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Hermann Müller (politician): Wikis

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Hermann Müller


In office
27 March – 8 June 1920
28 June 1928–27 March 1930
Preceded by Gustav Bauer
Wilhelm Marx
Succeeded by Konstantin Fehrenbach
Heinrich Brüning

Born 18 May 1876(1876-05-18)
Mannheim
Died 20 March 1931 (aged 54)
Berlin
Political party SPD
Spouse(s) Frieda Tockus (d. 1905); Gottliebe Jaeger

About this sound Hermann Müller (18 May 1876 – 20 March 1931), born in Mannheim, was a German Social Democratic politician who served as Foreign Minister (1919-1920), and twice as Chancellor of Germany (1920, 1928-1930) under the Weimar Republic. In his capacity as Foreign Minister, he was one of the German signatories of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

Müller's father was a champagne producer who died in 1892. In 1902 he married Frieda Tockus. They had one daughter, Annemarie, in 1905; however, Tockus died several weeks later, due to complications from the pregnancy. He remarried in 1909, and the following year his daughter Erika was born.

His second government was based on a "Grand Coalition" of Social Democrats, Centre Party, German Democratic Party and German People's Party. Though the coalition comprised a majority of the Reichstag, the relationships between the partners was uneasy. The coalition finally fell apart as a result of disputes between the Social Democrats and German People's Party over budgetary issues as a result of the onset of the Great Depression. Müller had strongly argued against his party's decision to leave the government, but was overruled.

His death the next year following a gallbladder operation was seen as a major blow to the Social Democrats. He is buried in the Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde.

Cabinet March 1920 - June 1920

Changes

  • 10 April 1920 - Dr. Adolf Köster (SPD) succeeds Müller as Foreign Minister. Müller remains Chancellor.
  • 1 May 1920 - Gustav Bauer succeeds Bell as Transportation Minister. Bauer remains Treasury Minister.

Cabinet June 1928 - March 1930

Müller's cabinet, June 1928.

Changes

  • 6 February 1929 - Schätzel succeeds von Guérard as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Severing succeeds von Guérard as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
  • 13 April 1929 - Von Guérard succeeds Koch-Weser as Justice Minister. Adam Stegerwald (Z) succeeds Schätzel as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Joseph Wirth (Z) succeeds Severing as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
  • 3 October 1929 - Stresemann dies. Curtius succeeds him as Foreign Minister.
  • 11 November 1929 - Dr. Paul Moldenhauer (DVP) succeeds Curtius as Economics Minister. Curtius remains Foreign Minister.
  • 21 December 1929 - Hilferding resigns as Finance Minister.
  • 23 December 1929 - Moldenhauer becomes Finance Minister. Robert Schmidt (SPD) succeeds him as Economics Minister.

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Ulrich Graf von Brockdorff-Rantzau
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1919–1920
Succeeded by
Adolf Köster
Preceded by
Gustav Bauer
Chancellor of Germany
1920
Succeeded by
Konstantin Fehrenbach
Preceded by
Wilhelm Marx
Chancellor of Germany
1928–1930
Succeeded by
Heinrich Brüning
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