Hervé Jacquet is a FrenchAmerican mathematician born in France in 1939, working in automorphic forms. He is considered one of the founders of the theory of automorphic representations and their associated Lfunctions, and his results play a central role in modern number theory.
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Jacquet entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1959 and obtained his doctorat d'état under the direction of Roger Godement in 1967. He held academic positions at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (19631969), the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (19671969), the University of Maryland at College Park (19691970), the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (19701974), and became a Professor at Columbia University in 1974, becoming Professor Emeritus in 2007. He was elected corresponding member of the Académie des Sciences in 1980.
The book by Hervé Jacquet and Robert Langlands on GL(2)^{[1]} was an eclipsing event in the history of number theory. It presented a representation theory of automorphic forms and their associated L−functions for the general linear group GL(2), establishing among other things the JacquetLanglands correspondence which explains very precisely how automorphic forms for GL(2) relate to those for quaternion algebras. Equally important was the book by Roger Godement and Hervé Jacquet^{[2]}, which defined, for the first time, the standard Lfunctions attached to automorphic representations of GL(n), now called GodementJacquet Lfunctions, and proved their basic, oftused analytic properties. The papers with Shalika^{[3]}^{[4]} and the papers with PiatetskiShapiro and Shalika^{[5]}^{[6]}^{[7]} pertain to Lfunctions of pairs, called the RankinSelberg Lfunctions, attached to representations of GL(n) and GL(m), and the so called converse theorem, which are crucial to our understanding of automorphic forms. A basic ingredient of this effort was an elaboration of properties of Whittaker models and functions, which Jacquet had made contributions to since his thesis. The papers with Shalika also established the uniqueness of isobaric decompositions of automorphic forms on GL(n), thus providing evidence for certain conjectures of Langlands. In the mideighties, Jacquet forayed into a new territory in the field and created^{[8]}^{[9]}^{[10]} the relative trace formula in representation theory, an important tool in modern number theory, which vastly generalizes the Kuznetsov and Petersson formulae from the classical setup. While the usual Selberg trace formula, as well as its generalizations due to Arthur, consists in developing an expression for the integral of the kernel over the diagonal, the relative version integrates the kernel over other appropriate subgroups.
