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An MFOR rocket is launched from a HIMARS.
Photo credit: LCPL Seth Maggard, USMC.

The High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) is a U.S. light multiple rocket launcher mounted on a truck.

HIMARS carries six rockets or one Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) missile on the U.S. Army's new Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) five-ton truck, and can launch the entire Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) family of munitions. HIMARS is interchangeable with the MLRS M270A1, carrying half the rocket load.

The vehicle is C-130 transportable and produced by BAE Systems Mobility & Protection Systems (formerly Armor Holdings Aerospace and Defense Group Tactical Vehicle Systems Division), the OEM of the FMTV. The rocket system is produced by Lockheed Martin.

In 2002, the United States Marine Corps arranged with the U.S. Army to acquire 40 of the systems. Fielding began in 2005. In July 2007, Marines from Tango Battery 5th Battalion 11th Marines were deployed to the Al Anbar province of Iraq. This is the first Marine unit to use the HIMARS in combat.

As of September 2007, Singapore has proposed to acquire HIMARS systems for its Army. The package includes 18 HIMARS launchers, 9 FMTV 5-Ton Trucks and XM31 unitary HE GMLRS pods, plus associated support and communications equipment and services. This proposed package is notable for not involving the M-26 or other unguided MLRS rockets. If realised in its current form, Singapore would likely create the first fully precision-guided MLRS force in existence.

HIMARS was also tested as a common launcher for both artillery rockets and the surface launched variant of the AMRAAM anti-aircraft missile.[1]

Contents

Specifications

HIMARS system
Crew: 3: Gunner, Driver, and Section Chief
Weight: 24,000 lb
Length: 7m
Width: 2.4m
Height: 3.2m
Vehicle Range: 480 km
Road Speed: 85 km/hour
Armament: 6 MLRS series rockets or 1 ATACMS missile

Related Development

The British Army is expected to deploy a system called Lightweight Mobile Artillery Weapon System/Rocket (LIMAWS), which launches the same munitions from a similar vehicle (a single MLRS pod, mounted on a Supacat 600 transporter). [2]

Operators

See also

References

External links



The High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) is a U.S. light multiple rocket launcher mounted on a truck.

HIMARS carries six rockets or one Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) missile on the U.S. Army's new Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) five-ton truck, and can launch the entire M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) family of munitions. HIMARS is interchangeable with the MLRS M270A1, carrying half the rocket load.

The vehicle is C-130 transportable and produced by BAE Systems Mobility & Protection Systems (formerly Armor Holdings Aerospace and Defense Group Tactical Vehicle Systems Division), the OEM of the FMTV. The rocket system is produced by Lockheed Martin.

In 2002, the United States Marine Corps arranged with the United States Army to acquire 40 of the systems. Fielding began in 2005. In July 2007, Marines from Fox Battery 2nd Battalion 14 Marines were deployed to the Al Anbar province of Iraq. This is the first Marine unit to use the HIMARS in combat.

As of September 2007, the Singapore Army proposed to acquire HIMARS systems. The package includes 18 HIMARS launchers, 9 FMTV 5-Ton Trucks and XM31 unitary HE GMLRS pods, plus associated support and communications equipment and services. This proposed package is notable for not involving the M-26 or other unguided MLRS rockets. Singapore has likely created the first fully precision-guided MLRS force in existence.

In late 2009, Singapore took delivery of the first HIMARS firing unit and is slated to achieve Full Operational Capability within a year. It marks the first fully GPS-guided HIMARS unit.

HIMARS was also tested as a common launcher for both artillery rockets and the surface launched variant of the AMRAAM anti-aircraft missile.[1]

The HIMARS was intended for use as a way to provide Special Forces units with mobile artillery support.

Contents

Operational history

On February 14, 2010, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) for Afghanistan indicated in a press release that it was thought that two rockets fired from a HIMARS unit fell 300 metres short of their intended target and killed 12 civilians during Operation Moshtarak. ISAF suspended the use of the HIMARS until a full review of the incident was completed.[2] A British officer later said that the rockets were on target, that the target was in use by the Taliban, and use of the system has been reinstated.[3] Reports indicate that the civilian deaths were due to the Taliban's use of an occupied dwelling, the presence of civilians at that location was not known to the ISAF forces.[4]

Specifications

Crew: 3: Gunner, Driver, and Section Chief
Weight: 24,000 lb
Length: 7m
Width: 2.4m
Height: 3.2m
Vehicle Range: 480 km
Road Speed: 85 km/hour
Armament: 6 M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System series rockets or 1 MGM-140 ATACMS missile

Related Development

The British Army is expected to deploy a system called Lightweight Mobile Artillery Weapon System/Rocket (LIMAWS), which launches the same munitions from a similar vehicle (a single MLRS pod, mounted on a Supacat 600 transporter).[5]

Operators

 United States

 Singapore

 United Arab Emirates

Template:Country data Jordan

Potential and future operators

 Canada

The Department of National Defence is considering the purchase of HIMARS. The former Chief of the Land Staff, Lieutenant-General Andrew Leslie, said the plan to acquire rocket launchers was something that "would be considered much further down the road—possibly in the 2012 time frame. [6][7][8][9]

See also

References

External links








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