There are a number of heritage registers around the world, which keep lists of natural or man-made objects deemed to be of heritage value.
Sites owned and run by the provincial government as a functioning historic site or museum are known as Provincial Historic Sites and Provincial Historic Areas. Buildings and sites owned by private citizens and companies or other levels or branches of government may gain one of two levels of historic designation, "Registered Historic Resource" or "Provincial Historic Resource".. Historic designation in Alberta is governed by the Historic Resources Act.. The province also lists buildings deemed historically significant by municipal governments on the Alberta Register of Historic Places, which is also part of the larger Canadian Register of Historic Places although this does not imply provincial or federal government status or protection. The Alberta Main Street Program helps to preserve historic buildings in the downtowns of smaller communities. The Heritage Survey Program is a survey of 80,000 historic buildings in Alberta, with no protective status.
In the Republic of Ireland, some registers are maintained by sections of the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (The National Monuments Service and National Inventory of Architectural Heritage). Others are maintained by the "planning authority": the local council for the county, city, borough, or town where the monument or building is sited.
|National Monument||"a monument or the remains of a monument the preservation of which is a matter of national importance by reason of the historical, architectural, traditional, artistic, or archaeological interest attaching thereto"||Owned or managed by the National Monuments Service. The Service's own list of monuments is not definitive.|
|National Inventory of Architectural Heritage||"all—
(a) structures and buildings together with their settings and attendant grounds, fixtures and fittings,
(b) groups of such structures and buildings, and
which are of architectural, historical, archaeological, artistic, cultural, scientific, social or technical interest"
|National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. The NIAH's survey is not yet complete.|
|protected structure||"structures, or parts of structures, which form part of the architectural heritage and which are of special architectural, historical, archaeological, artistic, cultural, scientific, social or technical interest"||Relevant planning authority maintains a list as part of its development plan.|
|architectural conservation area||"a place, area, group of structures or townscape, taking
account of building lines and heights, that—
(a) is of special architectural, historical, archaeological, artistic, cultural, scientific, social or technical interest or value, or
(b) contributes to the appreciation of protected structures"
|special planning control area||"an architectural conservation area [...] of special importance to, or as respects, the civic life or the architectural, historical, cultural or social character of a city or town in which it is situated"||Planning authority|
|area of special amenity||"by reason of—
(a) its outstanding natural beauty, or
(b) its special recreational value,
and having regard to any benefits for nature conservation"
|Database of Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes||Gardens marked on the first- or second-edition (1850–95) maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland.||National Inventory of Architectural Heritage|
Heritage, culture, planning and conservation are devolved issues in the United Kingdom, and are dealt with by the governments of the constituent countries. England, which does not have its own devolved government, is covered by an agency of the United Kingdom government. See also Historic Environment Record (HERs) and Sites and Monuments Record (SMRs) maintained usually at a local government level (Archaeological Trusts in Wales).