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Landgrafschaft Hessen-Homburg
Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg
Wappen Darmstadt.png
1622–1866
 

Flag Coat of arms
Map of Hesse-Homburg and Middle Rhine
Capital Bad Homburg
Language(s) German
Government Principality
Landgrave
 - 1622-1638 Frederick I
 - 1848-1866 Ferdinand
History
 - Established 1622
 - Ceded by Darmstadt 1668
 - Ceded to Darmstadt 1806
 - Re-established 1815
 - Grand Duchy of Hesse¹ 1866
¹ Meisenheim ceded to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau.

Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668.

It was briefly divided into Hesse-Homburg and Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim; but these parts were again united in 1681.

In 1806, Hesse-Homburg was incorporated with Hesse-Darmstadt; but in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna the latter state was compelled to recognize the independence of Hesse-Homburg, which was increased by the addition of Meisenhelm.

The landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg consisted of two parts, the district of Homburg on the right side of the Rhine, and the district of Meisenheim, added in 1815, on the left side of the same river.

In 1866, Hesse-Homburg was inherited by the grand-duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, while Meisenheim fell to Prussia. Later that same year these territories were taken from Hesse-Darmstadt again, and the former landgraviate was combined with electorate of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), duchy of Nassau, and the free city of Frankfurt to form the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau.

Today it forms a part of the German state of Hesse.

See also

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HESSE-HOMBURG, formerly a small landgraviate in Germany. It consisted of two parts, the district of Homburg on the right side of the Rhine, and the district of Meisenheim, which was added in 1815, on the left side of the same river. Its area was about roc) sq. m., and its population in 1864 was 27,374. Homburg now forms part of the Prussian province of HesseNassau, and Meisenheim of the province of the Rhine. HesseHomburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by Frederick I. (d. 1638), son of George I., landgrave of HesseDarmstadt, although it did not become independent of HesseDarmstadt until 1768. By two of Frederick's sons it was divided into Hesse-Homburg and Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim; but these parts were again united in 1681 under the rule of Frederick's third son, Frederick II. (d. 1708). In 1806, during the long reign of the landgrave Frederick V., which extended from 1751 to 1820, Hesse-Homburg was mediatized, and incorporated with Hesse-Darmstadt; but in 1815 by the congress of Vienna the latter state was compelled to recognize the independence of Hesse-Homburg, which was increased by the addition of Meisenheim. Frederick V. joined the German confederation as a sovereign prince in 1817, and after his death his five sons in succession filled the throne. The last of these, Ferdinand, who succeeded in 1848, granted a liberal constitution to his people, but cancelled it during the reaction of 1852. When he died on the 24th of March 1866, Hesse-Homburg was inherited by Louis III., grand-duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, while Meisenheim fell to Prussia. In the following September, however, Louis was forced to cede his new possession to Prussia, as he had supported Austria during the war between these two powers. See R. Schwartz, Landgraf Friedrich V. von Hessen-Homburg and seine Familie (1878); and von Herget, Das landgrafliche Haus Homburg (Homburg, 1903).


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