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Law of England and Wales

This article is part of the series:
Courts of England and Wales

A High Court judge is a judge of the High Court of Justice, and represents the third highest level of judge in the courts of England and Wales. High Court judges are referred to as puisne (pronounced puny) judges.

Contents

Title and form of address

Upon appointment all High Court judges are knighted (usually as a Knight Bachelor), or in the case of female judges made Dames Commander of the Order of the British Empire. So, for example, Nigel Bridge became Sir Nigel Bridge and Brenda Hale became Dame Brenda Hale DBE.

In court, a High Court judge is referred to as My Lord or Your Lordship if male, or as My Lady or Your Ladyship if female. High Court judges use the title in office of Mr Justice for men or Mrs Justice for women, even if unmarried. The style of The Honourable (or The Hon) is also used during office. For example, Sir Joseph Bloggs would be referred to as The Hon Mr Justice Bloggs and Dame Jane Bloggs DBE as The Hon Mrs Justice Bloggs DBE, for as long as they continue to hold office. When there is already or has until recently been a judge with the same surname as a new appointee, the new judge will often use a first name as part of his or her official title. Many judges have done this, such as Mr Justice Christopher Clarke (Sir Christopher Simon Courternay Stephenson Clarke) and Mr Justice Roderick Evans (Sir David Roderick Evans).

When referring to a High Court judge in a legal context, the judge is identified by use of the surname (or first name and surname if appropriate), followed by the letter 'J'. For example, Mr Justice Bloggs and Mrs Justice Bloggs would be referred to as "Bloggs J". Where several judges are listed the double letters 'JJ' are used; for example, "Bloggs, Smith and Jones JJ".

Appointment

High Court judges, as with the other Senior Judiciary are appointed by The Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister and Lord Chancellor. Under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 a new Judicial Appointments Commission[1] has removed the appointment of judges from the political arena. High Court judges, as with other judges, are now appointed on the basis of open competition.

High Court judges, as with all judges in England and Wales, hold office during good behaviour; this is laid down in the Bill of Rights 1689. A High Court judge can only be removed by the Queen upon an Address of both Houses of Parliament.

Formerly, High Court judges could only be appointed from among barristers of at least 10 years' standing.[2] However, as of 2008, the vast majority of appointments to the High Court bench have been made from the ranks of senior barristers known as Queen's Counsel. A typical appointee has in the region of twenty to thirty years' experience as a lawyer. Only five solicitors have been appointed as High Court judges - Sir John Wall in 1990, Michael Sachs in 1993, Lawrence Collins in 2000, Henry Hodge in 2004, and Gary Hickinbottom in 2008.[3] In 2007, Collins was elevated further to the Court of Appeal. Occasionally more junior members of the judiciary are elevated to this rank, such as Mr Justice Crane who was formerly a Circuit Judge and Mrs Justice Butler-Sloss (now Baroness Butler-Sloss) who was previously a Registrar in the Principal Registry of the Family Division of the High Court. A few distinguished academics have also made it on to the High Court bench, including Mrs Justice Hale (now Baroness Hale of Richmond) and, more recently, Mr Justice Beatson.[4] In 2004, calls for increased diversity among the judiciary were recognised and the qualification period was changed[5][6] so that, as of 21 July 2008, a potential High Court Judge must satisfy the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 7-year basis.[7]

Appointments are made to one of the High Court's three divisions: The Chancery Division, the Queen's Bench Division and the Family Division.

References

  1. ^ Staff (2009). "Judicial Appointments Commission home page". Judicial Appointments Commission. http://www.judicialappointments.gov.uk/. Retrieved 2009-08-21.  
  2. ^ Supreme Court Act 1991, s.10(3)(c)
  3. ^ Chellel, Kit (2008-09-19). "Former McKenna lawyer appointed to High Court". TheLawyer.com. http://www.thelawyer.com/cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=134693&d=415&h=417&f=416. Retrieved 2009-08-21.  
  4. ^ Staff (2002-09-27). "Law professor appointed to High Court". University of Cambridge. http://www.admin.cam.ac.uk/news/dp/2002092702. Retrieved 2009-08-21.  
  5. ^ "Increasing Diversity in the Judiciary". Department for Constitutional Affairs. October 2004. http://www.dca.gov.uk/consult/judiciary/diversitycp25-04.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "CP 25/04"  
  6. ^ "Explanatory Notes to Tribunals, Courts And Enforcement Act 2007". Office of Public Service Information. 2007. http://www.england-legislation.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts2007/en/07en15-d.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "paras.281-316"  
  7. ^ Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, s.50/ Sch.10, Pt.1.13

See also

External links

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Law of England and Wales
File:Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
This article is part of the series:
Courts of England and Wales

Law of England and Wales portal

A High Court judge is a judge of the High Court of Justice, and represents the third highest level of judge in the courts of England and Wales. High Court judges are referred to as puisne (pronounced puny) judges.

Contents

Title and form of address

Upon appointment all High Court judges are knighted (usually as a Knight Bachelor), or in the case of female judges made Dames Commander of the Order of the British Empire. So, for example, Nigel Bridge became Sir Nigel Bridge and Brenda Hale became Dame Brenda Hale DBE.

In court, a High Court judge is referred to as My Lord or Your Lordship if male, or as My Lady or Your Ladyship if female. High Court judges use the title in office of Mr Justice for men or Mrs Justice for women, even if unmarried. The style of The Honourable (or The Hon) is also used during office. For example, Sir Joseph Bloggs would be referred to as The Hon Mr Justice Bloggs and Dame Jane Bloggs DBE as The Hon Mrs Justice Bloggs DBE, for as long as they continue to hold office. When there is already or has until recently been a judge with the same surname as a new appointee, the new judge will often use a first name as part of his or her official title. Many judges have done this, such as Mr Justice Christopher Clarke (Sir Christopher Simon Courternay Stephenson Clarke) and Mr Justice Roderick Evans (Sir David Roderick Evans).

When referring to a High Court judge in a legal context, the judge is identified by use of the surname (or first name and surname if appropriate), followed by the letter 'J'. For example, Mr Justice Bloggs and Mrs Justice Bloggs would be referred to as "Bloggs J". Where several judges are listed the double letters 'JJ' are used; for example, "Bloggs, Smith and Jones JJ".

Appointment

High Court judges, as with the other Senior Judiciary are appointed by The Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister and Lord Chancellor. Under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 a new Judicial Appointments Commission[1] has removed the appointment of judges from the political arena. High Court judges, as with other judges, are now appointed on the basis of open competition.

High Court judges, as with all judges in England and Wales, hold office during good behaviour; this is laid down in the Bill of Rights 1689. A High Court judge can only be removed by the Queen upon an Address of both Houses of Parliament.

Formerly, High Court judges could only be appointed from among barristers of at least 10 years' standing.[2] However, as of 2008, the vast majority of appointments to the High Court bench have been made from the ranks of senior barristers known as Queen's Counsel. A typical appointee has in the region of twenty to thirty years' experience as a lawyer. Only five solicitors have been appointed as High Court judges - Sir John Wall in 1990, Michael Sachs in 1993, Lawrence Collins in 2000, Henry Hodge in 2004, and Gary Hickinbottom in 2008.[3] In 2007, Collins was elevated further to the Court of Appeal. Occasionally more junior members of the judiciary are elevated to this rank, such as Mr Justice Crane who was formerly a Circuit Judge and Mrs Justice Butler-Sloss (now Baroness Butler-Sloss) who was previously a Registrar in the Principal Registry of the Family Division of the High Court. A few distinguished academics have also made it on to the High Court bench, including Mrs Justice Hale (now Baroness Hale of Richmond) and, more recently, Mr Justice Beatson.[4] In 2004, calls for increased diversity among the judiciary were recognised and the qualification period was changed[5][6] so that, as of 21 July 2008, a potential High Court Judge must satisfy the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 7-year basis.[7]

Appointments are made to one of the High Court's three divisions: The Chancery Division, the Queen's Bench Division and the Family Division.

References

  1. ^ Staff (2009). "Judicial Appointments Commission home page". Judicial Appointments Commission. http://www.judicialappointments.gov.uk/. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  2. ^ Supreme Court Act 1991, s.10(3)(c)
  3. ^ Chellel, Kit (2008-09-19). "Former McKenna lawyer appointed to High Court". TheLawyer.com. http://www.thelawyer.com/cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=134693&d=415&h=417&f=416. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  4. ^ Staff (2002-09-27). "Law professor appointed to High Court". University of Cambridge. http://www.admin.cam.ac.uk/news/dp/2002092702. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  5. ^ "Increasing Diversity in the Judiciary". Department for Constitutional Affairs. October 2004. http://www.dca.gov.uk/consult/judiciary/diversitycp25-04.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "CP 25/04" 
  6. ^ "Explanatory Notes to Tribunals, Courts And Enforcement Act 2007". Office of Public Service Information. 2007. http://www.england-legislation.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts2007/en/07en15-d.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "paras.281-316" 
  7. ^ Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, s.50/ Sch.10, Pt.1.13

See also

External links


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