Hesperides: Wikis

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Greek deities
series
Primordial deities
Titans and Olympians
Aquatic deities
Chthonic deities
Personified concepts
Other deities
Nymphs

In Greek mythology, the Hesperides (Greek: Ἑσπερίδες) are nymphs who tend a blissful garden in a far western corner of the world, located near the Atlas mountains in Tanger, Morocco at the edge of the encircling Oceanus, the world-ocean.[1]

According to the Sicilian Greek poet Stesichorus, in his poem the "Song of Geryon", and the Greek geographer Strabo, in his book Geographika (volume III), the Hesperides are in Tartessos, a location placed in the south of the Iberian peninsula.

By Roman times, the garden of the Hesperides had lost its archaic place in religion and had dwindled to a poetic convention, in which form it was revived in Renaissance poetry, to refer both to the garden and to the nymphs that dwelt there.

Contents

The Nymphs of the Evening

Ordinarily the Hesperides number three, like the other Greek triads (the Three Graces and the Moirae). "Since the Hesperides themselves are mere symbols of the gifts the apples embody, they cannot be actors in a human drama. Their abstract, interchangeable names are a symptom of their impersonality," Evelyn Harrison has observed;[2] nevertheless, among the names given to them, though never all at once, are Aegle ("dazzling light"), Arethusa, Erytheia (or Erytheis), Hesperia (alternatively Hespereia, Hespere, Hespera, Hesperusa, or Hesperethoosa). Lipara, Asterope and Chrysothemis are named in a Hesperide scene of the apotheosis of Heracles (romanised to Hercules) on a late fifth-century hydria by the Meidias Painter in London[3] They are sometimes called the Western Maidens, the Daughters of Evening, or Erythrai, the "Sunset Goddesses", designations all apparently tied to their imagined location in the distant west. Hesperis is appropriately the personification of the evening (as Eos is of the dawn) and the Evening Star is Hesperus. In addition to their tending of the garden, they were said to have taken great pleasure in singing.

They are sometimes portrayed as the evening daughters of Night (Nyx) and Darkness (Erebus), in accord with the way Eos in the farthermost east, in Colchis, is the daughter of the titan Hyperion. Or they are listed as the daughters of Atlas, or of Zeus and either Hesperius or Themis, or Phorcys and Ceto.

Erytheia ("the red one") is one of the Hesperides. The name was applied to the island close to the coast of southern Hispania, that was the site of the original Punic colony of Gades (modern Cadiz). Pliny's Natural History (4.36) records of the island of Gades: "On the side which looks towards Spain, at about 100 paces distance, is another long island, three miles wide, on which the original city of Gades stood. By Ephorus and Philistides it is called Erythia, by Timæus and Silenus Aphrodisias, and by the natives the Isle of Juno." The island was the seat of Geryon, who was overcome by Heracles.

The Garden of the Hesperides by Frederick, Lord Leighton, 1892.

The Garden of the Hesperides

The Garden of the Hesperides is Hera's orchard in the west, where either a single tree or a grove of immortality-giving golden apples grew. The apples were planted from the fruited branches that Gaia gave to her as a wedding gift when Hera accepted Zeus. The Hesperides were given the task of tending to the grove, but occasionally plucked from it themselves. Not trusting them, Hera also placed in the garden a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon named Ladon as an additional safeguard.

The Eleventh Labour of Heracles

After Heracles completed his first ten Labours, Eurystheus gave him two more claiming that neither the Hydra counted (because Iolaus helped Heracles) nor the Augean stables (either because he received payment for the job or because the rivers did the work). The first of these two additional Labours was to steal the apples from the garden of the Hesperides. Heracles first caught the Old Man of the Sea,[4] the shape-shifting sea god, to learn where the Garden of the Hesperides was located.[5]

In some variations, Heracles, either at the start or at the end of his task, meets Antaeus, who was invincible as long as he touched his mother, Gaia, the earth. Heracles killed Antaeus by holding him aloft and crushing him in a bearhug.[6]

Herodotus claims that Heracles stopped in Egypt, where King Busiris decided to make him the yearly sacrifice, but Heracles burst out of his chains.

Hercules stealing the golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides. Detail of a Twelve Labours Roman mosaic from Llíria, Spain (3rd cent. AD).

Finally making his way to the Garden of the Hesperides, Heracles tricked Atlas into retrieving some of the golden apples for him, by offering to hold up the heavens for a little while (Atlas was able to take them as, in this version, he was the father or otherwise related to the Hesperides). This would have made this task - like the Hydra and Augean stables - void because he had received help. Upon his return, Atlas decided that he did not want to take the heavens back, and instead offered to deliver the apples himself, but Heracles tricked him again by agreeing to take his place on condition that Atlas relieve him temporarily so that Heracles could make his cloak more comfortable. Atlas agreed, but Heracles reneged and walked away, carrying the apples. According to an alternative version, Heracles slew Ladon instead.

There is another variation to the story where Heracles was the only person to steal the apples, other than Perseus, although Athena later returned the apples to their rightful place in the garden. They are considered by some to be the same "apples of joy" that tempted Atalanta, as opposed to the "apple of discord" used by Eris to start a beauty contest on Olympus (which caused "The Siege of Troy").

On Attic pottery, especially from the late fifth century, Heracles is depicted sitting in bliss in the Gardens of the Hesperides, attended by the maidens.

The Hesperides in the Renaissance

With the revival of classical allusions in the Renaissance, the Hesperides returned to their prominent position, and the garden itself took on the name of its nymphs: Robert Greene wrote of "The fearful Dragon... that watched the garden called Hesperides".[7] Shakespeare inserted the comically insistent rhyme "is not Love a Hercules, Still climbing trees in the Hesperides" in Love's Labours Lost (iv.iii) and John Milton mentioned the "ladies of the Hesperides" in Paradise Regained (ii.357).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A confusion of the Garden of the Hesperides with an equally idyllic Arcadia is a modern one, conflating Sir Philip Sidney's Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia and Robert Herrick's Hesperides: both are viewed by Renaissance poets as oases of bliss, but they were not connected by the Greeks. The development of Arcadia as an imagined setting for pastoral is the contribution of Theocritus to Hellenistic culture: see Arcadia (utopia).
  2. ^ Evelyn B. Harrison, "Hesperides and Heroes: A Note on the Three-Figure Reliefs", Hesperia 33.1 (January 1964 pp. 76-82) pp 79-80.
  3. ^ Illustrated in Harrison 1964:plate 13. Beyond the group sits Hygeia, perhaps giving rise to a mistaken impressionm that there might be four Hesperides. Sometimes two of the three are represented with Heracles when the symmetry of a composition requires it, as in the so-called "Three-Figure Reliefs". A good survey of the Hesperides' representations on fourth-century vases is Dieter Metzler, Les representations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle (1951) pp 204-10.
  4. ^ Kerenyi, The Heroes of the Greeks, 1959, p.172, identifies him in this context as Nereus; as a shape-shifter he is often identified as Proteus.
  5. ^ In some versions of the tale, Heracles was directed to ask Prometheus. As payment, he freed Prometheus from his daily torture. This tale is more usually found in the position of the Erymanthian Boar, since it is associated with Chiron choosing to forgo immortality and taking Prometheus' place.
  6. ^ Apollodorus ii. 5; Hyginus, Fab. 31
  7. ^ Greene, Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay (published 1594)

External links

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Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Hesperides
by Robert Herrick
Published 1648.

Hesperides and His Noble Numbers

HESPERIDES: OR, THE WORKS BOTH HUMANE & DIVINE OF Robert Herrick Esq.

Ovid. Effugient avidos Carmina nostra Rogos.[1]

To the Most Illustrious, and Most Hopeful Prince, Charles, Prince of Wales

HESPERIDES

 
 1. The Argument of his Book
 2. To his Muse (Whither, Mad maiden...)
 3. To his Booke (While thou didst keep...)
 4. Another (To read my Booke...)
 5. Another (Who with thy leaves...)
 6. To the soure Reader
 7. To his Booke (Come thou not neere...)
 8. When he would have his verses read
 9. Upon Julias Recovery
10. To Silvia to wed

11. The Parliament of Roses to Julia
12. No bashfulnesse in begging
13. The Frozen Heart
14. To Perilla (Ah my Perilla!..)
15. A Song to the Maskers
16. To Perenna (When I thy Parts runne o're...)
17. Treason
18. Two Things Odious
19. To his Mistresses (Helpe me!..)
20. The Wounded Heart

21. No Loathsomnesse in love
22. To Anthea (If deare Anthea...)
23. The Weeping Cherry
24. Soft Musick
25. The Difference Betwixt Kings and Subjects
26. His Answer to a Question
27. Upon Julia's Fall
28. Expences Exhaust
29. Love what it is
30. Presence and Absence

31. No Spouse but a Sister
32. The Pomander Bracelet
33. The shooe tying
34. The Carkanet
35. His sailing from Julia
36. How the Wall-flower came first, and why so called
37. Why Flowers change colour
38. To his Mistresse objecting to him neither Toying or Talking
39. Upon the losse of his Mistresses
40. The Dream (Me thought, (last night) love in an anger came)

41. The Vine (I dream'd this mortal part of mine)
42. To Love (I'm free from thee; and thou no more shalt heare)
43. On himselfe
44. Love's play at Push-pin
45. The Rosarie
46. Upon Cupid
47. The Parcae, or, Three dainty Destinies. The Armilet
48. Sorrowes succeed.
49. Cherry-pit
50. To Robin Red-brest

51. Discontents in Devon
52. To his Paternall Countrey
53. Cherrie-ripe
54. To his Mistresses (Put on your silks...)
55. To Anthea (Now is the time...)
56. The Vision to Electra
57. Dreames (Here we are all...)
58. Ambition (In Man, Ambition...)
59. His request to Julia
60. Money gets the masterie

61. The Scar-fire
62. Upon Silvia, a Mistresse
63. Cheerfulnesse in Charitie: or, The sweet sacrifice
64. Once poore, still penurious
65. Sweetnesse in Sacrifice
66. Steame in Sacrifice
67. Upon Julia's Voice
68. Againe (When I thy singing next shall heare...)
69. All things decay and die
70. The succession of the foure sweet months

71. No Shipwrack of Vertue. To a friend
72. Upon his sister-in-law, mistress Elisabeth Herrick
73. Of Love. A Sonet
74. To Anthea.
75. The Rock of Rubies: and The quarrie of Pearls
76. Conformitie.
77. TO THE KING Upon his comming with his Army into the West
78. Upon Roses.
79. To the King and Queene, upon their unhappy distances
80. Dangers wait on Kings

81. The Cheat of Cupid: or, The ungentle guest
82. To the reverend shade of his religious Father
83. Delight in Disorder
84. To his Muse
85. Upon Love
86. Dean-bourn, a rude River in Devon, by which sometimes he lived
87. Kissing Usurie
88. To Julia
89. To Laurels
90. His Cavalier

91. Zeal required in Love.
92. The Bag of the Bee
93. Love kill'd by Lack.
94. To his Mistresse.
95. To the generous Reader
96. To Criticks.
97. Duty to Tyrants.
98. Being once blind, his request to Biancha.
99. Upon Blanch.
100. No want where there's little

101. Barly-Break: or, Last in Hell
102. The Definition of Beauty
103. To Dianeme
104. To Anthea lying in bed
105. To Electra
106. A Country life: To his Brother, M. Tho: Herrick
107. Divination by a Daffadill
108. To the Painter, to draw him a Picture
109. Upon Cuffe. Epig.
110. Upon Fone a School-master

111. A Lyric to Myrth
112. To the Earle of Westmerland
113. Against Love
114. Upon Julia's Riband
115. The frozen Zone: or, Julia disdainfull
116. An Epitaph upon a sober Matron
117. To the Patron of Poets, M. End: Porter
118. The sadnesse of things for Sapho's sicknesse
119. Leanders Obsequies
120. Hope heartens

121. Four things make us happy here
122. His parting from Mrs Dorothy Keneday
123. The Teare sent to her from Stanes.
124. Upon one Lillie, who marryed with a maid call'd Rose
125. An Epitaph upon a child
126. Upon Scobble. Epig.
127. The Houre-glasse
128. His fare-well to Sack
129. Upon Glasco. Epig.
130. Upon Mrs. Tlizabeth Wheeler, under the name Amarilis

131. The Custard.
132. To Myrrha hard-hearted.
133. The Eye.
134. Upon the much lamented, Mr. J. Warr.
135. Upon Gryll.
136. The suspition upon his over-much familiarity with a Gentlewoman.
137. Single life most secure.
138. The Curse. A Song.
139. The wounded Cupid. Song.
140. To Dewes. A Song.

141. Some comfort in calamity.
142. The Vision.
143. Love me little, love me long
144. Upon a Virgin kissing a Rose
145. Upon a Wife that dyed mad with Jealousie
146. Upon the Bishop of Lincolne's Imprisonment
147. Disswasions from Idlenesse
148. Upon Strut
149. An Epithalamie to Sir Thomas Southwell and his Ladie
150. Teares are Tongues

151. Upon a young mother of many children
152. To Electra.
153. His wish.
154. His Protestation to Perilla.
155. Love perfumes all parts.
156. To Julia.
157. On himselfe.
158. Vertue is sensible of suffering.
159. The cruell Maid.
160. To Dianeme.

161. TO THE KING, To cure the Evill
162. His misery in a Mistresse
163. Upon Jollies wife
164. To a Gentlewoman objecting to him his gray haires
165. To Cedars
166. Upon Cupid
167. How Primroses came green
168. To Jos: Lo: Bishop of Exeter
169. Upon a black Twist, rounding the Arme of the Countesse of Carlile.
170. On himselfe

171. Upon Pagget
172. A Ring presented to Julia
173. To the Detracter
174. Upon the same
175. Julia's Petticoat
176. To Musick
177. Distrust
178. Corinna's going a Maying
179. On Julia's breath
180. Upon a Child. An Epitaph

181. A Dialogue betwixt Horace and Lydia, Translated Anno 1627. and set by Mr. Ro: Ramsey
182. The captiv'd Bee: or, The little Filcher
183. Upon Prig
184. Upon Batt
185. An Ode to Master Endymion Porter, upon his Brothers death
186. To his dying Brother, Master William Herrick
187. The Olive Branch
188. Upon Much-more. Epig.
189. To Cherry-blossomes
190. How Lillies came white.

191. To Pansies
192. On Gelli-flowers begotten
193. The Lilly in a Christal
194. To his Booke
195. Upon some women
196. Supreme fortune falls soonest
197. The Welcome to Sack
198. Impossibilities to his Friend
199. Upon Luggs. Epig.

200. Upon Gubbs. Epig.
201. To live merrily, and to trust to Good Verses.
202. Faire dayes: or, Dawnes deceitfull.
203. Lips Tonguelesse.
204. To the Fever, not to trouble Julia.
205. To Violets (Welcome Maids of Honour)
206. Upon Bunce. Epig.
208. To Carnations. A Song.
209. Safety to look to ones selfe
210. To his Friend, on the untuneable Times

211. His Poetrie his Pillar
212. Safety on the Shore
213. A Pastorall upon the birth of Prince Charles, Presented to the King, and Set by Mr. Nic: Laniere
214. To the Lark
215. The Bubble. A Song
216. A Meditation for his Mistresse
217. The bleeding hand: or, The sprig of Eglantine given to a maid
218. Lyrick for Legacies
219. A Dirge upon the Death of the Right Valiant Lord, Bernard Stuart
220. To Perenna, a Mistresse

221. Great boast, small rost
222. Upon a Bleare-ey'd woman
223. The Fairie Temple: or, Oberons Chappell. Dedicated to Mr. John Merrifield, Counsellor at Law
224. To Mistresse Katherine Bradshaw, the lovely, that crowned him with Laurel
225. The Plaudite, or end of life
226. To the most vertuous Mistresse Pot, who many times entertained him
227. To Musique, to becalme his Fever
228. Upon a Gentlewoman with a sweet Voice
229. Upon Cupid (As lately I a Garland bound)
230. Upon Julia's breasts

231. Best to be merry
232. The Changes to Corinna
233. No Lock against Letcherie.
234. Neglect.
235. Upon himselfe (Mop-ey'd I am, as some have said)
236. Upon a Physitian.
237. Upon Sudds a Laundresse.
238. To the Rose. Song.
239. Upon Guesse. Epig.
240. To his Booke.

241. Upon a painted Gentlewoman.
242. Upon a crooked Maid.
243. Draw Gloves.
244. To Musick, to becalme a sweet-sick-youth.
245. To the High and Noble Prince, GEORGE, Duke, Marquesse, and Earle of Buckingham.
246. His Recantation.
247. The coming of good luck.
248. The Present: or, The Bag of the Bee.
249. On Love.
250. The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home: To the Right Honourable, Mildmay, Earle of Westmorland.

 

251. The Perfume.
252. Upon her Voice.
253. Not to love.
254. To Musick. A Song.
255. To the Western wind.
256. Upon the death of his Sparrow. An Elegie.
257. To Primroses fill'd with morning-dew.
258. How Roses came red.
259. Comfort to a Lady upon the Death of her Husband
260. How Violets came blew

261. Upon Groynes. Epig.
262. To the Willow-tree
263. Mrs. Eliz. Wheeler, under the name of the lost Shepardesse
264. TO THE KING
265. TO THE QUEENE
266. The Poets good wishes for the most hopefull and handsome Prince, the Duke of Yorke
267. To Anthea, who may command him any thing
268. Prevision, or Provision
269. Obedience in Subjects
270. More potent, lesse peccant

271. Upon a maid that dyed the day she was marryed
272. Upon Pink an ill-fac'd Painter. Epig.
273. Upon Brock. Epig
274. To Meddowes
275. Crosses
276. Miseries
277. Laugh and lie downe
278. To his Houshold gods
279. To the Nightingale, and Robin-Red-brest
280. To the Yew and Cypresse to grace his Funerall

281. I call and I call
282. On a perfum'd Lady
283. A Nuptiall Song, or Epithalamie, on Sir Clipseby Crew and his Lady
284. The silken Snake
285. Upon himselfe (I am Sive-like, and can hold)
286. Upon Love (Love's a thing, (as I do heare))
287. Reverence to Riches
288. Devotion makes the Deity
289. To all young men that love
290. The Eyes ('Tis a known principle in War)

291. No fault in women
292. Upon Shark. Epig.
293. Oberons Feast
294. Event of things not in our power
295. Upon her blush
296. Merits make the man
297. To Virgins
298. Vertue
299. The Bell-man
300. Bashfulnesse

301. To the most accomplisht Gentleman, Master Edward Norgate,
Clark of the Signet to His Majesty. Epig.
302. Upon Prudence Baldwin her sicknesse
303. To Apollo. A short Hymne
304. A Hymne to Bacchus
305. Upon Bungie
306. On himselfe (Here down my wearyed limbs Ile lay)
307. Casualties
308. Bribes and Gifts get all
309. The end.
310. Upon a child that dyed

311. Upon Sneape. Epig.
312. Content, not cates
313. The Entertainment: or, Porch-verse, at the Marriage of Mr. Hen. Northly, and the most witty Mrs. Lettice Yard
314. The good-night or Blessing
315. Upon Leech
316. To Daffadills (Faire Daffadills, we weep to see)
317. To a Maid (You say, you love me; that I thus must prove)
318. Upon a Lady that dyed in child-bed, and left a daughter behind her
319. A New-yeares gift sent to Sir Simeon Steward
320. Mattens, or morning Prayer

321. Evensong (Beginne with Jove; then is the worke halfe done)
322. The Braclet to Julia
323. The Christian Militant
324. A short Hymne to Larr
325. Another to Neptune
326. Upon Greedy. Epig.
327. His embalming to Julia
328. Gold, before Goodnesse
329. The Kisse. A Dialogue
330. The admonition

331. To his honoured kinsman Sir William Soame. Epig.
332. On himselfe (Aske me, why I do not sing)
333. To Larr (No more shall I, since I am driven hence)
334. The departure of the good Dæmon
335. Clemency
336. His age, dedicated to his peculiar friend, M. John Wickes, under the name of Posthumus.
337. A short hymne to Venus
338. To a Gentlewoman on just dealing
339. The hand and tongue
340. Upon a delaying Lady

341. To the Lady Mary Villars, Governesse to the Princesse Henretta
342. Upon his Julia (Will ye heare, what I can say)
343. To Flowers (In time of life, I grac't ye with my Verse)
344. To my ill Reader
345. The power in the people
346. A Hymne to Venus, and Cupid
347. On Julia's Picture
348. Her Bed
349. Her Legs
350. Upon her Almes

351. Rewards
352. Nothing new
353. The Rainbow (Look, how the Rainbow doth appeare)
354. The meddow verse or Aniversary to Mistris Bridget Lowman
355. The parting verse, the feast there ended
356. Upon Judith. Epig
357. Long and lazie
358. Upon Ralph. Epig.
359. To the right honourable, Philip, Earle of Pembroke, and Montgomerie
360. An hymne to Juno.

361. Upon Mease. Epig.
362. Upon Sapho, sweetly playing, and sweetly singing.
363. Upon Paske a Draper
364. Chop-Cherry
365. To the most learned, wise, and Arch-Anti-
quary, M. John Selden
366. Upon himself (Thou shalt not All die; for while Love's fire shines)
367. Upon wrinkles
368. Upon Prigg (Prigg, when he comes to houses, oft doth use)
369. Upon Moon (Moon is an Usurer, whose gain)
370. Pray and prosper

371. His Lachrimæ or Mirth, turn'd to mourning
372. Upon Shift
373. Upon Cuts
374. Gain and Gettings
375. To the most fair and lovely Mistris, Anne Soame, now Lady Abdie
376. Upon his kinswoman Mistris Elizabeth Herrick
377. A Panegerick to Sir Lewis Pemberton
378. To his Valentine, on S. Valentines day
379. Upon Doll. Epig.
380. Upon Skrew. Epig.

381. Upon Linnit. Epig.
382. Upon M. Ben. Johnson. Epig.
383. Another (Thou had'st the wreath before, now take the Tree)

384. To his Nephew, to be prosperous in his art of Painting
385. Upon Glasse. Epig.
386. A Vow to Mars
387. To his maid Prew
388. A Canticle to Apollo
389. A just man
390. Upon a hoarse Singer

391. How Pansies or Heart-ease came first
392. To his peculiar friend Sir Edward Fish, Knight Baronet
393. Larr's portion, or the Poets part
394. Upon man
395. Liberty (Those ills that mortall men endure)
396. Lots to be liked
397. Griefes
398. Upon Eeles. Epig.
399. The Dreame (By Dream I saw, one of the three)
400. Upon Raspe Epig.


401. Upon Center a Spectacle-maker with a flat nose
402. Clothes do but cheat and cousen us
403. To Dianeme (Shew me thy feet; shew me thy legs, thy thighs)
404. Upon Electra (When out of bed my Love doth spring)
405. To his Booke (Have I not blest Thee? Then go forth; nor fear)

553. The credit of the Conquerer.
554. On himselfe (Some parts may perish; dye thou canst not all)
555. Upon one-ey'd Broomsted. Epig.
556. The Fairies (If ye will with Mab find grace)
557. To his honoured friend, M. John Weare, Councellour.
560. The Watch (Man is a Watch, wound up at first, but never)

561. Lines have their Linings, and Bookes their Buckram
562. Art above Nature, to Julia.
563. Upon Sibilla (With paste of Almonds, Syb her hands doth scoure)
564. Upon his kinswoman Mistresse Bridget Herrick
565. Upon Love (I plaid with Love, as with the fire)
566. Upon a comely, and curious Maide
567. Upon the losse of his Finger.
568. Upon Irene (Angry if Irene be)
569. Upon Electra's Teares

640. Upon a child (Here a pretty Baby lies...)

682. Distance betters Dignities
683. Health (Health is no other (as the learned hold))
684. To Dianeme. A Ceremonie in Glocester
685. To the King (Give way, give way, now, now my Charles shines here)
686. The Funerall Rites of the Rose
687. The Rainbow: or curious Covenant
688. The last stroke strike sure
689. Fortune (Fortune's a blind profuser of her own)
690. Stool-ball (At Stool-ball, Lucia, let us play)

866. To Sapho (Thou saist thou lov'st me Sapho; I say no;)
867. Out of Time, out of Tune
868. To his Booke (Take mine advise, and go not neere)
869. To his Honour'd friend, Sir Thomas Heale
870. The Sacrifice, by way of Discourse betwixt himselfe and Julia

871. To Apollo (Thou mighty Lord and master of the Lyre)
872. On Love. (Love is a kind of warre; Hence those who feare)
873. Another. (Where love begins, there dead thy first desire)
874. An Hymne to Cupid (Thou, thou that bear'st the sway)
875. To Electra (Let not thy Tomb-stone er'e be laid by me)
876. How his soule came ensnared
877. Factions (The factions of the great ones call)
878. Kisses Loathsome (I abhor the slimie kisse)
879. Upon Reape (Reapes eyes so rawe are, that (it seemes) the flyes)
880. Upon Teage (Teage has told lyes so long, that when Teage tells)

881. Upon Julia's haire, bundled up in a golden net.
882. Upon Truggin
883. The showre of Blossomes.
884. Upon Spenke
885. A defence for Women
886. Upon Lulls (Lulls swears he is all heart; but you'l suppose)
887. Slavery ('Tis liberty to serve one Lord; but he)
888. Charmes (Bring the holy crust of Bread)
889. Another (Let the superstitious wife)
890. Another to bring in the Witch

891. Another Charme for Stables
892. Ceremonies for Candlemasse Eve
893. The Ceremonies for Candlemasse day.
894. Upon Candlemasse day
895. Surfeits (Bad are all surfeits: but Physitians call)
896. Upon Nis (Nis, he makes Verses; but the Lines he writes)
897. To Biancha, to blesse him.
898. Julia's Churching, or Purification.
899. To his Book (Before the Press scarce one co'd see)
900. Teares (Teares most prevaile; with teares too thou mayst move)

991. To his friend to avoid contention of words.
992. Truth (Truth is best found out by the time, and eyes)


1035. Twelfth Night: or, King and Queen
1036. His Desire (Give me a man that is not dull...)
1037. Caution in Councel

1086. Upon Chub (When Chub brings in his harvest, still he cries)
1087. Pleasures Pernicious (Where Pleasures rule a Kingdome, never there)
1088. On himself (A wearied Pilgrim, I have wandred here)
1089. To M. Laurence Swetnaham.
1090. His Covenant or Protestation to Julia.

1091. On himselfe (I will no longer kiss)
1092. To the most accomplisht Gentleman Master Michael Oulsworth
1093. To his Girles who would have him sportfull.
1094. Truth and Falsehood (Truth by her own simplicity is known)
1095. His last request to Julia.
1096. On himselfe (One Eare tingles; some there be)
1097. Upon Kings (Kings must be dauntlesse: Subjects will contemne)
1098. To his Girles (Wanton Wenches doe not bring)
1099. Upon Spur (Spur jingles now, and sweares by no meane oaths)
1100. To his Brother Nicolas Herrick.

1101. The Voice and Violl (Rare is the voice it selfe; but when we sing)
1102. Warre (If Kings and kingdomes, once distracted be)
1103. A King and no King
1104. Plots not still prosperous
1105. Flatterie (What is't that wasts a Prince? example showes)
1106. Upon Rumpe (Rumpe is a Turne-broach, yet he seldome can)
1107. Upon Shopter (Old Widow Shopter, when so ere she cryes)
1108. Upon Deb (If felt and heard, (unseen) thou dost me please)
1109. Excesse (Excesse is sluttish: keepe the meane; for why?)
1110. Upon Croot (One silver spoon shines in the house of Croot)

1111. The soul is the salt.
1112. Upon Flood, or a thankfull man.
1113. Upon Pimpe (When Pimpes feat sweat (as they doe often use))
1114. Upon Luske (In Den'-shire Kerzie Lusk (when he was dead))
1115. Foolishnesse (In's Tusc'lanes, Tullie doth confesse)
1116. Upon Rush (Rush saves his shooes, in wet and snowie wether)
1117. Abstinence (Against diseases here the strongest fence)
1118. No danger to men desperate.
1119. Sauce for sorrowes.
1120. To Cupid (I have a leaden, thou a shaft of gold)

1121. Distrust (What ever men for Loyalty pretend)
1122. The Hagg (The staffe is now greas'd)
1123. The mount of the Muses
1124. On Himselfe (Il'e write no more of Love; but now repent)
1125. To his Booke (Goe thou forth my booke, though late)
1126. The end of his worke
1127. To Crowne it
1128. On Himselfe (The worke is done: young men, and maidens set)
1129. The pillar of Fame

F I N I S.



  1. Epigraph (miscitation): “Defugiunt avidos carmina sola rogos” [‘My songs will escape the greedy funeral pyre.’ Ovid. Amores III. ix]

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PD-icon.svg This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HESPERIDES, in Greek mythology, maidens who guarded the golden apples which Earth gave Hera on her marriage to Zeus. According to Hesiod (Theogony, 215) they were the daughters of Erebus and Night; in later accounts, of Atlas and Hesperis, or of Phorcys and Ceto (schol. on Apoll. Rhod. iv. 1 399; Diod. Sic. iv. 27) They were usually supposed to be three in number - Aegle, Erytheia, Hesperis (or Hesperethusa); according to some, four, or even seven. They lived far away in the west at the borders of Ocean, where the sun sets. Hence the sun (according to Mimnermus ap. Athenaeum xi. p. 470) sails in the golden bowl made by Hephaestus from the abode of the Hesperides to the land where he rises again. According to other accounts their home was among the Hyperboreans. The golden apples grew on a tree guarded by Ladon, the everwatchful dragon. The sun is often in German and Lithuanian legends described as the apple that hangs on the tree of the nightly heaven, while the dragon, the envious power, keeps the light back from men till some beneficent power takes it from him. Heracles is the hero who brings back the golden apples to mankind again. Like Perseus, he first applies to the Nymphs, who help him to learn where the garden is. Arrived there he slays the dragon and carries the apples to Argos; and finally, like Perseus, he gives them to Athena. The Hesperides are, like the Sirens, possessed of the gift of delightful song. The apples appear to have been the symbol of love and fruitfulness, and are introduced at the marriages of Cadmus and Harmonia and Peleus and Thetis. The golden apples, the gift of Aphrodite to Hippomenes before his race with Atalanta, were also plucked from the garden of the Hesperides.


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