Hialeah: Wikis

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City of Hialeah
—  City  —

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): The City of Progress
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Coordinates: 25°51′38″N 80°17′38″W / 25.86056°N 80.29389°W / 25.86056; -80.29389Coordinates: 25°51′38″N 80°17′38″W / 25.86056°N 80.29389°W / 25.86056; -80.29389
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Miami-Dade
Incorporation September 10, 1925
Government
 - Mayor Julio Robaina
Area
 - City 19.7 sq mi (51.51 km2)
 - Land 19.2 sq mi (49.8 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 209,971
 Density 11,767.3/sq mi (4,216.3/km2)
 Metro 5,422,200
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33002, 33010-33018
Area code(s) 305, 786
FIPS code 12-30000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0305059[2]
Website City of Hialeah official site

Hialeah is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 226,419. As of 2006, the population estimate by the U. S. Census Bureau had the city's population reduced to 209,971,[3] making it the sixth largest city in the state. Hialeah is part of the Miami metropolitan area and the Greater South Florida metropolitan area.

The city's name is most commonly attributed to Muskogee origin, "Haiyakpo" (prairie) and "hili" (pretty) combining in "Hialeah" to mean "pretty prairie". Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning "Upland Prairie". The city is located upon a large prairie between Biscayne Bay and the Everglades.

It has the second highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents of any city in the US. Hialeah is also the densest American city not to feature a skyscraper.

Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at three stations: Okeechobee Station, Hialeah Station, and Tri-Rail Transfer Station. The Okeechobee and Hialeah stations serve primarily as park-and-ride commuter stations for Downtown Miami and Brickell commuters. The Tri-Rail Transfer Station allows easy connections to Tri-Rail to Miami International Airport and West Palm Beach.

Besides Metrorail, Hialeah also has two Tri-Rail stations. The Hialeah Market Station and at the Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer Station.

Contents

Geography

Hialeah is located at 25°51′38″N 80°17′38″W / 25.86056°N 80.29389°W / 25.86056; -80.29389 (25.860474, -80.293971).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 mi² (51.1 km²). 19.2 mi² (49.8 km²) of it is land and 0.5 mi² (1.3 km²) of it (2.53%) is water.

Surrounding areas

History

Downtown Hialeah in 1923

The Seminole interpretation of its name, "High Prairie", evokes a picture of the grassy plains used by the native Indians coming from the everglades to dock their canoes and display their wares for the new comers of Miami. This "high prairie" caught the eye of pioneer aviator Glenn Curtiss and Missouri cattleman James H. Bright who saw great potential in 1921.[5][6]

In the early "Roaring 20’s", Hialeah produced significant entertainment contributions. Sporting included the Spanish sport of jai-alai and greyhound racing, and media included silent movies like D.W. Griffith’s The White Rose which was made at the Miami Movie Studios located in Hialeah, but the 1926 Miami Hurricane brought many of these things to an end.[5][6]

Group of tour buses sponsored by real estate developers in Hialeah in 1921.

In the years since its incorporation in 1925, many historical events and people have been linked with Hialeah. The opening of the Hialeah Park Race Track in 1925 (which was nicknamed the "Grand Dame") as a horse track received more coverage in the Miami media than any other sporting event in the history of Miami up to that time and since then there have been countless horse racing histories played out at the world famous 220-acre (0.89 km2) park.[5] It was considered one of the most grand of thoroughbred horse racing parks with its majestic Mediterranean style architecture and was considered the Jewel of Hialeah at the time.[6][7]

The Park’s grandeur has attracted millions, included among them are names known around the world such as; the Kennedy family, Harry Truman, General Omar Bradley, Winston Churchill, and J.P. Morgan. The Hialeah Park Race Track also holds the dual distinction of being an Audubon Bird Sanctuary due to its famous pink flamingos and being listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The famous aviatrix Amelia Earhart in 1937 said her final good-byes to the continental U.S. from Hialeah as she left on her ill-fated flight around the world in 1937.[5][6]

Intersection of Palm Avenue and Okeechobee Road in the 1920's

It was once envisioned as a playground for the rich, but Cuban exiles, fleeing Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution as well as World War II Veterans and city planners turned it into a working-class community. Hialeah historian Fernandez-Kelly explained "It became an affordable Eden." She further describes the city as "...a place where different groups have left their imprint while trying to create a sample of what life should be like." Several waves of Cuban exiles, beginning right after Castro's takeover in 1959 and continuing through to the Freedom Flights from 1965-1973, the Mariel boatlift in 1980, and the "balseros" or boat people of the late 1990s, created what at least one expert has considered the most economically successful immigrant enclave in U.S. history as Hialeah is the only American industrial city that continues to grow.[7]

From a population of 1,500 in 1925, Hialeah has grown at a rate faster than most of the ten largest cities in the State of Florida since the 1960’s and holds the rank of Florida’s fifth-largest city, with more than 236,000 residents. The city is also one of the largest employers in Dade County. Predominantly Hispanic, Hialeah residents are characterized as having assimilated their cultural heritage and traditions into a hard-working and diverse community proud of its ethnicity and family oriented neighborhoods.[5][6]

Demographics

Population History
1950 19,676
1960 66,972
1970 102,452
1980 145,254
1990 188,004
2000 226,419

As of the census[1] of 2006, there were 209,971 people, 69,700 households, and 54,147 families residing in the city.[8] The population density was 4,543.7/km² (11,767.3/mi²). There were 72,142 housing units at an average density of 1,447.7/km² (3,749.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.01% White (4.1% were Non-Hispanic White,)[9] 2.41% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.47% from other races, and 3.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 92.17% of the population.

There were 70,704 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,492, and the median income for a family was $31,621. Males had a median income of $23,133 versus $17,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,402. About 16.0% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2008, Hialeah had the second highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents in the US, with 75.12% of the US populace (with Westchester, Florida at 75.69%, the highest in the US.)[10] It had the forty-third highest percentage of Colombian and Colombian American residents in the US, at 3.16% of the city's population,[11] and the eighty-fifth highest percentage of Dominican residents in the US, at 1.81% of the its population.[12] It also had the thirty-eighth highest percentage of Hondurans in the US, at 1.15%,[13] while it had the eighth highest percentage of Nicaraguans, at 4.07% of all residents.[14]

Hialeah ranks #2 (nearby Hialeah Gardens ranks as #1) in the list of cities in the United States where Spanish is most spoken. As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 92.14%, while English made up 7.37% of the population. All other languages spoken were below 1% of the population.[15]

Transportation

"All Ways Lead to Hialeah" was one of the city’s first slogans. At the time, Glenn Curtiss and James Bright could not have imagined the important link in the transportation chain provided by Hialeah’s location. Sitting in the heart of northwest Dade, Hialeah has access to every major thoroughfare linked by:

Major Thoroughfares

These are the major thoroughfares for Hialeah, Florida. In parenthesis are the names or numbers for the thoroughfares these streets may coincide with in Miami-Dade County, as Hialeah has its own numbering and naming system for streets.

North

  • 84 St (NW 138th Street)
  • 68 St (NW 122nd Street)
  • 60 St
  • 49 St (NW 103rd Street)
  • 44 St
  • 37 St
  • 33 St
  • 29 St
  • 25 St (NW 79th Street)
  • 21 St (NW 74th Street)
  • Hialeah Drive (NW 54th Street, separates South Hialeah from North Hialeah)

East

  • E 8 Ave (NW 42nd Avenue, Le Jeune Road)
  • E 4 Ave
  • Palm Avenue (separates East Hialeah from West Hialeah)

West

  • Palm Avenue (separates East Hialeah from West Hialeah)
  • W 4 Av (NW 57th Avenue, Red Road)
  • W 8 Av
  • W 12 Av (NW 67th Avenue, Ludlam Road)
  • W 16 Av
  • W 28 Av (NW 87th Avenue, Galloway Road)

South

  • Okeechobee Road (US 27)
  • Hialeah Drive (NW 54th Street, separates South Hialeah from North Hialeah)
  • 9 St (NW 62nd Street)

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Hialeah. Two high schools serving the Hialeah community, Mater Academy Charter High School and Miami Lakes Educational Center, were named as "Silver" award winners in U.S. News & World Report's "Best High Schools 2008 Search".[16]

District public high schools in Hialeah include Hialeah High School, Hialeah-Miami Lakes High School, and Westland Hialeah High School. Other high schools serving sections of Hialeah include Barbara Goleman High School, Hialeah Gardens High School, and Miami Springs High School.

Mater Academy Charter School is an area charter school.

Private schools

  • Champagnat Catholic School[17] serves mainly southern and south-central Hialeah
  • Our Lady of Charity School, a private Catholic school not formally associated with the Roman Catholic Church, is in Hialeah.[18]
  • St. John the Apostle School[19] serves mainly southern and south-central Hialeah
  • Immaculate Conception School[20] is in Hialeah

Community colleges

  • Miami-Dade College Hialeah Campus[21] has served as the city's academic center since 1980. Besides its academic mission, the campus also sponsors numerous cultural and community events.

Private colleges and universities

  • College of Business & Technology[22] (Hialeah Campus)

Religion

Hialeah is the headquarters of the Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, a Santería church. Hialeah contains the largest Santero Community outside of Cuba. A city ordinance restricting the Santería practice of animal sacrifice was ruled unconstitutional in Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah. Roman Catholicism is overwhelmingly the majority religion of city residents.

Economy

Telemundo, the second largest Spanish language TV network,[23] is headquartered at 2290 West 8th Avenue in Hialeah.[24]

Politics

Hialeah is located within Florida's 21st Congressional District. It is currently represented in the House of Representatives by Lincoln Diaz-Balart, a Republican.[25] According to the nonpartisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research (BACVR) Hialeah, Florida is the fourth most conservative city in the United States [26]

Recreation

In March 2009, it was announced that a $40–$90 Million restoration project is set to start within the next year on the Hialeah Park Race Track.[27]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Hialeah city, Florida - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Hialeah History
  6. ^ a b c d e Hialeah History at Hello Hialeah
  7. ^ a b Hialeah Historian
  8. ^ Hialeah city, Florida - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder
  9. ^ "Demographics of Hialeah, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. http://www.muninetguide.com/states/florida/municipality/Hialeah.php. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  10. ^ "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Cuban.html. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  11. ^ "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Colombian.html. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  12. ^ "Ancestry Map of Dominican Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Dominican-Republic.html. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  13. ^ "Ancestry Map of Honduran Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Honduran.html. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  14. ^ "Ancestry Map of Nicaraguan Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Nicaraguan.html. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  15. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of Hialeah, FL". Modern Language Association. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=12&county_id=&mode=&zip=&place_id=30000&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  16. ^ Best High Schools 2008 Search
  17. ^ Home
  18. ^ Padgett, Tim. "A Florida Epidemic: Female Teachers Sleeping with Their Students." TIME. Friday May 29, 2009. Retrieved on May 29, 2009.
  19. ^ Home
  20. ^ ICS Miami
  21. ^ MDC Hialeah Campus
  22. ^ CBT Hialeah Campus
  23. ^ http://www.hispanicbusiness.com/news/2009/1/29/hispanic_viewers_hooked_on_the_new.htm
  24. ^ "Legal corporate english." Telemundo. Retrieved on February 3, 2009.
  25. ^ http://diaz-balart.house.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=Services.DistrictMap
  26. ^ http://govpro.com/content/gov_imp_31439/
  27. ^ Vasquez, Michael. "Hialeah Park's new permit requires racing within a year." Miami Herald. Friday March 20, 2009. Retrieved on May 27, 2009.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Hialeah is a city in the Florida Gold Coast region of Florida.

Get in

Hialeah is accessible from the 826 Palmetto Highway. The 103rd/49th Street Exit will take you to 49th Street, the major shopping thoroughfare in Hialeah.

Hialeah is easily accessible from the Miami International Airport. Taking Lejeune Road north will take you directly into the center of Hialeah.

  • Hialeah Park, one of the most historic areas in Hialeah has been closed. Hialeah Park was opened in 1921 and was one of the first recreational sites in southern Florida. In 2001, the park was closed to the public. Although it has been designated as a historical site, no work has been done to restore the facilities and the stables were demolished. For more information on how to sign a petition and about the site, visit Save Hialeah Park at Save Hialeah Park
  • Amelia Earhart Park, at 4th Avenue and East 65th Street. A great park for families in Hialeah. This is a Miami Dade park, and it has great activities, including:
  • The Bill Graham Farm Village, including a petting zoo of farm animals, a pony ring, with rides for children and an old fashioned general store.
  • Bark Park, a five-acre recreational area for your furry friends, including a separate section for smaller dogs, to whom admission is free.
  • Picnic Shelters, four with BBQ, 1 large corporate size and also 2 Tents.
  • Junior Sailing Program, for kids from ages 9-15, which allows the children to become trained in sailing.
  • Mountain Bike trails, including beginner, intermediate and advanced trails. There is also a playground for children, including swings, jungle gyms, etc.

The park is open from sunrise to sunset. For more information, visit Miami Dade.gov Parks website

  • Milander Park, 47th Street and Palm Avenue. Includes an auditorium, soccer fields, baseball and softball diamonds, tennis, basketball and racquetball courts, and much more.
  • Russell Bucky Dent park, 2250 W 60th Street. This park features a swimming pool, a playground and lighted tennis courts. Also on the property is a recreation center, which offers visitors several racquetball and basketball courts, a fitness center and a food concession.
  • Babcock Park, 651 E. 4th Ave. features swimming in the aquatic center, playing sports on the soccer, football or baseball field, and making crafts in the recreation center. Also inside is a fitness center, a gym and a food area.

Buy

49th Street is the major shopping area in Hialeah. Westland Mall, a mall including stores such as Macy's, Victoria's Secret and Guess is located on 49th Street and 17th Avenue. Driving east from the Palmetto exit of Hialeah on 49th Street will expose you to strip malls and major stores such as Marshall's and TJ Maxx. Also, at 37th Street and 17th avenue, there is the Westland Promenade, with major chain stores like Target, Best Buy and Ross.

For more of a bargain, you can hit up the Opa-Locka Hialeah Flea Market, located at 127th street and 42nd Avenue. The flea market is open on Saturdays and Sundays from 5 am to 7pm.

Another must have visit for bargain shoppers is Flamingo Plaza, a plaza of shopping that consists of thrift stores, including Red White and Blue and the Salvation Army. These shops are located on East 10th Avenue and 9th Street in Hialeah, and are the best place to hunt for treasures, including furniture, vintage clothing, housewares, books, records, jewelry, etc.

Eat

There are several chains located on 49th Street, including Chili's (located inside of Westland Mall), Red Lobster, Denny's and Picadilly's.

  • Chipotle Mexican Grill, West 49th Street and 4th Avenue. One of the best spots for Mexican food in South Florida.
  • Jerry's and Joe's Pizzeria, on 47 and Palm Avenue, one of the few places to get authentic New York style pizza.
  • La Carreta, West 16th Avenue and 53rd Street. For authentic Cuban fare, a Hialeah/Miami institution, with great and reasonably priced Cuban cuisine.
  • Molina's Ranch Restaurant on 4100 E 8th Avenue..... for a great gallinita rellena.

Drink

One of the best watering holes and restaurants in South Florida is the Flanagan's chain, which has a location in Hialeah, located at 1550 W. 84th St. This is the best place hands down for a drink, bar food, and a burger or steak in Hialeah.

  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 6650 West 20th Avenue, +1 305 362-7777, [1].
  • Ramada, 1950 West 49th St., +1 305-823-2000, [2].
Routes through Hialeah
TampaFort Lauderdale  N noframe S  Miami
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