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Hera
The Campana Hera, a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original, from the Louvre
The Campana Hera, a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original, from the Louvre
Goddess of marriage and women
Abode Mount Olympus
Symbol Pomegranate, Peacock feather
Consort Zeus
Parents Cronus and Rhea
Siblings Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Zeus
Children Ares, Eris, Hebe, Eileithyia, Hephaestus
Roman equivalent Juno
.Hera (pronounced /ˈhɪərə/; Greek Ήρα, Hēra, equivalently Ήρη, Hērē, in Ionic and Homer) was the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of classical Greek Mythology.^ Classical Greeks had her as the sister and wife of Zeus, however, her worship predates the worship of Zeus.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera's relationship with Zeus was a fiery one.

^ Pephredo One of the Graiae in Greek mythology.

.Her chief function was to be the goddess of women and marriage.^ She was the goddess of women, marriage and childbirth.

^ Hera is the goddess of marriage and married women.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera (Ήρα) is goddess of women and marriage, and queen of the heaven.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Roman mythology, Juno was the equivalent mythical character.^ In Roman mythology her equivalent was Felicitas.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sections: Gods & Goddesses, Myths, Roman vs. Greek (equivalents), Mythology in the Roman Home, Quiz, Tic Tac Toe(link broken), and Links.

^ Much of our information on Celtic mythology concerns mythical characters and events in Ireland.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The cow, and later, the peacock were sacred to her.^ Answer: The cow and the peacock are sacred to Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Question: why is the cow and peacock sacred to her .
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The cow and the peacock were sacred to her, and the apple and the pomegranate were her sacred fruits.

.Hera's mother was Rhea and her father, Cronus.^ When he was born, his father Cronus intended to swallow him as he had all of Zeus's brothers and sisters, but Rhea hid the newborn in a cave.

^ She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea and she was swallowed by her father as an infant.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following deities were children of the Titans Cronus and Rhea : Hestia (eldest child), Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hera and Zeus (youngest).

.Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy.^ An oracular utterance caused to be built a sanctuary of Hera Hyperkheiria (she whose hand is above ) at a time when the Eurotas was flooding a great part of the land.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Alternative: Daghda, Dagde, Dagodevas, Sucellos (Gaul) Damara In Insular Brythonic mythology, Damara was a fertility goddess associated with the month of May/Beltaine.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera appears frequently in both literature and art, and is usually portrayed as a beautiful and intelligent goddess.

[1] A scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, "Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos."[2]
.Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature, most notably against Zeus's paramours and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias.^ She was naturally jealous of the other wives of Zeus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The few exceptions to these, of course, are Prometheus and Oceania who sided with Zeus against the Titans, and Atlas, who, as we know, was made to hold the world upon his shoulders.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ War broke out between the Titans against the younger gods known as the Olympians, led by Zeus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Paris offended her by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess, earning Hera's hatred.^ Hera was as perfectly beautiful as any other goddess.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most remnants of the tripling of Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite relate to the judgment of Paris.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aphrodite the most beautiful woman in the world, inspired lust in all the humans and other creatures of the planet.

Contents

Name

."The name of Hera, the Queen of the gods, admits a variety of mutually exclusive etymologies; one possibility is to connect it with hora (‘ωρα), season, and to interpret it as ripe for marriage."^ Hera (Ήρα) is goddess of women and marriage, and queen of the heaven.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the three Horae (Seasons) along with her sisters Dike and Eunomia.

^ On the one hand we can see the gods, who names descended to pro-Indo-European -uel-, connected with world of death (Slav Veles, Balt Veles, Indian Vala , Etruscan Veltha ).
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.So begins the section on Hera in Walter Burkert's Greek Mythology.^ Walter Burkert (1985): Greek Religion Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA. 493 pages.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sections: Gods & Goddesses, Myths, Roman vs. Greek (equivalents), Mythology in the Roman Home, Quiz, Tic Tac Toe(link broken), and Links.

^ Structure and history in Greek mythology and ritual / Walter Burkert.

[3] .In a note, he records other scholars' arguments "for the meaning Mistress as a feminine to Heros, Master."^ The im- portant work of Panofka,* revised and completed by other scholars, has fixed the meaning of a great many names.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

John Chadwick, a decipherer of Linear B, remarks ""her name may be connected with hērōs (‘ηρως) 'hero', but that is no help, since it too is etymologically obscure."[4] A.J. van Windekens,[5] offers "young cow, heifer", which is consonant with Hera's common epithet βοώπις (boôpis, cow-eyed). E-ra appears in Mycenaean tablets.
Greek Deities Series
Primordial deities
Titans (predecessor deities)
Greek sea gods
Chthonic deities
Muses (personified concepts)
Other deities
The Twelve Olympians
Zeus Hera
Poseidon Hermes
Hestia Demeter
Aphrodite Athena
Apollo Artemis
Ares Hephaestus

The cult of Hera

.Hera was especially worshipped as "Argive Hera" (Hera Argeia) at her sanctuary that stood between the former Mycenaean city-states of Argos and Mycenae,[6] where the festivals in her honor called Heraia were celebrated.^ Request: heras festivals held in honor.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Egyptians worshipped the sun under the name of Ra; the Hindoos worshipped the sun under the name of Rama; while the great festival of the sun, of the Peruvians, was called Ray-mi.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every autumn, there were festivals to honor Demeter in Eleusis, and they were some of the most famous celebrations in the ancient world.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

"The three cities I love best," the ox-eyed Queen of Heaven declares (Iliad, book iv) "are Argos, Sparta and Mycenae of the broad streets." Her other main center of cult was at Samos. .There were also temples to Hera in Olympia, Corinth, Tiryns, Perachora and the sacred island of Delos.^ Any temple of Hera marriage the hole of Atargatis was sacred to Hera according to Lucian.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dionysus Temple, Delos Island, Greece, 300 B.C. The phallic bird was used in Ancient Greece for fertility rituals, and dionisiac processions where participants carried phallic poles.

^ A temple was constructed in his honour on the Aegean island of Aegina, and the festival of the Aiakeia was celebrated there in commemmoration of his supposed intercession to end a drought.

.In Magna Graecia, two Doric temples to Hera were constructed, about 550 BC and about 450 BC. The temple long called the Temple of Poseidon among the group at Paestum was identified in the 1950s as a second temple there of Hera.^ Temple of Hera, Paestum, Italy - Approximately fifty-five miles (ninety kilometers) south of Naples, Italy The Heraeum, or Temple of Hera at Olympia, is thought to be the oldest known example of Doric architecture."The altar of Olympic Zeus is about equally distant from the Pelopion [at Olympia] and the sanctuary of Hera, but it is in front of both ...
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two seated youths pair a dog and a cat in a fight about 510 BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens 6233 Sepulchral relief.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The ancient Greeks were very logical people and they thought the stories about Hera went a long way to explaining the world as they found it.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[7]
The Temple of Hera at Agrigento, Magna Graecia.
.Hera may have been the first to whom the Greeks dedicated an enclosed roofed temple sanctuary at Samos about 800 BC; it was replaced later by the Heraion, one of the largest Greek temples anywhere.^ The first accounts of the PHOENIX come from the Greek writer Herodotus (485-425 B.C.), who related that as one bird died after 500 years of life another took took it to the temple of the sun at Heliopolis for burial.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC on the Acropolis of Athens and replaced an older temple of Athena, called the Pre-Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon was also used as a treasury.

^ If something unique about Greeks cities like Miletus and Athens can be identified, that may reveal unique regularities associated with Greek philosophy.
  • Greek Philosophy 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.(Greek altars were in front of the temples, under the open sky.^ The altar was thus surrounded on three sides by an enclo- sure open to the sky, forming, as it were, a vast hall.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The temple of Solomon was long, with a courtyard situated in front containing a font or bowl of lustral water and an altar for sacrifice.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) .There were many temples built on this site so evidence is somewhat confusing and archaeological dates are uncertain.^ One of the most famous oracles was located at Delphi where there were many important temples.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frustratingly, despite the many myths associated with Kadmos, and the early Phoenician presence in Greece these imply, there is no archaeological evidence to back it up.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Votive offerings from many ancient cultures have been found at the site of the temple, counted among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

.We know that the temple created by the Rhoecus sculptors and architects was destroyed between 570- 60 BC. This was replaced by the Polycratean temple 540-530 BC. In one of these temples we see a forest of 155 columns.^ The Architect could not see past the enabling of Smith to know that Smith would be capable of destroying both worlds.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, no one knows exactly what went on at these festivals because they were kept secret.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thejuter' temple ; height of column, four and one-half diameters.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is also no evidence of tiles on this temple suggesting either the temple was never finished or that the temple was open to the sky.^ But in fact there is no either that, or another!
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frustratingly, despite the many myths associated with Kadmos, and the early Phoenician presence in Greece these imply, there is no archaeological evidence to back it up.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These Orphic beliefs assume that the human soul existed before entering the body, but there is no evidence of a belief in metempsychosis (Burkert, 1972, p.126).
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

.Earlier sanctuaries, whose dedication to Hera is less secure, were of the Mycenaean type called "house sanctuaries".[8] Samos excavations have revealed votive offerings, many of them late 8th and 7th centuries BC, which reveal that Hera at Samos was not merely a local Greek goddess of the Aegean: the museum there contains figures of gods and suppliants and other votive offerings from Armenia, Babylon, Iran, Assyria, Egypt, testimony to the reputation which this sanctuary of Hera enjoyed and to the large influx of pilgrims.^ In addition to Greek-inspired divinities, the Romans worshiped many local gods and goddesses.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Images of Greek Gods and Goddeses Images of Greek gods and goddesses.
  • Pictures, Photos, Images of Greek Gods and Goddesses I -- Itsgreece.org 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.itsgreece.org [Source type: General]

^ The BBC section on Greek gods and goddesses.
  • Pictures, Photos, Images of Greek Gods and Goddesses I -- Itsgreece.org 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.itsgreece.org [Source type: General]

.Compared to this mighty goddess, who also possessed the earliest temple at Olympia and two of the great fifth and sixth century temples of Paestum, the termagant of Homer and the myths is an "almost...comic figure" according to Burkert.^ In fact, it was in the fifth century B.C. that Ictinus, in the construction of the Parthenon, and of the temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassse, employed the Doric in its most severe majesty.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of his connection to the earth, Hades is appropriately connected to Demeter and Persephone, two goddesses who were thought to control the fertility of the land and the abundance of the harvest.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first description of Pythagorean philosophy come from the fragments of Philolaus, a man who was active in the late fifth century.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.In Euboea the festival of the Great Daedala, sacred to Hera, was celebrated on a sixty-year cycle.^ The Greeks celebrated great festivals in his honor down to the coming of Christianity.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The cycle of the liturgical year is like a great river freighted with rituals, chants and poetry.

^ A festival of reconciliation was held in honour of Hera, at Plataea, every seven years.

Hera's early importance

.Both Hera and Demeter had many characteristic attributes of the former Great Goddess.^ All goddesses have a number of attributes which Hera shares.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had as many as seven wives, and three of them were his own sisters: Hestia, Demeter (or Rhea) and Hera.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She has many characteristics in common with Middle Eastern fertility goddesses such as Astarte and Ishtar.

[10] .The Minoan goddess represented in seals and other remains, whom Greeks called Potnia theron, "Mistress of the Animals", many of whose attributes were later also absorbed by Artemis, seems to have been a mother goddess type, for in some representations she suckles the animals that she holds.^ In fact, Artemis had absorbed aspects or attributes of several Minoan goddesses.

^ Helius had many mistresses with whom he had many children.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Artemis was the mistress of animal kingdom.

Sometimes this devolved role is as clear as a simple substitution can make it. .According to the Homeric Hymn III to Delian Apollo, Hera detained Eileithyia to already prevent Leto from going into labor with Artemis and Apollo, since the father was Zeus.^ He was also the father of the twins, Apollo and Artemis, by the Titaness Leto .

^ By the Titaness Leto he became father of Apollo and Artemis .

^ Twin brother of the goddess Artemis (Diana), Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , daughter of the titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe.

.The other goddesses present at the birthing on Delos sent Iris to bring her.^ Eileithyia Eileithyia was the Goddess of Childbirth She is most known from the birth story of Artemis and Apollo, for it was she who went to Leto on the tiny island of Delos.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

As she stepped upon the island, the divine birth began. .In the myth of the birth of Heracles, it is Hera herself who sits at the door instead, delaying the birth of Heracles until her protegé, Eurystheus, had been born first.^ This is, until the advent of the hero HERCULES / HERACLES , who killed it by shooting it in flight with an arrow.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although considered one of the twelve Olympians, he was thrown from the heavens by Hera, who could not accept a child born with deformed legs.

Hera's importance in the early archaic period is attested by the large building projects undertaken in her honor. The temples of Hera in the two main centers of her cult, the Heraion of Samos and the Heraion of Argos in the Argolid, were the very earliest monumental Greek temples constructed, in the 8th century BC.
.The Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo makes the monster Typhaon the offspring of archaic Hera in her Minoan form, produced out of herself, like a monstrous version of Hephaestus, and whelped in a cave in Cilicia.^ Another version makes Agraulos a heroine who threw herself from the Acropolis to comply with an oracle that declared that Athens would be victorious if someone would sacrifice his or her life.
  • Diotima 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Her marriage was said to have resulted after Zeus seduced her in the form of a peacock, although in some versions it was Hera who seduced Zeus with the aid of a magic girdle.

^ Mistaken identity, double crossing, and the superstitions of the common folk all make the mystery stay out of reach for longer than the sleuth would like.

[11] She gave the creature to Gaia to raise.
Roman copy of a Greek 5th century Hera of the "Barberini Hera" type, from the Museo Chiaramonti
.At Olympia, Hera's seated cult figure was older than the warrior figure of Zeus that accompanied it.^ Historically, the Heraean Games were actually the oldest Panhellenic Games , even older than the Olympaid, which was also held in Olympia.

^ This story may also refer to the domination of the Hera Cult by the Zeus Cult.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His visit to Crete may have reinforced the cult of Hera and Zeus there as well.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

Homer expressed her relationship with Zeus delicately in the Iliad, in which she declares to Zeus, "I am Cronus' eldest daughter, and am honourable not on this ground only, but also because I am your wife, and you are king of the gods."[12] Though Zeus is often called Zeus Heraios ("Zeus, consort of Hera"), Homer's treatment of Hera is less than respectful, and in late anecdotal versions of the myths (see below) she appeared to spend most of her time plotting revenge on the nymphs seduced by her Consort, for Hera upheld all the old right rules of Hellene society and sorority.

Matriarchy?

.There has been considerable scholarship, reaching back to Johann Jakob Bachofen in the mid-nineteenth century,[13] about the possibility that Hera, whose early importance in Greek religion is firmly established, was originally the goddess of a matriarchal people, presumably inhabiting Greece before the Hellenes.^ Some of the earliest known examples were found in the treasuries of Delphi, dating to about the 6th century BC, but their origins can be traced back even further to ritual basins, ivory mirror handles from Phoenicia, and draped figures from archaic Greece.

^ Artistic representations of her rising up from the sea (in presumably a birth scene) do not begin before the mid-fifth century.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once a man had proven his divine origin and achieved fame by completing tasks, he became a hero, an object of worship for the people whose lives he has affected.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

.In this view, her activity as goddess of marriage established the patriarchal bond of her own subordination: her resistance to the conquests of Zeus is rendered as Hera's "jealousy", the main theme of literary anecdotes that undercut her ancient cult.^ Dione Cult partner of Zeus of Dodoma, ancient earth-goddess.

^ Hera, the goddess of marriage, is not gay.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera is the goddess of marriage and married women.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]

The young Hera

.Hera was most known as the matron goddess, Hera Teleia; but she presided over weddings as well.^ But in Greek mythology another matron-goddess Demeter, is awkwardly placed on much the same level as Hera, and was much more popular.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She was also a prophetic goddess who presided over the most ancient of the earthly oracles, including the shrine of Delphi.

^ Eileithyia Eileithyia was the Goddess of Childbirth She is most known from the birth story of Artemis and Apollo, for it was she who went to Leto on the tiny island of Delos.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.In myth and cult, fragmentary references and archaic practices remain of the sacred marriage of Hera and Zeus,[15] and at Plataea, there was a sculpture of Hera seated as a bride by Callimachus, as well as the matronly standing Hera.^ This story may also refer to the domination of the Hera Cult by the Zeus Cult.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His visit to Crete may have reinforced the cult of Hera and Zeus there as well.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any temple of Hera marriage the hole of Atargatis was sacred to Hera according to Lucian.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[16]
.Hera was also worshipped as a virgin: There was a tradition in Stymphalia in Arcadia that there had been a triple shrine to Hera the Virgin, the Matron, and the Separated (Chêra, Widowed or Divorced).^ There does not seem to have been the wholesale adoption of pillar worship by the later Greeks that can be seen from Minoan tripartite shrines.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .In the region around Argos, the temple of Hera in Hermione near Argos was to Hera the Virgin;[18] at the spring of Kanathos, close to Nauplia, Hera renewed her virginity annually, in rites that were not to be spoken of (arrheton).^ Moreover, Poseidon's quarrels with other Olympian gods (Poseidon-Athena, Poseidon-Hera) take place in regions which are in or near seismic zones even today or were such in the past.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 6.13.1, near Capo Colonna in Italy "Near the theater [at Mantineia, Arkadia] I saw a temple of Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Temple of Hera at Argos, her primary cult centers being the Heraion near Mykenai in Argos.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]

Emblems of the presence of Hera

.In Hellenistic imagery, Hera's wagon was pulled by peacocks, birds not known to Greeks before the conquests of Alexander.^ Though widely worshipped throughout the Greek world, Hera was chiefly known as the jealous and often vindictive wife of the philandering Zeus.

Alexander's tutor, Aristotle, refers to it as "the Persian bird." The peacock motif was revived in the Renaissance iconography that unified Hera and Juno, and which European painters focused on.[20] .A bird that had been associated with Hera on an archaic level, where most of the Aegean goddesses were associated with "their" bird, was the cuckoo, which appears in mythic fragments concerning the first wooing of a virginal Hera by Zeus.^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was associated with Athena, a goddess who was born from Zeus’s head, not the product of sexual intercourse (Ibid, 71).
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As a goddess Hera was perfectly beautiful naked, but this was not enough to keep Zeus focused on her.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Her archaic association was primarily with cattle, as a Cow Goddess, who was especially venerated in "cattle-rich" Euboea.^ She was associated with a sacred white cow.Alternative name: Boand Bodb In Goidelic mythology, Bodb was the goddess of battle.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He is son of Sirona, who, like his wife, is a goddess of cattle.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Belenus In Brythonic mythology, especially in Gaul (later Italy to Britain), Belenus ("the shining one") was a fertility god who looked after sheep and cattle.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.On Cyprus, very early archaeological sites contain bull skulls that have been adapted for use as masks (see Bull (mythology)).^ While primarily a neo-pagan site, it also contains information about the Greek deities and mythology related links.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Julia Hayden's Ancient World Web contains links to and reviews of a number of sites dealing with archaeology, history, art, mythology and ancient religions.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Her familiar Homeric epithet Boôpis, is always translated "cow-eyed", for, like the Greeks of Classical times, its other natural translation "cow-faced" or at least "of cow aspect" is rejected.^ The Greeks, like people of many other cultures, often looked up into the sky at night and saw constellations, or pictures in the arrangements of stars.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Greeks, probably the Mycenaeans, were fond of tripling goddess and there were several such goddesses even in classical times, including the Fates, the Graces, the Charities, and the triple-triple, the Muses.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Companion to Greek Religion covers all aspects of religion in the ancient Greek world from the archaic, through the classical, and into the hellenistic period.
  • Greek and Roman Cult, Religion, and Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC guides.lib.msu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.A cow-headed Hera, like a Minotaur would be at odds with the maternal image of the later classical period.^ To round out this series, I would like to leave you with one image showing the three panels placed together in context.

.In this respect, Hera bears some resemblance to the Ancient Egyptian deity Hathor, a maternal goddess associated with cattle.^ These monuments, both in style and in some of the hieroglyphic characters used in the accompanying inscriptions, bear a striking, though in some respects an illusory, resemblance to certain monuments found in Northern Syria, ascribed to the ancient Hittites (" Kheta " of the Karnak inscription of Rameses II., the Hittites of the A.V. of the Bible).
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Broken Link 2/11/02) Pagans Online's Scrolls Catalogue - Ancient Near East collects some essays and translations of Mesopotamian and Egyptian texts.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ancient Egypt : the Mythology is dedicated to providing the most detailed and accurate information about the gods, goddesses and religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptian people.

.The pomegranate, an ancient emblem of the Great Goddess, remained an emblem of Hera: many of the votive pomegranates and poppy capsules recovered at Samos are made of ivory, which survived burial better than the wooden ones that must have been more common.^ Believing in more than one god or goddess.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Answer: One or more processions were done, perhaps carrying an image of Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The god Zeus, for example, had many partners other than his wife, Hera, who was also his sister.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Like all goddesses, images of Hera might show her wearing a diadem and a veil.^ All goddesses have a number of attributes which Hera shares.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Iliad Artemis, like Aphrodite, retains Eastern warrior goddess origins, but Homer 73 reduces this aspect of her and when she is beaten by Hera, she flees to father Zeus.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To round out this series, I would like to leave you with one image showing the three panels placed together in context.

.
Hebe Goddess of youth, daughter of Zeus and Hera.
^ Hebe was the daughter of Zeus and Hera, and the goddess of eternal youth.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hebe Hebe was the Goddess of Youth as well as the Cupbearer to the Gods , her mother was Hera and her father, Zeus.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are daughters of Zeus and Eurynome or Hera.

Sculpted 1800-1805 by Antonio Canova.

Epithets

Aside from the aforementioned Boôpis, Hera bore several other epithets in the mythological tradition. One was Aegophagus, "goat-eater", under which she was worshipped by the Lacedaemonians.[21]

Hera and her children

Hera presides over the right arrangements of the marriage and is the archetype of the union in the marriage bed, but she is not notable as a mother. .The legitimate offspring of her union with Zeus are Ares, Hebe, Eris (the goddess of discord) and Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth).^ Hebe , Eileithyia , Hephaestus, and Ares were her children by Zeus.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eileithyia is the goddess of childbirth.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eris Greek goddess of discord and strife.

.Hera was jealous of Zeus' giving birth to Athena without recourse to her (actually with Metis), so she gave birth to Hephaestus without him.^ Hera became pregnant on her own and gave birth to Hephaestus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus giving birth to Athena.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When Zeus gave birth to Athena without a mother, Hera was jealous and decided to give birth to a child without a father.

.Hera was then disgusted with Hephaestus' ugliness and threw him from Mount Olympus.^ The victorious gods and goddesses chose Zeus as their ruler and agreed to live with him on Mount Olympus.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was Zeus who threw Hephaestus out of heaven, for aiding Hera.

^ The god of fire and craftsmen (especially smiths), Hephaestus was lame at birth and was cast from Olympus by his mother Hera.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As another alternative version, Hera gave birth to all of the children usually accredited to her and Zeus together, alone by beating her hand on the Earth, a solemnizing action for the Greeks.^ The usual story is that, he swallowed all his children except his youngest Zeus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the contrary, she fell in love with Zeus and she gave birth to several children.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On one occasion, Hephaistos attempted to force himself on Athena, but she evaded him and his semen fell to the earth where it gave birth to the Athenian serpent-king Erechtheus.

.Hephaestus gained revenge against Hera for rejecting him by making her a magical throne which, when she sat on, did not allow her to leave.^ So Rhea did not leave him on his own.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hephaestus, who was an artisan of the gods and master craftsman, got his revenge by binding his mother to a golden throne.

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The other gods begged Hephaestus to return to Olympus to let her go, but he repeatedly refused.^ "In other words, there is no new humanity and there is no hope for man that is not grounded in God that would come from God and would return everything to God as His glory.

^ Of all the gods in Olympus, only one other god demand human sacrifice – Ares .

^ A god of fault-finding and criticism, he was eventually banished from Olympus for mocking the other gods.

.Dionysus got him drunk and took him back to Olympus on the back of a mule.^ Hephaestus released her either because Dionysus got him drunk or in return for being promised Aphrodite in marriage.

^ But Athene retrieved them from him and took them back, for it was not permitted by diving law to locate them anywhere else."
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pan's mother was frightened by her monstrous offspring, so Hermes took him to Olympus.

.Hephaestus released Hera after being given Aphrodite as his wife.^ Hephaestus released her either because Dionysus got him drunk or in return for being promised Aphrodite in marriage.

^ Hephaestus wanted to leave them trapped in his net but he reluctantly released them on the insistence of Poseidon who admired the beauty of Aphrodite and paid reparations in return for her and her lover's freedom.

^ Homer took on board the Eastern mythology of Anu and his wife as being parents of the Love Goddess, making Zeus and Dione the parents of Aphrodite, where Dione is the feminine form of Zeus.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]

Hera, the enemy of Heracles

.Hera was the stepmother and enemy of Heracles, who was named "Hera-famous"[23] in her honor; Heracles is the hero who, more than even Perseus, Cadmus or Theseus, introduced the Olympian ways in Greece.^ The god Zeus, for example, had many partners other than his wife, Hera, who was also his sister.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Question: why were the festivals in ancient greece held in honor of hera .
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[24] .When Alcmene was pregnant with Heracles, Hera tried to prevent the birth from occurring by tying Alcmene's legs in knots.^ The point is that Hephaestus was thought to have no father by some writers, because Hera tried to emulate Athena's extraordinary birth.

^ Hera became pregnant on her own and gave birth to Hephaestus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

She was foiled by Galanthis, her servant, who told Hera that she had already delivered the baby. .Hera turned her into a weasel.^ Eventually, Zeus has Argus killed and Hera rewards the faithful guard by turning him into a peacock.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.
Herakles strangling the snakes sent by Hera, Attic red-figured stamnos, ca.
^ The jealous Hera sent two snakes to kill Herakles in his cradle, but the infant strangled them.

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

480–470 BC. From Vulci, Etruria.
.While Heracles was still an infant, Hera sent two serpents to kill him as he lay in his cot.^ The jealous Hera sent two snakes to kill Herakles in his cradle, but the infant strangled them.

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At first, Poseidon sent a sea monster to punish Troy, but the hero Heracles killed the monster.

.Heracles throttled a single snake in each hand and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were a child's toys.^ In role playing games they are a tribe of demi-humans that are often found in wilderness areas that attack travelers.
  • Heroes Community - Mythology Creature Alphabet 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC heroescommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They had living snakes as hair, bronze hands, and golden wings.
  • Heroes Community - Mythology Creature Alphabet 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC heroescommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And when they have done this for a few days, they pretend that they have found the fragments of the torn body (of Osiris), and they lay aside their grief and rejoice.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

.The anecdote[25] is built upon a representation of the hero gripping a serpent in each hand, precisely as the familiar Minoan snake-handling goddesses had once done.^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the other hand the goddess holds a spear ; at her feet is her shield, and near the spear a serpent, said to symbolise Erichthonius.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beginning in about 2200 B.C., the people of Crete, called the Minoans, built fabulous palaces and ruled the seas with a strong hand.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

"The picture of a divine child between two serpents may have been long familiar to the Thebans, who worshiped the Cabeiri, although not represented as a first exploit of a hero".[26]
.One account[27] of the origin of the Milky Way is that Zeus had tricked Hera into nursing the infant Heracles: discovering who he was, she pulled him from her breast, and a spurt of her milk formed the smear across the sky that can be seen to this day.^ She was the daughter of Zeus and the nurse of the infant Apollo.

^ The creation of the Milky Way, in which Zeus approaches Heracles to Hera's breast, is a painting by Tintoretto (1518-1594).
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Was it possible that one day he, too, would have a child who would overthrow him?
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike any Greeks, the Etruscans instead pictured a full-grown bearded Heracles at Hera's breast: this may refer to his adoption by her when he became an Immortal.^ It has been variously speculated that the mythical Herakles may have derived from an actual Greek chieftain or shaman who protected his people from external dangers which later became the labours of Herakles.

^ This may just have been the Roman adoption of the Greek demigod or it may imply some direct Phoenician influences, as Oriental goods from this period have also been found in Italy.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be urged that Mount Olympus could not have referred to any mountain in Atlantis, because the Greeks gave that name to a group of mountains partly in Macedonia and partly in Thessaly.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

He had previously wounded her severely in the breast.
.Some myths state that Hera befriended Heracles for saving her from a giant who tried to rape her, and that she even gave her daughter Hebe as his bride.^ Birog saved him and gave him to Manannan mac Lir, who became his foster father.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In this essay, I have tried to show that there are many influences on Greek religion and that even some of these - such as the Anatolian myths - may have come to Greece by way of the Phoenicians.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was Athena who brought Heracles to aid the gods in a war against the giants (Gigantes), known as Gigantomachia .

.Whatever myth-making served to account for an archaic representation of Heracles as "Hera's man" it was thought suitable for the builders of the Heraion at Paestum to depict the exploits of Heracles in bas-reliefs.^ It is in Works and Days, where you would find Hesiod's account of the Five Ages of Man, as well as the myth of Prometheus and Pandora.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later accounts of the Alkmaion myth indicate that he secured relief from the Erinyes through long travel and purification, much as Orestes does in the Eumenides (ApB 3.7.5).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.Hera assigned Heracles to labor for King Eurystheus at Mycenae.^ This relief represents one of the twelve labors that Hercules was required to do by King Eurystheus.

^ For that rush act he was forced to do penance by serving Eurystheus, king of Mycenae, and performing twelve tasks of superhuman difficulty.

^ When he grew up, he was forced to serve King Eurystheus, who assigned him his twelve labours.

.She attempted to make almost each of Heracles' twelve labors more difficult.^ To complete the eleventh of his twelve labors, Heracles had to obtain the golden apples of the Hesperides, and he asked Atlas for help.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.When he fought the Lernaean Hydra, she sent a crab to bite at his feet in the hopes of distracting him.^ During the great battle, Hera sent a large crab to help Hydra.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Heracles took the cattle of Geryon, he shot Hera in the right breast with a triple-barbed arrow: the wound was incurable and left her in constant pain, as Dione tells Aphrodite in the Iliad, Book V. Afterwards, Hera sent a gadfly to bite the cattle, irritate them and scatter them.^ Gilgamesh even rebukes the goddess Ishtar, and this too is captured in the Iliad with Diomedes" wounding of Aphrodite.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most remnants of the tripling of Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite relate to the judgment of Paris.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hera then sent a flood which raised the water level of a river so much that Heracles could not ford the river with the cattle.^ Heroes had a tendency to fight serpents and Heracles very first act was to strangle two snakes sent against him by the goddess Hera.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The height of the river then could be converted into the area of the country covered by the flood that year, and the area could be converted into the estimated yield of virtually every bit of farmland.
  • Greek Philosophy 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Three days later the priests bore to the river a golden casket into which they poured water; and at that moment the worshipers raised the cry that Osiris had been found.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

.He piled stones into the river to make the water shallower.^ Three days later the priests bore to the river a golden casket into which they poured water; and at that moment the worshipers raised the cry that Osiris had been found.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He swallows his offspring, who include a storm god and a god of waters, but in the case of the storm god he is tricked into swallowing a stone instead.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When he finally reached the court of Eurystheus, the cattle were sacrificed to Hera.
.Eurystheus also wanted to sacrifice the Cretan Bull to Hera.^ Sacrifice a cow to Hera and a bull to Zeus.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

She refused the sacrifice because it reflected glory on Heracles. The bull was released and wandered to Marathon, becoming known as the Marathonian Bull.

Hera's jealousies

Echo

.According to the urbane retelling of myth in Ovid's Metamorphoses, [29] for a long time, a nymph named Echo had the job of distracting Hera from Zeus' affairs by leading her away and flattering her.^ All that Echo knew was that her sisters and friends warned her that her most important job was to keep Hera away from the glade.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And even though Echo had played no part at all in Zeus’s affair, Hera decided to punish her.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of his most significant contributions to modern scholarship is his fifteen-volume work called The Metamorphoses, which retells the stories of many Greek myths.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only repeat the words of others (hence our modern word "echo").^ From this moment forward, the only words you will ever be able to utter will be exactly those words, no more and no less, that other people have said to you first.” Echo was very upset.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Startled and saddened by the disappearance of the beautiful person in the water, Narcissus called out, “Who’s there?” In reply, Echo answered, “Who’s there?” Since she could only repeat the youth’s words, as Hera had commanded her, this was all the conversation she could manage.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Echo was busy chatting with Hera, Zeus and his lover heard Hera’s unmistakable voice and managed to escape before they could be discovered.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

Leto and Artemis/Apollo

.When Hera discovered that Leto was pregnant and that Zeus was the father, she banned Leto from giving birth on "terra-firma", or the mainland, or any island at sea.^ Zeus giving birth to Athena.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Semele had just discovered that she was pregnant, and although she trusted her lover, she now became persuaded to be certain about the identity of her unborn child’s father.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera, wife of Zeus, was angry, and the mother had to give birth in secret, in a cave, on a journey; and even then the child had to be sent far away to escape the vengeance of Herod-I mean Hera.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

.Leto found the floating island of Delos, which was neither mainland nor a real island, and Leto was able to give birth to her children on the island.^ His wife Rhea was in deep grief and when she was about to give birth to the youngest of her children, Zeus, she left for Crete.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was found on the island of Delos (famous as the birthplace of the god Apollo).

^ Another popular version, said that Hera, upon giving birth to Hephaestus without a mate, found him ugly that she threw the infant out of Olympus.

As a gesture of gratitude, Delos was secured with four pillars. .The island later became sacred to Apollo.^ Legend has it that she was changed into a laurel to avoid the sexual advances of the god Apollo, to whom the laurel thus became sacred.

^ According to Iamblichus, when Pythagoras returned to Greece he visited Delos, the island sacred to Apollo and home to the most famous oracle.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

.Alternatively, Hera kidnapped Eileithyia, the Goddess of Childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor.^ I had already mentioned Britomartis/Dictynna, but there was also the Cretan goddess of childbirth, Eleuthia or Eileithyia .

^ Hera, too, protected the home and became the goddess of marriage and childbirth after she married her brother, Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyway, Hera killed Ino , but Zeus made Ino into the Sea Goddess, Leucothea, or White Goddess , because she had raised Dionysus.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.The other gods forced Hera to let her go.^ To seduce Zeus, Hera required aids from other gods.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Once when Zeus was being particularly overbearing to the other gods, Hera convinced them to join in a revolt.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus' other wife, Hera, was jealous that Zagreus would become the next ruler of the gods; so she incited the Titans to murder the infant Zagreus (Dionysus).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Either way, Artemis was born first and then assisted with the birth of Apollo.^ Artemis was born first on the island of Ortygia.

^ The island theme continues, in regard to the first two of the Younger Olympians: Artemis and Apollo were born in the Cyclades group, on the island of Delos.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eileithyia Eileithyia was the Goddess of Childbirth She is most known from the birth story of Artemis and Apollo, for it was she who went to Leto on the tiny island of Delos.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some versions say Artemis helped her mother give birth to Apollo for nine days.^ She was the mother of the twins Artemis and Apollo.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Titaness Themis was the mother of the the Seasons (and some say the three Fates ) with Zeus.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some say that the Gods and everything populating Earth was born from Oceanus' stream, and that Tethys was their mother.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another variation states that Artemis was born one day before Apollo, on the island of Ortygia and that she helped Leto cross the sea to Delos the next day to give birth to Apollo.^ Artemis was born first on the island of Ortygia.

^ Leto suffered from the pang for nine days on the island of Delos, before Artemis helped her mother with the delivery of her twin Apollo.

^ According to Iamblichus, when Pythagoras returned to Greece he visited Delos, the island sacred to Apollo and home to the most famous oracle.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

[30]

Semele and Dionysus

.When Hera learned that Semele, daughter of Cadmus King of Thebes, was pregnant by Zeus, she disguised herself as Semele's nurse and persuaded the princess to insist that Zeus show himself to her in his true form.^ Dionysus was the child of Zeus, the king of the gods, and Semele, the daughter of King Cadmus of Thebes.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus is the King of the gods and Hera is his wife.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are daughters of Zeus and Eurynome or Hera.

When he was compelled to do so, his thunder and lightning blasted her. .Zeus took the child and completed its gestation sewn into his own thigh.^ To save her sixth child, Zeus, Rhea tricked Cronus into swallowing a stone wrapped in baby clothes.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But usually the tradition says that when Zeus fathered Athena without a mother, the angry goddess decided to have a child of her own without a husband.

^ When Zeus took the throne, he cast Arce into Tartarus.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another variation is when Hera persuades Semele to force Zeus to show himself in his real form.^ Hera, out of jealousy, is said to have tricked Semele into asking Zeus to reveal his divinity to her.

^ Even though Zeus was in love with Semele, he was, in fact, already married to Hera, the queen of the gods.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When she persuaded Zeus to reveal himself in his true form, Semele was unable to withstand the power of the god’s immortality, and she was burned to ashes.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unfortunately, he must do what the princess wants, having sworn by Styx.^ But the god had also made an unbreakable promise, for any promise sworn on the River Styx must be fulfilled, and now he could not refuse her request.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

[31] .In another version, Dionysus was originally the son of Zeus by either Demeter or Persephone.^ Hermes was another son of Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bacchus Dionysus should be distinguished from Dionysus son of Zeus and Persephone .

^ He was considered the son of Demeter or Persephone.

.Hera sent her Titans to rip the baby apart, from which he was called Zagreus ("Torn in Pieces").^ Zeus' other wife, Hera, was jealous that Zagreus would become the next ruler of the gods; so she incited the Titans to murder the infant Zagreus (Dionysus).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zeus rescued the heart and gave it to Semele to impregnate her; or, the heart was saved, variously, by Athena, Rhea, or Demeter.^ Her name changed into Demeter, after Rhea gave birth to Zeus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Zeus raped his mother Rhea/Demeter, she gave birth to Persephone .

^ Zeus raped his mother (Rhea/Demeter), and she gave birth to Persephone.

[32] .Zeus used the heart to recreate Dionysus and implant him in the womb of Semele—hence Dionysus became known as "the twice-born". Certain versions imply that Zeus gave Semele the heart to eat to impregnate her.^ The name Dionysus means "born twice".

^ Zeus swallowed his son's heart and Dionysus was reborn as the son of Semele , where he was known as Bacchus Dionysus.

^ Dionysus was a god, who was born twice.

.Hera tricked Semele into asking Zeus to show his true form, which killed her.^ Hera, out of jealousy, is said to have tricked Semele into asking Zeus to reveal his divinity to her.

^ Enraged, Artemis changed him into a stag, in which form he was pursued and killed by his own hounds.

^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.But Dionysus managed to rescue her from the underworld and have her live on Mount Olympus.^ On the way to Mount Olympus, Demeter explained to Persephone that because she had eaten food from the Underworld—the seeds of the pomegranate—she would have to return there.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They lived in a palace on Mount Olympus (´Ολυμπου), built by the Cyclopes or possibly by Hephaestus.

^ The victorious gods and goddesses chose Zeus as their ruler and agreed to live with him on Mount Olympus.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See also Dionysus' birth for other variations.^ See Semele in the Wrath of Heaven , for the full story of Semele's death and Dionysus' birth.

Io

.Hera almost caught Zeus with a mistress named Io, a fate avoided by Zeus turning Io into a beautiful white heifer.^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus tried to hide Io from Hera, by transforming the girl into a beautiful white cow.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera set a herdsman, named Argus Panoptes with hundred eyes, to guard Io, so that Zeus couldn't rescue Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, Hera was not completely fooled and demanded that Zeus give her the heifer as a present.^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In one, the jealous Hera sets Argus to guard Zeus's secret lover, Io, whom he has disguised as a heifer in a vain attempt to protect her from his wife's wrath.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even to the present day there are sanctuaries on the tops of the mountains: on Mount Kokkux (Cuckoo) one of Zeus, on Pron one of Hera."
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Once Io was given to Hera, she placed her in the charge of Argus to keep her separated from Zeus.^ Ge had given them to Zeus when he married Hera."
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once this was done, Prometheus asked Zeus to choose one of the two piles and keep it as the sacrificial offering; the humans would take whichever pile Zeus rejected.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera set a herdsman, named Argus Panoptes with hundred eyes, to guard Io, so that Zeus couldn't rescue Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zeus then commanded Hermes to kill Argus, which he did by lulling all one hundred eyes to sleep.^ Zeus ruled over the sky and all atmospheric phenomena-winds, clouds, rain and even the destructive thunder and lightning came under his command.

^ Hera set a herdsman, named Argus Panoptes with hundred eyes, to guard Io, so that Zeus couldn't rescue Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One day, Zeus and Hermes decided to visit Phrygia.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Ovid's interpolation, when Hera learned of Argus' death, she took his eyes and placed them in the plumage of the peacock, accounting for the eye pattern in its tail.^ Hera gathers the eyes of Argus.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hera set a herdsman, named Argus Panoptes with hundred eyes, to guard Io, so that Zeus couldn't rescue Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eventually, Zeus has Argus killed and Hera rewards the faithful guard by turning him into a peacock.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

[33] .Hera then sent a gadfly (Greek oistros, compare oestrus)) to sting Io as she wandered the earth.^ In Greek myth the sphinx was sent by Hera to punish Thebes for displeasing the Goddess.

^ The gadfly stung her repeatedly that Io began to wander through many distant lands.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Hermes had killed Argus Panoptes, Hera sent a gadfly to torment Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eventually Io was driven to the ends of the earth, which the Romans believed to be Egypt, where she became a priestess of the Egyptian goddess, Isis.^ The Horae They were the goddesses orderly things like Seasons, and because of their orderly aspect eventually became goddesses of justice.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At Lefkandi, bowls with an elaborate palmette or tree of life were found as were pendants representing the Egyptian goddess Isis and a lion-headed goddess.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every year the Egyptian devotees of Osiris and Isis float a message in the sea to the devotees or priestesses of Astarte at Byblus.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

Lamia

.Lamia was a queen of Libya, whom Zeus loved.^ Even though Zeus was in love with Semele, he was, in fact, already married to Hera, the queen of the gods.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to some sources she was a queen of Libya who fell in love with Zeus.

.Hera turned her into a monster and murdered their children.^ Scylla turns into a monster.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Each year, they had a child together and Math turned the three children into people.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ She generally put up with his shenanigans, but got pissed every once in a while (like when she turned Scylla into a monster).
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Or, alternately, she killed Lamia's children and the grief turned her into a monster.^ Scylla turns into a monster.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Each year, they had a child together and Math turned the three children into people.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ She generally put up with his shenanigans, but got pissed every once in a while (like when she turned Scylla into a monster).
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

Lamia was cursed with the inability to close her eyes so that she would always obsess over the image of her dead children. .Zeus gave her the gift to be able to take her eyes out to rest, and then put them back in.^ The gods gave her gifts before showing his creation to the rest of the world.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arriving on the surface where the battles were being fought, the Cyclopes gave Zeus and his brothers precious gifts that helped them in their struggle.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result he was singled out by Zeus for a special punishment and made to hold up the world on his back.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

Lamia was envious of other mothers and ate their children.

Gerana

.Gerana was a queen of the Pygmies who boasted she was more beautiful than Hera.^ The god Zeus, for example, had many partners other than his wife, Hera, who was also his sister.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Side had boasted that her beauty surpassed Hera, so the goddess threw the foolish woman into Hades.

^ More than that, it is implied that Sati (and other machines who want to be free of the Matrix and "purpose-only" existence) will be freed by the same accord.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

.The wrathful goddess turned her into a crane and proclaimed that her bird descendants should wage eternal war on the Pygmy folk.^ He turned into a bird; she became a hawk.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Battle of Cath Godeau, Gwydion turned trees into warriors, thus winning the war begun by his brother, Amaethon.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Greeks condensed the love and war goddess into one goddess of love, with the aspects of love accentuated and those of war diminished.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other stories involving Hera

Hera and Prometheus, tondo of a 5th-century plate from Vulci, Etruria

Cydippe

Cydippe, a priestess of Hera, was on her way to a festival in the goddess' honor. The oxen which were to pull her cart were overdue and her sons, Biton and Cleobis, pulled the cart the entire way (45 stadia, 8 kilometers). .Cydippe was impressed with their devotion to her and her goddess and asked Hera to give her children the best gift a god could give a person.^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a sense, all the Celtic gods and goddesses were like the Greek Apollo, who could never be described as the god of any one thing.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He also tricked Zeus into allowing man to keep the best part of the animals sacrificed to the gods and to give the gods the worst parts.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

Hera ordained that the brothers would die in their sleep.
.This honor bestowed upon the children was later used by Solon, as a proof while trying to convince Croesus that it is impossible to judge a person's happiness until they have died a fruitful death after a joyous life.^ They sought personal power and dominance on the earth and used their mystical powers and knowledge to rule over ordinary humans.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The unit that I have written will be used to introduce children to Greek and Roman mythology, and to excite their interest so that eventually they will study this subject further on their own.

^ She presided over the initiation rites of young women, and, later in life, brought sudden death to women with her "gentle darts".

[34]

Tiresias

.Tiresias was a priest of Zeus, and as a young man he encountered two snakes mating and hit them with a stick.^ The Kouretes may have had their origin as worshippers of Zeus Kouros (Zeus as a young man), perhaps dating back to Minoan times.

^ When he had grown into a young man, Zeus left Crete to join his mother.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was then transformed into a woman.^ Dionysus was the only one of the twelve Olympians to be born from a mortal woman, Semele , daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia (though she was later transformed into a goddess in the Dionysus myth).

.As a woman, Tiresias became a priestess of Hera, married and had children, including Manto.^ Hera, too, protected the home and became the goddess of marriage and childbirth after she married her brother, Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the end, she not only reconciled with Heracles, when the hero became a god and lived in Olympus; Hera also allowed Heracles to marry her own daughter, Hebe , goddess of youth.

.After seven years as a woman, Tiresias again found mating snakes, struck them with her staff, and became a man once more.^ Tiresias was a blind seer that became a woman for several years, then reverted back to a man.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attic influence is once more apparent in the marbles found at Phigalia.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The snakes attached themselves to the staff and became permanently entwined around the Caduceus .

.As a result of his experiences, Zeus and Hera asked him to settle the question of which sex, male or female, experienced more pleasure during intercourse.^ Hera, out of jealousy, is said to have tricked Semele into asking Zeus to reveal his divinity to her.

^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hypnos also appears in Iliad 14, when Hera approaches him with a proposal to lull Zeus to sleep (Il 14.231-91).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zeus claimed it was women; Hera claimed it was men.^ Hera's marriage was never a happy one, because of Zeus' numerous love affairs with both immortal goddesses and mortal women.

^ These include the so-called 6 Elder Olympians: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades (men); and Hestia, Demeter, Hera (women).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Tiresias sided with Zeus, Hera struck him blind.^ Hypnos also appears in Iliad 14, when Hera approaches him with a proposal to lull Zeus to sleep (Il 14.231-91).
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus too, courted her, but she rejected him for the sake of Hera , her foster-mother.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He married his sister Rhea, who bore him Pluto, Poseidon, Zeus, Hestia, Demeter, and Hera.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since Zeus could not undo what she had done, he gave him the gift of prophecy.^ Arriving on the surface where the battles were being fought, the Cyclopes gave Zeus and his brothers precious gifts that helped them in their struggle.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Proteus was a sea dweller that had the gift of prophecy and could shift shape at will.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Zeus, in the meantime, had freed Cyclopes, who gave him the thunder and the glowing lightning, and Hundred-handed who helped him in his fighting against Cronus and Titans.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

An alternative and less commonly told story has it that Tiresias was blinded by Athena after he stumbled onto her bathing naked. .His mother, Chariclo, begged her to undo her curse, but Athena couldn't; she gave him prophecy instead.^ On one occasion, Hephaistos attempted to force himself on Athena, but she evaded him and his semen fell to the earth where it gave birth to the Athenian serpent-king Erechtheus.

^ So Athena did have a mother; it was just that no mother gave birth to this goddess.

^ When Zeus gave birth to Athena without a mother, Hera was jealous and decided to give birth to a child without a father.

Chelone

.At the marriage of Zeus and Hera, a nymph named Chelone was disrespectful (or refused to attend).^ Hera set a herdsman, named Argus Panoptes with hundred eyes, to guard Io, so that Zeus couldn't rescue Io.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera, too, protected the home and became the goddess of marriage and childbirth after she married her brother, Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zeus condemned her by turning her into a tortoise.^ Zeus also turned himself into a snake and raped Rhea.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

The Iliad

.According to the Iliad, during the Trojan War, Diomedes fought Hector and saw Ares fighting on the Trojans' side.^ Trojan War 2212: Athena and Diomedes.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ During the Trojan War, he favoured the Greeks.

^ Twice, Heracles had defeated him; he also lost to Diomedes , hero in the Trojan War.

Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly. .Hera, Ares' mother, saw Ares' interference and asked Zeus, Ares' father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield.^ Then we will believe you.” Determined to show his friends that he was telling the truth, Phaethon went home and asked his mother to help him prove that Helius was really his father.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera asked for the heifer (Io) as a gift, which Zeus couldn't refuse.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The goddess Hera, wife of Zeus, was hostile to the youth who had been fathered by her husband out of wedlock.

.Hera encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares and he threw his spear at the god.^ Diomedes and Athena attack Ares.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ares was the child of Hera and Zeus, and he became the god of war.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

Athena drove the spear into Ares' body, and he bellowed in pain and fled to Mt. Olympus, forcing the Trojans to fall back.

The Golden Fleece

.Hera hated Pelias because he had killed Sidero, his step-grandmother, in one of the goddess's temples.^ Anyway, Hera killed Ino , but Zeus made Ino into the Sea Goddess, Leucothea, or White Goddess , because she had raised Dionysus.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.She later manipulated Jason and Medea to kill Pelias.^ Later, when Jason attempted to leave her for a younger woman, Medea retaliated by killing the woman and her own children by Jason.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leader of the Argonauts, Jason stole the Golden Fleece with the help of his enemy's daughter, Medea, whom he later married.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Metamorphoses

.In Thrace, Hera and Zeus turned King Haemus and Queen Rhodope into mountains,[35] the Balkan (Haemus Mons) and Rhodope mountain chains respectively, for their hubris in comparing themselves to the gods.^ In his main work, Sacred History, Euhemerus claimed to have discovered inscriptions proving that the gods Kronos and Zeus were based on historical kings.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The god Zeus, for example, had many partners other than his wife, Hera, who was also his sister.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A group, or collection, of gods and goddesses is called a pantheon, and the leader of the Greek pantheon was Zeus, the king of the gods and ruler of the sky.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Ruck, Carl A.P., and Danny Staples, The World of Classical Myth, 1994.
  2. ^ Walter Burkert, Greek Religion, (Harvard University Press) 1985, p. 131
  3. ^ Burkert, p. 131.
  4. ^ Chadwick, The Mycenaean World (Cambridge University Press) 1976:87.
  5. ^ Windekens, in Glotta 36 (1958), pp. 309-11.
  6. ^ Her name appears, with Zeus and Hermes, in a Linear B inscription (Tn 316) at Mycenean Pylos (John Chadwick, The Mycenaean World [Cambridge University Press] 1976:89).
  7. ^ P.C. Sestieri, Paestum, the City, the Prehistoric Acropolis in Contrada Gaudo, and the Heraion at the Mouth of the Sele (Rome 1960), p. 11 etc. "It is odd that there was no temple dedicated to Poseidon in a city named for him (Paestum was originally called Poseidonia). Perhaps there was one at Sele, the settlement that preceded Paestum," Sarantis Symeonoglou suggested (Symeonoglou, "The Doric Temples of Paestum" Journal of Aesthetic Education, 19.1, Special Issue: Paestum and Classical Culture: Past and Present [Spring 1985:49-66] p. 50.
  8. ^ Martin Persson Nilsson, The Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and Its Survival in Greek Religion (Lund) 1950 pt. I.ii "House Sanctuaries", pp 77-116; H. W. Catling, "A Late Bronze Age House- or Sanctuary-Model from the Menelaion, Sparta," BSA 84 (1989) 171-175.
  9. ^ Burkert, p. 132, including quote; Burkert: Orientalizing Revolution.
  10. ^ "The goddesses of Greek polytheism, so different and complementary," Greek mythology scholar Walter Burkert has observed, in Homo Necans (1972) 1983:79f, "are nonetheless, consistently similar at an earlier stage, with one or the other simply becoming dominant in a sanctuary or city. Each is the Great Goddess presiding over a male society; each is depicted in her attire as Mistress of the Beasts, and Mistress of the Sacrifice, even Hera and Demeter."
  11. ^ Iliad, ii. 781-783)
  12. ^ The Iliad by Homer - Project Gutenberg
  13. ^ Bachofen, Mutterrecht 1861, translated as Mother Right: An Investigation of the Religious and Juridical Character of Matriarchy in the Ancient World. Bachofen was seminal in the writings of Jane Ellen Harrison and other students of Greek myth.
  14. ^ Slater 1968.
  15. ^ Farnell, I 191,
  16. ^ Pausanias, 9.2.7- 9.3.3; Pausanias explains this by telling the myth of the Daedala.
  17. ^ Farnell, I 194, citing Pausanias 8.22.2' Pindar refers to the "praises of Hera Parthenia [the Maidenly]" Olympian ode 6.88
  18. ^ S. Casson: "Hera of Kanathos and the Ludovisi Throne" The Journal of Hellenic Studies 40.2 (1920), pp. 137-142, citing Stephanus of Byzantium sub Ernaion.
  19. ^ Pausanias, 2.38.2-3.
  20. ^ Seznec, Jean, The Survival of the Pagan Gods : Mythological Tradition in Renaissance Humanism and Art, 1953
  21. ^ Pausanias, iii. 15. § 7
  22. ^ The return of Hephaestus on muleback to Olympus accompanied by Dionysus was a theme of the Attic vase-painters, whose wares were favored by Etruscans. The return of Hephaestus was painted on the Etruscan tomb at the "Grotta Campana" near Veii (identified by Peterson; the "well-known subject" was doubted in this instance by A. M. Harmon, "The Paintings of the Grotta Campana", American Journal of Archaeology 16.1 (January - March 1912):1-10); for further examples, see Hephaestus#Return of Hephaestus.
  23. ^ Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, s.v. Hera: "Heraberühmte"
  24. ^ Ruck and Staples
  25. ^ Noted by Apollonius of Rhodes in Argonautica, i.855; Pindar, Pythian Ode iv, 253
  26. ^ Kerenyi, The Heroes of the Greeks 1959 p 134.
  27. ^ Hyginus, De Astonomia,2.43; pseudo-Eratostenes, Catasterismi,44; Achilles Tatius (attributed) Introduction to Aratus.
  28. ^ Kerenyi, p 131
  29. ^ Metamorphoses, iii.341-401.
  30. ^ Leto "finally reached Delos and gave birth to Artemis, who thereupon helped her deliver Apollo. Artemis became a practised huntress and remained a virgin." (Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 1.21).
  31. ^ Hamilton, Edith (1969). "Mythology".
  32. ^ Seyffert Dictionary
  33. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses I.624ff and II.531. The peacock (Greek taos), not native to Greece or Western Asia, was unknown to Hellenes until the time of Alexander the Great.
  34. ^ Herodotus' History, Book I
  35. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 6.87

Sources

.
  • Burkert, Walter, Greek Religion 1985.
  • Burkert, Walter, The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age, 1998
  • Farnell, Lewis Richard, The cults of the Greek states I: Zeus, Hera Athena Oxford, 1896.
  • Graves, Robert, The Greek Myths 1955. Use with caution.
  • Kerenyi, Carl, The Gods of the Greeks 1951 (paperback 1980)
  • Kerenyi, Karl, 1959. The Heroes of the Greeks Especially Heracles.
  • Ruck, Carl A.P., and Danny Staples, The World of Classical Myth 1994
  • Seyffert, Oskar.^ From the Greek Dark Ages there are no images of the gods until the 8th century, when statuettes 131 of bronze and clay began to be made.
    • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However among Mediterranean peoples (Greeks, Etruscan and Roman) the God of Sky's image merged with the God of Thunder's one ( Zeus ).
    • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus as Toporov writes "...Varuna is more connected with natural, than social world, to night, the moon, with distant, with secret and magic" (Myths of nations of the world, 1998.
    • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    Dictionary of Classical Antiquities 1894. (On-line text)
  • Seznec, Jean, The Survival of the Pagan Gods : Mythological Tradition in Renaissance Humanism and Art, 1953
  • Slater, Philip E. The Glory of Hera : Greek Mythology and the Greek Family (Boston: Beacon Press) 1968 (Princeton University 1992 ISBN 0-691-00222-3 ) Concentrating on family structure in 5th-century Athens; some of the crude usage of myth and drama for psychological interpreting of "neuroses" is dated.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.HERA, in Greek mythology, the sister and wife of Zeus and queen of the Olympian gods; she was identified by the Romans with Juno.^ Zeus and Hera were the King and Queen of the Greek gods.
  • MrDonn.org - Ancient History Lesson Plans - Greece UNIT 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC ancienthistory.mrdonn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ares In Greek mythology, god of war and son of Zeus, king of the gods, and his wife, Hera.
  • Ancient Coins . biz - Roman Imperial, Roman Provincial, Greek Coins, Roman Artifacts ! Cheap ! Bargain ! Sale ! 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ancientcoins.biz [Source type: Original source]

^ Roman Mythology Greek mythology .
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

.The derivation of the name is obscure, but there is no reason to doubt that she was a genuine Greek deity.^ Of the major Greek deities only the derivation of the name of Zeus is clear.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "There is no reason.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Smith rants that there is no denying reason or purpose.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are no signs of Oriental influence in her cults, except at Corinth, where she seems to have been identified with Astarte.^ Human sacrifice is evidenced in the cult of Hera Akraia with reference to Medea and was identified as being influenced by the Phoenicians.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Athena : The goddess Athena has minimal Near Eastern connections, though from the 8th century in line with other Oriental influences seen at Corinth, she was worshipped with the title Phoinike .
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These too failing her, there was no other way except for her to be put to the sword.
  • Diotima 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is probable that she was originally a personification of some department of nature; but the traces of her primitive significance are vague, and have been interpreted to suit various theories.^ Some have interpreted this as the origin of the name of the constellation.

^ Origin theories There are various modern theories about the origins of Greek mythology.
  • Mythology - Greek - World Religion Day 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.worldreligionday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, sacrificial relieves of god Silvan with the nymphs made in very primitive engineering who are known from various places of the Roman Dalmatia, specify the Roman interpretation of some primordial Illyrian gods who about today have kept anonymity.
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some of the ancients connected her with the earth; Plato, followed by the Stoics, derived her name from tip, the air.^ She was believed by some to be an ancient Earth Goddess, or the Goddess of the Oak .
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some times later, he lay with his own daughter, and then he became the father of Earth and Heaven, which they were named Gaea and Uranus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both theories have been revived in modern times, the former notably by F. G. Welcker, the latter by L. Preller.^ Despite this Gerald B. Gardner adopted her theories when he started the revival of modern day witchcraft in the 1950s.

^ Both times the narrator of the Mabinogi praises him as the best "reciter of lore" (kyvarwyd; modern cyfarwydd) in the world.
  • Pre-Christian Heritage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the modern Neo-Pagan movements, of which Wicca is the most notable, the worship of the Horned God has been revived.
  • Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mandrake-press.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

A third view, that Hera is the moon, is held by W. H. Roscher and others. .Of these explanations, that advanced by Preller has little to commend it, even if, with O. Gruppe, we understand the air-goddess as a storm deity; some of the arguments in support of the two other theories will be examined in this article.^ Personal interviews, poetry and other articles involving the relationship between the goddess and the people who respect and revere...

^ You can check out some of her other Goddess (and other) paintings on her site .
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some of these children became important deities; among them were Athena, Hermes, Apollo and Artemis, Ares and Hephaestus.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whatever may have been the origin of Hera, to the historic Greeks (except a few poets or philosophers) she was a purely anthropomorphic goddess, and had no close relation to any province of nature.^ Buy Products relating to the Goddess Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was originally a pre-Greek deity and the earth goddess of Argos .

^ Greek myths explained the origins of the gods and their individual relations with mankind.
  • Greek Gods and Religious Practices | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.metmuseum.org [Source type: Academic]

.In literature, from the times of Homer and Hesiod, she played an important part, appearing most frequently as the jealous and resentful wife of Zeus.^ Hera, Zeus's sister and wife, was queen of the gods; she is frequently depicted wearing a tall crown or polos .
  • Greek Gods and Religious Practices | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.metmuseum.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The most important of these is "Culhwch and Olwen," set in the time of King Arthur; it climaxes with the hunting of a magical boar.
  • Pre-Christian Heritage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Homer: the Chicago Homer a very useful resource: all of Homer & Hesiod, with Greek & English line by line, linked to word & phrase frequency data, scholia & papyri .
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this character she pursues with vindictive hatred the heroines, such as Alcmene, Leto and Semele, who were beloved by Zeus.^ Dionysus was the son of Zeus and the mortal heroine Semele.
  • Philosophy, Theology: Greek Gods, Goddesses and Greek Myths 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Zeus complied, his divine majesty was too great for Semele, who was destroyed by his thunderbolts.

^ The third Dionysus is the commonly known wine god with the name Bacchus, who was the son of Zeus and Semele , a Theban princess and daughter of Cadmus.

.She visits his sins upon the children born of his intrigues, and is thus the constant enemy of Heracles and Dionysus.^ Innumerable children were born of their mating and thus, Oceanus is considered to be the father of all the rivers.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.This character of the offended wife was borrowed by later poets from the Greek epic; but it belongs to literature rather than to cult, in which the dignity and power of the goddess is naturally more emphasized.^ The goddess or the power regrded as inspiring a poet.
  • Greek Mythology Names 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arethusa In Greek mythology, a wood nymph, the favorite of the nature goddess Artemis.
  • Ancient Coins . biz - Roman Imperial, Roman Provincial, Greek Coins, Roman Artifacts ! Cheap ! Bargain ! Sale ! 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ancientcoins.biz [Source type: Original source]

^ More details of the gods or goddesses are displayed when you click on the Greek names.
  • A Virtual Library of Useful URLs Arranged by Dewey - 200 Religion (Includes Mythology) 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.bydewey.com [Source type: General]

.The worship of Hera is found, in different degrees of prominence, throughout the Greek world.^ Question: how and why did the Greeks worship/feared Hera .
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In time, Greek mythology became part of European culture, and many of its stories became known throughout the world.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were many Dionysian cults and festivals established throughout the Greek world, as well as in Rome.

.It was especially important in the ancient Achaean centres, Argos, Mycenae and Sparta, which she claims in the Iliad (iv.^ At the time of its destruction, Helike was the flourishing capital of the Achaean League, a confederation of city states, and revered throughout the ancient world as the cult centre for worship of Poseidon.

^ These Heraclids conquered the Peloponnesian kingdoms of Mycenae, Sparta and Argos, claiming, according to legend, a right to rule them through their ancestor.
  • Mythology - Greek - World Religion Day 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.worldreligionday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1891, he claimed that "the most important discovery which has been made during the nineteenth century with respect to the ancient history of mankind ...
  • Mythology - Greek - World Religion Day 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.worldreligionday.org [Source type: Original source]

51) as her three dearest cities. .Whether Hera was also worshipped by the early Dorians is uncertain; after the Dorian invasion she remained the chief deity of Argos, but her cult at Sparta was not so conspicuous.^ Rhodes was the center of his cult, where he was the dominant deity at least as early as the 5th century BC. The famous Colossus of Rhodes was an image of Helios.

^ Before merging into the Olympian pantheon, Demeter and Hera were aspects of a much older deity called the Great Goddess, an earth goddess worshiped by the agricultural Greeks.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His places of worship were Corinth, Argos, Troezen and Athens, where he vied for recognition against the other deities.

.She received honour, however, in other parts of the Peloponnese, particularly in Olympia, where her temple was the oldest, and in Arcadia.^ Other edifices assumed the form of a small pilastcred temple, in the niche of which was placed the tripod received as a prize.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But while the Egyptian temple had only dimensions, that of the Greeks had proportions, based upon the ratio of the several parts of the building to each other, expressed in terms of the diameter of the column taken at the base.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For this reason Zeus had many temples and festivals in his honour, the most famous being Olympia, the magnificent Temple of Zeus.

.In several Boeotian cities she seems to have been one of the principal objects of worship, while the neighbouring island of Euboea probably derived its name from a title of Hera, who was "rich in cows" (EiiJ oea).^ His name probably derives from hermaion (pl.

^ Hera knew who the cow was, anyway.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His name means "the one who is going over".
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.Among the islands of the Aegean, Samos was celebrated for the cult of Hera; according to the local tradition, she was born in the island.^ The yEginctan Smilis had been trained in the school of Samos, and had made for the Samians a statue of Hera, which is figured on archaic coins of the island of Samos.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Pythagorean cult’s center of activity was Croton, a Greek colony in Italy to which Pythagoras is thought to have migrated from his native island of Samos.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A temple was constructed in his honour on the Aegean island of Aegina, and the festival of the Aiakeia was celebrated there in commemmoration of his supposed intercession to end a drought.

.As Hera Lacinia (from her Lacinian temple near Croton) she was extensively worshipped in Magna Graecia.^ Hera was worshipped throughout Greece, and the oldest and most important temples were consecrated to her.

^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 6.13.1, near Capo Colonna in Italy "Near the theater [at Mantineia, Arkadia] I saw a temple of Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Temple of Hera at Argos, her primary cult centers being the Heraion near Mykenai in Argos.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The connexion of Zeus and Hera was probably not primitive, since Dione seems to have preceded Hera as the wife of Zeus at Dodona.^ Zeus is the King of the gods and Hera is his wife.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera was the wife of Zeus, and thus, the Queen.
  • MrDonn.org - Ancient History Lesson Plans - Greece UNIT 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC ancienthistory.mrdonn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera was the wife of Zeus and Queen of the Olympians.
  • Philosophy, Theology: Greek Gods, Goddesses and Greek Myths 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

.The origin of the connexion may possibly be due to the fusion of two "Pelasgic" tribes, worshipping Zeus and Hera respectively; but speculation on the earliest cult of the goddess, before she became the wife of Zeus, must be largely conjectural.^ Later, she became the wife of Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology Names 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The bull became Zeus and the cow became Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus is the King of the gods and Hera is his wife.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The close relation of the two deities appears in a frequent community of altars and sacrifices, and also in the iepos yapos, a dramatic representation of their sacred marriage.^ These two qualities are closely related, for a sacramental and Incarnational beauty raises the spirits of the faithful and invites them to contemplate the things of Heaven.

^ THE ORIGIN OF GREEK ART. 3 These Pelasgians, undoubtedly closely related to the Hellenes, appear in history long before them.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Minoans venerated Goddesses-mothers, a sacred axe - labiris with two edges and "sacred horns " which were frequently represented, for example, above an entrance in a temple (Taylour, 1983).
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.The festival, which was certainly ancient, was held not only in Argos, Samos, Euboea and other centres of Hera-worship, but also in Athens, where the goddess was obscured by the predominance of Athena.^ Question: why were the festivals in ancient greece held in honor of hera .
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her place of worship was not only in Athens, but also in Argos, Sparta and Troy as well.

^ Request: heras festivals held in honor.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The details of the iepos yapos may have varied locally, but the main idea of the ritual was the same.^ But if they have the same structure, they may actually express the same idea.
  • Mythology | Article | World Book Student 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Daedala, as the festival was called at Plataea, an effigy was made from an oak-tree, dressed in bridal attire, and carried in a cart with a woman who acted as bridesmaid.^ She, as her passion did not abate, and also because she blamed herself for Caunus's exile, tied the fillets of her head-dress to an oak, and so made a noose for her neck.
  • Diotima 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Dionysiac myth, Pentheus dressed in women"s clothes to spy on the god"s followers and on the island of Kos a sacrifice was made to Heracles by a priest in woman"s clothing.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A woman who acts like a horse-either by racing against horses or by acting as a beast of burden-is likely a goddess who grants sovereignty.
  • Pre-Christian Heritage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The image was called Daedale, and the ritual was explained by a myth: Hera had left Zeus in her anger; in order to win her back, Zeus announced that he was about to marry, and dressed up a puppet to imitate a bride; Hera met the procession, tore the veil from the false bride, and, on discovering the ruse, became reconciled to her husband.^ Ge had given them to Zeus when he married Hera."
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead of being angry about this ruse, Hera was actually delighted with her husband's ingenuity in winning her back, so the great goddess was reconciled with Zeus.

^ Semele had just discovered that she was pregnant, and although she trusted her lover, she now became persuaded to be certain about the identity of her unborn child’s father.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

.The image was put away after each occasion; every sixty years a large number of such images, which had served in previous celebrations, were carried in procession to the top of Mount Cithaeron, and were burned on an altar together with animals and the altar itself.^ Phoenix "A wonder-bird, which according to Herodotus flies once every five hundred years from India to Egypt, burns itself there on a pyre and arises renewed from the ashes."
  • Heroes Community - Mythology Creature Alphabet 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC heroescommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These vases are found in museums in large numbers, and were exhumed in various parts of the Hellenic world, such as Italy, Cyrenaica, and elsewhere.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth Willey, Donald Keller, and Paula K. Marmor have put together a number of essays, links, pieces of artwork relating to such Legends as Robin Hood, King Arthur, Roland, El Cid, Pirates and others.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Frazer notes (Golden Bough, 2 227), this festival appears to belong to the large class of mimetic charms designed to quicken the growth of vegetation; the marriage of Zeus and Hera would in this case represent the union of the king and queen of May.^ Zeus is the King of the gods and Hera is his wife.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera was the wife of Zeus, and thus, the Queen.
  • MrDonn.org - Ancient History Lesson Plans - Greece UNIT 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC ancienthistory.mrdonn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later festivals to Zeus also included Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.But it by no means follows that Hera was therefore originally a goddess of the earth or of vegetation.^ She was originally a pre-Greek deity and the earth goddess of Argos .

^ Her followers prayed that she would always be happy and therefore kind to the earth.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Demeter Greek mother and corn (grain) goddess associated with the earth, vegetation and agriculture.

.When the real nature of the ritual had become lost or obscured, it was natural to explain it by the help of an aetiological myth; in European folklore, images, corresponding to those burnt at the Daedala, were sometimes called Judas Iscariot or Luther (Golden Bough,2 iii.^ Myths may have sometimes been related to rituals now lost.
  • Pre-Christian Heritage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extensive travel of early Greek culture helps to explain why there are many different versions of each myth, and why the myths of many different cultures often seem very similar.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The writer mainly focuses on Greek myths, and other creation stories in explaining how early people turned to mythology for explanations of natural phenomenon.
  • Greek mythology and Roman mythology - papers 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.academicmythology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

315). At Samos the iepos yapos was celebrated annually; the image of Hera was concealed on the sea-shore and solemnly discovered. .This rite seems to reflect an actual custom of abduction; or it may rather refer to the practice of intercourse between the betrothed before marriage.^ Customs that were active in the nineteenth century may differ from those practiced earlier in a culture's history.
  • Pre-Christian Heritage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They may be told about receiving Our Eucharistic Lord this way, but they need more than simply being told; they need to actually practice it.

^ The actual fire cult, rather than hearth cult, may have reached Greece through the island of Cyprus, though fire is also important in the cult of Hephaistos.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such intercourse was sanctioned by the Samians, who excused it by the example of Zeus and Hera (schol.^ It was associated with Athena, a goddess who was born from Zeus’s head, not the product of sexual intercourse (Ibid, 71).
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The goddess Hera, wife of Zeus, was hostile to the youth who had been fathered by her husband out of wedlock.

^ If Zeus was sexually attracted to a mortal woman then Hera punished the woman even though is was usually Zeus who was at fault.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

on Il. xiv. 296). .There is nothing in the Samian iepos yapos to suggest a marriage of heaven and earth, or of two vegetation-spirits; as Dr Farnell points out, the ritual appears to explain the custom of human nuptials.^ It would appear to be inspired by Phoenician models and stands out on Crete, because unlike in Cyprus, there are no indigenous Cretan pillar shrines.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The goddess Gaia’s name literally means “earth” or “land.” The name of Gaia’s child and husband, Uranus, means “sky” or “heaven.” There is a close connection between these god-like figures and the physical elements suggested by their names.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These two qualities are closely related, for a sacramental and Incarnational beauty raises the spirits of the faithful and invites them to contemplate the things of Heaven.

.The sacred marriage, therefore, though connected with vegetation at the Daedala, was not necessarily a vegetation-charm in its origin; consequently, it does not prove that Hera was an earthgoddess or tree-spirit.^ Any temple of Hera marriage the hole of Atargatis was sacred to Hera according to Lucian.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their union was regarded as the divine prototype of all earthly marriages, even though Zeus was not always faithful to Hera.

^ So Hera is much like marriage and married women and she knows how to respond to them and does this easily.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is at least remarkable that, except at Argos, Hera had little to do with agriculture, and was not closely associated with such deities as Cybele, Demeter, Persephone and Dionysus, whose connexion with the earth, or with its fruits, is beyond doubt.^ He was an important god of agriculture, and he was often closely associated with other earth gods, such as Demeter.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When her daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades, god of the underworld, Demeter's grief was so great that she neglected the land; no plants grew, and famine devastated the earth.
  • Essay Town - College Term Papers, Essays, Research Papers for Reference 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ra-essaytown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Term Papers College - Essays, Research Papers, Book Reports 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ra-term-papers-college.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the deities associated with Ares were his consort, Aphrodite, goddess of love, and such minor deities as Deimos (Fear) and Phobos (Rout), who accompanied him in battle.
  • Ancient Coins . biz - Roman Imperial, Roman Provincial, Greek Coins, Roman Artifacts ! Cheap ! Bargain ! Sale ! 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ancientcoins.biz [Source type: Original source]

.In her general cult Hera was worshipped in two main capacities: (1) as the consort of Zeus and queen of heaven; (2) as the goddess who presided over marriage, and, in a wider sense, over the various phases of a woman's life.^ Hera, Zeus’s wife, was the goddess of marriage and childbirth.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera, the goddess of marriage, is not gay.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The goddess of women, marriage, and childbirth, Hera was Zeus' sister and wife.
  • English Central - Mythological Figures 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Ars rhet. 2) calls Zeus and Hera the first wedded pair, and a sacrifice to Zeus TAECos and Hera TEXeia was a regular feature of the Greek wedding.^ Sacrifice a cow to Hera and a bull to Zeus.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lucian describes certain features as models of elegance and of exquisite art.* At the time of Dionysius of Halicarnassus it * Lucian, Imag., 4 and 6.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus, the sky-father, the great god of the Greeks, corresponding to the Roman Jupiter, was mated with Hera (Juno).
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

Girls offered their hair or veils to Hera before marriage. In Aristophanes (Thesm.973) she "keeps the keys of wedlock." The marriage-goddess naturally became the protector of women in childbed, and bore the title of the birth-goddess (Eileithyia), at Argos and Athens. In Homer (Il. xi. 270) and Hesiod (Theog. 922) she is the mother of the Eileithyiae, or the single Eileithyia. .Her cult-titles -rrapeivos (or 7rais), TEXela and Xr7pa the "maiden," "wife," and "widow" (or "divorced") have been interpreted as symbolical of the earth in spring, summer, and winter; but they may well express the different conditions in the lives of her human worshippers.^ Their relationship has been interpreted as a symbol of the fertility of the earth.

^ Her daughters had tragic lives as well, you can read about them in the Humans section.
  • Greek Goddesses 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He deemed that Adonis should spend the autumn and winter with Persephone and the spring and summer with Aphrodite.

.The Argives believed that Hera recovered her virginity every year by bathing in a certain spring (Paus.^ Bathe the statue of Hera so she can be a virgin again.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Heraean Games were established in honour of Hera, and were held every four years in Olympia.

^ A festival of reconciliation was held in honour of Hera, at Plataea, every seven years.

viii. .22, 2), a belief which probably reflects the custom of ceremonial purification after marriage (see Frazer, Adonis, p.^ We know that, together with beliefs com- monly held throughout Greece, each district had its special customs, its own funeral ceremonies, and other practices with regard to the dead.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

176). .Although Hera was not the bestower of feminine charm to the same extent as Aphrodite, she was the patron of a contest for beauty in a Lesbian festival (KaXXcYTEia).^ After reading the apple, the three goddesses, Hera , Athena, and Aphrodite each claimed that they were the most beautiful and took this matter to Zeus.

^ Aphrodite' spromise was simpler but far more persuasive (as it turned out): "If you let me win the contest, you shall have the most beautiful women in the world" (346).

^ When the Trojan prince Paris was asked to judge which of three Olympian goddesses was the most beautiful, he chose Aphrodite over Hera and Athena.

.This intimate relation with women has been held a proof that Hera was originally a moon-goddess, as the moon is often thought to influence childbirth and other aspects of feminine life.^ Her relation to childbirth connects her to other goddesses and the Moon in particular.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buy Products relating to the Goddess Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera is the goddess of marriage and married women.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.But Hera's patronage of women, though undoubtedly ancient, is not necessarily primitive.^ A similar dispute, though this time for the patronage of Argos , involved Poseidon and Hera .
  • Poseidon - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.maicar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Click Here Hera Nude Old Hera One can wonder if the behavior of Hera was representative of the women of Ancient Greece.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The women of ancient Greece seem to be relatively free of the taboos that are quite crippling of the women of many primitive societies, and others that are not even that primitive.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Further, the Greeks themselves, who were always ready to identify Artemis with the moon, do not seem to have recognized any lunar connexion in Hera.^ It grows rapidly on the shoulder of a Titan figure, the god Upelluri, who is identified with the Greek Atlas.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Artemis : The virgin goddess Artemis, who is probably identifiable from Linear B, has stronger Anatolian connections than Levantine.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also Shaw who draws parallels between a Greek triad of deities (Apollo, Artemis and Leto) and Phoenician or Egyptian groupings of gods.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among her particular worshippers, at Argos and Samos, Hera was much more than the queen of heaven and the marriagegoddess.^ The meaning is much more than it appears.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera Greek queen of heaven.

^ This particular consideration will be much more brief.

.As the patron of these cities (1roXtoi Xos) she held a place corresponding to that of Athena in Athens.^ Poseidon also fought with Athena over who should be patron of the city of Athens.

^ Both Athena and Poseidon wanted to be patron deity of Athens.
  • Philosophy, Theology: Greek Gods, Goddesses and Greek Myths 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We can easily sec, from the hints already dropped with regard to these classes of monuments, the place held by plastic art in the private, religious, and public life of the Greeks.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

The Argives are called "the people of Hera" by Pindar; the Heraeum, situated under a mountain significantly called Mt. .Euboea, was the most important temple in Argolis.^ Hera was worshipped throughout Greece, and the oldest and most important temples were consecrated to her.

^ One of the most famous oracles was located at Delphi where there were many important temples.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

Here the agricultural character of her ritual is well marked; the first oxen used in ploughing were, according to an Argive myth, dedicated to her as E v cSia; and the sprouting ears of corn were called "the flowers of Hera." She was worshipped as the goddess of flowers (avOeia); girls served in her temple under the name of "flowerbearers," and a flower festival ('HpoaavOela, 'HpoavOca) was celebrated by Peloponnesian women in spring. .These rites recall our May day observance, and give colour to the earthgoddess theory.^ The study of these marbles may, perhaps, reveal to us facts that would absolutely escape our knowledge were we reduced to the testimony of the ancient writers alone.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Source: IKA Zagreb These photos and their descriptions (provided by our anonymous reader) give us a chance to explore some of the Eastern liturgical rites.

^ These archaic masters are what in our day would be called realists.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.On the other hand it must be remembered that the patron deity of a Greek state had very wide functions; and it is not surprising to find that Hera (whatever her origin may have been) assumed an agricultural character among her own people whose occupations were largely agricultural.^ Once a man had proven his divine origin and achieved fame by completing tasks, he became a hero, an object of worship for the people whose lives he has affected.
  • Between Mathematics and Mythology: The Heroic Figure of Pythagoras 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC kutz-flamenbaum.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But as the given characters are strongly specialised (each of them owns unique function), it is necessary to assume them be relative later an origin.
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ K   Kabeiroi (KABIROI, CABEIRI) Greek fertility gods whose cult involved the celebration of mysteries typically associated with vegetation deities.

.So, although the warlike character of Hera was not elsewhere prominent, she assumed a militant aspect in her two chief cities; a festival called the Shield (iuriris, in Pindar ay Wv X6XKEos) was part of the Argive cult, and there was an armed procession in her honour at Samos.^ Most of Syria submitted to Alexander, except for two cities, the Phoenican city of Tyre, and further south in Palestine, called Gaza.
  • About Classical Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.timelessmyths.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Indo-European peoples have got two tendencies of this type development: first one embodied 'cultural' aspect of character, second one showed heroic aspect.
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was a young girl from the city of Lydia , who was called Arachne .

.The city-goddess, whether Hera or Athena, must be chief alike in peace and war.^ Also a goddess of war, peace and agriculture.

^ When the Trojan prince Paris was asked to judge which of three Olympian goddesses was the most beautiful, he chose Aphrodite over Hera and Athena.

^ Athena was primarily the goddess of the Greek cities, of industry and the arts, and, in later mythology, of wisdom; she was also goddess of war.
  • Ancient Coins . biz - Roman Imperial, Roman Provincial, Greek Coins, Roman Artifacts ! Cheap ! Bargain ! Sale ! 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.ancientcoins.biz [Source type: Original source]

.The cow was the animal specially sacred to Hera both in ritual and in mythology.^ Answer: The cow and the peacock are sacred to Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When demons have destroyed both of them, from Guyomard seed there was a first human pair, and from Primery bull seed there was the bull, the cow and other useful animals.
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pear trees were sacred to Hera, Queen of the gods in Greek mythology.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The story of Io, metamorphosed into a cow, is familiar; she was priestess of Hera, and was originally, no doubt, a form of the goddess herself.^ She was originally the Great Goddess in the form of a bird.
  • Philosophy, Theology: Greek Gods, Goddesses and Greek Myths 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She persecuted Io in the form of a cow.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another lover, Io, was transformed into a cow for a time.
  • Norse Mythology vs Greek Mythology [Archive] - Comic Book Resources Forums 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC forums.comicbookresources.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Homeric epithet 130wires may have meant "cow-faced" to the earliest worshippers of Hera, though by Homer and the later Greeks it was understood as "large-eyed," like the cow.^ In Homer's works the chief stories have already taken shape, and individual themes were elaborated later, especially in Greek drama.
  • Ancient Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC upge.wn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bronze Age Greeks may have practised human sacrifice, as it is alluded to in Homer, as seen in Agamemnon"s sacrifice of Iphigeneia to Artemis and the substitution of a deer at the last minute.
  • Phoenician influence on Greek Religion 900-600 BC: The Oriental influences seen in the Gods and Goddesses worshipped in Greece 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, he was living in a Greek city; and even later philosophers who were certainly ethnic Phoenicians, like Zeno of Citium , moved to Greek cities to learn and practice philosophy.
  • Greek Philosophy 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.A car drawn by oxen seems to have been widely used in the processions of Hera, and the cow was her most frequent sacrifice.^ Sacrifice a cow to Hera and a bull to Zeus.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At first Hera acted as though it seemed like fun to be married to the most powerful man in the universe.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The story of the Trojan War seems to make Aphrodite the most powerful goddess with Athena second with Artemis and Hera third or fourth.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The origin of Hera's association with the cow is uncertain, but there is no need to see in it, with Roscher, a symbol of the moon.^ Question: How was Hera associated with a cow .
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no sun or moon.
  • Greek Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no record of any other marriage by Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The cuckoo was also sacred to Hera, who, according to the Argive legend, was wooed by Zeus in the form of the bird.^ She played with Zeus in the form of a cuckoo.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He killed Argus Panoptes , who was guarding the Argive heroine Io , while in the form of a heifer.

^ Some legend say, Amaltheia was a nymph, who nourished Zeus with honey and the milk of a goat.
  • the TITANS & early Greek Mythology - Atlantis Rising 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC forums.atlantisrising.com [Source type: Original source]

.In later times the peacock, which was still unfamiliar to the Greeks in the 5th century, was her favourite, especially at Samos.^ Later times (it is especial 4-th c.
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A hundred years, however, still THE ORIGIN OF GREEK ART. 33 separated Greek art from the wonderful fifth century U.C., that epoch of its perfection.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Linear B writing was discovered by the 19th century archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in Knossos, the experts at that time thought that it wasn't Greek at all.
  • Facts and Figures: The Greek World 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.timelessmyths.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The earliest recorded images of Hera preceded the rise of Greek sculpture; a log at Thespiae, a plank at Samos, a pillar at Argos served to represent the goddess.^ She was originally a pre-Greek deity and the earth goddess of Argos .

^ In much ancient Greek art these three goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite are treated together.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in Greek mythology another matron-goddess Demeter, is awkwardly placed on much the same level as Hera, and was much more popular.
  • The Myth of the Resurrection 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the archaic period of sculpture the oavov or wooden statue of the Samian Hera by Smilis was famous.^ The yEginctan Smilis had been trained in the school of Samos, and had made for the Samians a statue of Hera, which is figured on archaic coins of the island of Samos.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These sculptures were painted in accordance with an old usage, which seems to have continued throughout the whole archaic period.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the period of the primitive artists, we enter upon that of archaic sculpture, which in turn touches upon the period of perfection.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the first half of the 5th century the sacred marriage was represented on an extant metope from a temple at Selinus.^ First half of the 18th century.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It has been created at king Suryavarman II (first half of 12 centuries) which conducted numerous aggressive wars with neighbors (Southern and Northern Vietnam).
  • Globalization: politics, mythology, art. 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC fantalov.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any temple of Hera marriage the hole of Atargatis was sacred to Hera according to Lucian.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

.The most celebrated statue of Hera was the chryselephantine work of Polyclitus, made for the Heraeum at Argos soon after 423 s.c.^ Having made a number of significant contributions over time, he attempts, in his most recent work, to synthesize his knowledge in order to introduce beginners to the discipline.
  • Greek and Roman Cult, Religion, and Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC guides.lib.msu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The yEginctan Smilis had been trained in the school of Samos, and had made for the Samians a statue of Hera, which is figured on archaic coins of the island of Samos.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Head of the colossal cult statue of Hera originally placed in the Heraeum.
  • Catalogue of Images - Greek Mythology Link 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is fully described by Pausanias, who says that Hera was seated on a throne, wearing a crown (crTEg5avos), and carrying a sceptre in one hand and a pomegranate in the other.^ The figure, made of gold and ivory, was seated upon a <;KF.I:K ARCII.T.OI.OC.V. throne, and wore a crown, on which were represented the Charitcs and the Seasons ; in one hand the god- dess held a pomegranate, and in the other a sceptre, surmounted by a cuckoo.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Answer: One or more processions were done, perhaps carrying an image of Hera.
  • Hera, Ancient Greek Goddess of Married Women and Queen of Heaven 10 January 2010 23:28 UTC www.fjkluth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, the exact limits and nature of there powers are somewhat ambiguous, so its hard to say.
  • Norse Mythology vs Greek Mythology [Archive] - Comic Book Resources Forums 7 January 2010 13:45 UTC forums.comicbookresources.com [Source type: Original source]

.Various ancient writers testify to the beauty and dignity of the statue, which was considered equal to the Zeus of Pheidias.^ However, much earlier variations on these creatures (as described in the book of Isaiah) appear in ancient Egyptian ruins as statues placed as guardians of the graves of kings.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The peacock's ancient meaning is also the only trait that Hera possesses that equalizes her power with Zeus.

.Polyclitus seems to have fixed the type of Hera as a youthful matron, but unfortunately the exact character of her head cannot be determined.^ The character of the Smith is a rogue force determined to exact his own brand of justice for his own reasons.
  • The Matrix Mythology and Characters Homepage 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.briandemilio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hcraeum of Argos possessed one of his chief works, the famous statue of Hera, in which he fixed, as it were, the classic type of that goddess.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.A majestic and rather severe beauty marks the conception of Hera in later art, of which the Farnese bust at Naples and the Ludovisi Hera are the most conspicuous examples.^ Though in the crea- tion of divine types in art it drew its inspiration from the living human form, it was only to put reality to the service of a higher conception of beauty ; gods were in the likeness of men, but it was the most beautiful likeness possible.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ RED-FIGURED VASES AND VASES OF LATER STYLE. J *-* Vases of this class are by far the most numerous, and the varieties of style, which correspond to the advance and decline of art, are clearly marked.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera appears frequently in both literature and art, and is usually portrayed as a beautiful and intelligent goddess.

Authorities.-F. G. Welcker, Griech. Gotterl. i. 362 f. (Göttingen, 1857-1863); L. Preller (ed. C. Robert), Griech. Mythologie, i. 160 f. (Berlin, 1894); W. H. Roscher, Lex. der griech. u. rom. Mythologie, s.v. (Leipzig, 1884); C. Daremberg and E. Saglio, Did. des ant. grecques et rom. s.v. ."Juno" (Paris, 1877); L. R. Farnell, Cults of the Greek States, i.^ Cults, Territory, and the Origins of the Greek City-State DF122 .P6513 1995 .
  • Greek and Roman Cult, Religion, and Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC guides.lib.msu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Greek and Roman Cult, Religion, and Mythology Skip top navigation Michigan State University Libraries Home .
  • Greek and Roman Cult, Religion, and Mythology 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC guides.lib.msu.edu [Source type: Academic]

179 f. (Oxford, 1896); A. B. Cook in Class. Rev. xx. 365 f. 416 f.; O. Gruppe, Griech. Mythologie u. Religionsgesch. p. 1121 f. (Munich, 1903). .In the article GREEK ART, fig.^ THE ORIGIN OF GREEK ART. 21 visible in a statue of a lioness of calcareous stone (Fig.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In spite of their Etruscan origin, these articles are none the less valuable in the history of the art of working in gold among the Greeks.
  • Full text of "A manual of Greek archæology" 3 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

24, will be found a roughly executed head of Hera, from the pediment of the treasury of the Megarians. (E. E. S.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Hera
See also hera

Contents

English

Etymology

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:
Singular
Hera
Plural
-
Hera
  1. (Greek mythology) The queen of the gods, and goddess of marriage and birth; daughter of Cronus and Rhea, sister and wife of Zeus,[1] mother of Hephaestus, Ares, and Hebe.

Translations

See also

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary of World Mythology, Arthur Cotterell, Oxford University Press, 1986

Anagrams


Lithuanian

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Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Hera
Wikipedia lt

Etymology

Proper noun

Hera f.
  1. (Greek mythology) Hera, the queen of the gods and goddess of marriage and birth

Declension


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hera, which are similar to those in the above article.








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