Hewlett-Packard: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hewlett-Packard Company
Type Public (NYSEHPQ)
Founded Palo Alto, California (1939)
Founder(s) Bill Hewlett
David Packard
Headquarters Palo Alto, California, USA
Area served Worldwide
Key people Mark V. Hurd
(President, CEO & Chairman)[1]
Catherine A. Lesjak
(CFO)
Industry Computer Systems
Computer Peripherals
Computer Software
Consulting
IT Services
Products Computer Monitors
Digital Cameras
Enterprise Software
Indigo Digital Press
Networking
Personal Computers and Laptops
Personal Digital Assistants
Printers
Scanners
Servers
Storage
Televisions
Telecommunications hardware and software
List of HP products
Revenue US$ 114.552 billion (2009)
Operating income US$ 10.136 billion (2009)
Net income US$ 9.415 billion (2009)
Total assets US$ 52.539 billion (2009)
Total equity US$ 38.942 billion (2008)
Employees 325,000 (after 3Com acquisition)(2008)[2]
Subsidiaries Compaq
Snapfish
HP Labs
ProCurve
HP Enterprise Services
VoodooPC
List of acquisitions by HP
Website HP.com
HP founders Bill Hewlett and David Packard

Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSEHPQ), commonly referred to as HP, is an American information technology corporation headquartered in Palo Alto, California, USA. HP is one of the world's largest information technology companies and operates in nearly every country. HP specializes in developing and manufacturing computing, data storage, and networking hardware, designing software and delivering services. Major product lines include personal computing devices, enterprise servers, related storage devices, as well as a diverse range of printers and other imaging products. HP markets its products to households, small to medium size businesses and enterprises both directly, via online distribution, consumer-electronics and office-supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors.

HP posted net revenue in 2009 of $115 billion, with approximately $40 billion coming from services. In 2006, the intense competition between HP and IBM tipped in HP's favor, with HP posting revenue of US$91.7 billion,[3] compared to US$91.4 billion for IBM; the gap between the companies widened to $21 billion in 2009. In 2007, revenue was $104 billion,[4] making HP the first IT company in history to report revenues exceeding $100 billion.[5] HP has topped the list of the largest worldwide seller of personal computers since 2007. As of the end of 2009, the market share gap between HP and second-place vendor Acer stood at 6.3%; long-time rival Dell had slipped to third place. HP is also the 6th largest software company in the world.[6] In 2008 HP retained its global leadership position in inkjet, laser, large format and multi-function printers market. Also HP became #2 globally in IT services as reported by IDC & Gartner.[7]

Major company changes include a spin-off of part of its business as Agilent Technologies in 1999, its merger with Compaq in 2002, and the acquisition of EDS in 2008, which led to combined revenues of US$ 118.4 Billion in 2008 and a Fortune 500 ranking of 9 in 2009.[7] In November 2009, HP announced the acquisition of 3Com.

Contents

Company history

Founding

William Hewlett and David (Dave) Packard graduated in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1935. The company originated in a garage in nearby Palo Alto during a fellowship they had with a past professor, Frederick Terman at Stanford during the Great Depression. Terman was considered a mentor to them in forming Hewlett-Packard.[8] In 1939, Packard and Hewlett established Hewlett-Packard (HP) in Packard's garage with an initial capital investment of US$538.[9] Hewlett and Packard tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett.[citation needed] Packard won the coin toss but named their electronics manufacturing enterprise the "Hewlett-Packard Company". HP incorporated on August 18, 1947, and went public on November 6, 1957.

letters H and P in a circle
Original HP logo

And while the Hewlett-Packard Company had long moved from their celebrated garage on Addison in Palo Alto, the company did not file for their HP ubiquitous trademark until later on November 12, 1954.[10] Their application indicates the trademark was first used and in commerce on January 1, 1941.

A lengthy list describing HP's good and services was provided to the United States Patent and Trademark Office, in their filing, instruments used for measuring or testing purposes-namely, attenuator, bolometer mounts, bridges, crystal detectors, directional couplers, electronic counters, electronic frequency meters, frequency and modulation monitors, frequency converters, harmonic wave analyzers, low pass filters, microwave detector mounts, microwave power meters, microwave probes, microwave slotted sections, microwave terminations, microwave thermistor mounts, microwave test sets, noise and distortion analyzers, oscillators.

Trademark registration was granted on November 12, 1954. HP allowed this trademark to expire on July 29, 2006.[11]

Of the many projects they worked on, their very first financially successful product was a precision audio oscillator, the Model HP200A. Their innovation was the use of a small light bulb as a temperature dependent resistor in a critical portion of the circuit. This allowed them to sell the Model 200A for $54.40 when competitors were selling less stable oscillators for over $200. The Model 200 series of generators continued until at least 1972 as the 200AB, still tube-based but improved in design through the years. At 33 years, it was perhaps the longest-selling basic electronic design of all time.

One of the company's earliest customers was The Walt Disney Company, which bought eight Model 200B oscillators (at $71.50 each) for use in certifying the Fantasound surround sound systems installed in theaters for the movie Fantasia.

Early years

The company was originally rather unfocused, working on a wide range of electronic products for industry and even agriculture. Eventually they elected to focus on high-quality electronic test and measurement equipment.

From the 1940s until well into the 1990s the company concentrated on making electronic test equipment – signal generators, voltmeters, oscilloscopes, frequency counters, thermometers, time standards, wave analyzers, and many other instruments. A distinguishing feature was pushing the limits of measurement range and accuracy; many HP instruments were more sensitive, accurate, and precise than other comparable equipment.[citation needed]

Following the pattern set by the company's first product, the 200A, test instruments were labelled with three to five digits followed by the letter "A". Improved versions went to suffixes "B" through "E". As the product range grew wider HP started using product designators starting with a letter for accessories, supplies, software, and components.

The 1960s

HP is recognized as the symbolic founder of Silicon Valley, although it did not actively investigate semiconductor devices until a few years after the "Traitorous Eight" had abandoned William Shockley to create Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957. Hewlett-Packard's HP Associates division, established around 1960, developed semiconductor devices primarily for internal use. Instruments and calculators were some of the products using these devices.

HP partnered in the 1960s with Sony and the Yokogawa Electric companies in Japan to develop several high-quality products. The products were not a huge success, as there were high costs in building HP-looking products in Japan. HP and Yokogawa formed a joint venture (Yokogawa-Hewlett-Packard) in 1963 to market HP products in Japan.[12] HP bought Yokogawa Electric's share of Hewlett-Packard Japan in 1999.[13]

HP spun off a small company, Dynac, to specialize in digital equipment. The name was picked so that the HP logo "hp" could be turned upside down to be an reverse reflect image of the logo "dy" of the new company. Eventually Dynac changed to Dymec, then was folded back into HP in 1959.[14] HP experimented with using Digital Equipment Corporation minicomputers with its instruments. But after deciding that it would be easier to build another small design team than deal with DEC, HP entered the computer market in 1966 with the HP 2100 / HP 1000 series of minicomputers. These had a simple accumulator-based design, with registers arranged somewhat similarly to the Intel x86 architecture still used today. The series was produced for 20 years, in spite of several attempts to replace it, and was a forerunner of the HP 9800 and HP 250 series of desktop and business computers.

The 1970s

The HP 3000 was an advanced stack-based design for a business computing server, later redesigned with RISC technology, that has only recently been retired from the market. The HP 2640 series of smart and intelligent terminals introduced forms-based interfaces to ASCII terminals, and also introduced screen labeled function keys, now commonly used on gas pumps and bank ATMs. Although scoffed at in the formative days of computing, HP would eventually surpass even IBM as the world's largest technology vendor, in terms of sales.[15]

"The new Hewlett-Packard 9100A personal computer is ready, willing, and able ... to relieve you of waiting to get on the big computer."

HP is identified by Wired magazine as the producer of the world's first marketed, mass-produced personal computer, the Hewlett-Packard 9100A, introduced in 1968.[16] HP called it a desktop calculator because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an IBM. We therefore decided to call it a calculator, and all such nonsense disappeared." An engineering triumph at the time, the logic circuit was produced without any integrated circuits; the assembly of the CPU having been entirely executed in discrete components. With CRT display, magnetic-card storage, and printer, the price was around $5000. The machine's keyboard was a cross between that of a scientific calculator and an adding machine. There was no alphabetic keyboard.[citation needed]

Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple, originally designed the Apple I computer while working at HP and offered it to them under their right of first refusal to his work, but they did not take it up as the company wanted to stay in scientific, business, and industrial markets.[citation needed]

The company earned global respect for a variety of products. They introduced the world's first handheld scientific electronic calculator in 1972 (the HP-35), the first handheld programmable in 1974 (the HP-65), the first alphanumeric, programmable, expandable in 1979 (the HP-41C), and the first symbolic and graphing calculator, the HP-28C. Like their scientific and business calculators, their oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, and other measurement instruments have a reputation for sturdiness and usability (the latter products are now part of spin-off Agilent's product line). The company's design philosophy in this period was summarized as "design for the guy at the next bench".[citation needed]

The 98x5 series of technical desktop computers started in 1975 with the 9815, and the cheaper 80 series, again of technical computers, started in 1979 with the 85 [1]. These machines used a version of the BASIC programming language which was available immediately after they were switched on, and used a proprietary magnetic tape for storage. HP computers were similar in capabilities to the much later IBM Personal Computer, although the limitations of available technology forced prices to be high.[citation needed]

The 1980s

The garage in Palo Alto where Hewlett and Packard began their company.

In 1984, HP introduced both inkjet and laser printers for the desktop. Along with its scanner product line, these have later been developed into successful multifunction products, the most significant being single-unit printer/scanner/copier/fax machines. The print mechanisms in HP's tremendously popular LaserJet line of laser printers depend almost entirely on Canon's components (print engines), which in turn use technology developed by Xerox. HP develops the hardware, firmware, and software that convert data into dots for the mechanism to print.[citation needed]

On March 3, 1986, HP registered the HP.com domain name, making it the ninth Internet .com domain ever to be registered.[17] This gives HP the position today to be one of the very few large corporations worldwide to be in the Internet Hall of Fame owning a two letter domain name.[18]

In 1987, the Palo Alto garage where Hewlett and Packard started their business was designated as a California State historical landmark.

The 1990s

Original Hewlett Packard Logo Used Until The Late 2000s

In the 1990s, HP expanded their computer product line, which initially had been targeted at university, research, and business users, to reach consumers.

HP also grew through acquisitions, buying Apollo Computer in 1989 and Convex Computer in 1995.

Later in the decade, HP opened hpshopping.com as an independent subsidiary to sell online, direct to consumers; in 2005, the store was renamed "HP Home & Home Office Store."

In 1999, all of the businesses not related to computers, storage, and imaging were spun off from HP to form Agilent. Agilent's spin-off was the largest initial public offering in the history of Silicon Valley.[19] The spin-off created an $8 billion company with about 30,000 employees, manufacturing scientific instruments, semiconductors, optical networking devices, and electronic test equipment for telecom and wireless R&D and production.

In July 1999, HP appointed Carly Fiorina as CEO, the first female CEO of a company in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Fiorina served as CEO during the tech downtown of the turn of the second millennium. During her tenure, the market halved HP’s value commensurate with other tech companies at the time and the company incurred heavy job losses.[20] The HP Board of Directors asked Fiorina to step down in 2005, and she resigned on February 9, 2005.

2000 and beyond

The current HP logo used on corporate documents, letterheads, etc.
HP's recent campaign, The Computer is Personal Again, features several celebrity endorsements, including a TV commercial with Gwen Stefani.

HP merged with Compaq in 2002. The merger occurred after a proxy fight with Bill Hewlett's son Walter, who objected to the merger. Compaq itself had bought Tandem Computers in 1997 (which had been started by ex-HP employees), and Digital Equipment Corporation in 1998. Following this strategy, HP became a major player in desktops, laptops, and servers for many different markets. After the merger with Compaq, the new ticker symbol became "HPQ", a combination of the two previous symbols, "HWP" and "CPQ", to show the significance of the alliance and also key letters from the two companies Hewlett-Packard and Compaq (the latter company being famous for its "Q" logo on all of its products.)

In the year 2004 HP released the DV 1000 Series, including the HP Pavilion dv 1658 and 1040 two years later in May 2006, HP began its campaign, The Computer is Personal Again. The campaign was designed to bring back the fact that the PC is a personal product. The campaign utilized viral marketing, sophisticated visuals, and its own web site (www.hp.com/personal). Some of the ads featured well-known personalities, including Pharrell, Petra Nemcova, Mark Burnett, Mark Cuban, Jay-Z, Gwen Stefani, and Shaun White.

On May 13, 2008, HP and Electronic Data Systems announced[21] that they had signed a definitive agreement under which HP would purchase EDS. On June 30, HP announced[22] that the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 had expired. "The transaction still requires EDS stockholder approval and regulatory clearance from the European Commission and other non-U.S. jurisdictions and is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the other closing conditions specified in the merger agreement." The agreement was finalized on August 26, 2008 and it was publicly announced that EDS would be re-branded "EDS an HP company." As of September 23, 2009 EDS is known as HP Enterprise Services.

On November 11, 2009, 3Com and Hewlett-Packard announced that Hewlett-Packard will be acquiring 3Com for $2.7 billion in cash.[23] The acquisition is the one of the biggest in size among a series of takeovers and acquisitions by technology giants to push their way to become one-stop shops. Since the beginning of the financial crisis in 2007, tech giants have constantly felt the pressure to expand beyond their current market niches. Dell purchased Perot Systems recently to invade into the technology consulting business area previously dominated by IBM. Hewlett-Packard's latest move marked its incursion into enterprise networking gear market dominated by Cisco.

Facilities

The HP building in Tokyo, Japan

HP's global operations are directed from its headquarters in Palo Alto, California, USA. Its U.S. operations are directed from its facility in Houston, Texas, USA—the site originally belonging to Compaq, which it acquired. Latin America operations are directed from Miami, Florida, USA, European operations from Geneva, Switzerland, and Asia-Pacific operations from Singapore.[24][25][26] It also has large operations in Boise, Idaho, San Diego, California, and Plano, Texas—the former headquarters of EDS, which HP acquired. In the UK, HP is based out of a large site in Bracknell, Berkshire with offices in various UK locations, including a landmark office tower in London, 88 Wood Street. Its recent acquisition of 3Com will expand its employee base to Marlborough, Massachusetts.

Products and organizational structure

HP has successful lines of printers, scanners, digital cameras, calculators, PDAs, servers, workstation computers, and computers for home and small business use computers; many of the computers came from the 2002 merger with Compaq. HP today promotes itself as supplying not just hardware and software, but also a full range of services to design, implement, and support IT infrastructure.

HP's Imaging and Printing Group (IPG) is "the leading imaging and printing systems provider in the world for printer hardware, printing supplies and scanning devices, providing solutions across customer segments from individual consumers to small and medium businesses to large enterprises."[27] Products and technology associated with IPG include Inkjet and LaserJet printers, consumables and related products, Officejet all-in-one multifunction printer/scanner/faxes, Large Format Printers, Indigo Digital Press, HP Web Jetadmin printer management software, HP Output Management suite of software, LightScribe optical recording technology, HP Photosmart digital cameras and photo printers, HP SPaM, and Snapfish by HP, a photo sharing and photo products service. On December 23, 2008, HP releases iPrint Photo for iPhone a free downloadable software application that allows to print 4" x 6" photos.[28] http://vsslfpro.zcce.compaq.com/plmcontent/NACSC/SML/default.htm

A modern HP Pavilion Laptop

HP's Personal Systems Group (PSG) claims to be "one of the leading vendors of personal computers ("PCs") in the world based on unit volume shipped and annual revenue."[27] PSG includes business PCs and accessories, consumer PCs and accessories, (e.g., HP Pavilion, Compaq Presario, VoodooPC), handheld computing (e.g., iPAQ Pocket PC), and digital "connected" entertainment (e.g., HP MediaSmart TVs, HP MediaSmart Servers, HP MediaVaults, DVD+RW drives). HP resold the Apple iPod until November 2005.[27]

HP Enterprise Business (EB) incorporates Technical services, Enterprise Services (formerly known as EDS), HP Software & Solutions, and Enterprise Storage and Networking Group (ESN). The Enterprise Storage and Servers Group (ESS) oversees "back end" products. like storage and servers.

HP Software & Solutions is the company's enterprise software division. For years, HP has produced and marketed its brand of enterprise management software, HP OpenView. HP has purchased a total of 12 software companies as part of a publicized, deliberate strategy to augment its software offerings for large business customers.[29] The division markets its software in four categories: IT management software (also known as business technology optimization software), information management software, business intelligence solutions, and communications and media software and solutions.

An HP camera with an SDIO interface

HP's networking business unit ProCurve is responsible for the family of network switches, wireless access points, and routers.[30] They are currently a Business Unit of ESN.

HP's Office of Strategy and Technology,[31] has four main functions: (1) steering the company's $3.6 billion research and development investment, (2) fostering the development of the company's global technical community, (3) leading the company's strategy and corporate development efforts,[32] and (4) performing worldwide corporate marketing activities. Under this office is HP Labs, the research arm of HP. Founded in 1966, HP Labs's function is to deliver new technologies and to create business opportunities that go beyond HP's current strategies. An example of recent HP Lab technology includes the Memory spot chip. HP IdeaLab further provides a web forum on early-state innovations to encourage open feedback from consumers and the development community.[33]

HP also offers managed services where they provide complete IT-support solutions for other companies and organisations. In their Dublin office, for instance, they offer IT support for the Bank of Ireland, and for Microsoft they offer Professional and Premiere support for the Windows-operating system, Exchange, SharePoint and Microsoft Office products for the EMEA markets[34].

Snapfish

HP owns and operates the photo sharing site Snapfish

See Snapfish

Culture

The company operates under a mantra known as "The HP Way," which co-founder David Packard elaborated upon in a book.

The founders, known to friends and employees alike as Bill and Dave, developed a unique management style that has come to be known as The HP Way. In Bill's words, the HP Way is "a core ideology ... [which] includes a deep respect for the individual, a dedication to affordable quality and reliability, a commitment to community responsibility, and a view that the company exists to make technical contributions for the advancement and welfare of humanity."[35] The following are the tenets of The HP Way:[36]

  1. We have trust and respect for individuals.
  2. We focus on a high level of achievement and contribution.
  3. We conduct our business with uncompromising integrity.
  4. We achieve our common objectives through teamwork.
  5. We encourage flexibility and innovation.

Hewlett-Packard's Certified Professional (HP-CP) program was developed to confirm the technical skills, sales competencies and knowledge that is required to propose and deploy, service and support technology and solutions sold by HP. HP-CP is intended for customers, resellers, and HP employees.

Corporate social responsibility

In July 2007, the company announced that it had met its target, set in 2004, to recycle 1 billion pounds of electronics, toner and ink cartridges.[37] It has set a new goal of recycling a further 2 billion pounds of hardware by the end of 2010. In 2006, the company recovered 187 million pounds of electronics, 73 percent more than its closest competitor.[citation needed]

In 2008, HP released its supply chain emissions data – an industry first.[38]

In September, 2009, Newsweek ranked HP #1 on its 2009 Green Rankings of America's 500 largest corporations.[39] According to environmentalleader.com, "Hewlett-Packard earned its number one position due to its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction programs, and was the first major IT company to report GHG emissions associated with its supply chain, according to the ranking. In addition, HP has made an effort to remove toxic substances from its products, though Greenpeace has targeted the company for not doing better."[40]

HP took the top spot on Corporate Responsibility Magazines’s 100 Best Corporate Citizens List for 2010.[41] The list is cited by PR Week as one of America’s most important business rankings. HP beat out other Russell 1000 Index companies because of its leadership in seven categories including environment, climate changes and corporate philanthropy. In 2009, HP was ranked fifth.[42]

Brand and legacy

The company sponsors the HP Pavilion at San Jose, home to the NHL's San Jose Sharks.

HP has many sponsorships. One well known sponsorship is of Walt Disney World's Epcot Park's Mission: SPACE. Others can be found on Hewlett-Packard's website [2]. From 1995 to 1999 they were the shirt sponsor of English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur. They also sponsored the BMW Williams Formula 1 team. Hewlett-Packard also has the naming rights arrangement for the HP Pavilion at San Jose, home of the San Jose Sharks NHL hockey team.

Agilent Technologies, not HP, retains the direct product legacy of the original company founded in 1939. Agilent's current portfolio of electronic instruments are descended from HP's very earliest products. HP entered the computer business only after its instrumentation competencies were well-established.

After the acquisition of Compaq in 2002, HP has maintained the "Compaq Presario" brand on low-end home desktops and laptops, the "HP Compaq" brand on business desktops and laptops, and the "HP ProLiant" brand on Intel-architecture servers. (The "HP Pavilion" brand is used on home entertainment laptops and all home desktops.)[43]

HP uses DEC's "StorageWorks" brand on storage systems; Tandem's "NonStop" servers are now branded as "HP Integrity NonStop".[44]

Controversy

On September 5, 2006, Newsweek revealed that HP's general counsel, at the behest of chairwoman Patricia Dunn, contracted a team of independent security experts to investigate board members and several journalists in order to identify the source of an information leak.[45] In turn, those security experts recruited private investigators who used a spying technique known as pretexting. The pretexting involved investigators impersonating HP board members and nine journalists (including reporters for CNET, the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal) in order to obtain their phone records. The information leaked related to HP's long-term strategy and was published as part of a CNET article[46] in January 2006. Most HP employees accused of criminal acts have since been acquitted.[47]

Merger with Compaq

On September 3, 2001, HP announced that an agreement had been reached with Compaq to merge the two companies.[48] In May, 2002, after passing a shareholder vote, HP officially merged with Compaq, trading on the NYSE under their new symbol HPQ. Prior to this, plans had been in place to consolidate the companies' product teams and product lines.[49]

See also

References

  1. ^ HP Names Mark Hurd to Serve as CEO and President
  2. ^ "HP Newsroom:Fast Facts". http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/facts.html. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  3. ^ http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/71/71087/pdf/HP_2006AR.pdf HP 2006 Annual Report
  4. ^ HP Reports Fourth Quarter 2007 Results: Financial News –
  5. ^ http://redmondmag.com/reports/article.asp?EditorialsID=494 RedmondMag.com – The Race to $100 Billion
  6. ^ Software Top 100: "The World's Largest Software Companies"
  7. ^ a b http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/facts.html
  8. ^ Malone, Michael (2007). Bill & Dave: How Hewlett and Packard Built the World's Greatest Company. Portfolio Hardcover. pp. 39–41. ISBN 1-59184-152-6. 
  9. ^ HP History: HP's Garage
  10. ^ http://tmportal.uspto.gov/external/portal/tow?SRCH=Y&isSubmitted=true&details=&SELECT=US+Serial+No&TEXT=71676499#
  11. ^ http://www.trademarkia.com/hp-71676499.html
  12. ^ HP History : 1960s
  13. ^ Yokogawa Electric Corporation and Hewlett-Packard Company Announce "Hewlett-Packard Japan to become Wholly Owned HP Subsidiary" HP and Yokogawa Sign Agreement
  14. ^ Dynac DY-2500 at HP Virtual Museum
  15. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2009/full_list/
  16. ^ Wired 8.12
  17. ^ VB.com Domain Timeline
  18. ^ VB.com Internet Hall of Fame – List of Large Companies that own a Two Letter Domain
  19. ^ Arensman, Russ. "Unfinished business: managing one of the biggest spin-offs in corporate history would be a challenge even in the best of times. But what Agilent's Ned Barnholt got was the worst of times. (Cover Story)." Electronic Business 28.10 (Oct 2002): 36(6).
  20. ^ HP's share price moved from 45.36 to 20.14 during Fiorina's leadership, a performance of −56% (share price data from Bloomberg); the market as a whole, as measured by the benchmark Dow Jones U.S. Large Cap Technology Index, fell by 51% between 1999-07-19 and 2005-02-09.
  21. ^ press release
  22. ^ HP Press Release: HP Announces Expiration of Waiting Period Under HSR Act
  23. ^ http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2009/091111xa.html
  24. ^ http://welcome.hp.com/country/us/en/privacy.html#10
  25. ^ http://www.hp.com/country/us/en/contact/office_locs.html
  26. ^ http://welcome.hp.com/country/us/en/Worldwide_Dir5.pdf
  27. ^ a b c http://www.shareholder.com/Common/Edgar/47217/1047469-05-28479/05-00.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.hp.com/united-states/consumer/digital_photography/free/software/iprint-photo.html?jumpi=ex_r602_go/iprintphoto
  29. ^ HP Press release archives
  30. ^ HP ProCurve Networking – Network of Choice
  31. ^ HP Executive Team Bios: Shane Robison
  32. ^ ProCurve Networking by HP – Features
  33. ^ Title of backgrounder
  34. ^ HP-MS support deal
  35. ^ Hewlett-Packard Alumni "HP Way" page
  36. ^ http://www.hpalumni.org/hp_way.htm
  37. ^ "HP Meets Billion Pound Recycling Goal Six Months Early, Sets Target for 2 Billion Pounds by 2010". My Solution Info. http://www.mysolutioninfo.com/news-display.aspx?Code=1951&t=HP%20Meets%20Billion%20Pound%20Recycling%20Goal%20Six%20Months%20Early,%20Sets%20Target%20for%202%20Billion%20Pounds%20by%202010. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  38. ^ "HP Steps Up IT Industry Transparency, Releases Supply Chain Emissions Data". http://www.treehugger.com/files/2008/09/hp-steps-up-it-industry-with-carbon-emissions-report.php. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  39. ^ "Newseek Green Rankings 2009". http://greenrankings.newsweek.com/companies/view/hewlett-packard. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  40. ^ "HP, Dell, J&J, Intel and IBM Top Newsweek’s Inaugural Green Rankings". http://www.environmentalleader.com/2009/09/22/hp-dell-jj-intel-and-ibm-top-newsweeks-inaugural-green-rankings/. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  41. ^ CR Announces 100 Best Corporate Citizens List. Retrieved 2010-03-04.
  42. ^ Forbes.com. The 100 Best Corporate Citizens. Helen Coster, Retrieved 2010-03-03.10.
  43. ^ HP United States – Computers, Laptops, Servers, Printers & more
  44. ^ Large Enterprise Business IT products, services, and solutions – HP
  45. ^ Suspicions and Spies in Silicon Valley | Newsweek Business |Newsweek.com
  46. ^ HP outlines long-term strategy |CNET News.com
  47. ^ Calif. court drops charges against Dunn
  48. ^ http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2001/010904a.html
  49. ^ http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2002/020503a.html

hp.com

External links

Business data

Coordinates: 37°24′49″N 122°08′42″W / 37.413579°N 122.14508°W / 37.413579; -122.14508


Simple English

Hewlett Packard (HP) is a computer technology company founded in 1939 by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard. They are best known for making computers and computer hardware such as inkjet printers, laser printers, all-in-one printers, scanners and digital cameras.

Other websites









Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message