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SS-Gruppenführer Herbert Backe

Herbert Backe (1 May 1896 – 6 April 1947) was a German politician and SS-Obergruppenführer war criminal.

He was born in Batumi, Georgia. He performed duties in the Third Reich government and was named Minister of Food in May 1942 and Minister of Agriculture in April 1944. He continued to hold that position in the ephemeral Cabinet led by Admiral Karl Dönitz in the last days of World War II, from late April to May 1945, as according to the political will of Adolf Hitler. During the war, Alfred Rosenberg proposed Backe as administrator of the Ukraine Reichskommissariat.

He was one of the orchestrators of the Hunger Plan - the plan to starve tens of millions of Slavs in order to ensure steady food supplies for the German people and troops.[1]

Captured by the Allies after the war, he was to face the Ministries Trial, but he committed suicide by hanging in his cell at Nuremberg on 6 April 1947.

Notes

Though little known, according to historian, Dr. Gesine Gerhard, Backe was responsible for the deaths of nearly 2 million Soviet citizens. Although seen by some as a man behind a desk and forgotten by others, he is one of the least well known mass murderers in history.

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