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Rose of Sharon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. syriacus
Binomial name
H. syriacus
L.
Synonyms

Althaea frutex Hort. ex Mill.

Hibiscus syriacus is a widely cultivated ornamental shrub in the genus Hibiscus. Common names include Rose of Sharon (especially in North America), Shrub Althea, and Rose of Althea.

Contents

Growth

It is a flowering shrub in the plant family Malvaceae native to much of Asia. It is vase-shaped, reaching 2-4 m in height. It is widely planted in areas with hot summers for its very attractive white, pink, red, lavender, or purple edible flowers. Individual flowers are short lived, lasting only a day. However, numerous flower buds are produced on the shrub's new growth, which provide prolific flowering over a long summer blooming period (July-September). Shoots make interesting indoor vase cuttings as they stay green for a long time. [1] Some new flowers may open from the more mature flower buds. The species has naturalized very well in many suburban areas, and might even be termed slightly invasive, so frequently does it seed around.

National flower

Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea. The flower appears in national emblems, and Korea is compared poetically to the flower in the South Korean national anthem.[2] The flower's name in Korean is mugunghwa (Hangul: 무궁화; Hanja: 無窮花). The flower's symbolic significance stems from the Korean word mugung, meaning "immortality".

Characteristics

Hibiscus syriacus is a popular ornamental shrub with many cultivars including 'Diana', 'Lady Stanley', 'Ardens', 'Lucy', and 'Blushing Bride' (photo below).

Hibiscus syriacus is fairly easily propagated from either seeds, layering, or cuttings.[3]

References

External links

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Rose of Sharon
File:Hibiscus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. syriacus
Binomial name
H. syriacus
L.
Synonyms

Althaea frutex Hort. ex Mill.

Hibiscus syriacus is a widely cultivated ornamental shrub in the genus Hibiscus. Common names include Rose of Sharon (especially in North America), Shrub Althea, and Rose of Althea.

Contents

Growth

It is a flowering shrub in the plant family Malvaceae native to much of Asia. It is vase-shaped, reaching 2-4 m in height. It is widely planted in areas with hot summers for its very attractive white, pink, red, lavender, or purple edible flowers. Individual flowers are short lived, lasting only a day. However, numerous flower buds are produced on the shrub's new growth, which provide prolific flowering over a long summer blooming period (July-September). Shoots make interesting indoor vase cuttings as they stay green for a long time. [1] Some new flowers may open from the more mature flower buds. The species has naturalized very well in many suburban areas, and might even be termed slightly invasive, so frequently does it seed around.

National flower

Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea. The flower appears in national emblems, and Korea is compared poetically to the flower in the South Korean national anthem.[2] The flower's name in Korean is mugunghwa (Hangul: 무궁화; Hanja: 無窮花). The flower's symbolic significance stems from the Korean word mugung, which means "immortality".

Characteristics

Hibiscus syriacus is a popular ornamental shrub with many cultivars including 'Diana', 'Lady Stanley', 'Ardens', 'Lucy', and 'Blushing Bride' (photo below).

Hibiscus syriacus is fairly easily propagated from either seeds, layering, or cuttings.[3]

References

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Hibiscus syriacus

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales
Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: Hibiscus syriacus

Name

Hibiscus syriacus L. Sp. Pl. 2: 695 1753

Synonyms

  • Althaea frutex Hort. ex Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768
  • Hibiscus acerifolius Salisb., Parad. Lond. t. 38. nom. illeg.
  • Hibiscus chinensis DC., Prodr. (DC.) 1: 455. 1824.
  • Hibiscus floridus Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 383. 1796. nom. illeg.
  • Hibiscus rhombifolius Cav., Diss. iii. 156. t. 69. f. 3.
  • Hibiscus syriacus f. albus-plenus Loud.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. amplissimus L.F. Gagnep., Rev. Hort. 1861: 132. 1861.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. brevibracteatus S.Y. Hu, Fl. China Family 153: 53. 1955.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. chinensis Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. London 8: 58. 1853.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. elegantissimus L.F. Gagnep., Rev. Hort. 1861: 132. 1861.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. grandiflorus Rehder, Man. Cult. Trees & Shrubs 619. 1927.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. longibracteatus S.Y. Hu, Fl. China Family 153: 53. 1955.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. micranthus Y.N.Lee & K.B.Yim, Korean J. Pl. Taxon., 22(1): 8. 1992.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. paeoniflorus L.F. Gagnep., Rev. Hort. 1861: 132. 1861.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. sinensis Lem., Jard. Fleur. 4: t. 370. 1854.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. totoalbus T. Moore, Gard. Chron., n.s., 10: 524, f. 91. 1878.
  • Hibiscus syriacus var. violaceus L.F. Gagnep., Rev. Hort. 1861: 132. 1861.
  • Ketmia arborea Moench, Methodus (Moench) 617. 1794. nom. illeg.
  • Ketmia syriaca (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 2: 45. 1772.
  • Ketmia syrorum Medik., Malv. 45. nom. illeg.

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:695. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names

한국어: 무궁화
日本語: ムクゲ (木槿)
Türkçe: Ağaçhatmi
中文: 木槿
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hibiscus syriacus on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Hibiscus syriacus
File:Hibiscus syriacus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. syriacus
Binomial name
H. syriacus
L.

[[File:|thumb|left|Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea.]]

Hibiscus syriacus is one of the common flower trees found in gardens. This tree is sometimes called Rose of Sharon in English. It grows as a small tree (or shrub). A name in China is 木槿, and ムクゲ in Japan.

The part of the name "syriacus" seems to say that the origin of this plant is Syria, but the exact origin is so far unknown. Historically it was grown in ancient China and then it became a popular plant in Korea. Today the flowers are national symbols of Korea. And in Japan, the flowers are often shown at tea ceremonies for decoration.

There are many variations of flowers in Europe and in Asia; especially in Japan, because gardeners of the past were willing to produce different colors and shapes of flowers.

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