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Hermann of Wied, Archbishop of Cologne.

Hermann of Wied (14 January 1477 – 15 August 1552) was elector and archbishop of Cologne.

The fourth son of Frederick, count of Wied (d. 1487), Hermann was educated for the Church, he became elector and archbishop in 1515, and ruled his electorate with vigour and intelligence, taking up at first an attitude of hostility towards the reformers and their teaching. A quarrel with the Papacy turned, or helped to turn, his thoughts in the direction of Church reform, but he hoped this would come from within rather than from without, and with the aid of his friend Johann Gropper, began, about 1536, to institute certain reforms in his own diocese.

One step led to another, and as all efforts at union failed the elector invited Martin Bucer to Cologne in 1542. Supported by the estates of the electorate, and relying upon the recess of the diet of Regensburg in 1541, he encouraged Bucer to press on with the work of reform, and in 1543 invited Melanchthon to his assistance.

His conversion was hailed with great joy by the Protestants, and the Schmalkaldic League declared they were resolved to defend him; but the Reformation in the electorate received checks from the victory of Emperor Charles V over William, duke of Cleves, and the hostility of the citizens of Cologne. Summoned both before Emperor and Pope, the Elector was deposed and excommunicated by Pope Paul III in 1546.

He resigned his office in February 1547, and retired to Wied. Hermann was also prince-bishop of Paderborn from 1532 to 1547.

References

Preceded by
Philip II of Daun-Oberstein
Archbishop-Elector of Cologne
1515–46
Succeeded by
Adolf III of Schauenburg
Preceded by
Eric of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Prince-Bishop of Paderborn
1532–47
Succeeded by
Rembert of Kerssenbrock
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