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Hereford, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Hereford, Texas
Coordinates: 34°49′19″N 102°23′55″W / 34.82194°N 102.39861°W / 34.82194; -102.39861
Country United States
State Texas
County Deaf Smith
Area
 - Total 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 - Land 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,816 ft (1,163 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,597
 - Density 2,600.8/sq mi (1,004.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79045
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-33320[1]
GNIS feature ID 1359066[2]

Hereford is a city in Deaf Smith County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,597 at the 2000 census. It is the only incorporated Hereford in the country. It is the county seat of Deaf Smith County.[3]

Hereford's local water supply contains an unusually high level of naturally-occurring fluorine. Since fluoride is used to protect against tooth decay, Hereford earned the title "The Town Without a Toothache". High levels consumed by longtime or young residents results in staining, though.

It is also known as the Beef Capital of the World because of the large number of cattle fed in the area (the city is named for the Hereford breed). The local economy is affected significantly by growth in the dairy industry and ethanol industry.

The area is known for its semi-arid climate with heavy farming and ranching throughout the area sustained by irrigation from the Ogallala Aquifer and the saltier Santa Rosa Aquifer beneath it.

A rich Western heritage includes the Las Escarbadas ranch house of the XIT Ranch located southwest of Hereford in Deaf Smith County. The restored historic structure can now be seen at the Texas Tech Ranching Heritage Center.

Contents

Notable people

  • Edgar Mitchell (born September 17, 1930, in Hereford) is an American pilot and astronaut. As the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours of February 9, 1971 moon-walking on the Fra Mauro formation, making him the sixth man to walk on the Moon.
  • Oliver C. Thomas (1914-2008), a World War II prisoner of war and Lubbock businessman who served as president of the Texas Good Roads/Transportation Association, was born in Hereford and reared near Dallas.

Geography

Hereford is located at 34°49′19″N 102°23′55″W / 34.82194°N 102.39861°W / 34.82194; -102.39861 (34.821961, -102.398617).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (14.5 km²), all of it land.

Climate

Hereford's climate is classified as a steppe climate (BSk) using the 2006 map of Köppen climate classification, meaning it is semi-arid.[5]

Weather data for Hereford, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
83
(28)
98
(37)
98
(37)
103
(39)
111
(44)
107
(42)
105
(41)
102
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
80
(27)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 50
(10)
55
(13)
64
(18)
72
(22)
80
(27)
89
(32)
92
(33)
89
(32)
83
(28)
73
(23)
60
(16)
51
(11)
72
(22)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6)
25
(-4)
31
(-1)
39
(4)
50
(10)
59
(15)
64
(18)
62
(17)
54
(12)
42
(6)
30
(-1)
23
(-5)
42
(6)
Record low °F (°C) -15
(-26)
-17
(-27)
1
(-17)
14
(-10)
16
(-9)
40
(4)
51
(11)
40
(4)
31
(-1)
15
(-9)
120
(49)
-12
(-24)
-17
(-27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.50
(12.7)
0.50
(12.7)
0.98
(24.9)
1.02
(25.9)
2.12
(53.8)
2.90
(73.7)
2.06
(52.3)
3.22
(81.8)
2.25
(57.2)
1.59
(40.4)
0.77
(19.6)
0.74
(18.8)
18.65
(473.7)
Source: [6] August 26, 2009

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 532
1910 1,750 228.9%
1920 1,696 −3.1%
1930 2,458 44.9%
1940 2,584 5.1%
1950 5,207 101.5%
1960 6,752 29.7%
1970 13,414 98.7%
1980 15,853 18.2%
1990 14,745 −7.0%
2000 14,597 −1.0%
Est. 2008 14,499 −0.7%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 14,597 people, 4,839 households, and 3,730 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,600.8 people per square mile (1,004.6/km²). There were 5,323 housing units at an average density of 948.4/sq mi (366.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.86% White, 1.76% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 24.77% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.37% of the population.

There were 4,839 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,599, and the median income for a family was $33,387. Males had a median income of $26,488 versus $18,920 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,787. About 19.4% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The first public school was opened in 1900.[7] Today, Hereford's seven public schools serve around 4,000 student and are directed by the Hereford Independent School District.[8]

Notes

References

External links

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