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The road sign informing the motorists they are travelling on an autocesta

Highways in Croatia are the main transport network in Croatia. The primary high-speed motorways are referred to as autoceste (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈaʊtotsesta]; singular: autocesta), and they are defined as roads with at least three lanes in each direction (including hard shoulder) and a speed limit of not less than 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). They are marked with a special road sign, similar to the road sign depicting an motorway/autoroute/autobahn in other parts of Europe.[1] In Croatia this sign has green background.

The term autocesta is often translated by Croatians simply as highway, which can be confusing because a highway can be any main road, and the terms motorway (British English) and freeway (American English) would be more precise.

Map of the Croatian highway network

The national speed limit on an autocesta, effective in case no other speed limits are present, is 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph), with a legal tolerance of 10% on speeds over 100 km/h (as of 2009).

Contents

Highway classification

Roads designated for motor vehicles are marked with this kind of a sign in Croatia

The Croatian classification includes several classes of highways:

  • The main motorways are named A (autocesta) accompanied by one or two digits. By and large they are toll highways with a ticket system.
  • Expressways operate on a similar scheme, but with letter B (brza cesta). They are dual carriageways, but with no emergency lanes, a lower speed limit, and no tolling.
  • Roads dedicated for motor vehicles (cesta namijenjena isključivo za promet motornih vozila), which is a category for two-lane motorways (like the expressways) but which may have slow intersections. It has no specific naming convention, only a dedicated traffic sign, and it mainly includes expressways and major state routes (D) or portions thereof.

Other than these, the national road classification includes the following categories which may also be referred to as highways in a general sense, with decreasing order of priority (and applicability of the term highway):

  • State routes, which are named D (državna cesta) with one to three digits.
  • County routes always have the letter Ž (županijska cesta) and four digits.
  • The lowest designation are local roads, marked with letter L (lokalna cesta) and five digits.

List of motorways

A6 interchange in Orehovica near Rijeka

Future sections are indicated in parenthesis

In the future, several new motorways are planned to be upgraded from existing expressways or built anew. The long-time candidates are:

In 2009, two additional motorways were added to the schedule:

List of expressways

List of state roads

  • D1, Macelj - Zagreb - Karlovac - Knin - Split
  • D2, Varaždin - Virovitica - Našice - Osijek - Vukovar - Ilok
  • D3, Čakovec - Varaždin - Zagreb - Karlovac - Rijeka
  • D5, Virovitica - Daruvar - Okučani - Stara Gradiška
  • D6, Ribnik - Karlovac - Vojnić - Glina - Dvor
  • D7, Beli Manastir - Osijek - Đakovo - Slavonski Šamac
  • D8, Rijeka - Senj - Zadar - Split - Makarska - (Neum) - Dubrovnik

See also

References

  1. ^ Croatian law: Zakon o sigurnosti prometa na cestama, čl. 2, t. 1, st. 3; Narodne novine 2008-67 [1]

External links

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