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Hibiscus waimeae
Hibiscus waimeae hannerae
Conservation status

Imperiled (TNC)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. waimeae
Binomial name
Hibiscus waimeae
A.Heller
Subspecies

H. w. hannerae (O.Deg & I.Deg.) D.Bates[2]
H. w. waimeae

Hibiscus waimeae (Hawaiian: kokiʻo keʻokeʻo or kokiʻo kea) is a species of flowering plant in the okra family, Malvaceae, that is endemic to the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaii.[1] It is a small gray-barked tree, reaching a height of 6–10 metres (20–33 ft)[3] and a trunk diameter of 0.3 m (0.98 ft).[4] The flowers last for a single day, starting out white and fading to pink in the afternoon.[5] H. arnottianus of Oʻahu and Molokaʻi and H. waimeae are the only Hawaiian hibiscuses that have white flowers.[6] H. waimeae inhabits coastal mesic, mixed mesic, and wet forests at elevations of 250–1,200 m (820–3,900 ft).[1]

H. w. waimeae can be found in the western and southwestern parts of the island, where it grows in the Waimea Canyon area and valleys that face the ocean.[7] H. waimeae hannerae is rarer (listed as endangered by the USFWS) and can be found in the northwestern part of the island[8] where it grows in the Hanakapiʻai, Limahuli, and Kalihi Wai valleys.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Hibiscus waimeae". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Hibiscus+waimeae+. Retrieved 2009-11-18.  
  2. ^ a b "Hibiscus waimeae subsp. hannerae". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. http://www.ntbg.org/plants/plant_details.php?plantid=6265. Retrieved 2009-11-18.  
  3. ^ Wagner, Warren Lambert; Derral R. Herbst; S. H. Sohmer (1990). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaiʻi. Volume 1. University of Hawaii Press. p. 888. ISBN 9780824811525. http://www.hibiscus.org.au/part3.htm.  
  4. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989) (PDF). Kokiʻo keʻokeʻo, native white hibiscus. United States Forest Service. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/trees/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Hibiscus_arnottianus.pdf.  
  5. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae". Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. http://www2.hawaii.edu/~eherring/hawnprop/hib-waim.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-18.  
  6. ^ Bornhorst, Heidi Leianuenue (2005). Growing Native Hawaiian Plants: A How-to Guide for the Gardener (2nd ed.). Bess Press. p. 36. ISBN 9781573062077. http://books.google.com/books?id=n-OESYDpr6wC.  
  7. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae subsp. waimeae". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. http://ntbg.org/plants/plant_details.php?plantid=6271. Retrieved 2009-11-18.  
  8. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae ssp. hannerae". The Hawaiʻi Biodiversity & Mapping Program. University of Hawaiʻi. http://hbmp.hawaii.edu/hbmp/printpage.asp?spp=PDMAL0H181. Retrieved 2009-11-18.  

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Hibiscus waimeae

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales
Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: Hibiscus waimeae
Subspecies: H. w. subsp. hannerae - H. w. subsp. waimeae

Name

Hibiscus waimeae A.Heller

References

  • Minnesota Botanical Studies 1(9):851, t. 53. 1897
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hibiscus waimeae on Wikimedia Commons.

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