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Heracles, a Roman bronze (Louvre Museum)
.In Greek mythology, Heracles or Herakles (pronounced /ˈhɛrəkliːz/ HERR-ə-kleez; Ἥρᾱ + κλέος, Ἡρακλῆς; a compound of the goddess 'Hera' [Ἥρᾱ] and the Greek word 'kleos' [κλεος], meaning "glory of Hera", or "glorious through Hera"[1]), Alcides[2] or Alcaeus[3](Ἀλκαῖος) (original name), was a divine hero, the son of Zeus (Ζεύς) and Alcmene , foster son of Amphitryon[4] and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus (Περσεύς).^ At some point of his young life, his name was changed from Alcaeus to Heracles (Ἡρακλἣς), which means Glory of Hera .

^ The king and his sons shot wonderfully well, and none of the heroes who stood before Heracles had a chance of winning.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You have to know, for instance, that he was the son of Zeus and Alcmene , and you'd have to know that Hera was Zeus's very jealous wife.
  • Labors of Heracles 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae (Ἡρακλεῖδαι) and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.^ He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ H ercules (or Heracles) is thought to be one of the greatest heroes in Greek mythology.
  • Hercules (or Heracles) 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.themystica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He left as king the survivor, NESTOR [nes'tor], who was a prominent Greek hero in the Trojan War (see M/L, Chapter 19).
  • Chapter 22 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.oup.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Rome and the modern West, he is known as Hercules, with whom the later Roman Emperors, in particular Commodus and Maximian, often identified themselves.^ The Romans identified him as Hercules.

^ In Rome and the modern West , he is known as Hercules , with whom the later Roman Emperors , in particular Commodus and Maximian , often identified themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Hercules In Rome, Heracles was honored as Hercules , and had a number of distinctively Roman myths and practices associated with him under that name.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged, but added anecdotal detail of their own, some of it linking the hero with the geography of the Central Mediterranean.^ The Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged, but added anecdotal detail of their own, some of it linking the hero with the geography of the Central Mediterranean.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was, arguably, the greatest of the mythical Greek heroes, best known for his superhuman strength and many stories are told of his life.
  • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles, known to the Romans as Hercules, was a Greek hero whose most well known feature was his enormous strength inherited from his father, Zeus.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A852833 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Details of his cult were adapted to Rome as well.^ Details of his cult were adapted to Rome as well.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Extraordinary strength, courage, ingenuity, and sexual prowess with both males and females were among his characteristic attributes.^ Extraordinary strength, courage , ingenuity, and sexual prowess with both males and females were among his characteristic attributes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although he was not as clever as the likes of Odysseus or Nestor, Heracles used his wits on several occasions when his strength did not suffice, such as when laboring for the king Augeas of Elis, wrestling the giant Antaeus, or tricking Atlas into taking the sky back onto his shoulders.^ Although he was not as clever as the likes of Odysseus or Nestor , Heracles used his wits on several occasions when his strength did not suffice, such as when laboring for the king Augeas of Elis , wrestling the giant Antaeus , or tricking Atlas into taking the sky back onto his shoulders.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, the second Atlas had it back on his shoulders, Heracles was gone with his apples.
  • Labors of Heracles 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles agreed and carrying the sky for Atlas.

.Together with Hermes he was the patron and protector of gymnasia and palaestrae.^ Together with Hermes he was the patron and protector of gymnasia and palaestrae .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .His iconographic attributes are the lion skin and the club.^ His iconographic attributes are the lion skin and the club .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was forced to do women's work and wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And often she would put on Heracles's lion skin and go about dragging his club, while he, dressed in woman's garb, washed dishes and emptied pots.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.These qualities did not prevent him from being regarded as a playful figure who used games to relax from his labors and played a great deal with children.^ These qualities did not prevent him from being regarded as a playful figure who used games to relax from his labors and played a great deal with children.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a reward the King offered him the chance to impregnate each of his 50 daughters which he did in one night (sometimes referred to as the 13th labor).
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ These twelve exploits, performed at the order of Eurystheus, were sometimes regarded as expiation for the murder of the children born him by Megara.
  • Hercules (or Heracles) 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.themystica.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .By conquering dangerous archaic forces he is said to have "made the world safe for mankind" and to be its benefactor.^ By conquering dangerous archaic forces he is said to have "made the world safe for mankind" and to be its benefactor.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, he was renowned as having made the world safe for man by destroying many dangerous monsters, and he was also held up as an example for never having attacked first, but for having conquered all merely by defending himself when attacked, and protecting the helpless and distraught.
  • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Heracles was an extremely passionate and emotional individual, capable of doing both great deeds for his friends (such as wrestling with Thanatos on behalf of Prince Admetus, who had regaled Heracles with his hospitality, or restoring his friend Tyndareus to the throne of Sparta after he was overthrown) and being a terrible enemy who would wreak horrible vengeance on those who crossed him, as Augeas, Neleus and Laomedon all found out to their cost.^ Having defeated his enemies, Heracles 1 restored Tyndareus on the throne of Lacedaemon.
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles was an extremely passionate and emotional individual, capable of doing both great deeds for his friends (such as wrestling with Thanatos on behalf of Prince Admetus , who had regaled Heracles with his hospitality, or restoring his friend Tyndareus to the throne of Sparta after he was overthrown) and being a terrible enemy who would wreak horrible vengeance on those who crossed him, as Augeas, Neleus and Laomedon all found out to their cost.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles happened to arrive (along with Telamon and Oicles) and agreed to kill the monster if Laomedon would give him the horses received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede.
  • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Origin and character

.Many popular stories were told of his life, the most famous being The Twelve Labours of Heracles; Alexandrian poets of the Hellenistic age drew his mythology into a high poetic and tragic atmosphere.^ Such is the account of the twelve labours of Heracles.

^ Many popular stories were told of his life, the most famous being The Twelve Labours of Heracles ; Alexandrian poets of the Hellenistic age drew his mythology into a high poetic and tragic atmosphere.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles' life after the labours .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[8] .His figure, which initially drew on Near Eastern motifs such as the lion-fight, was known everywhere: his Etruscan equivalent was Hercle, a son of Tinia and Uni.^ His Etruscan equivalent was Hercle, a son of Tinia and Uni.
  • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles was the greatest of Hellenic chthonic heroes, but unlike other Greek heroes, no tomb was identified as his.^ Heracles and other Greek myths.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles was the greatest of Hellenic chthonic heroes, but unlike other Greek heroes, no tomb was identified as his.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heroes theos ; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation , and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a " demi-god ".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heroes theos; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation, and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a "demi-god".[8] The core of the story of Heracles has been identified by Walter Burkert as originating in Neolithic hunter culture and traditions of shamanistic crossings into the netherworld.^ The core of the story of Heracles has been identified by Walter Burkert as originating in Neolithic hunter culture and traditions of shamanistic crossings into the netherworld.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heroes theos ; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation , and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a " demi-god ".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Molorchus wished to be an altar to Heracles, and sacrifice to the young hero.

[9]

Hero or god?

.Heracles' role as a culture hero, whose death could be a subject of mythic telling (see below), was accepted into the Olympian Pantheon during Classical times.^ Heracles' role as a culture hero, whose death could be a subject of mythic telling (see below), was accepted into the Olympian Pantheon during Classical times.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The core of the story of Heracles has been identified by Walter Burkert as originating in Neolithic hunter culture and traditions of shamanistic crossings into the netherworld.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then Nessus, dying, but with his rage against Heracles unabated, thought of a way by which the hero might be made to suffer for the death he had brought upon him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

This created an awkwardness in the encounter with Odysseus in the episode of Odyssey XI, called the Nekuia, where Odysseus encounters Heracles in Hades:
Ruins in Kos of the temple to Heracles, the Herakleion
And next I caught a glimpse of powerful Heracles—
His ghost I mean: the man himself delights
in the grand feasts of the deathless gods on high...
Around him cries of the dead rang out like cries of birds
scattering left and right in horror as on he came like night..."[10]
.Ancient critics were aware of the problem of the aside that interrupts the vivid and complete description, in which Heracles recognizes Odysseus and hails him, and modern critics find very good reasons for denying that the verses beginning, in Fagles' translation His ghost I mean... were part of the original composition: "once people knew of Heracles' admission to Olympus, they would not tolerate his presence in the underworld," remarks Friedrich Solmsen,[11] noting that the interpolated verses represent a compromise between conflicting representations of Heracles.^ Ancient critics were aware of the problem of the aside that interrupts the vivid and complete description, in which Heracles recognizes Odysseus and hails him, and modern critics find very good reasons for denying that the verses beginning, in Fagles' translation His ghost I mean...
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles' admission to Olympus, they would not tolerate his presence in the underworld," remarks Friedrich Solmsen , [ 11 ] noting that the interpolated verses represent a compromise between conflicting representations of Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Odysseus went to the Underworld, Heracles was the last shade to speak to him.

.It is also said that when Heracles died he shed his mortal skin, which went down to the underworld and he went up to join the gods for being the greatest hero ever known.^ It is also said that when Heracles died he shed his mortal skin, which went down to the underworld and he went up to join the gods for being the greatest hero ever known.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles challenged wine god Dionysus to a drinking contest and lost, resulting in his joining the Thiasus for a period.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like most authentic heroes, Heracles had a god as one of his parents, being the son of the supreme deity Zeus and a mortal woman.

Christian dating

.In Christian circles a Euhemerist reading of the widespread Heracles/Hercules cult was attributed to a historical figure who had been offered cult status after his death.^ In Christian circles a Euhemerist reading of the widespread Heracles/Hercules cult was attributed to a historical figure who had been offered cult status after his death.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Death of Hercules , by Francisco de Zurbarán Later, when Deianira suspected that Heracles was fond of Iole , she soaked a shirt of his in the mixture, creating the poisoned shirt of Nessus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two nymphs – Pleasure and Virtue – who offered him a choice between a pleasant life or a severe but glorious life, visited Heracles, in his youth, he chose the latter.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

Thus Eusebius, Preparation of the Gospel (10.12), reported that Clement could offer historical dates for Hercules as a king in Argos: "from the reign of Hercules in Argos to the deification of Hercules himself and of Asclepius there are comprised thirty-eight years, according to Apollodorus the chronicler: and from that point to the deification of Castor and Pollux fifty-three years: and somewhere about this time was the capture of Troy."
Readers with a literalist bent, following Clement's reasoning, have asserted from this remark that, since Heracles ruled over Tiryns in Argos at the same time that Eurystheus ruled over Mycenae, and since at about this time Linus was Heracles' teacher, one can conclude, based on Jerome's date—in his universal history, his Chronicon—given to Linus' notoriety in teaching Heracles in 1264 BC, that Heracles' death and deification occurred 38 years later, in approximately 1226 BC.

Cult

.The ancient Greeks celebrated the festival of the Herakleia, which commemorated the death of Heracles, on the second day of the month of Metageitnion (which would fall in late July or early August).^ The ancient Greeks celebrated the festival of the Herakleia , which commemorated the death of Heracles, on the second day of the month of Metageitnion (which would fall in late July or early August).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight months old kills the Serpents When Heracles 1 was about to be born, Zeus declared that a descendant of Perseus 1 , then about to be born, would be king of Mycenae .
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two months later was produced The Thesmophoriazusae about the women celebrating the Thesmophoria festival of Demeter and her daughter.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

What is believed to be an Egyptian Temple of Heracles in the Bahariya Oasis dates to 21 BC.

Myths

Birth and childhood

Topics in Greek mythology
Gods
Heroes
Related
.A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera, wife of Zeus, had for him.^ A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera , wife of Zeus , had for him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A full account of Heracles must render it clear why Heracles was so tormented by Hera, when there are many illegitimate offspring sired by Zeus.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of Heracles' best-known love affairs, and one frequently represented in ancient as well as modern art, is the one with Hylas .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A full account of Heracles must render it clear why Heracles was so tormented by Hera, when there are many illegitimate offspring sired by Zeus.^ A full account of Heracles must render it clear why Heracles was so tormented by Hera, when there are many illegitimate offspring sired by Zeus.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera , wife of Zeus , had for him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, Heracles' very existence proved at least one of Zeus' many illicit affairs, and Hera often conspired against Zeus' mortal offspring, as revenge for her husband's infidelities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles was the son of the affair Zeus had with the mortal woman Alcmene.^ Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene.

^ Heracles was the son of the affair Zeus had with the mortal woman Alcmene .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, Heracles' very existence proved at least one of Zeus' many illicit affairs, and Hera often conspired against Zeus' mortal offspring, as revenge for her husband's infidelities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Zeus made love to her after disguising himself as her husband, Amphitryon, home early from war (Amphitryon did return later the same night, and Alcmene became pregnant with his son at the same time, a case of heteropaternal superfecundation, where a woman carries twins sired by different fathers).^ Before Amphitryon returned home from war, Zeus came, and prolonging the one night threefold, he assumed the likeness of Amphitryon and made love to Alcmena .
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the night before Amphitryon returned to Thebes, Zeus disguised himself to look like the triumphant warrior and went to Alcmene's bedroom.
  • Immortal Journey: The Tales of Heracles, Leo, Cancer, Sagittarius, Centaurus, Draco, Sagitta and Cerberus. Chapter 1: Revenge 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.business-esolutions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus made love to her after disguising himself as her husband, Amphitryon , home early from war (Amphitryon did return later the same night, and Alcmene became pregnant with his son at the same time, a case of heteropaternal superfecundation , where a woman carries twins sired by different fathers).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Thus, Heracles' very existence proved at least one of Zeus' many illicit affairs, and Hera often conspired against Zeus' mortal offspring, as revenge for her husband's infidelities.^ Thus, Heracles' very existence proved at least one of Zeus' many illicit affairs, and Hera often conspired against Zeus' mortal offspring, as revenge for her husband's infidelities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was also the sister of Zeus and jealous of his many affairs.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles was the son of the affair Zeus had with the mortal woman Alcmene .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His twin mortal brother, son of Amphitryon was Iphicles, father of Heracles' charioteer Iolaus.^ IPHICLES (if i klez) The son of Amphitryon and Alcmena, twin of Heracles.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Then Heracles spake to his charioteer strong Iolaus: .
  • THE SHIELD OF HERACLES Hesiod 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.piney.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Alcmene bore twins, Heracles (Ἡρακλἣς) and Iphicles (Ἴφικλης); the second was a son of Alcmene by Amphitryon.

.On the night the twins Heracles and Iphicles were to be born, Hera, knowing of her husband Zeus' adultery, persuaded Zeus to swear an oath that the child born that night to a member of the House of Perseus would be High King.^ HYLLUS I swear it, with Zeus for witness of the oath.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the night the twins Heracles and Iphicles were to be born, Hera , knowing of her husband Zeus' adultery, persuaded Zeus to swear an oath that the child born that night to a member of the House of Perseus would be High King.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera did this knowing that while Heracles was to be born a descendant of Perseus, so too was Eurystheus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hera did this knowing that while Heracles was to be born a descendant of Perseus, so too was Eurystheus.^ Hera saw to that Sthenelus' son Eurystheus was born before Heracles.

^ Hera did this knowing that while Heracles was to be born a descendant of Perseus, so too was Eurystheus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Knowing the troubles that Hera had inflicted on Herakles, I’m surprised that Eurystheus would want to risk her anger by possessing the Golden Apples that were rightfully hers...
  • Herakles * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC messagenetcommresearch.com [Source type: Original source]

.Once the oath was sworn, Hera hurried to Alcmene's dwelling and slowed the birth of Heracles by forcing Ilithyia, goddess of childbirth, to sit crosslegged with her clothing tied in knots, thereby causing Heracles to be trapped in the womb.^ Once the oath was sworn, Hera hurried to Alcmene's dwelling and slowed the birth of Heracles by forcing Ilithyia , goddess of childbirth, to sit crosslegged with her clothing tied in knots, thereby causing Heracles to be trapped in the womb.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera , wife of Zeus , had for him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She would have permanently delayed Heracles' birth had she not been fooled by Galanthis , Alcmene's servant, who lied to Ilithyia, saying that Alcmene had already delivered the baby.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile, Hera caused Eurystheus to be born prematurely, making him High King in place of Heracles.^ Hera saw to that Sthenelus' son Eurystheus was born before Heracles.

^ Meanwhile, Hera caused Eurystheus to be born prematurely, making him High King in place of Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera did this knowing that while Heracles was to be born a descendant of Perseus, so too was Eurystheus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She would have permanently delayed Heracles' birth had she not been fooled by Galanthis, Alcmene's servant, who lied to Ilithyia, saying that Alcmene had already delivered the baby.^ She would have permanently delayed Heracles' birth had she not been fooled by Galanthis , Alcmene's servant, who lied to Ilithyia, saying that Alcmene had already delivered the baby.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once the oath was sworn, Hera hurried to Alcmene's dwelling and slowed the birth of Heracles by forcing Ilithyia , goddess of childbirth, to sit crosslegged with her clothing tied in knots, thereby causing Heracles to be trapped in the womb.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera made him swear an unbreakable oath that any prince born before nightfall would become High King and managed to delay Heracles' birth and bring about the birth of the child of Nicippe, then seven months pregnant and wife of King Sthenelus, who was named Eurystheus.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Upon hearing this, she jumped in surprise, untying the knots and inadvertently allowing Alcmene to give birth to her twins, Heracles and Iphicles.^ Upon hearing this, she jumped in surprise, untying the knots and inadvertently allowing Alcmene to give birth to her twins, Heracles and Iphicles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then Alcmene gave birth to twins.
  • Immortal Journey: The Tales of Heracles, Leo, Cancer, Sagittarius, Centaurus, Draco, Sagitta and Cerberus. Chapter 1: Revenge 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.business-esolutions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She would have permanently delayed Heracles' birth had she not been fooled by Galanthis , Alcmene's servant, who lied to Ilithyia, saying that Alcmene had already delivered the baby.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The child was originally given the name Alcides by his parents; it was only later that he became known as Heracles.^ The child was originally given the name Alcides by his parents; it was only later that he became known as Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Zeus could not keep his mouth shut and nine months later was boasting that his child was about to be born and that it would be called 'Heracles', literally, 'Glory of Hera' (his wife's name).
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Diodorus Siculus also recorded the same myth about the origin of the Celts, except that Diodorus didn't give name to the maiden whom Heracles slept with.

[4] .He was renamed Heracles in an unsuccessful attempt to mollify Hera.^ He was renamed Heracles in an unsuccessful attempt to mollify Hera.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few months after he was born, Hera sent two serpents to kill him as he lay in his cot.^ A few months after he was born, Hera sent two serpents to kill him as he lay in his cot.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He remembered that it was told of him that, while still a child of eight months, he had strangled a great serpent that had come to his cradle to devour him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles agreed but when the two had arrived at Tiryns, Heracles, in a fit of madness, threw his friend down from the wall, and killed him.

.Heracles throttled a snake in each hand and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were child's toys.^ Heracles throttled a snake in each hand and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were child's toys.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iphicles screamed in terror, but Heracles strangled both snakes, one in each hand.

^ They were laughing as they looked down on him, and Heracles saw that they held his arms and his armor in their hands.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

Youth

.After killing his music tutor Linus with a lyre, he was sent to tend cattle on a mountain by his foster father Amphitryon.^ After killing his music tutor Linus with a lyre , he was sent to tend cattle on a mountain by his foster father Amphitryon.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles 1 was taught to drive the chariot by Amphitryon , to wrestle by Autolycus 1 , the art of archery by Eurytus 4 , to fence by Castor 1 , and to play the lyre by Linus 4 .
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera sent gadfly that stung the cattle, dispersing them out in all direction, but most of the cattle fled to the Thracian mountains.

.Here, according to an allegorical parable, "The Choice of Heracles", invented by the sophist Prodicus (ca.^ Here, according to an allegorical parable , "The Choice of Heracles", invented by the sophist Prodicus (ca.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.400 BC), he was visited by two nymphs—Pleasure and Virtue—who offered him a choice between a pleasant and easy life or a severe but glorious life: he chose the latter.^ BC), he was visited by two nymphs—Pleasure and Virtue—who offered him a choice between a pleasant and easy life or a severe but glorious life: he chose the latter.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two nymphs – Pleasure and Virtue – who offered him a choice between a pleasant life or a severe but glorious life, visited Heracles, in his youth, he chose the latter.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Then he decided to punish Eurytus 4 , father of Iphitus 1 , perhaps for not having accepted the compensation for the death of the latter that Heracles 1 had offered him.
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

.Later in Thebes, Heracles married King Creon's daughter, Megara.^ Later in Thebes , Heracles married King Creon 's daughter, Megara .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CREON (kre on) King of Thebes and father of Megara first wife of Heracles.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After defeating the enemies of King Creon of Thebes, Heracles was given his eldest daughter, Megara, in marriage as a reward.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In a fit of madness, induced by Hera, Heracles killed his children by Megara.^ After the battle with the Minyans, Hera visited Heracles with madness, in which he killed his own children by Megara and two of Iphicles.

^ Hera pursues Heracles and brings on his madness.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera drove Heracles into mad fits causing him to kill Megara and their children.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.After his madness had been cured with hellebore by Antikyreus, the founder of Antikyra,[13] he realized what he had done and fled to the Oracle of Delphi.^ After his madness had been cured with hellebore by Antikyreus, the founder of Antikyra , [ 13 ] he realized what he had done and fled to the Oracle of Delphi .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles fled to the Oracle of Delphi who was guided by Hera unbeknownst to Heracles.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ The second treats of Heracles who after his spell of madness was cured with hellebore by Anticyreus who had discovered the remedy for this in Phocidus, where it was abundant; others each give a different version of this cure.
  • Photius: Bibliotheca.  Codices 186-222 (selected) 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.tertullian.org [Source type: Original source]

Unbeknownst to him, the Oracle was guided by Hera. .He was directed to serve King Eurystheus for ten years and perform any task, which he required.^ He was directed to serve King Eurystheus for ten years and perform any task, which he required.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was directed to serve King Eurystheus for 12 years performing any task required of him.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Apollodorus, Eurystheus originally required only ten, and commanded him to perform two more, because he was dissatisfied with two of them but Diodorus represents twelve as the original number required.

.Eurystheus decided to give Heracles ten labours but after completing them, he said he cheated and added two more, resulting in the Twelve Labors of Heracles.^ "Ten labors remain for me to do now," he said.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eurystheus decided to give Heracles ten labours but after completing them, he said he cheated and added two more, resulting in the Twelve Labors of Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such is the account of the twelve labours of Heracles.

Labours of Heracles

.
Heracles and the Nemean lion.
^ NEMEAN LION (ne me an) Heracles slew this beast for his first labor.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles slew the lion, and henceforth wore its skin as his ordinary garment, and its mouth and head as his helmet others related that the lion's skin of Heracles was taken from the Nemean lion.

^ Heracles either wore the skin of this or the skin of the Nemean lion.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Black-figure lekythos worked by the Painter of Athens 581, ca.^ Black-figure lekythos worked by the Painter of Athens 581, ca.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apollo and Heracles Fights Over the Tripod of Delphi Attic hydria with black figures of the Painter of Madrid.

500 BC. Museum of Cycladic Art in Athens.
.Driven mad by Hera, Heracles slew his own children.^ Hera pursues Heracles and brings on his madness.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Driven mad by Hera, Heracles slew his own children.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a fit of madness, induced by Hera, Heracles killed his children by Megara.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To expiate the crime, Heracles was required to carry out ten labors set by his archenemy, Eurystheus, who had become king in Heracles' place.^ To expiate the crime, Heracles was required to carry out ten labors set by his archenemy, Eurystheus , who had become king in Heracles' place.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another episode of his female affairs that stands out was his stay at the palace of Thespius king of Thespiae , who wished him to kill the Lion of Cithaeron .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera made him swear an unbreakable oath that any prince born before nightfall would become High King and managed to delay Heracles' birth and bring about the birth of the child of Nicippe, then seven months pregnant and wife of King Sthenelus, who was named Eurystheus.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.If he succeeded, he would be purified of his sin and, as myth says, he would be granted immortality.^ If he succeeded, he would be purified of his sin and, as myth says, he would be granted immortality.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles engaged in the contest with them and succeeded, but Eurytus refused abiding by his promise, saying, that he would not give his daughter to a man who had murdered his own children.

.Heracles accomplished these tasks, but Eurystheus did not accept the cleansing of the Augean stables because Heracles was going to accept pay for the labor.^ Heracles accomplished these tasks, but Eurystheus did not accept the cleansing of the Augean stables because Heracles was going to accept pay for the labor.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neither did he accept the killing of the Lernaean Hydra as Heracles' cousin, Ioloas, had helped him burn the stumps of the heads.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eurystheus had given Heracles this task hoping to incite Artemis’ anger at Heracles for his desecration of her sacred animal.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.Neither did he accept the killing of the Lernaean Hydra as Heracles' cousin, Ioloas, had helped him burn the stumps of the heads.^ He was a charioteer for Heracles and helped him to slay the Hydra.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither did he accept the killing of the Lernaean Hydra as Heracles' cousin, Ioloas, had helped him burn the stumps of the heads.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second labor was to destroy the Lernaean hydra, a sea-creature said to possess so many heads that the vase-painter couldn’t paint them all and it had poisonous breath.
  • 12 Labors of Heracles - Listverse 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.Eurysteus set two more tasks (fetching the Golden Apples of Hesperides and capturing Cerberus), which Heracles performed successfully, bringing the total number of tasks up to twelve.^ LABOR To bring back the Golden Apples of the Hesperides.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ HERACLES To perform for me the task that I shall enjoin.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The eleventh labour, Heracles had to fetch the golden apples of Hesperides .

.Not all writers gave the labors in the same order.^ Not all writers gave the labors in the same order.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Apollodorus (2.5.1-2.5.12) gives the following order:
  1. To kill the Nemean lion.
  2. To destroy the Lernaean Hydra.
  3. To capture the Ceryneian Hind.
  4. To capture the Erymanthian Boar.
  5. To clean the Augean Stables.
  6. To kill the Stymphalian Birds.
  7. To capture the Cretan Bull.
  8. To round up the Mares of Diomedes.
  9. To steal the Girdle of Hippolyte.
  10. To herd the Cattle of Geryon.
  11. To fetch the Apples of Hesperides.
  12. To capture Cerberus.
A Roman statue of Hercules with the apple of Hesperides

Further adventures

.After completing these tasks, Heracles joined the Argonauts in a search for the Golden Fleece.^ After completing these tasks, Heracles joined the Argonauts in a search for the Golden Fleece .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hercules has appeared in several movies, such as a Disney animated movie that was loosely based on his myths, and the 1963 cult classic Jason and the Argonauts , where he appeared as a member of crew of the Argo , searching for the golden fleece.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles swore an oath to King Augeias that he would complete the task in a day.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.They rescued heroines, conquered Troy, and helped the gods fight against the Gigantes.^ They rescued heroines, conquered Troy, and helped the gods fight against the Gigantes .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Xanthe and Balios, the horses of Achilles, once belonged to giants and they were the only ones to fight alongside the gods against their brothers.
  • Photius: Bibliotheca.  Codices 186-222 (selected) 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.tertullian.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are not wise, then, who stand forth to buffet against Love; for Love rules the gods as he will, and me; and why not another woman, such as I am?
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

.He also fell in love with Princess Iole of Oechalia.^ He also fell in love with Princess Iole of Oechalia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.King Eurytus of Oechalia promised his daughter, Iole, to whoever could beat his sons in an archery contest.^ He set his eyes on Iole, daughter of Eurytus, son of Melanius, King of Oechalia.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A650008 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ EURYTUS (u ritus) King of Oechalia father of Iole and Iphitus.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ IOLE (i o le) The daugher of Eurytus, King of Oechalia (see Heracles).
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Heracles won but Eurytus abandoned his promise.^ Heracles won but Eurytus abandoned his promise.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was angry with King Eurytus because he wouldnt let him marry his daughter Iole, although he had won her in a match.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles engaged in the contest with them and succeeded, but Eurytus refused abiding by his promise, saying, that he would not give his daughter to a man who had murdered his own children.

.Heracles' advances were spurned by the king and his sons, except for one: Iole's brother Iphitus.^ Heracles' advances were spurned by the king and his sons, except for one: Iole's brother Iphitus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IPHITUS (if i tus) The son of Eurytus, brother of Iole.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles killed the king and his sons–excluding Iphitus –and abducted Iole.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles killed the king and his sons–excluding Iphitus–and abducted Iole.^ Heracles' advances were spurned by the king and his sons, except for one: Iole's brother Iphitus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles killed the king and his sons–excluding Iphitus –and abducted Iole.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles defeated the Bebryces (ruled by King Mygdon ) and gave their land to Prince Lycus of Mysia , son of Dascylus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iphitus became Heracles' best friend.^ Straightway she became friends with Heracles; and when they saw each other for a while they loved each other.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She later married Telemon, a friend of Heracles, and ransomed her younger brother Podarces, who became Priam of the Trojan War.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ DEIANEIRA O best of friends, tell me first what first I would know,- shall I receive Heracles alive?
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, once again, Hera drove Heracles mad and he threw Iphitus over the city wall to his death.^ However, once again, Hera drove Heracles mad and he threw Iphitus over the city wall to his death.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hera pursues Heracles and brings on his madness.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles agreed but when the two had arrived at Tiryns, Heracles, in a fit of madness, threw his friend down from the wall, and killed him.

.Once again, Heracles purified himself through three years of servitude - this time to Queen Omphale of Lydia.^ Heracles was sold to Omphale (Ὀμφάλη), daughter of Iardanes and queen of Lydia.

^ Heracles was sold to Omphale, queen of Lydia, and widow of Tmolus .

^ To revenge himself for his year of servitude Heracles had attacked the city of Eurytus.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

Omphale

.Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia.^ Main article: Omphale Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was sold to Omphale (Ὀμφάλη), daughter of Iardanes and queen of Lydia.

^ Omphale was queen of Lydia who bought Heracles 1 as a slave, and whom he served for one year (some say she was the daughter of King Iardanus, others that she was her slave).
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

.As penalty for a murder, Heracles was her slave.^ As penalty for a murder, Heracles was her slave.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oracle told Heracles, he must sell himself as a slave, as punishment for the murder and a cure for his disease.

.He was forced to do women's work and wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club.^ He was forced to do women's work and wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To her house Heracles went, carrying his armor and wearing his lion's skin.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His iconographic attributes are the lion skin and the club .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him.^ After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was angry with King Eurytus because he wouldnt let him marry his daughter Iole, although he had won her in a match.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles saw Iole, the blue-eyed and childlike maiden, and he longed to take her with him to some place near the Garden of the Hesperides.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some sources mention a son born to them who is variously named.^ Some sources mention a son born to them who is variously named.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There Heracles and Deianira lived, and a son who was named Hyllos was born to them.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus announced just before the birth that a son of his was about to be born who was fated to be lord of his people.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It was at that time that the cercopes, mischievous wood spirits, stole Heracles' weapons.^ It was at that time that the cercopes , mischievous wood spirits, stole Heracles' weapons.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.^ He punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hylas

Bronze Herakles statuette from Ai Khanoum, Bactria, 2nd century BCE.
.While walking through the wilderness, Heracles was set upon by the Dryopians.^ Bronze Herakles statuette from Ai Khanoum , Bactria , 2nd century BCE. While walking through the wilderness, Heracles was set upon by the Dryopians .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles put upon him the impenetrable lion's skin and set forth once more.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.He killed their king, Theiodamas, and the others gave up and offered him Prince Hylas.^ He killed their king, Theiodamas , and the others gave up and offered him Prince Hylas .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles defeated the Bebryces (ruled by King Mygdon ) and gave their land to Prince Lycus of Mysia , son of Dascylus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another episode of his female affairs that stands out was his stay at the palace of Thespius king of Thespiae , who wished him to kill the Lion of Cithaeron .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He took the youth on as his weapons bearer and beloved.^ He took the youth on as his weapons bearer and beloved.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Years later, Heracles and Hylas joined the crew of the Argo.^ Years later, Heracles and Hylas joined the crew of the Argo .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mention of Heracles being abandoned at Aphetae, raises the question that Apollonius' version about Hylas was actually a later tradition.

^ She kept the potion, and some years later when Heracles was returning from one of his adventures, she had cause to use it.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As Argonauts, they only participated in part of the journey.^ As Argonauts, they only participated in part of the journey.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to some accounts, he did not kill the birds, but only drove them away, and afterwards they appeared again in the island of Aretias, whither they had fled, and where they were found by the Argonauts.

.In Mysia, Hylas was kidnapped by a nymph.^ In Mysia , Hylas was kidnapped by a nymph.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles, heartbroken, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again.^ Heracles, heartbroken, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of Heracles' best-known love affairs, and one frequently represented in ancient as well as modern art, is the one with Hylas .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Discovery Real Time Be inspired by practical thinking and extraordinary situations - Discovery Real Time gives you the best lifestyle programming and the shows you love.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/greece/gods_and_heros/heracles/index.shtml?cc=US 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

.In other versions, he simply drowned.^ In other versions, he simply drowned.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Either way, the Argo set sail without them.^ Either way, the Argo set sail without them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Rescue of Prometheus

.Hesiod's Theogony and Aeschylus' Prometheus Unbound both tell that Heracles shot and killed the eagle that tortured Prometheus (which was his punishment by Zeus for stealing fire from the gods and giving it to mortals).^ As punishment for giving the mortals stolen fire, Zeus ordered Hephaistos to chain Prometheus to a rock.
  • Herakles * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC messagenetcommresearch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In due time, Herakles killed the eagle and freed Prometheus, as was also the will of Zeus.
  • Herakles * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC messagenetcommresearch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prometheus had defied Zeus by giving fire and other gifts to the mortals of earth...
  • Herakles * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC messagenetcommresearch.com [Source type: Original source]

Heracles freed the Titan from his chains and his torments. Prometheus then made predictions regarding further deeds of Heracles.

Laomedon of Troy

.Before the Trojan War, Poseidon sent a sea monster to attack Troy.^ When Poseidon sent a sea monster to Troy, she was to be sacrificed to it.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Acusilaus, this bull was the same as the one which had carried Europa across the sea according to others, he had been sent out of the sea by Poseidon, that Minos might sacrifice him to the god of the sea.

^ The Iliad further alludes to his fight with a sea-monster, and his expedition to Troy, to fetch the horses which Laomedon had refused him.

.The story is related in several digressions in the Iliad (7.451-453, 20.145-148, 21.442-457) and is found in Apollodorus' Bibliotheke (2.5.9).^ The other stories related about the Egyptian Heracles are of a mysterious nature, and unintelligible, but the great veneration in which he was held is attested by several authorities.

.Laomedon planned on sacrificing his daughter Hesione to Poseidon in the hope of appeasing him.^ HESIONE (he si o ne) The daughter of Laomedon.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ King Laomedon (whose great-great grandfather, Dardanos , was a son of Zeus) had neglected to give proper tribute to Poseidon and, as punishment, his daughter, Hesione , was to be sacrificed to one of Poseidon’s beastly minions.
  • Herakles * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC messagenetcommresearch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a reward for this labor he was offered the Princess Hesione in marriage; she was the daughter of King Laomedon, and the sister of Priam, who was then called, not Priam but Podarces.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Heracles happened to arrive (along with Telamon and Oicles) and agreed to kill the monster if Laomedon would give him the horses received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede.^ But after killing the monster, Laomedon refused to pay.

^ On his return he landed in Troas, where he rescued Hesione from the monster sent against her by Poseidon, in return for which her father Laomedon promised him the horses he had received from Zeus as a compensation for Ganymedes.

^ In a macabre ending Alcmena orders him to be killed and thrown to the dogs, and the men of Marathon agree as long as their kings are not held responsible for the atrocity.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

Laomedon agreed. .Heracles killed the monster, but Laomedon went back on his word.^ But after killing the monster, Laomedon refused to pay.

^ Heracles, in order to find the gardens of the Hesperides, went to the river Echedorus, in Macedonia, after having killed Termerus in Thessaly.

^ On Laomedon 1 's saying that he would give them, Heracles 1 killed the monster and saved Hesione 2 .
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

Accordingly, in a later expedition, Heracles and his followers attacked Troy and sacked it. .Then they slew all Laomedon's sons present there save Podarces, who was renamed Priam, who saved his own life by giving Heracles a golden veil Hesione had made.^ Laomedon and all his sons but the youngest, Podarces (Priam), were killed in the fighting.

^ Hesione ransomed Podarces by giving up one of her veil.

^ The bird Epops suggests they try living with the birds who have no purses, and Pithetaerus decides to found a new city where they can share such a life.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Telamon took Hesione as a war prize; they were married and had a son, Teucer.^ His sons and constant companions in war, Deimus (Fear) and Phobus (Panic), took Ares in their chariot and returned to Olympus to be healed.

^ This soothed the anger of the hero and after the sons of Laomedon had fallen, Heracles gave to Telamon Hesione, as a reward for his bravery.

^ They had recovered the cattle from the Teleboans, when a bull had suddenly charged at the king and his newly married son-in-law, Amphitryon.

Other adventures

Hellenistic-era depiction of Bahram as Hercules carved in 153 B.C. at Kermanshah, iran.
.Heracles defeated the Bebryces (ruled by King Mygdon) and gave their land to Prince Lycus of Mysia, son of Dascylus.^ He sailed over sea and he came to Crete, to the land that King Minos ruled over.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MESSENGER Victims to purify the house were stationed before the altar of Zeus, for Heracles had slain and cast from his halls the king of the land.
  • The Internet Classics Archive | Heracles by Euripides 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC classics.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Having killed two of them, he sailed to Mysia, where his aid was solicited by Lycus, king of the Mariandynians, against the Bebryces.

.
  • He killed the robber Termerus.
  • Heracles visited Evander with Antor, who then stayed in Italy.
  • Heracles killed King Amyntor of the Dolopes for not allowing him into his kingdom.^ Heracles came into that king's country.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both kings were killed by Heracles 1 .
    • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She tells how Heracles saved her once from the bestial Nessus, who was carrying her across a river and got fresh with her; so Heracles shot him with an arrow.
    • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He also killed King Emathion of Arabia.
  • Heracles killed Lityerses after beating him in a contest of harvesting.
  • Heracles killed Poriclymenus at Pylos.
  • Heracles founded the city Tarentum (modern: Taranto) in Italy.
  • Heracles learned music from Linus (and Eumolpus), but killed him after Linus corrected his mistakes.^ According to Apollodorus, this took place after Heracles was a suitor to Iole, daughter of Eurytus and won the archery contest, but before Heracles killed Eurytus' son, Iphitus (see Death of Iphitus ).

    ^ In a macabre ending Alcmena orders him to be killed and thrown to the dogs, and the men of Marathon agree as long as their kings are not held responsible for the atrocity.
    • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heracles was angry with King Eurytus because he wouldnt let him marry his daughter Iole, although he had won her in a match.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .He learned how to wrestle from Autolycus.^ While the thief Autolycus , the son of Hermes, taught him how to wrestle, and the other son of Hermes, Harpalycus trained him in boxing.

    He killed the famous boxer Eryx of Sicily in a match.
  • Heracles was an Argonaut. .He killed Alastor and his brothers.
  • When Hippocoon overthrew his brother, Tyndareus, as King of Sparta, Heracles reinstated the rightful ruler and killed Hippocoon and his sons.
  • Heracles slew the giants Cycnus, Porphyrion and Mimas.^ Both kings were killed by Heracles 1 .
    • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The king and his sons shot wonderfully well, and none of the heroes who stood before Heracles had a chance of winning.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After this, passing by Itonus, he was challenged to single combat by Cycnus 3 , son of Ares and Pelopia 3 , and he killed him.
    • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The expedition against Cycnus, in which Iolaus accompanied Heracles, is the ostensible theme of a short epic attributed to Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles.
  • Heracles killed Antaeus the giant who was immortal while touching the earth, by picking him up and holding him in the air while strangling him.
  • Heracles went to war with Augeias after he denied him a promised reward for clearing his stables.^ Heracles holds the heavens for Atlas who gets the apples for him.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Shield of Heracles was possibly written by Hesiod.

    ^ Heracles killed Cycnus in combat.

    Augeias remained undefeated due to the skill of his two generals, the Molionides, and after Heracles fell ill, his army was badly beaten. .Later, however, he was able to ambush and kill the Molionides, and thus march into Elis, sack it, and kill Augeias and his sons.
  • Heracles visited the house of Admetus on the day Admetus' wife, Alcestis, had agreed to die in his place.^ ALCESTIS (al ces tis) Wife of Admetus, who was willing to die in his place.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Admetuss wife Alcestis agrees to die in his place.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The aged parents of Admetus have refused, but his wife Alcestis volunteered to die on this day.
    • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    .By hiding beside the grave of Alcestis, Heracles was able to surprise Death when he came to collect her, and by squeezing him tight until he relented, was able to persuade Death to return Alcestis to her husband.
  • Heracles challenged wine god Dionysus to a drinking contest and lost, resulting in his joining the Thiasus for a period.
  • Heracles also appears in Aristophanes' The Frogs, in which Dionysus seeks out the hero to find a way to the underworld.^ Heracles was in Oichalia when the messengers returned to him.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heracles rescues Alcestis from death.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then Nessus, dying, but with his rage against Heracles unabated, thought of a way by which the hero might be made to suffer for the death he had brought upon him.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Heracles is greatly amused by Dionysus' appearance and jokingly offers several ways to commit suicide before finally offering his knowledge of how to get to there.
  • Heracles appears as the founder of Scythia in Herodotus' text.^ But at last there came that way a young warrior named Philoctetes, and Heracles begged of him to fire the pile.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In Euripides' tragedy called the Madness of Heracles , the young hero would have committed suicide, but his cousin and friend, Theseus , persuaded Heracles that suicide would be cowardly act.

    .While Heracles is sleeping out in the wilderness, a half-woman, half-snake creature steals his horses.^ "In the killing of the water snake you were helped by Iolaus," said the king, snapping out his words and looking at Heracles with shifting eyes.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heracles had kicked the boulder, which split in half and fresh water gushed out from underneath the rock.

    ^ When the warrior-woman came near she cried out, "Heracles, the Queen Hippolyte permits you to come amongst the Amazons.
    • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Heracles eventually finds the creature, but she refuses to return the horses until he has sex with her.^ Electryon had made Amphitryon promise not to have sex with his new wife until they returned from the expedition.

    ^ Heracles agreed to save Laomedon's daughter in return for the king's immortal horses or the gold vine as his reward.

    ^ Eurytuss son Iphitus refused to believe that Heracles would do this and went to Heracles to ask for help in finding the cattle.
    • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    After doing so, he takes back his horses, but before leaving, he hands over his belt and bow, and gives instructions as to which of their children should found a new nation in Scythia.

Women

.During the course of his life, Heracles married four times.^ During the course of his life, Heracles married four times.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His first marriage was to Megara, whose children he murdered in a fit of madness.^ When she visited a fit of madness on him, Heracles murdered his wife and children.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/greece/gods_and_heros/heracles/index.shtml?cc=US 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ His first marriage was to Megara , whose children he murdered in a fit of madness.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a fit of madness, induced by Hera, Heracles killed his children by Megara.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Apollodoros (Bibliotheke) recounts that Megara was unharmed and given in marriage to Iolaus, while in Euripides' version Heracles killed Megara, too.^ Apollodoros ( Bibliotheke ) recounts that Megara was unharmed and given in marriage to Iolaus , while in Euripides ' version Heracles killed Megara, too.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Euripides' version of the story also told by Aeschylus and Sophocles , Electra has been married to a poor farmer, who in respect for her nobility has not consummated the marriage.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the battle with the Minyans, Hera visited Heracles with madness, in which he killed his own children by Megara and two of Iphicles.

.His second wife was Omphale, the Lydian queen or princess to whom he was delivered as a slave.^ His second wife was Omphale , the Lydian queen or princess to whom he was delivered as a slave.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Omphale was queen of Lydia who bought Heracles 1 as a slave, and whom he served for one year (some say she was the daughter of King Iardanus, others that she was her slave).
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Omphale Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His third marriage was to Deianira, for whom he had to fight the river god Achelous.^ He there gave Megara in marriage to Lolaus for, as he had lost the children whom he had by her, he looked upon his connection with her as displeasing to the gods and went to Oechalia.

^ ACHELOUS (ak e lous) God of the river of the same name.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles had to fight one of his rivals, the river-god Acheloüs (Achelous), also a suitor of Deïaneira.

.(Upon Achelous' death, Heracles removed one of his horns and gave it to some nymphs who turned it into the cornucopia.^ Heracles met Hermes, who offered to guide him into the Underworld.

^ Heracles, resenting his poor hospitality by Eurytus, had killed one of his sons by guile, throwing him off a hill and causing Eurytus to sell him into slavery.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thespius, who had fifty daughters, rewarded Heracles by making him his guest so long as the chase lasted, and gave up his daughters to him, each for one night.

) .Soon after they wed, Heracles and Deianira had to cross a river, and a centaur named Nessus offered to help Deianira across but then attempted to rape her.^ The centaur Nessus ferried travelers across.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During their journey, they encountered a Centaur named Nessus , who offered to ferry Deïaneira across the river of Evenus.

^ Then Heracles crossed the river, and he waited on the other side for Nessus and Deianira.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Enraged, Heracles shot the centaur from the opposite shore with a poisoned arrow (tipped with the Lernaean Hydra's blood) and killed him.^ EURYTION (urit i on) A centaur killed by Heracles.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Arrow after arrow he shot into the centaur's body.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles shot at them with those unerring arrows of his.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.As he lay dying, Nessus plotted revenge, told Deianira to gather up his blood and spilled semen and, if she ever wanted to prevent Heracles from having affairs with other women, she should apply them to his vestments.^ As he was dying, Nessus told her to use his clotted blood to charm the heart of Heracles.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then Heracles crossed the river, and he waited on the other side for Nessus and Deianira.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then Nessus, dying, but with his rage against Heracles unabated, thought of a way by which the hero might be made to suffer for the death he had brought upon him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nessus knew that his blood had become tainted by the poisonous blood of the Hydra, and would burn through the skin of anyone it touched.^ As Nessus, lay there dying, the Centaur told Deïaneira to use his blood as love potion on Heracles, so that he would never leave her.

^ Deianira took down the robe; through this robe, she thought, the blood of the centaur could touch Heracles and his love for her would revive.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And since 'tis this same black venom in the blood that hath passed out through the wound of Nessus, must it not kill my lord also?
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

The Death of Hercules, by Francisco de Zurbarán
.Later, when Deianira suspected that Heracles was fond of Iole, she soaked a shirt of his in the mixture, creating the poisoned shirt of Nessus.^ The Death of Hercules , by Francisco de Zurbarán Later, when Deianira suspected that Heracles was fond of Iole , she soaked a shirt of his in the mixture, creating the poisoned shirt of Nessus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles died in agony when his third wife, Deianira, gave him a poisoned shirt, believing it would ensure his fidelity.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/greece/gods_and_heros/heracles/index.shtml?cc=US 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ Deianira, who had heard from Heracles of the wisdom of the centaurs, believed what Nessus told her.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Heracles' servant, Lichas, brought him the shirt and he put it on.^ Lichas, the herald, delivers the shirt to Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles' servant, Lichas , brought him the shirt and he put it on.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles died in agony when his third wife, Deianira, gave him a poisoned shirt, believing it would ensure his fidelity.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/greece/gods_and_heros/heracles/index.shtml?cc=US 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

.Instantly he was in agony, the cloth burning into him.^ Instantly he was in agony, the cloth burning into him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There he stayed with the flaming robe burning into him, and he begged of those who passed to fire the pile that his end might come more quickly.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Heracles lit the fires, the heat activated the potion and his clothes clung and burned into his skin searing and melting his flesh.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As he tried to remove it, the flesh ripped from his bones.^ As he tried to remove it, the flesh ripped from his bones.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles chose a voluntary death, asking that a pyre be built for him to end his suffering.^ Heracles chose a voluntary death, asking that a pyre be built for him to end his suffering.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By hiding beside the grave of Alcestis, Heracles was able to surprise Death when he came to collect her, and by squeezing him tight until he relented, was able to persuade Death to return Alcestis to her husband.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then Nessus, dying, but with his rage against Heracles unabated, thought of a way by which the hero might be made to suffer for the death he had brought upon him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.After death, the gods transformed him into an immortal, or alternatively, the fire burned away the mortal part of the demigod, so that only the god remained.^ After death, the gods transformed him into an immortal, or alternatively, the fire burned away the mortal part of the demigod, so that only the god remained.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only was he immortalized in his death, but he twice rescued mortals from death.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The mythological strivings of man to be a god, to be immortal and to overcome death is realized in this super hero.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Because his mortal parts had been incinerated, he could now become a full god and join his father and the other Olympians on Mount Olympus.^ Because his mortal parts had been incinerated, he could now become a full god and join his father and the other Olympians on Mount Olympus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After death, the gods transformed him into an immortal, or alternatively, the fire burned away the mortal part of the demigod, so that only the god remained.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To demonstrate, these two logics argue with each other; the unjust logic proves that justice does not exist, because Zeus got away with tying up his father.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

He then married Hebe.
.Another episode of his female affairs that stands out was his stay at the palace of Thespius king of Thespiae, who wished him to kill the Lion of Cithaeron.^ In a macabre ending Alcmena orders him to be killed and thrown to the dogs, and the men of Marathon agree as long as their kings are not held responsible for the atrocity.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As the poison worked on him, Heracles killed Lichas; then he asks his son to take him out of that land.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The king, seeing coming toward him a towering man all covered with the hide of a monstrous lion, ran and hid himself in a great jar.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a reward, the king offered him the chance to make love to his daughters, all fifty of them, in one night.^ Aegeus, king of Athens, has been to Delphi to inquire how he may get children and promises to receive Medea in his country, because she offers to help him beget children with her magic.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles was angry with King Eurytus because he wouldnt let him marry his daughter Iole, although he had won her in a match.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The king, seeing coming toward him a towering man all covered with the hide of a monstrous lion, ran and hid himself in a great jar.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Heracles complied and they all became pregnant and all bore sons.^ For the son whom Alcmena bore to Zeus is hastening homeward, with the trophies of all prowess.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Straightway she became friends with Heracles; and when they saw each other for a while they loved each other.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearby stands the altar of Zeus, on the steps of which are now seated AMPHITRYON, MEGARA and her sons by HERACLES. They are seeking refuge at the altar.
  • The Internet Classics Archive | Heracles by Euripides 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC classics.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This is sometimes referred to as his Thirteenth Labour.^ This is sometimes referred to as his Thirteenth Labour.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many of the kings of ancient Greece traced their lines to one or another of these, notably the kings of Sparta and Macedon.^ Many of the kings of ancient Greece traced their lines to one or another of these, notably the kings of Sparta and Macedon .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the most ancient temples of Heracles in Greece was that at Bura, in Aclmia, where he had a peculiar oracle.

^ Screaming, the horses of King Diomedes raced toward the sea, but one fell and another fell, and then, as it came to the line of the foam, the third of the fierce horses fell.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

Eromenoi

.
Heracles and Iolaus, with Eros between them.
^ Heracles and Iolaus , with Eros between them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a testament to the closeness between the two heroes, Iolaus is also known as Heracles' symbomos, (altar-sharer).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


4th c. BCE Etruscan ritual vessel
.As symbol of masculinity and warriorship, Heracles also had a number of pederastic male beloveds.^ BCE Etruscan ritual vessel As symbol of masculinity and warriorship, Heracles also had a number of pederastic male beloveds.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Plutarch, in his Eroticos, maintains that Heracles' eromenoi (male lovers) were beyond counting.^ Plutarch , in his Eroticos, maintains that Heracles' eromenoi (male lovers) were beyond counting.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of these, the one most closely linked to Heracles is the Theban Iolaus.^ Of these, the one most closely linked to Heracles is the Theban Iolaus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a testament to the closeness between the two heroes, Iolaus is also known as Heracles' symbomos, (altar-sharer).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although from time to time he befriends a young follower (Iolaus, Lichas, Hylas, Telamon and Iphitus), two were killed by Heracles, one almost killed and two perish from his neglect.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Their story, an initiatory myth thought to be of ancient origin, contains many of the elements of the Greek pederastic apprenticeship in which the older warrior is the educator and the younger his helper in battle.^ Their story, an initiatory myth thought to be of ancient origin, contains many of the elements of the Greek pederastic apprenticeship in which the older warrior is the educator and the younger his helper in battle.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translated by Michael Simpson from the Library of Apollodorus, and excellent ancient source for stories and myths.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally published in the 19th century, this anthology covers stories of Gods and Heroes, King Arthur, The Mabinogeon, Hero Myths of the British Race and Charlemagne.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, Iolaus serves as Heracles' charioteer and squire.^ Thus, Iolaus serves as Heracles' charioteer and squire.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His twin mortal brother, son of Amphitryon was Iphicles, father of Heracles' charioteer Iolaus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a testament to the closeness between the two heroes, Iolaus is also known as Heracles' symbomos, (altar-sharer).^ When the hero asked what Telamon was doing, Telamon replied that he was building an altar to Heracles.

^ Molorchus wished to be an altar to Heracles, and sacrifice to the young hero.

^ Then Heracles shifted the first robber from his back to his front, and the first robber said: "I will tell you what I know about the heroical combat between the frogs and the mice."
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike all other heroes and gods, each of whom had his or her own altar, sacrifices to either hero could be offered at one and the same altar.^ Unlike all other heroes and gods, each of whom had his or her own altar, sacrifices to either hero could be offered at one and the same altar.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heroes theos ; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation , and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a " demi-god ".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Acusilaus, this bull was the same as the one which had carried Europa across the sea according to others, he had been sent out of the sea by Poseidon, that Minos might sacrifice him to the god of the sea.

[14]
.Also in keeping with the initiatory pattern of the relationship, Heracles in the end gave his pupil a wife, symbolizing his entry into adulthood.^ Heracles died in agony when his third wife, Deianira, gave him a poisoned shirt, believing it would ensure his fidelity.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/greece/gods_and_heros/heracles/index.shtml?cc=US 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ The father of the boy pardoned the murder, as it had not been committed intentionally but Heracles, in accordance with the law, went into exile with his wife Deianeira.

.Iolaus's ritual functions paralleled his relationship with Heracles.^ Iolaus's ritual functions paralleled his relationship with Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was a patron of male love—Plutarch reports that down to his own time, male couples would go to Iolaus's tomb in Thebes to swear an oath of loyalty to the hero and to each other[15]—and he presided over initiations in the historical era, such as the one at Agyrion in central Sicily.^ And one said to the other, "O my brother, we are in the position of the frogs when the mice fell upon them with such fury."
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But this time he did not go alone; the boy Iolaus went with him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DEIANEIRA Nay, such words are not for one who has borne a part in the ill deed, but only for him who has no trouble at his own door.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

[16] .The tomb of Iolaus is also mentioned by Pindar.^ The tomb of Iolaus is also mentioned by Pindar.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.One of Heracles' best-known love affairs, and one frequently represented in ancient as well as modern art, is the one with Hylas.^ One of Heracles' best-known love affairs, and one frequently represented in ancient as well as modern art, is the one with Hylas .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The myth of their love is an ancient one.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera , wife of Zeus , had for him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though it is of more recent vintage (dated to the third century) than that with Iolaus, it too exemplifies in detail the normal cycle of a youth's initiatory process, consisting of education through service to a warrior, and concluding with promotion to adult status and marriage.^ Though it is of more recent vintage (dated to the third century) than that with Iolaus, it too exemplifies in detail the normal cycle of a youth's initiatory process, consisting of education through service to a warrior, and concluding with promotion to adult status and marriage.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their story, an initiatory myth thought to be of ancient origin, contains many of the elements of the Greek pederastic apprenticeship in which the older warrior is the educator and the younger his helper in battle.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.Sparta, as a warrior city where pederastic pedagogy—ostensibly of a chaste nature—was enshrined in the laws ascribed to Lycurgus, the legendary legislator, also provided Heracles with an eromenos—Elacatas, who was honored there with a sanctuary and yearly games.^ Sparta , as a warrior city where pederastic pedagogy —ostensibly of a chaste nature—was enshrined in the laws ascribed to Lycurgus , the legendary legislator, also provided Heracles with an eromenos — Elacatas , who was honored there with a sanctuary and yearly games.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She did not honor a criminal but a brother who died; she wants an equal law for all the dead, but Creon wants to honor only the good.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To me this play reveals some of the madness of a foreign war and the foolish ambitions of warriors for honor and glory, though there is a feeling of redemption in the forgiveness of Odysseus.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

The myth of their love is an ancient one.[19] .Abdera's eponymous hero, Abderus, was another of Heracles' beloveds.^ Abdera 's eponymous hero, Abderus , was another of Heracles' beloveds.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles built a Thracian city called Abdera, named after Abderus.

.In what is considered to be initiatory myth, he was said to have been entrusted with—and slain by—the carnivorous mares of Thracian Diomedes.^ In what is considered to be initiatory myth, he was said to have been entrusted with—and slain by—the carnivorous mares of Thracian Diomedes .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mares of the Thracian Diomedes.

.Heracles founded the city of Abdera in Thrace in his memory, where he was honored with athletic games.^ Heracles founded the city of Abdera in Thrace in his memory, where he was honored with athletic games.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sparta , as a warrior city where pederastic pedagogy —ostensibly of a chaste nature—was enshrined in the laws ascribed to Lycurgus , the legendary legislator, also provided Heracles with an eromenos — Elacatas , who was honored there with a sanctuary and yearly games.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles built a Thracian city called Abdera, named after Abderus.

.The topos of death in such stories is thought to symbolize the passage from one stage of life to another.^ After a life of heroic works this death of Heracles is pitiful, Sophocles making the point that no one knows their final end.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AMPHITRYON 'Tis by no means easy, my daughter, to give one's earnest advice on such matters easily, without weary thought.
  • The Internet Classics Archive | Heracles by Euripides 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC classics.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ LICHAS Ay- said they heard-but 'tis one thing to report a fancy, and another to make the story good.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

[20]
.Among the lesser-known myths is that of Iphitus.^ Among the lesser-known myths is that of Iphitus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heracles' subsequent murder of Iphitus is held to be evocative of an initiatory ritual.^ Heracles' subsequent murder of Iphitus is held to be evocative of an initiatory ritual.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iphitus went to talk Heracles out of waging a war against his father, but Heracles again, possibly struck by madness, caused by Hera, murdered Iphitus in Tiryns.

[21] .Another such story is the one of his love for Nireus, who was "the most beautiful man who came beneath Ilion" (Iliad, 673).^ Another such story is the one of his love for Nireus , who was "the most beautiful man who came beneath Ilion" ( Iliad , 673).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The topos of death in such stories is thought to symbolize the passage from one stage of life to another.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LICHAS Ay- said they heard-but 'tis one thing to report a fancy, and another to make the story good.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ptolemy adds that certain authors made Nireus out to be a son of Heracles, a fact thought to authenticate this tradition.^ Ptolemy adds that certain authors made Nireus out to be a son of Heracles, a fact thought to authenticate this tradition.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then Nessus, dying, but with his rage against Heracles unabated, thought of a way by which the hero might be made to suffer for the death he had brought upon him.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When he had it all thought out he had Heracles brought before him and he told him of these other labors.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

[22] .The last in this category—despite the fact that Greek literature preserves no mention of this role—is the story of Philoctetes.^ The last in this category—despite the fact that Greek literature preserves no mention of this role—is the story of Philoctetes .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Odysseus goes back to the ship as Neoptolemus tells the story to Philoctetes, who gives his account of his troubles from his snake-bitten foot and abandonment by the Greek army.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Stories and myths about the Gods and heroes were believed in literally as actual fact by most ancient Greeks.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He is also heir to the hero—and thus presumably his disciple—and is the one who lights his pyre.^ No one ventured to obey him, until at length Poeas the shepherd, who passed by, was prevailed upon to comply with the desire of the suffering hero.

.Later he is the initiator of Neoptolemus, son of Achilles.^ Odysseus and Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, have landed on a mission to retrieve the ailing Philoctetes, the Achaean that leaders abandoned nine years before.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

[23]
.There is also a series of lovers who are either later inventions or purely literary conceits.^ There is also a series of lovers who are either later inventions or purely literary conceits.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Among these are Admetus, who assisted in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar;[24] Adonis;[25] Corythus;[25] and Nestor, who was said to have been loved for his wisdom. .His role as eromenos was perhaps meant to explain why he was the only son of Neleus to be spared by the hero.^ His role as eromenos was perhaps meant to explain why he was the only son of Neleus to be spared by the hero.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]

Children

Telephus is the son of Heracles and Auge. .Hyllus is the son of Heracles and Deianeira or Melite.^ Deianeira, on seeing what she had unwittingly done, hung herself and Heracles commanded Hylhis, his eldest son, by Deianeira, to marry Lole as soon as he should arrive at the age of manhood.

^ Heracles instructs his son to set him on fire, and Hyllus reluctantly agrees to make the preparations.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles had been married to Deianeira for nearly three years, when, at a repast in the house of Oeneus, he killed, by an accident, the boy Eunomus, the son of Architeles.

.The sons of Heracles and Hebe are Alexiares and Anicetus.^ Hera allowed the hero to marry her daughter, Hebe , goddess of youth, and Heracles became father of Alexiares and Anicetus.

^ The sons of Heracles and Hebe are Alexiares and Anicetus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is also, in some versions, reference to an episode where Heracles met and impregnated a half-serpentine woman, known as Echidna; her children, known as the Dracontidae, were the ancestors of the House of Cadmus.^ Some of thy children she hath taken to live with her there, and others, thou wilt find, are dwelling in Thebe's town.
  • Drama: The Trachiniae 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC drama.eserver.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The wives and children of Heracles are enumerated by Apollodorus , but we must refer the reader to the separate articles.

Death

.This is described in Ovid's Metamorphoses Book IX. Having wrestled and defeated Achelous, god of the Acheloos river, Heracles takes Deianeira as his wife.^ This is described in Ovid's Metamorphoses Book IX. Having wrestled and defeated Achelous , god of the Acheloos river, Heracles takes Deianeira as his wife.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leaving Deïaneira (Deianeira or Δηιάνειρα) in Trachis, he raised an army and defeated Eurytus, taking Iole as his concubine.

^ Travelling to Tiryns , a centaur , Nessus , offers to help Deianeira across a fast flowing river while Heracles swims it.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Travelling to Tiryns, a centaur, Nessus, offers to help Deianeira across a fast flowing river while Heracles swims it.^ Heracles waded across himself but hired Nessus to carry Deianeira across.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The centaur Nessus ferried travelers across.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles himself forded the river, and gave Deianeira to Nessus to carry her across.

.However, Nessus is true to the archetype of the mischievous centaur and tries to steal Deianara away while Heracles is still in the water.^ However, Nessus is true to the archetype of the mischievous centaur and tries to steal Deianara away while Heracles is still in the water.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles, however, contrived by a stratagem to get the apples and hastened away.

^ Up the mountain and away to far rivers the centaurs raced, pursued by Heracles with his bow.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Angry, Heracles shoots him with his arrows dipped in the poisonous blood of the Lernaean Hydra.^ Heracles dips his arrows in the Hydras blood.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Enraged, Heracles shot the centaur from the opposite shore with a poisoned arrow (tipped with the Lernaean Hydra's blood) and killed him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles used the blood of the Hydra to dip his arrows in.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

Thinking of revenge, Nessus gives Deianara his blood-soaked tunic before he dies, telling her it will "excite the love of her husband".[27]
.Several years later, rumor tells Deianeira that she has a rival for the love of Heracles.^ Several years later, rumor tells Deianeira that she has a rival for the love of Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles then stayed in court of King Oeneus in Calydon; he fell in love with Deïaneira (Deianeira or Δηιάνειρα), the king's daughter.

^ One day, she hid the cattle, and would not tell Heracles their whereabout until he made love to her.

.Deianeira, remembering Nessus' words, gives Heracles the bloodstained shirt.^ Heracles waded across himself but hired Nessus to carry Deianeira across.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He had taken the kings young daughter as his concubine (he had won her in a contest to be his wife before marrying Deianeira, but her father had refused to give her to Heracles claiming that Heracles had murdered his other wife).
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As he was dying, Nessus told Deianeira to dip some cloth in his blood and keep it as a love potion to apply to Heracles robe when she felt she was losing his love.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Lichas, the herald, delivers the shirt to Heracles.^ Lichas, the herald, delivers the shirt to Heracles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles' servant, Lichas , brought him the shirt and he put it on.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, it is still covered in the Hydra's blood from Heracles' arrows, and this poisons him, tearing his skin and exposing his bones.^ Heracles dips his arrows in the Hydras blood.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles used the blood of the Hydra to dip his arrows in.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles gave him his famous bow and arrows in gratitude.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Before he dies, Heracles throws Lichas into the sea, thinking he was the one who poisoned him (according to several versions, Lichas turns to stone, becoming a rock standing in the sea, named for him).^ Heracles seized Lichas by his feet, and threw him into the sea.

^ According to Apollodorus, this took place after Heracles was a suitor to Iole, daughter of Eurytus and won the archery contest, but before Heracles killed Eurytus' son, Iphitus (see Death of Iphitus ).

^ The Pythia first called him by the name of Heracles — for hitherto his name had been Alcides or Alcaeus, and ordered him to live at Tiryns, to serve Eurystheus for the space of twelve years, after which he should become inmortal.

.Heracles then uproots several trees and builds a funeral pyre, which Poeas, father of Philoctetes, lights.^ Heracles had his son Hyllus build a funeral pyre.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles relieves his son's guilt by commanding him to build the pyre.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But neither his son, nor other mourners would do so, until either Poeas or his son Philoctetes , set the fire to pyre.

As his body burns, only his immortal side is left. Through Zeus' apotheosis, Heracles rises to Olympus as he dies.
.No one but Heracles' friend Philoctetes (Poeas in some versions) would light his funeral pyre (in an alternate version, it is Iolaus who lights the pyre).^ Nobody would do so but Poeas, who passed by and set a light to it.
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there should be no hesitation in taking to task the one who is guilty of oppression and outrage, as Allah, the Sublime does not like cruelty.
  • LETTERS 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.alquraan.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Iolaus declares that the children of the great Heracles would rather die than be disgraced, and Damophon agrees to defend them as friends and guests for their father's sake.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.For this action, Philoctetes (or Poeas) received Heracles' bow and arrows, which were later needed by the Greeks to defeat Troy in the Trojan War.^ He rewarded him with his powerful bow, which would later be used by Philoctetes , in the Trojan War.

^ See Heracles' war upon Troy .

^ Greek hero of the Trojan War.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Philoctetes confronted Paris and shot a poisoned arrow at him.^ She tells how Heracles saved her once from the bestial Nessus, who was carrying her across a river and got fresh with her; so Heracles shot him with an arrow.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles shot down Nessus with his poisoned arrow.

^ When Periclymenus changed himself into the form of an eagle, Heracles finally shot him down with his arrow.

The Hydra poison would subsequently lead to the death of Paris. .The Trojan War, however, would continue until the Trojan Horse was used to defeat Troy.^ He rewarded him with his powerful bow, which would later be used by Philoctetes , in the Trojan War.

^ Euripides has used the battle between two brothers for tyranny over Thebes to criticize further the folly of the continuing war and the danger of tyrants.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But when Laomedon 1 would not give the stipulated reward, Heracles 1 made war on Troy , and having killed Laomedon 1 , he assigned the girl as a prize to Telamon.
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

The topos of Heracles suckling at Hera's breast was especially popular in Magna Graecia, here on a mid-4th century Apulian painted vase; Etruscan mythology adopted this iconic image

In Rome

.In Rome, Heracles was honored as Hercules, and had a number of distinctively Roman myths and practices associated with him under that name.^ The Romans identified him as Hercules.

^ But at last there came that way a young warrior named Philoctetes, and Heracles begged of him to fire the pile.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles seduced Astydameia or Deïdameia, Amyntor's daughter, who bore him a son, named Ctesippus.

Reception history

Via the Greco-Buddhist culture, Heraclean symbolism was transmitted to the far east. An example remains to this day in the Nio guardian deities in front of Japanese Buddhist temples. .Herodotus connected Heracles both to Phoenician god Melqart and to the Egyptian god Shu.^ Hades and Ares also aided Pylus; Heracles wounded both gods, during the battle.

.Temples dedicated to Heracles abounded all along the Mediterranean Sea coastal countries.^ So Heracles rode on its back, while the bull crossed the sea, from Cnossus, in Crete, all the way back to Greece.

For example the temple of Heracles Monoikos (i.e. the lone dweller), built far from any nearby town upon a promontory in what is now the Cote d'Azur, gave its name to the area's more recent name, Monaco.
.The gateway to the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic ocean, where the southernmost tip of Spain and the northernmost of Morocco face each other, is, classically speaking, referred to as the Pillars of Hercules/Heracles, owing to the story that he set up two massive spires of stone to stabilise the area and ensure the safety of ships sailing between the two landmasses.^ He also adds that it was this Heracles, and not Heracles 1 , who marked the frontier of the world at Gadira, erecting the famous pillars at the western end of the Mediterranean sea.
  • Heracles 1 - Greek Mythology Link 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To demonstrate, these two logics argue with each other; the unjust logic proves that justice does not exist, because Zeus got away with tying up his father.
  • Ethics of Greek Theatre by Sanderson Beck 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heracles journeys across Africa, sets up the Pillers of Hercules and rides across the ocean in a golden cup loaned to him by the sun god Helios.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

Organisations named after Heracles include the Greek football team Iraklis F.C..
Heracles was canonized by Aleister Crowley as a saint in Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica.
.Heracles appeared as an enemy of the Amazons in the pages of Wonder Woman.^ (According to Diodorus Siculus, the hero Heracles completely destroyed a race of woman warriors, called the Gorgons (similar to the Amazons), in Libya.

^ When the warrior-woman came near she cried out, "Heracles, the Queen Hippolyte permits you to come amongst the Amazons.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Before Achilles by Padraic Colum 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

He would later reconcile with them, though. There is also a Marvel Comics superhero named Hercules, that is a member of the superhero team The Avengers. .He claims to be the god of strength himself, descended from Olympus.^ His strength and courage, while he was performing the Twelve Labours and aiding the gods in their war against the Giants , had earned him immortality and lived among the gods at Olympus.

.Hercules has appeared in several movies, such as a Disney animated movie that was loosely based on his myths, and the 1963 cult classic Jason and the Argonauts, where he appeared as a member of crew of the Argo, searching for the golden fleece.^ ARGONAUTS (ar go nawts) Jasons crew in search of the Golden Fleece.
  • 84.02.04: Heracles: Super Hero 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (According to Diodorus Siculus, Heracles' war at Troy was set on his return journey from Colchis, during the Jason's quest for the Golden Fleece.

^ According to Apollonius and few other writers, hearing news that Jason gathering a crew to fetch the Golden Fleece, Heracles joined the Argonauts .

In television, Hercules is the mentor and ancestor of Herry Hercules from Class of the Titans.

Spoken word myths

Bibliography of reconstruction: Homer, Odyssey, 12.072 (7th c. BC); Theocritus, Idylls, 13 (350–310 BC); Callimachus, Aetia (Causes), 24. Thiodamas the Dryopian, Fragments, 160. Hymn to Artemis (310–250? BC); Apollonios Rhodios, Argonautika, I. 1175 - 1280 (c. 250 BC); Apollodorus, Library and Epitome 1.9.19, 2.7.7 (140 BC); Sextus Propertius, Elegies, i.20.17ff (50–15 BC); Ovid, Ibis, 488 (AD 8–18); Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica, I.110, III.535, 560, IV.1-57 (1st century); Hyginus, Fables, 14. Argonauts Assembled (1st century); Philostratus the Elder, Images, ii.24 Thiodamas (170–245); First Vatican Mythographer, 49. Hercules et Hylas

Ancestry[28]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zeus
 
Danaë
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Perseus
 
Andromeda
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Perses
 
 
Alcaeus
 
Hipponome
 
 
 
 
 
Electryon
 
Anaxo
 
 
Sthenelus
 
Menippe
 
 
Mestor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anaxo
 
 
Amphitryon
 
Alcmene
 
Zeus
 
 
 
Licymnius
 
 
 
Eurystheus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iphicles
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Megara
 
Heracles
 
Deianira
 
Hebe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iolaus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Children
 
 
Hyllus
 
Macaria
 
Others

See also

Other figures in Greek mythology punished by the gods include:

Notes

  1. ^ Becking, Bob, et al.. Dictionary of deities and demons. ed. Toorn,Karel van der. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. 1999
  2. ^ Apollodorus, ii. 4. § 12
  3. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Alceides". in William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 98. http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0107.html. 
  4. ^ a b (Ἀμφιτρύων). By his adoptive descent through Ampitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon. Amphitryon's own, mortal son was Iphicles.
  5. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece, 4.32.1
  6. ^ Aelian, Varia Historia, 12.15
  7. ^ Aelian, Varia Historia, 5.3
  8. ^ a b Burkert 1985, pp. 208-9
  9. ^ Burkert 1985, pp. 208-212.
  10. ^ Robert Fagles' translation, 1996:269.
  11. ^ Friedrich Solmsen, "The Sacrifice of Agamemnon's Daughter in Hesiod's' Ehoeae" The American Journal of Philology 102.4 (Winter 1981, pp. 353–358), p. 355.
  12. ^ Compare the two pairs of twins born to Leda and the "double" parentage of Theseus.
  13. ^ Pausanias Χ 3.1, 36.5. Ptolemaeus, Geogr. Hyph. ΙΙ 184. 12. Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. «Aντίκυρα»
  14. ^ James Davidson, "Zeus Be Nice Now" in London Review of Books; 19 July 2007 [1] accessed October 23rd, 2007
  15. ^ Plutarch, Erotikos, 761d.
  16. ^ Bernard Sergent, Homosexuality in Greek Myth, Boston, 1986, pp. 141-152.
  17. ^ Pindar, Olympian Odes, 9.98-99.
  18. ^ Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 1.1177-1357; Theocritus, Idyll 13.
  19. ^ Sosibius, in Hesychius of Alexandria's Lexicon, per Sergent, 1986, p. 163
  20. ^ Apollodorus 2.5.8; Ptolemaeus Chennus, 147b, in Photius' Bibliotheca
  21. ^ Ptolemaeus Chennus, in Photius' Bibliotheca; Sergent 1986, p. 297.
  22. ^ Ptolemaeus Chennus, 147b; Sergent 1986, p. 298.
  23. ^ Martial, Epigrams 2.84.
  24. ^ Plutarch, Erotikos, 761e.
  25. ^ a b Ptolemaeus Chennus
  26. ^ Ptolemaeus Chennus, 147e; Philostratus, Heroicus 696, per Sergent, 1986, p. 163.
  27. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, IX l.132-3
  28. ^ Morford, M.P.O, Lenardon R.J.(2007)Classical Mythology. pp. 865 Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Modern sources

  • Kerenyi, Karl (1959). The Heroes of the Greeks. New York/London: Thames and Hudson. 

References

Further reading

  • Padilla, Mark W. (1998). "Herakles and Animals in the Origins of Comedy and Satyr Drama". In Le Bestiaire d'Héraclès: IIIe Rencontre héracléenne, edited by Corinne Bonnet, Colette Jourdain-Annequin, and Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, 217-30. Kernos Suppl. 7. Liège: Centre International d'Etude de la Religion Grecque Antique.
  • Padilla, Mark W. (1998). "The Myths of Herakles in Ancient Greece: Survey and Profile". Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Héraclès

Contents

English

Alternative spellings

Etymology

.From Ancient Greek Ἡρακλῆς (Heraklēs), apparently from Ἥρα (Hēra), Hera) + κλέος (kleos), glory).^ In Greek mythology , Heraklês or Heracles ("glory of Hera", Ἡρακλῆς ) was the demigod son of Zeus and Alcmene , the grand-daughter of Perseus and the wife of Amphitryon .
  • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heracles, a Roman bronze ( Louvre Museum ) In Greek mythology , Heracles or Herakles (pronounced /ˈhɛrəkliːz/ HER -ə-kleez ; Ἥρα + κλέος , Ἡρακλῆς ; a compound of the goddess ' Hera ' [Ήρα] and the Greek word ' kleos ' [κλεος], meaning "glory of Hera", or "glorious through Hera" [ 1 ] ), Alcides [ 2 ] or Alcaeus [ 3 ] (original name), was a divine hero , the son of Zeus and Alcmene , foster son of Amphitryon [ 4 ] and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Proper noun

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Heracles
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  1. (Greek mythology): Son of Zeus and Alcmene, a celebrated hero who possessed exceptional strength.^ Heracles (Latin: Hercules) was the son of the god Zeus and Alcmene and was the greatest of the Greek heroes .
    • Hercules Homework Page 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heracles was a son of Zeus and Alcmene .
    • Heracles / Hercules 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.mlahanas.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene.
    • Heracles 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC www.timelessmyths.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Heracles - a knol by JeffOBrien 10 January 2010 20:13 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

    Most famous for his 13 labors performed to redeem himself after killing his family.

Translations

See also


Simple English


Heracles (or Herculees) is a person in Greek mythology. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, and he was given immortal life with the Olympic gods.

He is the son of the god Zeus and Alcmene, stepson of Amphitryon and great-grandson of Perseus. He and Theseus, king of Athens, had many adventures together, including those with the Amazon warriors.

He is shown with the lion skin and the club.

In Roman mythology he was named Hercules, and had different myths and practices than the Greek Herakles.

One of his most well known stories are The Twelve Labours (Greek name: Dodekathlos). The twelve labors is very one sided because there are some stories stating that Herakles only did nine labors and he had help on three so that did not count.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 24, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Heracles, which are similar to those in the above article.








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