Hickory, North Carolina: Wikis

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Hickory, North Carolina
—  City  —
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°44′16″N 81°19′42″W / 35.73778°N 81.32833°W / 35.73778; -81.32833Coordinates: 35°44′16″N 81°19′42″W / 35.73778°N 81.32833°W / 35.73778; -81.32833
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Catawba
Incorporated 1870
Government
 - Mayor G. Rudy Wright, Jr.
Area
 - City 28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 - Land 28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 910 ft (362 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 50,583
 Density 1,326.1/sq mi (512.0/km2)
 Urban 187,808
 Metro 341,851
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 28601-28603
Area code(s) 828
FIPS code 37-31060[1]
GNIS feature ID 0986686[2]
Website http://www.hickorygov.com

Hickory is a city in Catawba County, North Carolina. Hickory has the 162nd largest urban area in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a Metropolitan Statistical Area population of 341,851, making it the 4th largest metropolitan area in North Carolina. The city's population was 37,222 at the 2000 census. The MSA, which includes Alexander, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba counties, is often referred to as the "Unifour," although this name is largely unknown outside the region.

Contents

History

In the 1850s, under a big Hickory Tree, a man by the name of Henry Robinson built a tavern of logs. The city of "Hickory Tavern" was established in 1863 and the name was eventually changed to "Hickory" in 1873.[3]

The first train operated in the city of "Hickory Tavern" in 1859. The first lot was sold to Henry Link for $45.00 in 1858. His house is now known as "The 1859 Cafe." The community of Hickory was the first for many things in North Carolina including the council-manager form of government it adopted in 1913. Hickory was also one of the first towns to install electric lights in 1888 and a complete sewage system in 1904.[4]

In 1868, Dr. Jeremiah Ingold, pastor of the German Reformed Grace Charge, established Hickory's first school, the Free Academy.[5]

In 1891, Lenoir-Rhyne University (then Highland Academy) was founded by four Lutheran pastors with 12 initial students.[6]

Hickory is also home to one of the oldest furniture manufacturers in the United States that is still located and operated on the original site. Hickory White, formerly known as Hickory Manufacturing Company, was built in 1902 and has been in continuous operation ever since. During World War II, the factory made ammunition boxes for the U.S. Military instead of furniture.

Hickory was known in the years after World War II for the "Miracle of Hickory." In 1944 the area around Hickory (the Catawba Valley) became the center of one of the worst outbreaks of polio ever recorded. Residents who were then children recall summers of not being allowed to play outside or visit friends for fear of contracting the disease. Since local facilities were inadequate to treat the victims, the citizens of Hickory and the March of Dimes decided to build a hospital to care for the children of the region. From the time the decision was made until equipment, doctors, and patients were in a new facility, took less than 54 hours. Several more buildings were quickly added. A Red Cross official on the scene praised the project "as the most outstanding example of cooperative effort he has ever seen." (Hickory Daily Record, June 30, 1944) Although few good references are available online, an interesting side to this story is found here.

Transportation

Hickory Regional Airport is not currently served by any commercial airline, but has a shuttle service to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport called The Hickory Hop.

Sports

Hickory is home to the Hickory Crawdads, an affiliate of baseball's Texas Rangers, in the Class-A South Atlantic League

Geography

Hickory is located at 35°44′16″N 81°19′42″W / 35.73778°N 81.32833°W / 35.73778; -81.32833 (35.737682, -81.328372)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²), of which, 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04% is water.

Economy

The Hickory area is home to many leading manufacturers of furniture and fiber optic cable. It is estimated that 60% of the nation's furniture used to be produced within a 200-mile (320 km) radius of Hickory. Forty percent of the world's fiber optic cable is made in the Hickory area.[8]

Awards and recognition

Hickory has been named an "All-America City" three times. The All-America City Award is given annually to only ten cities in the United States. It is a very prestigious award that represents a community's ability to work together and achieve critical local issues. Hickory won this award in 2007, as well as 1967 and 1987.

The Hickory Metro area has also been named the 10th best place to live and raise a family in the United States by Readers Digest.

The MSA (Hickory, Lenoir, Morganton) has been named 3rd best MSA in the country for business cost by Forbes Magazine.[9]

Education

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Colleges and universities

Public schools

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 37,222 people, 15,372 households, and 9,361 families residing in the city. There were 16,571 housing units at an average density of 640.4/sq mi (227.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.23% White, 14.09% Black, 0.19% Native American, 3.90% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.69% of the population.

There were 15,372 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,236, and the median income for a family was $47,522. Males had a median income of $31,486 versus $23,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,263. About 8.4% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

364,759 people live within 25 miles (40 km) of Hickory; 1.8 million people within 50 miles (80 km) of Hickory.[10]

Media

  • Catawba Valley Citizen is an online news service, based in Hickory.
  • The Hickory Daily Record is published 7 days a week.
  • Focus Newspaper is a weekly publication that is distributed freely and focuses on entertainment in the area.
  • WHKY, 1290 AM, is a radio station that features a news-talk format.
  • WAIZ, "63 Big Ways", 630 AM, is a radio station that features 50's and 60's oldies and recreates the format of Charlotte Top 40 legend "61 Big Ways"
  • Local television station is WHKY-TV, channel 14.

Notable residents

The following notable people are or have been residents of the Hickory area:

Sister cities

The Western Piedmont region, including Hickory, is sister city to Altenburg, Germany.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://search.com/eb/article-90403597
  4. ^ http://www.hickorygov.com/egov/docs/1224113905_775482.pdf
  5. ^ Our History
  6. ^ http://www.lrc.edu/history.htm Lenoir-Rhyne University History
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Hickory's Regional Role As Leader from hickorygov.com
  9. ^ http://www.hickorygov.com/department/index.php?fDD=22-0
  10. ^ City of Hickory
  11. ^ Dickens, Tad (November 19, 2009). "Preview: Country hitmaker Eric Church in Roanoke Thursday". The Roanoke Times. http://www.roanoke.com/entertainment/insideout/music/wb/226794. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  12. ^ Western Piedmont Sister Cities Association

External links


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