air Force Museum Cosford Guidebook, 1976
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